10-K 1 a201210k.htm 10-K 2012 10K
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2012
Commission file number 000-32191
T. ROWE PRICE GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland
 
52-2264646
State of incorporation
 
IRS Employer Identification No. 
100 East Pratt Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21202
Address, including zip code, of principal executive offices
(410) 345-2000
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Common stock, $.20 par value per share
 
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
(Title of class)
 
(Name of exchange on which registered)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    [X]  Yes    [   ]  No
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    [   ]  Yes    [X]  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months, and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    [X]  Yes    [   ]  No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulations S-T during the preceding 12 months.    [X]  Yes    [   ]  No
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    [X]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
[X]
 
Accelerated filer
 
[   ]
Non-accelerated filer
[   ]
 
Smaller reporting company
 
[   ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    [   ]  Yes    [X]  No
The aggregate market value of the common equity (all voting) held by non-affiliates (excludes current executive officers and directors) computed using $62.96 per share (the NASDAQ Official Closing Price on June 29, 2012, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was $15.5 billion.
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant's common stock as of the latest practicable date, February 1, 2013, is 257,851,150.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE: In Part III, the Definitive Proxy Statement for the 2013 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A.
Exhibit index begins on page 54.


Table of Contents                        

  
 
PAGE
 
ITEM 1.
ITEM 1A.
ITEM 1B.
ITEM 2.
ITEM 3.
ITEM 4.
ITEM.
 
 
 
 
ITEM 5.
ITEM 6.
ITEM 7.
ITEM 7A.
ITEM 8.
ITEM 9.
ITEM 9A.
ITEM 9B.
 
 
 
 
ITEM 10.
ITEM 11.
ITEM 12.
ITEM 13.
ITEM 14.
 
 
 
 
ITEM 15.


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PART I

Item 1.
Business.

T. Rowe Price Group is a financial services holding company that provides global investment management services through its subsidiaries to individual and institutional investors in the sponsored T. Rowe Price mutual funds distributed in the United States (Price funds) and other investment portfolios, including separately managed accounts, subadvised funds, and other sponsored investment portfolios, including collective investment trusts, Luxembourg-based funds offered to investors outside the United States and portfolios offered through variable annuity life insurance plans in the United States.

The late Thomas Rowe Price, Jr., founded our firm in 1937, and the common stock of T. Rowe Price Associates was first offered to the public in 1986. The T. Rowe Price Group corporate holding company structure was established in 2000.

We derive the majority of our consolidated revenue and net income from investment advisory services provided by our subsidiaries, primarily T. Rowe Price Associates, Inc. and T. Rowe Price International Ltd. Our revenues depend largely on the total value and composition of assets under our management. Accordingly, fluctuations in financial markets and in the composition of assets under management impact our revenues and results of operations.

Our assets under management are accumulated from a diversified client base across four primary distribution channels: third-party financial intermediaries that distribute our managed investment portfolios in the U.S. and other countries; individual U.S. investors on a direct basis; U.S. defined contribution retirement plans; and institutional investors globally. As of December 31, 2012, approximately forty percent of our assets under management are sourced from our third-party financial intermediary distribution channel with the remaining three distribution channels equally making up the balance.

We manage a broad range of U.S. and international stock, blended asset, bond, and money market mutual funds and other investment portfolios that are designed to meet the varied and changing needs and objectives of individual and institutional investors. Investment objectives for our managed investment portfolios, including the Price funds, accommodate a variety of strategies. Investors select from among the mutual funds based on the distinct objective that is described in each fund’s prospectus and can exchange balances among the funds as permitted when economic and market conditions and their investment needs change. Investment management of other client portfolios includes approaches similar to those employed in the Price funds.

Equity investment strategies may emphasize large-cap, mid-cap or small-cap investing; growth, value or core investing; and U.S., global, international or sector investing. We also offer systematic, tax-efficient, and blended equity and asset allocation investment strategies, including target-date retirement investment portfolios, as well as active, systematic and municipal tax-free management strategies for fixed income investments. Our specialized advisory services include management of stable value investment contracts and a distribution management service for the disposition of equity securities received from third-party venture capital investment pools.

We employ fundamental and quantitative security analysis in the performance of the investment advisory function through substantial internal equity and fixed income investment research capabilities. We perform original industry and company research using such sources as inspection of corporate activities, management interviews, company-published financial and other information, financial newspapers and magazines, corporate rating services, and field checks with suppliers and competitors in the same industry and particular business sector. Our research staff operates primarily from offices located in the U.S. and England with additional staff based in Argentina, Australia, Hong Kong, Japan, and Singapore. We also use research provided by brokerage firms and security analysts in a supportive capacity and information received from private economists, political observers, commentators, government experts, and market analysts. Our securities selection process for some investment portfolios is based on quantitative analysis using computerized data modeling.

From time to time, we introduce new funds and other investment portfolios to complement and expand our investment offerings, respond to competitive developments in the financial marketplace, and meet the changing needs of our investment advisory clients. We will open a new mutual fund or investment portfolio if we believe that we have the appropriate investment management expertise and that its objective will be useful for investors over a long period. Conversely, we may also limit new investments into a mutual fund or investment mandate in order to maintain the integrity of the investment strategy and to protect the interests of its existing fund shareholders and investors. At present, the following funds are closed to all new investors.


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Fund
  
Date Closed
Institutional Mid-Cap Equity Growth
  
December 8, 2003
Institutional Small-Cap Stock
  
February 20, 2004
Mid-Cap Growth
  
May 31, 2010
Mid-Cap Value
  
May 31, 2010
High Yield
 
April 30, 2012
Institutional High Yield
 
April 30, 2012

We also provide certain administrative services as ancillary services to our investment advisory clients. These administrative services are provided by several of our subsidiaries and include mutual fund transfer agent, accounting, distribution, and shareholder services; participant recordkeeping and transfer agent services for defined contribution retirement plans investing in our sponsored mutual funds; recordkeeping services for defined contribution retirement plans investing in mutual funds outside the T. Rowe Price complex; brokerage; and trust services. Substantially all of our administrative and distribution and servicing fee revenues in 2012 were determined based generally on the recovery of our related costs to provide these services. Therefore, changes in our administrative revenues, distribution and servicing fees, and related expenses generally do not significantly affect our net operating income or net income.

Information concerning our revenues, results of operations and total assets, and our assets under management during the past three years is contained in our consolidated financial statements and in note 2 thereto, which are both included in Item 8 of this Form 10-K.

2012 DEVELOPMENTS.

Major equity markets produced strong returns in 2012 despite a eurozone recession, the sovereign debt crisis, muted U.S. economic growth, uncertainty surrounding U.S. fiscal policy after 2012, and a slowdown in emerging economies. Equities were supported by solid U.S. corporate earnings, and actions taken by central banks around the world to stimulate economic growth. Bonds produced good returns over the year with high yield and emerging market issues outperforming other issues as income seeking investors continued favoring securities with attractive yields in the low interest rate environment. Higher market valuations and income, net of mutual fund distributions not reinvested, increased our assets under management by $70.1 billion in 2012. Our strong relative investment performance and brand awareness contributed significantly to attracting net inflows of $17.2 billion, primarily from third-party financial intermediaries. As a result, our assets under management increased $87.3 billion over the course of 2012 and ended the year at $576.8 billion.

The firm’s long-term investment advisory results relative to our peers remain strong, with 78% of the Price funds across their share classes surpassing their comparable Lipper averages on a total return basis for the three-year period ended December 31, 2012, 84% outperforming for the five-year period, 78% outperforming for the 10-year period, and 74% outperforming for the one-year period. In addition, T. Rowe Price stock, bond and blended asset mutual funds that ended the quarter with an overall rating of four or five stars from Morningstar account for 76% of our rated Price funds’ assets under management.

Details of our assets under management (in billions) at December 31, 2012 are as follows:
 
Assets under management by investment portfolio
 
Sponsored mutual funds distributed in U.S.
$
346.9

Other investment portfolios
229.9

 
$
576.8

Assets under management by asset class
 
Stock and blended asset portfolios
$
421.1

Fixed income portfolios
155.7

 
$
576.8

Assets under management by account type
 
Retirement accounts and variable annuity portfolios
$
334.0

Other
242.8

 
$
576.8


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Non-U.S. dollar denominated securities account for about $83.6 billion, or 14.5%, of our total assets under management at December 31, 2012.

Our target-date retirement portfolios, which provide shareholders with single, diversified portfolios that invest in underlying Price funds and other investment portfolios, continue to be a significant source of our asset growth. Of the firm’s net inflows of $17.2 billion in 2012, $10.1 billion originated in these portfolios. Assets under management in these portfolios were $88.9 billion at December 31, 2012, including $80.2 billion in target-date retirement funds and $8.7 billion in target-date retirement trusts, and represent 15.4% of our managed assets at year-end.

Six Price funds - Growth Stock, Equity Income, Mid-Cap Growth, Blue-Chip Growth, Value, New Income - accounted for 25% of our investment advisory revenues in 2012 and 21% of our assets under management at December 31, 2012. Our largest client account relationship apart from the T. Rowe Price funds is with a third-party financial intermediary that accounted for about 3% of our investment advisory revenues in 2012. Our international clients account for 9.5% of our total assets under management at December 31, 2012.

See the Background section of Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in Item 7 of this report for more information on the 2012 market environment in which we operated.

PRICE FUNDS.

We provide investment advisory, distribution and other administrative services to the Price funds under various agreements. Investment advisory services are provided to each fund under individual investment management agreements that grant the fund the right to use the T. Rowe Price name. The boards of the respective funds, including a majority of directors who are not interested persons of the funds or of T. Rowe Price Group (as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940), must approve the investment management agreements annually. Fund shareholders must approve material changes to these investment management agreements. Each agreement automatically terminates in the event of its assignment (as defined in the Investment Company Act) and, generally, either party may terminate the agreement without penalty after a 60-day notice. The termination of one or more of these agreements could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations. Independent directors and trustees of the Price funds regularly review our fee structures.

Advisory Services.

Investment advisory revenues earned from the Price funds are determined daily based on the net assets managed in each fund. The advisory fee paid monthly by each of the Price funds is computed on a daily basis by multiplying a fund’s net assets by a specific fee rate. For the majority of the Price funds, the fee rate is equal to the sum of a tiered group fee rate plus an individual fund rate that is set based on the fund’s specific investment objective.

The effective tiered group rate is based on the combined net assets of nearly all of the Price funds. When combined net assets of these Price funds exceeds $300.0 billion, the weighted-average fee across pricing tiers is 30 basis points for the first $300.0 billion of net assets plus 28 basis points for net assets in excess of $300 billion. To the extent that the combined net assets of the funds included in the group rate calculation increase, the group charge component of a fund's advisory fee rate, and therefore the advisory fee rate paid by each fund, will decrease.

The individual fund rates are flat rates with the exception of the individual rate for the Blue Chip Growth, Equity Income, Growth Stock and Mid-Cap Growth funds. These funds have an effective tiered individual fund rate in which their base individual rate is reduced by about 15% on net assets in excess of $15 billion.

The total effective fee rates determined in the above manner for those stock and bond funds that incurred advisory fees of at least $6.0 million in 2012 varied from a low of 40 basis points for the Maryland Tax-Free Bond, Tax-Free Short-Intermediate and Short Term Bond funds to a high of 105 basis points for the Emerging Markets Stock, International Discovery, and Latin America funds.

The fee rate of several of the Price funds, including the Index and Summit funds as well as specific funds offered solely to institutional investors, do not include a group fee component but rather an individual fund fee or an all-inclusive fee, which covers both investment management and ordinary operating expenses. Each of the funds in the series of Spectrum Funds and in the series of target-date Retirement Funds that we offer invest in a diversified portfolio of other Price funds and have no separate investment advisory fee; however, they indirectly bear the expenses of the funds in which they invest.


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We continued to voluntarily waive a portion of the advisory fees in 2012 of all of our money market funds and trusts in order to maintain a positive or zero yield for fund investors. Advisory fees waived in 2012 totaled $35.0 million, or about 1% of total investment advisory revenues earned in 2012, compared to $36.4 million in 2011. We expect that these fee waivers will continue in 2013.

Each Price fund typically bears all expenses associated with its operation and the issuance and redemption of its securities. In particular, each fund pays investment advisory fees; shareholder servicing fees and expenses; fund accounting fees and expenses; transfer agent fees; custodian fees and expenses; legal and auditing fees; expenses of preparing, printing and mailing prospectuses and shareholder reports to existing shareholders; registration fees and expenses; proxy and annual meeting expenses; and independent trustee or director fees and expenses.

We usually provide that a newly organized fund’s expenses will not exceed a specified percentage of its net assets during an initial operating period. Generally, during the earlier portion of the period, we will waive advisory fees and absorb other mutual fund expenses in excess of these self-imposed limits. During the latter portion of the period, we may recover some or all of the waived fees and absorbed costs, but such recovery is not assured.

Details of each fund’s fee arrangement are available in its prospectus.

Distribution and Servicing.

Each of the Price funds has a distinct investment objective that has been developed as part of our strategy to provide a broad, comprehensive selection of investing opportunities. The Investor class of all Price funds can be purchased in the U.S. on a no-load basis, without a sales commission or 12b-1 fee. No-load mutual fund shares offer investors a low-cost and relatively easy method of directly investing in a variety of stock and fixed income portfolios.

Certain of the Price funds also offer Advisor and R classes of shares that are distributed to mutual fund shareholders, and defined contribution retirement plans, respectively, through third-party financial intermediaries. These share classes incur 12b-1 fees of 25 and 50 basis points, respectively, for distribution, administration, and personal services. In addition, those Price funds offered to investors through variable annuity life insurance plans have a share class that incurs a 12b-1 fee of 25 basis points. Our subsidiary, T. Rowe Price Investment Services, is the principal distributor of the Price funds and enters into agreements with each intermediary. Payment of 12b-1 fees is made by each fund directly to the applicable intermediaries.

In accounting for 12b-1 fees, the applicable mutual fund share classes incur the related expense and we recognize the corresponding distribution and servicing fee revenue in our consolidated statements of income. We also recognize, as distribution and servicing costs in the consolidated statements of income, the corresponding payment of these fees from each fund to the third-party financial intermediaries. The fee revenue that we recognize from the funds and the expense that we recognize for the fees paid to third-party intermediaries are equal in amount and, therefore, do not impact our net operating income.

We believe that our lower fund cost structure, distribution methods, and fund shareholder and administrative services help promote the stability of our fund assets under management through market cycles.

Except as noted above for 12b-1 fees, we bear all advertising and promotion expenses associated with our distribution of the Price funds. These costs are recognized currently, and include advertising and direct mail communications to potential fund shareholders as well as substantial staff and communications capabilities to respond to investor inquiries. Marketing and promotional efforts are focused in print media, television, and the Internet. In addition, we direct considerable marketing efforts to defined contribution plans that invest in mutual funds. Advertising and promotion expenditures vary over time based on investor interest, market conditions, new and existing investment offerings, and the development and expansion of new marketing initiatives, including enhancements to our website.

Administrative Services.

We provide advisory-related administrative services to the Price funds through our subsidiaries. T. Rowe Price Services provides mutual fund transfer agency and shareholder services, including maintenance of staff, facilities, and technology and other equipment to respond to inquiries from fund shareholders. T. Rowe Price Associates provides mutual fund accounting services, including maintenance of financial records, preparation of financial statements and reports, daily valuation of portfolio securities and computation of daily net asset values per share. T. Rowe Price Retirement Plan Services provides participant accounting, plan administration and transfer agent services for defined contribution retirement plans that invest in

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the Price funds. Plan sponsors and participants compensate us for some services while the Price funds compensate us for maintaining and administering the individual participant accounts for those plans that invest in the funds.

Our trustee services are provided by another subsidiary, T. Rowe Price Trust Company. Through this Maryland-chartered limited-service trust company, we offer collective investment trust funds for investment by qualified retirement plans and serve as trustee for retirement plans and IRAs. T. Rowe Price Trust Company may not accept deposits and cannot make personal or commercial loans. Another subsidiary, T. Rowe Price Savings Bank, issues federally insured certificates of deposit.

We also provide non-discretionary advisory planning services to fund shareholders and potential investors through our subsidiary T. Rowe Price Advisory Services. These services are limited in scope and include retirement planning services, such as saving for retirement, transitioning into retirement, and income in retirement. An investment portfolio evaluation service is an integral part of these services. An ongoing checkup service is also available to assist an investor in remaining on track to achieve their financial goals.

Price Fund Assets under Management.

At December 31, 2012, assets under our management in the Price funds aggregated $346.9 billion, an increase of 19.9% or $57.5 billion from the beginning of the year. The following table presents the net assets (in billions) of our largest Price funds (net assets in excess of $1.0 billion at December 31, 2012) at December 31 and the year each fund was started.
 
 
2011
 
2012
Stock and blended asset funds:
 
 
 
Balanced (1991)
2.8

 
3.1

Blue Chip Growth (1993)
11.6

 
15.4

Capital Appreciation (1986)
10.9

 
13.6

Dividend Growth (1992)
2.1

 
2.8

Emerging Markets Stock (1995)
5.6

 
7.1

Equity Income (1985)
21.3

 
24.3

Equity Index 500 (1990)
13.4

 
15.6

Growth & Income (1982)
1.1

 
1.2

Growth Stock (1950)
25.3

 
30.4

Health Sciences (1995)
3.1

 
5.0

Institutional Emerging Markets Equity (2002)
.8

 
1.0

Institutional Large-Cap Growth (2001)
3.2

 
5.7

Institutional Large-Cap Value (2000)
.7

 
1.0

Institutional Mid-Cap Equity Growth (1996)
1.9

 
2.9

International Discovery (1988)
2.2

 
2.9

International Growth & Income (1998)
4.2

 
6.1

International Stock (1980)
7.0

 
9.9

Latin America (1993)
2.0

 
1.8

Media & Telecommunications (1993)
1.9

 
2.3

Mid-Cap Growth (1992)
17.5

 
18.0

Mid-Cap Value (1996)
8.4

 
9.3

New America Growth (1985)
2.6

 
3.6

New Asia (1990)
3.6

 
4.7

New Era (1969)
4.5

 
4.4

New Horizons (1960)
7.9

 
9.7

Overseas Stock (2006)
3.6

 
5.4

Personal Strategy Balanced (1994)
1.3

 
1.4

Personal Strategy Growth (1994)
.9

 
1.0


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Real Assets (2010)
2.4

 
2.9

Real Estate (1997)
2.9

 
3.6

Science & Technology (1987)
2.7

 
2.5

Small-Cap Stock (1992)
6.6

 
7.4

Small-Cap Value (1988)
6.8

 
7.8

Value (1994)
11.6

 
13.6

Other stock and blended asset funds
7.3

 
9.5

 
211.7

 
256.9

Bond and money market funds:
 
 
 
Emerging Markets Bond (1994)
3.1

 
4.0

GNMA (1985)
1.7

 
1.8

High Yield (1984)
8.5

 
9.3

Inflation Focused Bond (2006)
2.8

 
3.8

Institutional Floating Rate (2008)
1.8

 
2.3

Institutional High Yield (2002)
2.1

 
2.6

International Bond (1986)
5.2

 
5.3

Maryland Tax-Free Bond (1987)
1.9

 
2.1

New Income (1973)
14.8

 
19.8

Prime Reserve (1976)
5.8

 
5.9

Short-Term Bond (1984)
5.6

 
6.3

Summit Cash Reserves (1993)
5.9

 
5.4

Summit Municipal Intermediate (1993)
1.9

 
2.3

Tax-Free High Yield (1985)
1.8

 
2.6

Tax-Free Income (1976)
2.9

 
3.1

Tax-Free Short-Intermediate (1983)
1.6

 
1.9

U.S. Treasury Money (1982)
1.9

 
2.0

Virginia Tax-Free Bond (1991)
.9

 
1.0

Other bond and money market funds
7.5

 
8.5

 
77.7

 
90.0

 
289.4

 
346.9

 
The Spectrum and target-date retirement fund-of-funds series are not presented in the table above because their assets are already included in their underlying fund holdings.

Our operating subsidiaries invest in many of the T. Rowe Price funds.

OTHER INVESTMENT PORTFOLIOS.

We managed $229.9 billion at December 31, 2012, in other client investment portfolios, up $29.8 billion from the beginning of the year. We provide investment advisory services to these clients through our subsidiaries on a separately managed or subadvised account basis and through sponsored investment portfolios, including collective investment trusts, Luxembourg-based funds offered to investors outside the U.S. and portfolios offered through variable annuity life insurance plans in the U.S. At December 31, these portfolios included the following investment assets:


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2011
 
2012
U.S. stocks
$
114.9

 
$
140.5

International stocks
25.8

 
23.7

Stable value assets
18.8

 
18.9

Bonds and money market securities
40.6

 
46.8

 
$
200.1

 
$
229.9


We charge fees for investment management to these clients based on, among other things, the specific investment services to be provided. Our standard form of investment advisory agreement for client accounts provides that the agreement may be terminated at any time and that any unearned fees paid in advance will be refunded.

Our fees for managing these investment portfolios are computed using the value of assets under our management at a contracted annual fee rate. The value of assets under management billed is generally based on daily valuations, month-end average valuations, or end of billing period valuations. In 2012, approximately 59% of advisory fees were recognized based on daily portfolio valuations, 22% were based on month-end averages, and 18% were based on end of billing period valuations.

REGULATION.

T. Rowe Price Associates, T. Rowe Price International Ltd, T. Rowe Price (Canada), T. Rowe Price Hong Kong Limited,
T. Rowe Price Singapore Private Ltd., and T. Rowe Price Advisory Services are registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) as investment advisers under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. T. Rowe Price International Ltd is also regulated by the Financial Services Authority (FSA) in the United Kingdom and, in certain cases, by other foreign regulators. The Securities and Futures Commission (SFC) and Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) also regulate T. Rowe Price Hong Kong Limited and T. Rowe Price Singapore Private Ltd., respectively. Our subsidiaries providing transfer agent services are registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and our trust company is regulated by the State of Maryland, Commissioner of Financial Regulation. T. Rowe Price (Canada) is also registered with several of the provincial securities commissions in Canada.

The T. Rowe Price Savings Bank is regulated by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, U.S. Department of the Treasury. In addition, the Federal Reserve is now responsible for supervision of T. Rowe Price Group and T. Rowe Price Associates, as savings and loan holding companies, as well as the other T. Rowe Price non-depository subsidiaries.

T. Rowe Price Investment Services is a registered broker-dealer and member of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) and the Securities Investor Protection Corporation. We provide introducing brokerage services through this subsidiary primarily to complement the other services provided to shareholders of the Price funds. Pershing, a third-party clearing broker and affiliate of the Bank of New York, maintains our brokerage’s customer accounts and clears all transactions.

All aspects of our business are subject to extensive federal, state and foreign laws and regulations. These laws and regulations are primarily intended to benefit or protect our clients and the Price funds' shareholders. They generally grant supervisory agencies and bodies broad administrative powers, including the power to limit or restrict the conduct of our business in the event that we fail to comply with laws and regulations. Possible sanctions that may be imposed on us in the event that we fail to comply include the suspension of individual employees, limitations on engaging in certain business activities for specified periods of time, revocation of our investment adviser and other registrations, censures, and fines.

Certain of our subsidiaries are subject to net capital requirements including those of various federal, state, and international regulatory agencies. Each of our subsidiaries’ net capital, as defined, meets or exceeds all minimum requirements.

For further discussion of the potential impact of current or proposed legal or regulatory requirements, please see the Legal and Regulatory risk factors included in Item 1A.

COMPETITION.

As a member of the financial services industry, we are subject to substantial competition in all aspects of our business. A significant number of proprietary and other sponsors’ mutual funds are sold to the public by other investment management firms, broker-dealers, mutual fund companies, banks and insurance companies. We compete with brokerage and investment banking firms, insurance companies, banks, mutual fund companies, and other financial institutions in all aspects of our business and in every country in which we offer our advisory services. Many of these financial institutions have substantially

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greater resources than we do. We compete with other providers of investment advisory services primarily based on the availability and objectives of the investment portfolios offered, investment performance, and the scope and quality of investment advice and other client services. In order to maintain and enhance our competitive position, we may review acquisition and venture opportunities and, if appropriate, engage in discussions and negotiations that could lead to the acquisition of a new equity or other financial relationship.

EMPLOYEES.

At December 31, 2012, we employed 5,372 associates, up 2% from the 5,255 associates employed at the end of 2011. We may add additional temporary and part-time personnel to our staff from time to time to meet periodic and special project demands, primarily for technology and mutual fund administrative services.

AVAILABLE INFORMATION.
Our Internet address is www.troweprice.com. At our Investor Relations website, http://trow.client.shareholder.com, we make available free of charge a variety of information for investors. Our goal is to maintain the Investor Relations website as a portal through which investors can easily find or navigate to pertinent information about us, including:
our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file that material with or furnish it to the SEC;

our financial statement information from our periodic SEC filings in the form of XBRL data files that may be used to facilitate computer-assisted investor analysis;

corporate governance information including our charter, bylaws, governance guidelines, committee charters, code of ethics and conduct and other governance-related policies;

other news and announcements that we may post from time to time that investors might find useful or interesting; and

opportunities to sign up for email alerts and RSS feeds to have information pushed in real time.

The information found on our website is not part of this or any other report we file with, or furnish to, the SEC.

Item 1A.
Risk Factors.

An investment in our common stock involves various risks, including those mentioned below and those that are discussed from time to time in our periodic filings with the SEC. Investors should carefully consider these risks, along with the other information contained in this report, before making an investment decision regarding our common stock. There may be additional risks of which we are currently unaware, or which we currently consider immaterial. Any of these risks could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, and value of our common stock.

RISKS RELATING TO OUR BUSINESS AND THE FINANCIAL SERVICES INDUSTRY.

Our revenues are based on the market value and composition of the assets under our management, all of which are subject to fluctuation caused by factors outside of our control.

We derive our revenues primarily from investment advisory services provided by our subsidiaries to individual and institutional investors in the T. Rowe Price mutual funds distributed in the U.S. and other investment portfolios. Our investment advisory fees typically are calculated as a percentage of the market value of the assets under our management. We generally earn higher fees on assets invested in our equity funds and equity investment portfolios than we earn on assets invested in our fixed income funds and portfolios. Among equity investments, there is a significant variation in fees earned from index-based investments at the low end and emerging markets funds and portfolios at the high end. Fees also vary across the fixed income funds and portfolios, though not as widely as equity investments, with stable value portfolios and money market securities at the lower end and non-U.S. dollar denominated bonds at the high end. As a result, our revenues are dependent on the value and composition of the assets under our management, all of which are subject to substantial fluctuation due to many factors, including:

Investor Mobility. Our investors generally may withdraw their funds at any time, on very short notice and without any significant penalty.

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General Market Declines. A downturn in stock or bond prices would cause the value of assets under our management to decrease, and may also cause investors to withdraw their investments, thereby further decreasing the level of assets under our management.
Investment Performance. If the investment performance of our managed portfolios is less than that of our competitors or applicable third-party benchmarks, we could lose existing and potential customers and suffer a decrease in assets under management. Institutional investors in particular consider changing investment advisers based upon poor relative investment performance. Individual investors in contrast are more likely to react to poor absolute investment performance.
Investing Trends. Changes in investing trends and, in particular, retirement savings trends, including the prevalence of defined contribution retirement plans, may reduce interest in our funds and portfolios and may alter our mix of assets under management.
Interest Rate Changes. Investor interest in and the valuation of our fixed income investment funds and portfolios are affected by changes in interest rates.
International Exposure. Our managed portfolios may have significant investments in international markets that are subject to risk of loss from political or diplomatic developments, government policies, civil unrest, currency fluctuations and changes in legislation related to foreign ownership. International markets, particularly emerging markets, which are often smaller, may not have the liquidity of established markets, may lack established regulations and may experience significantly more volatility than established markets.
Tax Regulation Changes. Changes in the status of tax deferred retirement plan investments and tax-free municipal bonds, the capital gains and corporate dividend tax rates, and other individual and corporate tax rates and regulations could adversely affect investor behavior and may cause investors to view certain investment offerings less favorably and withdraw their investment assets, thereby decreasing the level of assets under our management.

A decrease in the value of assets under our management, or an adverse change in their composition, could have a material adverse effect on our investment advisory fees and revenues. For any period in which revenues decline, net income and operating margins will likely decline by a greater proportion because certain expenses will be fixed over that finite period and may not decrease in proportion to the decrease in revenues.

The performance of our money market funds is impacted by the historically low interest rate environment.

Our money market funds performance or yield is dependent on the income earned from the underlying securities exceeding the operating costs of the fund. When interest rates are at the historic lows that presently exist, the operating costs of the funds will become a greater portion of the portfolio's income, thereby reducing the yield of the funds to very low levels. Since the second half of 2009 and presently, such an environment has led us to voluntarily waive a portion of our advisory fee earned on our money market funds in order to maintain yields at or above 0% for fund investors. Such actions reduce our advisory fee income and net income. The actual amount of fees waived is dependent on a number of variables including, among others, changes in the net assets held by our money market funds, changes in market yields, changes in the expense levels of the funds, and our willingness to voluntarily continue such fee waivers. Also, bank deposits may become more attractive to investors and money market funds could experience significant redemptions, which could decrease our revenues and net income. See our discussion under Results of Operations in our Management Discussion and Analysis related to fees waived in the current period, management's expectation as to future fee waivers and the net cash flows of our money market funds.

A significant majority of our revenues are based on contracts with the Price funds that are subject to termination without cause and on short notice.

We provide investment advisory, distribution and other administrative services to the Price funds under various agreements. Investment advisory services are provided to each Price fund under individual investment management agreements. The board of each Price fund must annually approve the terms of the investment management and service agreements and can terminate the agreement upon 60-days notice. If a Price fund seeks to lower the fees that we receive or terminate its contract with us, we would experience a decline in fees earned from the Price funds, which could have a material adverse effect on our revenues and net income.

We operate in an intensely competitive industry, which could cause a loss of customers and their assets, thereby reducing our assets under management and our revenues and net income.

We are subject to competition in all aspects of our business from:

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asset management firms,
mutual fund companies,
commercial banks and thrift institutions,
insurance companies,
hedge funds,
exchange traded funds,
brokerage and investment banking firms, and
other financial institutions including multinational firms and subsidiaries of diversified conglomerates.

Many of these financial institutions have substantially greater resources than we do and may offer a broader range of financial products across more markets. Some operate in a different regulatory environment than we do which may give them certain competitive advantages in the investment products and portfolio structures that they offer. We compete with other providers of investment advisory services primarily based on the availability and objectives of the investment portfolios offered, investment performance, and the scope and quality of investment advice and other client services. Some institutions have proprietary products and distribution channels that make it more difficult for us to compete with them. Most of our investment portfolios are available without sales or redemption fees, which means that investors may be more willing to transfer assets to competing funds.

If current or potential customers decide to use one of our competitors, we could face a significant decline in market share, assets under management, revenues, and net income. In the event that we were to decide to reduce the fees we charge for investment advisory services in response to competitive pressures, revenues and operating margins could be adversely impacted.

Our success depends on our key personnel and our financial performance could be negatively affected by the loss of their services.

Our success depends on our highly skilled personnel, including our portfolio and fund managers, investment analysts, management and client relationship personnel, and corporate officers, many of whom have specialized expertise and extensive experience in our industry. Strong financial services professionals are in demand, and we face significant competition for highly qualified employees. Our key employees do not have employment contracts, and generally can terminate their employment with us at any time. We cannot assure that we will be able to retain or replace key personnel. In order to retain or replace our key personnel, we may be required to increase compensation, which would decrease net income. The loss of key personnel could damage our reputation and make it more difficult to retain and attract new employees and investors. Losses of assets from our client investors would decrease our revenues and net income, possibly materially.

Our operations are complex and a failure to perform operational tasks or the misrepresentation of products and services could have an adverse effect on our reputation and subject us to regulatory sanctions, fines, penalties, litigation, and a decrease in revenues.

Operating risks include:

failure to properly perform fund or portfolio recordkeeping responsibilities, including portfolio accounting, security pricing, corporate actions, investment restrictions compliance, daily net asset value computations, account reconciliations, and required distributions to fund shareholders to comply with tax regulations;
failure to properly perform transfer agent and participant recordkeeping responsibilities, including transaction processing, supervision of staff, tax reporting and record retention; and failure to identify excessive trading in mutual funds by our customers or plan participants; and
sales and marketing risks, including the intentional or unintentional misrepresentation of products and services in advertising materials, public relations information, or other external communications, and failure to properly calculate and present investment performance data accurately and in accordance with established guidelines and regulations.

Any damage to our reputation could harm our business and lead to a loss of revenues and net income.


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We have spent many years developing our reputation for integrity, strong investment performance, and superior client services. Our brand is a valuable intangible asset, but it is vulnerable to a variety of threats that can be difficult or impossible to control, and costly or even impossible to remediate. Regulatory inquiries and rumors can tarnish or substantially damage our reputation, even if they are satisfactorily addressed. Any damage to our brand could impede our ability to attract and retain customers and key personnel, and reduce the amount of assets under our management, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our revenues and net income.

Our expenses are subject to significant fluctuations that could materially decrease net income.

Our operating results are dependent on the level of our expenses, which can vary significantly for many reasons, including:

changes in the level of our advertising expenses, including the costs of expanding investment advisory services to investors outside of the U.S. and further penetrating U.S. distribution channels;
variations in the level of total compensation expense due to, among other things, bonuses, stock option grants and other stock-based awards, changes in employee benefit costs due to regulatory or plan design changes, changes in our employee count and mix, competitive factors, and inflation;
a future impairment of investments recognized in our consolidated balance sheet;
a future impairment of goodwill that is recognized in our consolidated balance sheet;
unanticipated material fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates applicable to the costs of our operations abroad;
expenses and capital costs incurred to maintain and enhance our administrative and operating services infrastructure, such as technology assets, depreciation, amortization, and research and development;
unanticipated costs incurred to protect investor accounts and client goodwill; and
disruptions of third-party services such as communications, power, and mutual fund transfer agent and accounting systems.

Under our agreements with the T. Rowe Price mutual funds, we charge the mutual funds certain administrative fees and related expenses based upon contracted terms. If we fail to accurately estimate our underlying expense levels or otherwise are required to incur expenses relating to the mutual funds that are not otherwise paid by the funds, our operating results will be adversely affected. While we are under no obligation to provide financial support to any of our sponsored investment products, any financial support provided would reduce capital available for other purposes and may have an adverse effect on revenues and net income.

We have contracted with third-party financial intermediaries that distribute our investment portfolios in the U.S. and abroad and such relationships may not be available or profitable to us in the future.

These contracted third-party intermediaries generally offer their clients various investment products in addition to, and in competition with, our investment offerings, and have no contractual obligation to encourage investment in our portfolios. It would be difficult for us to acquire or retain the management of those assets without the assistance of the intermediaries, and we cannot assure that we will be able to maintain an adequate number of successful distribution relationships. In addition, some investors rely on third-party financial planners, registered investment advisers, and other consultants or financial professionals to advise them on the choice of investment adviser and investment portfolio. These professionals and consultants can favor a competing investment portfolio as better meeting their particular client’s needs. We cannot assure that our investment offerings will be among their recommended choices in the future. Further, their recommendations can change over time and we could lose their recommendation and their client assets under our management. Mergers, acquisitions, and other ownership or management changes could also adversely impact our relationships with these third-party intermediaries. The presence of any of the adverse conditions discussed above would reduce revenues and net income, possibly by material amounts.

Natural disasters and other unpredictable events could adversely affect our operations.

Armed conflict, terrorist attacks, cyber-attacks, power failures, and natural disasters could adversely affect our revenues, expenses and net income by:

decreasing investment valuations in, and returns on, the investment portfolios that we manage,

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causing disruptions in national or global economies that decrease investor confidence and make investment products generally less attractive,
incapacitating or inflicting losses of lives among our associates,
interrupting our business operations,
triggering technology delays or failures, and
requiring substantial capital expenditures and operating expenses to remediate damage, replace our facilities, and restore our operations.

A significant portion of our business operations are concentrated in the Baltimore, Maryland region and in London, England. We have developed various backup systems and contingency plans but we cannot be assured that they will be adequate in all circumstances that could arise or that material interruptions and disruptions will not occur. In addition, we rely to varying degrees on outside vendors for disaster contingency support, and we cannot be assured that these vendors will be able to perform in an adequate and timely manner. If we lose the availability of any associates, or if we are unable to respond adequately to such an event in a timely manner, we may be unable to timely resume our business operations, which could lead to a tarnished reputation and loss of customers that results in a decrease in assets under management, lower revenues and materially reduced net income.

Our investment income and asset levels may be negatively impacted by fluctuations in our investment portfolio.

We currently have a substantial portion of our assets invested in sponsored stock, blended asset and bond funds. All of these investments are subject to investment market risk and our non-operating investment income could be adversely affected by the realization of losses upon the disposition of our investments or the recognition of significant other-than-temporary impairments. In addition, related investment income has fluctuated significantly over the years depending upon the performance of our corporate investments, including the impact of market conditions and interest rates, and the size of our corporate money market and longer-term mutual fund holdings. Fluctuations in other investment income are expected to occur in the future.

Our savings bank subsidiary subjects us to investment credit risk by maintaining a portfolio of investments in asset-backed debt securities with maturity schedules intended to correspond with customer time deposit maturity dates. In the event that underlying securities are impaired in maturity value or do not yield returns in excess of customer deposit interest payments, our assets and results of operations would be adversely affected.

We may review and pursue acquisition and venture opportunities in order to maintain or enhance our competitive position.

Any strategic transaction can involve a number of risks, including additional demands on our staff; unanticipated problems regarding integration of investor account and investment security recordkeeping, operating facilities and technologies, and new employees; adverse effects in the event acquired intangible assets or goodwill become impaired; and the existence of liabilities or contingencies not disclosed to or otherwise known by us prior to closing a transaction.

We own a 26% investment in UTI Asset Management Company Ltd (UTI), an Indian asset management company and we may consider non-controlling minority investments in other entities in the future. We may not realize future returns from such investments or any collaborative activities that may develop in the future.

We are exposed to a number of risks arising from our international operations.

We operate in a number of jurisdictions outside of the U.S. and have an equity investment in UTI. Our international operations require us to comply with the legal and regulatory requirements of various foreign jurisdictions and expose us to the political consequences of operating in foreign jurisdictions. Our foreign business operations are also subject to the following risks:

difficulty in managing, operating and marketing our international operations;
fluctuations in currency exchange rates which may result in substantial negative effects on assets under our management, revenues, expenses and assets in our U.S. dollar based financial statements; and
significant adverse changes in international legal and regulatory environments.

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LEGAL AND REGULATORY RISKS.

Legal and regulatory developments in the mutual fund and investment advisory industry could increase our regulatory burden, impose significant financial and strategic costs on our business, and cause a loss of mutual fund investors or clients.

Our regulatory environment is frequently altered by new regulations and by revisions to, and evolving interpretations of, existing regulations. Future changes could require us to modify or curtail our investment offerings and business operations, or impact our expenses and profitability. For example, the Volcker Rule as currently proposed has led us to continue to evaluate whether it remains prudent to maintain our savings bank subsidiary in light of the potential restrictions the rule could place on our other business activities. Although our savings bank operation is not material to the operating results of the company, the final terms of the rule are not yet settled and uncertainty related to how it may apply to our funds and affiliates could negatively impact our ability to launch and seed new funds if we continue to maintain a savings bank affiliate. Additionally, aspects of the rule present the risk that liquidity in capital markets may be impacted, and it may be more difficult or costly to execute certain security transactions on behalf of our clients.

Potential impacts of other current or proposed legal or regulatory requirements include, without limitation, the following:

The Federal Reserve Board has adopted final regulations related to non-Bank Systemically Important Financial Institutions (“SIFIs”). It has been suggested by some that large mutual funds, particularly money market funds, should be designated as SIFIs. We do not believe that mutual funds should be deemed SIFIs. Further, we do not believe SIFI designation was intended for traditional asset management businesses. If, however, any T. Rowe Price fund or T. Rowe Price affiliate is deemed a SIFI, increased regulatory oversight would apply, which may include enhanced capital, liquidity, leverage, stress testing, resolution planning, and risk management requirements.

It is expected that additional money market fund reform will be proposed in the near future. Proposed reforms could require funds to adopt floating NAVs or various capital buffers or redemption restrictions. Adoption of any such reforms could have a negative impact on the attractiveness of such funds to investors, or the willingness of the firm to sponsor such products.

The Commodity Futures Trading Commission has adopted certain amendments to its rules that would limit the ability of mutual funds and certain other products we sponsor to use commodities, futures, swaps and other derivatives without additional registration. Although we do not anticipate the need to register at this time, if our use of these products on behalf of client accounts increases so as to require registration, we would be subject to additional regulatory requirements and costs associated with registration.

The SEC has proposed new municipal adviser registration rules as a result of The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act ("Dodd-Frank"). It is uncertain at this point what the full impact of these new rules will be on our business, but it is expected, if adopted as proposed, that certain affiliates would be subject to additional regulatory requirements and incur costs to ensure compliance with these requirements.

The U.K. Financial Services Bill will fundamentally transform financial services regulation in the U.K. Although the new regulatory architecture will likely have an impact on the manner in which our U.K. subsidiary is supervised, we do not believe there will be substantive changes to the conduct of business rules to which we are subject. However, the operations of our U.K. subsidiary could be impacted to the extent the nature of our supervision or the substance of such rules change.

There has been increased global regulatory focus on the manner in which intermediaries are paid for distribution of mutual funds. Changes to long-standing market practices related to fees or enhanced disclosure requirements may negatively impact sales of mutual funds by intermediaries, especially if such requirements are not applied to other investment products.

Global regulations on OTC derivatives are evolving, including proposed rules under Dodd-Frank and European Market Infrastructure Regulation relating to central clearing counterparties, trade reporting and repositories. There remains uncertainty related to the requirements under these new regulations and the exact manner in which they will impact current trading strategies for our clients.

We are subject to various laws and regulations in the jurisdictions where we operate outside the U.S., including pan-European Directives, such as the Alternative Investment Fund Management Directive (“AIFMD”). The AIFMD has not

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yet been implemented and interpretations of certain provisions are not yet final. Depending on such interpretations, the AIFMD may impact remuneration policies, capital requirements, and the manner in which affiliated entities provide services to funds covered by the Directive.

We cannot predict the nature of future changes to the legal and regulatory requirements applicable to our business, nor the extent of the impacts that will result from current or future proposals. However, any such changes are likely to increase the costs of compliance and the complexity of our operations. They may also result in changes to our product or service offerings. The changing regulatory landscape may also impact a number of our service providers and to the extent such providers alter their services or increase their fees it may impact our expenses or those of the products we offer.

Compliance within a complex regulatory environment imposes significant financial and strategic costs on our business, and non-compliance could result in fines and penalties.

If we are unable to maintain compliance with applicable laws and regulations, we could be subject to criminal and civil liability, the suspension of our employees, fines, penalties, sanctions, injunctive relief, exclusion from certain markets, or temporary or permanent loss of licenses or registrations necessary to conduct our business. A regulatory proceeding, even if it does not result in a finding of wrongdoing or sanctions, could consume substantial expenditures of time and capital. Any regulatory investigation and any failure to maintain compliance with applicable laws and regulations could severely damage our reputation, adversely affect our ability to conduct business, and decrease revenue and net income.

We may become involved in legal and regulatory proceedings that may not be covered by insurance.

We are subject to regulatory and governmental inquiries and civil litigation. An adverse outcome of any such proceeding could involve substantial financial penalties. From time to time, various claims against us arise in the ordinary course of business, including employment-related claims. There also has been an increase of litigation and in regulatory investigations in the financial services industry in recent years, including customer claims and class action suits alleging substantial monetary damages.

We carry insurance in amounts and under terms that we believe are appropriate. We cannot be assured that our insurance will cover every liability and loss to which we may be exposed, or that our insurance policies will continue to be available at acceptable terms and fees. Certain insurance coverage may not be available or may be prohibitively expensive in future periods. As our insurance policies come up for renewal, we may need to assume higher deductibles or co-insurance liabilities, or pay higher premiums, which would increase our expenses and reduce our net income.

Net capital requirements may impede the business operations of our subsidiaries.

Certain of our subsidiaries are subject to net capital requirements imposed by various federal, state, and foreign authorities. Each of our subsidiaries’ net capital meets or exceeds all minimum requirements; however, a significant operating or investment loss or an extraordinary charge against net capital could adversely affect the ability of our subsidiaries to expand or even maintain their operations if we were unable to make additional investments in them.

TECHNOLOGY RISKS.

We require specialized technology to operate our business and would be adversely affected if our technology became inoperative or obsolete.

We depend on highly specialized and, in many cases, proprietary technology to support our business functions, including among others:

securities analysis,
securities trading,
portfolio management,
customer service,
accounting and internal financial reporting processes and controls, and
regulatory compliance and reporting.


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All of our technology systems are vulnerable to disability or failures due to cyber-attacks such as hacking or viruses, natural disasters, power failures, acts of war or terrorism, and other causes. Some of our software is licensed from and supported by outside vendors upon whom we rely to prevent operating system failure. A suspension or termination of these licenses or the related support, upgrades and maintenance could cause system delays or interruption. Although we have robust business and disaster recovery plans, if our technology systems were to fail and we were unable to recover in a timely way, we would be unable to fulfill critical business functions, which could lead to a loss of customers and could harm our reputation. A technological breakdown could also interfere with our ability to comply with financial reporting and other regulatory requirements, exposing us to disciplinary action and to liability to our customers.

In addition, our continued success depends on our ability to effectively integrate operations across many countries, and to adopt new or adapt existing technologies to meet client, industry and regulatory demands. We might be required to make significant capital expenditures to maintain competitive infrastructure. If we are unable to upgrade our infrastructure in a timely fashion, we might lose customers and fail to maintain regulatory compliance, which could affect our results of operations and severely damage our reputation.

We could be subject to losses if we fail to properly safeguard sensitive and confidential information.

As part of our normal operations, we maintain and transmit confidential information about our clients as well as proprietary information relating to our business operations. We maintain a system of internal controls designed to provide reasonable assurance that fraudulent activity, including misappropriation of assets, fraudulent financial reporting, and unauthorized access to sensitive or confidential data is either prevented or timely detected. Our systems or our third-party service providers’ systems could be victimized by unauthorized users or corrupted by computer viruses or other malicious software code, or authorized persons could inadvertently or intentionally release confidential or proprietary information. Such disclosure could, among other things:

seriously damage our reputation,
allow competitors access to our proprietary business information,
subject us to liability for a failure to safeguard client data,
result in the termination of contracts by our existing customers,
subject us to regulatory action, and
require significant capital and operating expenditures to investigate and remediate the breach.

Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.

Item 2.
Properties.

Our corporate headquarters occupies 422,000 square feet of space at 100 East Pratt Street in Baltimore, Maryland, under a lease until mid-2017. We have offices in 13 countries around the world, including the U.S.

Our operating and servicing activities are largely conducted at owned facilities in campus settings comprising 294,000 square feet in Colorado Springs, Colorado, and 586,000 square feet on three parcels of land in close proximity to Baltimore in Owings Mills, Maryland. We have an additional 381,000 square feet of space in two facilities at the largest Owings Mills site that we currently expect will be placed into service in late 2013. We maintain a 60,000 square foot technology support facility in Hagerstown, Maryland and own a 72-acre parcel of land in Pasco County, Florida to accommodate potential future development as business demands require.

We presently maintain investor centers for walk-in traffic and investor meetings in leased facilities located in the Baltimore, Maryland; Boca Raton, Florida; Boston (Wellesley, Massachusetts); Chicago (Oak Brook and Northbrook, Illinois); Los Angeles (Century City, California); New York City/New Jersey (Garden City, New York, and Paramus and Short Hills, New Jersey); San Francisco (Walnut Creek, California); Tampa, Florida; and Washington, D.C. (Washington, D.C. and McLean, Virginia) areas. We also have investor centers in our owned facilities in Colorado Springs and Owings Mills.

We also lease other offices, including our offices in London and Hong Kong, our business recovery site in Maryland, and our customer service call center in Tampa.

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Information concerning our anticipated capital expenditures in 2013 and our future minimum rental payments under noncancelable operating leases at December 31, 2012, is set forth in the capital resources and liquidity and contractual obligations discussions in Item 7 of this Form 10-K.

Item 3.
Legal Proceedings.

From time to time, various claims against us arise in the ordinary course of business, including employment-related claims. In the opinion of management, after consultation with counsel, the likelihood that an adverse determination in one or more pending claims would have a material adverse effect on our financial position or results of operations is remote.

Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.

Item.   Executive Officers of the Registrant.

The following information includes the names, ages, and positions of our executive officers. There are no arrangements or understandings pursuant to which any person serves as an officer. The first seven individuals are members of our management committee.

James A.C. Kennedy (59), Chief Executive Officer and President since 2007.

Brian C. Rogers (57), Chairman since 2007, Chief Investment Officer since 2004, and a Vice President since 1985.

Edward C. Bernard (56), Vice Chairman and Head of Distribution and Client Service since 2007, and a Vice President since 1989.

William J. Stromberg (52), Head of Global Equities since 2010, and a Vice President since 1990.

Christopher D. Alderson (50), Head of International Equities since 2009 and a Vice President since 2002.

Michael C. Gitlin (42), Head of Fixed Income since 2010, and a Vice President since 2007.

John D. Linehan (48), Head of U.S. Equities since 2010 and a Vice President since 2001.

Kenneth V. Moreland (56), Chief Financial Officer and a Vice President since 2004, and Treasurer since 2010.

Jessica M. Hiebler (37), Principal Accounting Officer since 2010 and a Vice President since 2009. Ms. Hiebler has been a Vice President of T. Rowe Price Associates since she joined the firm in 2005.


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PART II

Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Our common stock ($.20 par value per share) trades on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol TROW. The high and low trade price information and dividends per share during the past two years were:
 
 
1st
Quarter
 
2nd
Quarter
 
3rd
Quarter
 
4th
Quarter
2011 – High price
 
$
71.29

 
$
68.59

 
$
62.25

 
$
59.55

  Low price
 
$
60.58

 
$
55.94

 
$
45.75

 
$
44.68

  Cash dividends declared
 
$
.31

 
$
.31

 
$
.31

 
$
.31

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2012 – High price
 
$
65.63

 
$
66.00

 
$
65.97

 
$
66.95

  Low price
 
$
56.48

 
$
54.47

 
$
58.52

 
$
62.35

  Cash dividends declared
 
$
.34

 
$
.34

 
$
.34

 
$
1.34


The cash dividends declared during the fourth quarter of 2012 includes a special dividend of $1.00 per share that was paid on December 28, 2012. We presently plan to declare and pay quarterly cash dividends in 2013 that, taken together, will exceed the $1.36 per share in regular annual dividends declared and paid in 2012. Our annual dividends per share have increased every year since we became a public company in 1986; however, there can be no assurance that we will continue to pay dividends at increasing rates or at all.

Our common stockholders have approved all of our equity compensation plans. These plans provide for the issuance of up to 53,012,986 shares of our common stock at December 31, 2012, including 34,622,435 shares that may be issued upon the exercise of outstanding stock options at a weighted-average price of $48.82, and 638,466 shares that may be issued upon settlement of our outstanding stock units. Additionally, 21,164,593 shares remain available for future issuances, including 3,412,508 shares that may be issued under our Employee Stock Purchase Plan. No shares have been issued under our Employee Stock Purchase Plan since its inception; all shares have been purchased in the open market. Under the terms of the 2012 Long-term Incentive Plan, approved by stockholders in April 2012, the number of shares provided and available for future issuance will increase as we repurchase common stock in the future with the proceeds from stock option exercises.

The following table presents repurchase activity during the fourth quarter of 2012.
Month
 
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
 
Average Price
Paid per Share
 
Total Number of
Shares Purchased as
Part of Publicly
Announced Program
 
Maximum Number of
Shares that May Yet
Be Purchased Under
the Program
October
 
106,700

 
$
64.70

 

 
11,413,467

November
 
188,967

 
$
65.11

 

 
11,413,467

December
 
757,123

 
$
65.28

 

 
11,413,467

Total
 
1,052,790

 
$
65.19

 

 
 

Shares repurchased by us in a quarter may include repurchases conducted pursuant to publicly announced board authorizations, outstanding shares surrendered to the company to pay the exercise price in connection with swap exercises of employee stock options, and shares withheld to cover the minimum payroll tax withholding obligation associated with the vesting of restricted stock awards. Of the shares purchased in the fourth quarter of 2012, 993,537 were related to shares surrendered to the company in connection with employee stock option exercises and 59,253 were related to shares withheld to cover payroll tax withholdings associated with the vesting of restricted stock awards.

During 2012, we repurchased 2,302,214 shares of our common stock pursuant to the Board of Directors’ September 8, 2010 authorization. There are approximately 143,000 beneficial stockholder accounts holding our common stock.


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Item 6.
Selected Financial Data.
 
 
2008
 
2009
 
2010
 
2011
 
2012

(in millions, except per-share data)
Net revenues
$
2,116

 
$
1,867

 
$
2,367

 
$
2,747

 
$
3,023

Net operating income
$
849

 
$
702

 
$
1,037

 
$
1,227

 
$
1,364

Net income
$
491

 
$
434

 
$
672

 
$
773

 
$
884

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
742

 
$
536

 
$
733

 
$
948

 
$
903

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Per common share information
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings
$
1.89

 
$
1.69

 
$
2.60

 
$
3.01

 
$
3.47

Diluted earnings
$
1.81

 
$
1.65

 
$
2.53

 
$
2.92

 
$
3.36

Cash dividends declared (1)
$
.96

 
$
1.00

 
$
1.08

 
$
1.24

 
$
2.36

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding
259.3

 
255.9

 
257.2

 
255.6

 
253.4

Weighted-average common shares outstanding assuming dilution
269.9

 
262.3

 
265.1

 
263.3

 
261.0


(1) Cash dividends declared in 2012 includes a special dividend of $1.00 per share that we paid on December 28, 2012.


December 31,

2008
 
2009
 
2010
 
2011
 
2012
Balance sheet data
(in millions)
Total assets
$
2,819

 
$
3,210

 
$
3,642

 
$
3,770

 
$
4,203

Stockholders’ equity
$
2,489

 
$
2,882

 
$
3,297

 
$
3,421

 
$
3,846

Assets under management (in billions)
$
276.3

 
$
391.3

 
$
482.0

 
$
489.5

 
$
576.8



Item 7.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

GENERAL.

Our revenues and net income are derived primarily from investment advisory services provided to individual and institutional investors in our U.S. sponsored mutual funds and other managed investment portfolios. The other managed investment portfolios include separately managed accounts, subadvised funds, and other sponsored investment portfolios including collective investment trusts, and Luxembourg-based funds offered to investors outside the U.S. and portfolios offered through variable annuity life insurance plans in the U.S. Investment advisory clients outside the U.S. account for 9.5% of our assets under management at December 31, 2012.

We manage a broad range of U.S., international and global stock, bond, and money market mutual funds and other investment portfolios, which meet the varied needs and objectives of individual and institutional investors. Investment advisory revenues depend largely on the total value and composition of assets under our management. Accordingly, fluctuations in financial markets and in the composition of assets under management affect our revenues and results of operations.

We remain debt-free with substantial liquidity and resources that allow us to take advantage of attractive growth opportunities; invest in key capabilities, including investment professionals, technologies, and new fund offerings; and, most importantly, provide our clients with strong investment management expertise and service both now and in the future.


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BACKGROUND.

Major equity indexes produced strong returns in 2012 despite a eurozone recession, the sovereign debt crisis, muted U.S. economic growth, uncertainty surrounding U.S. fiscal policy after 2012, and a slowdown in emerging economies. Equities were supported by solid U.S. corporate earnings, and actions taken by central banks around the world to stimulate economic growth. During the year, the Federal Reserve kept the federal funds rate near 0% and implemented a third-round of quantitative easing in the form of an open-ended policy of monthly agency mortgage-backed securities purchases. Further, the Federal Reserve announced at its December meeting that it would add open-ended monthly purchases of long-term Treasury securities when its current maturity extension program for Treasuries ends in 2013. It also confirmed that it expects to keep the federal funds rate very low at least through mid-2015. As 2013 began, equity markets had positive momentum as U.S. Congress passed legislation on January 1st that delayed deep spending cuts for two months and prevented many broad-based tax increases.

Results of several major equity market indexes for the full year 2012 are as follows:
Index
2012
S&P 500 Index
16.0
%
NASDAQ Composite Index (excluding dividends)
15.9
%
Russell 2000 Index
16.4
%
MSCI EAFE (Europe, Australasia, and Far East) Index
17.9
%
MSCI Emerging Markets Index
18.6
%

Bonds produced good returns over the year. High yield and emerging market issues outperformed all others as income-seeking investors continued favoring securities with attractive yields in the low interest rate environment. Outside the U.S., investors also sought bonds issued by developing countries due to their lower debt levels and better growth prospects relative to developed countries. Long-term Treasury bond yields were essentially flat for the year and remained near historic lows in response to weak global economic growth and the Federal Reserve's maturity extension program noted above. The yield on the benchmark 10-year U.S. Treasury at December 31, 2012, was 1.8%, compared with 1.9% at the end of 2011.

Results of several major bond market indexes for the full year 2012 are as follows:
Index
2012
Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index
4.2
%
Credit Suisse High Yield Index
14.7
%
Barclays Municipal Bond Index
6.8
%
Barclays Global Aggregate Ex-U.S. Dollar Bond Index
4.1
%
JPMorgan Emerging Markets Index Plus
18.0
%

ASSETS UNDER MANAGEMENT.

With this market environment as a backdrop, investors entrusted $17.2 billion to our management in 2012. Total assets under management ended 2012 at a record $576.8 billion, an increase of $87.3 billion from the end of 2011. Assets under management (in billions) at the end of and changes over each of the last three years are detailed below.

Assets under management by investment portfolio
 
 
 
 
 

December 31,

2010
 
2011
 
2012
Sponsored mutual funds distributed in the U.S.
$
282.6

 
$
289.4

 
$
346.9

Other investment portfolios
199.4

 
200.1

 
229.9

Total
$
482.0

 
$
489.5

 
$
576.8



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Assets under management by asset class
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31,

2010
 
2011
 
2012
Stock and blended asset
$
360.6

 
$
352.4

 
$
421.1

Fixed income portfolios
121.4

 
137.1

 
155.7

Total
$
482.0

 
$
489.5

 
$
576.8


Components of changes in assets under management
 
 
 
 
 

Year ended

2010
 
2011
 
2012
Assets under management at beginning of year
$
391.3

 
$
482.0

 
$
489.5

Net cash flows
 
 
 
 
 
Sponsored mutual funds distributed in the U.S.
13.6

 
11.0

 
15.7

Other investment portfolios
16.7

 
3.1

 
1.5

 
30.3

 
14.1

 
17.2

Net market gains (losses) and income
60.8

 
(5.8
)
 
70.7

Mutual fund distributions not reinvested
(.4
)
 
(.8
)
 
(.6
)
Change during the period
90.7

 
7.5

 
87.3

Assets under management at end of year
$
482.0

 
$
489.5

 
$
576.8


Our 2010 net cash inflows were sourced most significantly from third-party financial intermediaries and from institutional investors around the world, whereas net cash flows in 2011 and 2012 were sourced primarily from third-party financial intermediaries. Our relative investment performance over much of this period and brand awareness contributed significantly to attracting net inflows to our firm.

We incur significant expenditures to attract new investment advisory clients and additional investments from our existing clients. These efforts often involve costs that precede any future revenues that we may recognize from increases to our assets under management.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

2012 versus 2011.

Investment advisory revenues were up 10.3%, or $243.0 million, to nearly $2.6 billion in 2012, as average assets under our management increased $52.3 billion to $549.4 billion. The average annualized fee rate earned on our assets under management was 47.2 basis points during 2012, virtually unchanged from the 47.3 basis points earned in 2011. We continued to voluntarily waive a portion of our money market advisory fees in 2012 in order to maintain a positive or zero yield for fund investors. These fees were waived from each of our money market funds and trusts and totaled $35.0 million, or about 1% of total investment advisory revenues earned in 2012, as compared to $36.4 million in 2011. Combined net assets at December 31, 2012 of the funds and trusts in which we waived fees in 2012 was $15.4 billion, or 2.7% of our total assets under management. The firm expects that these fee waivers will continue in 2013.

Net revenues increased $275.4 million, or 10.0%, to $3.0 billion in 2012. Operating expenses were $1.7 billion in 2012, an increase of $138.0 million, or 9.1%. Overall, net operating income for 2012 increased $137.4 million, or 11.2%, to nearly $1.4 billion. The increase in our average assets under management and resulting advisory revenue lifted our operating margin for 2012 to 45.1% from 44.7% in 2011. Non-operating investment income of $70.8 million in 2012 included $32.6 million, or $.07 per share after income taxes, in gains realized from the sale of certain of our investments in sponsored funds to seed other sponsored funds in support of our distribution efforts outside the U.S. Net income, including these realized gains, increased $110.4 million, or 14.3%, to $883.6 million in 2012, and our diluted earnings per share on our common stock increased 15.1% to $3.36 from the $2.92 earned in 2011.


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Revenues

Investment advisory revenues earned from the T. Rowe Price mutual funds distributed in the U.S. were $1.8 billion in 2012, an increase of 11.4%, or $182.7 million, on higher average mutual fund assets. Average mutual fund assets in 2012 were $326.6 billion, an increase of 11.8% from the 2011 average. Mutual fund assets at December 31, 2012, were $346.9 billion, up $57.5 billion from the end of 2011.

Net inflows to the mutual funds during 2012 were $15.7 billion, including $8.6 billion into our stock and blended asset funds and $7.5 billion into our bond funds. Our money market funds had net outflows of $.4 billion. Mutual fund net inflows include $6.4 billion that originated in our target-date retirement funds, which in turn invest in a broadly diversified portfolio of other Price funds, and automatically rebalance to maintain their specific asset allocation weightings. These fund net inflow amounts are presented net of $4.5 billion that was transferred to the other investment portfolios during the year. These transfers were primarily from our target-date retirement funds to our target-date retirement trusts. Market appreciation and income, net of distributions not reinvested, added $41.8 billion to our mutual fund assets under management in 2012.
 
Investment advisory revenues earned on the other investment portfolios that we manage increased $60.3 million, or 8.1%, to $801.7 million. Average assets in these portfolios were $222.8 billion during 2012, an increase of $17.8 billion, or 8.7%, from the 2011 year. Ending assets at December 31, 2012, were $229.9 billion, an increase of $29.8 billion from the end of 2011. Net inflows into these portfolios in 2012 were $1.5 billion, including $4.5 billion that was transferred from the mutual funds. Strong cash inflows in 2012 into our subadvised funds from third-party intermediaries were offset by outflows from institutional investors outside the U.S. These net outflows were primarily from institutional separate account portfolios that have experienced investment performance challenges, or changes in the clients' investment objectives. Market appreciation and income increased assets under management in these portfolios by $28.3 billion.

Administrative fees increased $11.4 million to $332.6 million in 2012. The increase is attributable to our mutual fund servicing activities and defined contribution recordkeeping services for the mutual funds and their investors. Changes in administrative fees are generally offset by similar changes in related operating expenses that are incurred to provide services to the funds and their investors.

Distribution and servicing fees earned from 12b-1 plans of the Advisor, R, and VIP II classes of our sponsored mutual funds were $96.1 million in 2012, an increase of $21.5 million from 2011. The increase includes $13.0 million recognized on greater assets under management in these share classes, and $8.5 million earned primarily on R class shares in the first quarter of 2012 for which the comparable 2011 fees were netted against related distribution and servicing costs. The 12b-1 fees earned are offset entirely by the cost paid to third-party intermediaries who source these assets. These costs are reported as distribution and servicing costs on the face of the consolidated statements of income.

Operating expenses

Compensation and related costs were $1.0 billion, an increase of $77.8 million, or 8.0%, compared to 2011. The largest part of the increase is attributable to a $33.7 million increase in salaries and related benefits, which results from a modest increase in salaries at the beginning of 2012 combined with a 2.1% increase in our average staff size from 2011. The 2012 change also includes a $32.0 million increase in our annual variable compensation programs. The remainder of the change from 2011 is attributable to increased use of outside contractors to meet growing business demands, higher non-cash stock-based compensation expense, and other employee related costs. At December 31, 2012, we employed 5,372 associates, an increase of 2.2% from the end of 2011, to support both business growth and added capabilities.

Advertising and promotion expenditures were $89.8 million in 2012 compared to $90.8 million in 2011. We currently estimate that advertising and promotion expenditures for 2013 will be similar to 2012 levels. We vary our level of spending based on market conditions and investor demand as well as our efforts to expand our investor base globally.

Distribution and servicing costs paid to third-party intermediaries who source assets into the Advisor, R, and VIP II classes of our sponsored mutual funds were $96.1 million in 2012, an increase of $21.5 million from 2011. The increase includes $13.0 million recognized on greater assets under management in these share classes, and $8.5 million incurred primarily on R class shares in the first quarter of 2012 for which the comparable 2011 costs were netted against related distribution and servicing fees. The costs are offset entirely by the 12b-1 fees we earn. These fees are reported as distribution and servicing fees on the face of the consolidated statements of income.


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Table of Contents                        

Occupancy and facility costs together with depreciation expense increased $18.6 million, or 9.9%, versus 2011. The change includes the added costs incurred to expand our facilities around the world as well as update our technology capabilities, including related maintenance programs, to meet increasing business demands.

Other operating expenses increased $21.1 million, or 10.7%, from 2011, including $16.4 million in certain third-party servicing costs incurred in 2012, for which the comparable 2011 costs were reported as reductions of advisory and administrative fee revenues.

Non-operating investment income

Our non-operating investment income, which includes interest income as well as the recognition of investment gains and losses, was up $47.1 million from the 2011 period. This increase includes $32.6 million in gains realized in the second half of 2012 from the sale of certain of our investments in sponsored funds to seed other sponsored funds in support of our distribution efforts outside the U.S. The balance of the change is primarily attributable to $8.4 million in higher net gains recognized on our cost-method investments and trading securities and $3.8 million in larger dividends earned on our mutual fund investments.

Provision for income taxes

Our effective tax rate for 2012 was 38.4% as compared to 38.2% in 2011. The firm currently estimates its effective tax rate for 2013 will be about 38.5%. Our effective income tax rate reflects the relative contribution of pre-tax income generated by our non-U.S. subsidiaries that are subject to tax rates lower than our U.S. rates. Changes in the relative contribution of pre-tax income from U.S. and non-U.S. sources or changes in tax rates in relevant non-U.S. jurisdictions may affect our effective income tax rate and overall net income in the future.

2011 versus 2010.

Investment advisory revenues were up 15.9%, or $322.2 million, to $2.3 billion in 2011, as average assets under our management increased $74.5 billion to $497.1 billion. The average annualized fee rate earned on our assets under management was 47.3 basis points during 2011 compared to 48.0 basis points earned in 2010. The decrease in our average annualized fee rate was primarily a result of the $11.3 million increase in money market management fees voluntarily waived by the firm in order to maintain a positive yield for fund investors. The firm waived $36.4 million in money market fees in 2011 compared to $25.1 million in 2010.

Net revenues increased $379.9 million, or 16.0%, to $2.7 billion. Operating expenses were $1.5 billion in 2011, an increase of $189.5 million, or 14.2%. Overall, net operating income for 2011 increased $190.4 million, or 18.4%, to $1.2 billion. The increase in our average assets under management and resulting advisory revenue increased our operating margin for 2011 to 44.7% from 43.8% in 2010. Net income increased $101.0 million, or 15.0%, to $773.2 million from the 2010 period. Our diluted earnings per share on our common stock increased 15.4% to $2.92 from the $2.53 earned in 2010.

Revenues

Investment advisory revenues earned from the T. Rowe Price mutual funds distributed in the U.S. were $1.6 billion in 2011, an increase of 15.3%, or $213.3 million, on higher average mutual fund assets. Average mutual fund assets in 2011 were $292.1 billion, an increase of 16.5% from the 2010 average. Mutual fund assets at December 31, 2011, were $289.4 billion, up $6.8 billion from the end of 2010.

Net inflows to the mutual funds during 2011 were $11.0 billion. These net inflows include $7.5 billion that originated in our target-date retirement funds, which in turn invest in a broadly diversified portfolio of other Price funds, and automatically rebalance to maintain their specific asset allocation weightings. Net cash inflows of $6.6 billion were added to our stock and blended asset funds, $3.9 billion to our bond funds, and $.5 billion were added to our money market funds. The Overseas Stock, International Stock, New America Growth, Emerging Markets Stock, and New Income funds each added more than $1.2 billion in net inflows for a combined total of $6.8 billion. Fund net inflow amounts in 2011 are presented net of $1.4 billion that was transferred to the other investment portfolios during the year. Market depreciation and income not reinvested lowered our mutual fund assets under management by $4.2 billion in 2011.
 
Investment advisory revenues earned on the other investment portfolios that we manage increased $108.9 million, or 17.2%, to $741.4 million. Average assets in these portfolios were $205.0 billion during 2011, an increase of $33.2 billion, or 19.3%, from the 2010 year. Ending assets at December 31, 2011, were $200.1 billion, an increase of $.7 billion from the end of 2010. Net inflows into these portfolios in 2011 were $3.1 billion. We experienced strong cash inflows into our subadvised funds from

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third-party intermediaries, into our fixed income portfolios from institutional investors, and into our other sponsored portfolios during the year. These inflows were partially offset by outflows from our equity portfolios by a few institutional investors that were reducing risk in their portfolios in the wake of the volatile market environment experienced in 2011. Lower market valuations reduced assets under management in these portfolios by $2.4 billion.

Administrative fees increased $26.9 million to $321.2 million in 2011. The increase is attributable to our mutual fund servicing activities and defined contribution recordkeeping services for the mutual funds and their investors. Changes in administrative fees are generally offset by similar changes in related operating expenses that are incurred to provide services to the funds and their investors.

Distribution and servicing fees earned from 12b-1 plans of the Advisor, R, and VIP II classes of our sponsored mutual funds were $74.6 million in 2011, an increase of $31.4 million from 2010. The increase includes $7.3 million recognized on greater assets under management in these share classes, and $24.1 million earned primarily on R class shares in the last nine months of 2011 for which the comparable 2010 fees were netted against related distribution and servicing costs. The 12b-1 fees earned are offset entirely by the cost paid to third-party intermediaries who source these assets. These costs are reported as distribution and servicing costs on the face of the consolidated income statements.

Operating expenses

Compensation and related costs were $969.8 million, an increase of $109.4 million, or 12.7%, compared to 2010. The largest part of the increase is attributable to a $46.9 million increase in salaries and related benefits, which results from a 5.6% annual increase in our average staff size. The 2011 change also includes a $36.4 million increase in our annual variable compensation programs. Greater use of outside contractors to meet growing business demands increased our 2011 costs by $11.2 million. The remainder of the change from 2010 is attributable to higher non-cash stock-based compensation expense and other employee related costs. At December 31, 2011, we employed 5,255 associates, an increase of 4.0% from the end of 2010, to support both business growth and added capabilities.

Advertising and promotion expenditures were $90.8 million, up $3.9 million, or 4.5%, compared to 2010. We vary our level of spending based on market conditions and investor demand as well as our efforts to expand our investor base globally.

Occupancy and facility costs together with depreciation expense increased $15.3 million, or 8.9%, versus 2010. The change includes the impact of placing our new technology support facility into service in February 2011, as well as the added costs to update our technology capabilities, including related maintenance programs, to meet increasing business demands.

Other operating expenses increased $29.5 million, or 17.5%, from 2010. The charitable contribution made to the T. Rowe Price Foundation in 2011 was higher than in 2010, and we increased our spending on professional fees, information and other third-party services, and travel to meet increasing business demands. The increases in these costs were offset by the $16.4 million charge incurred in 2010 from the one-time contribution made to certain money market funds that did not reoccur in 2011.

Non-operating investment income

Our non-operating investment income, which includes interest income as well as the recognition of investment gains and losses, was down $9.8 million from the 2010 period. This decrease is primarily due to the 2010 period including $7.6 million in gains realized on the sale of certain mutual fund investments and $2.2 million recognized in early 2010 on the settlement and valuation of the forward contracts used to hedge the foreign currency exposure associated with our investment in UTI Asset Management Company Limited (UTI). The 2011 period includes $6.4 million in net earnings from our investment in UTI, an increase of $1.1 million over the earnings recognized in 2010.

Provision for income taxes

Our effective tax rate for 2011 is 38.2% as compared to 37.2% in 2010. The increase is primarily attributable to higher effective state tax rates as well as greater discrete tax benefits recognized in 2010 from the settlement of state income tax positions and the firm’s international reorganization.

CAPITAL RESOURCES AND LIQUIDITY.

During 2012, stockholders’ equity increased from $3.4 billion to $3.8 billion. In 2012, we expended $135.2 million to repurchase 2.3 million common shares and paid $2.36 per share in dividends, including a $1.00 per share special dividend paid in December 2012, from existing cash balances and cash generated from operations. Tangible book value is $3.2 billion at

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December 31, 2012, and our cash and our fund investment holdings total $2.0 billion. Given the availability of these financial resources, we do not maintain an available external source of liquidity.

At December 31, 2012, we had outstanding commitments to make additional contributions totaling $36.5 million to various investment partnerships in which we have an existing investment. We presently anticipate funding 2013 property and equipment expenditures of about $125 million from our cash balances and operating cash inflows.

2012 versus 2011.

Operating activities during 2012 provided cash flows of $902.8 million, down $45.6 million from 2011, due in part to the $92.7 million in net investments made by the consolidated sponsored funds we seeded during the first half of 2012 for which we have a controlling financial interest. Timing differences in the cash settlement of our accounts receivable and accrued revenues, payables and accrued liabilities, and other assets and liabilities decreased our operating cash flows by $42.5 million compared to the 2011 year. The cash flows from operating activities in 2012 also includes a reduction for the $35.1 million in gains recognized on the sale of certain fund investments as the related cash flow activity is reflected in net cash used in investing activities. These operating cash flow decreases are offset by a $110.4 million increase in net income and increases in non-cash expenses for depreciation, amortization, and stock-based compensation, which are added back to net income to determine cash from operations.

Net cash used in investing activities totaled $310.1 million, up $145.1 million from 2011. We made $218.3 million more net investments in our sponsored funds during 2012 compared with 2011. This increase was offset by greater net cash proceeds of $73.4 million in 2012 from the sale of more debt securities held by our savings bank subsidiary.

Net cash used in financing activities was $611.5 million in 2012, down $87.1 million from the comparable 2011 period. During 2011, we expended $344.5 million more for stock repurchases, including the repurchase of 6.4 million more shares than in 2012. This reduction in cash used was partially offset by the change in customer deposits at our savings bank subsidiary during 2012 compared to 2011 as well as a $285.5 million increase in dividends paid. The increase in dividends paid in 2012 is due to a $.03 increase in our quarterly per-share dividend and the payment of a $1.00 per share special dividend in December 2012. The balance of the decrease from 2011 in cash used is due to greater proceeds and tax benefits related to our stock-based compensation plans on increased exercise activity in late 2012.

2011 versus 2010.

Operating activities during 2011 provided cash flows of $948.4 million, up $215.6 million from 2010, including a $101.0 million increase in net income. The increase also includes an $81.7 million change in the timing differences in the cash settlement of our income taxes, accounts receivable and accrued revenues and payables, and accrued liabilities.

Net cash used in investing activities totaled $165.0 million, down $111.9 million from the 2010 period. Cash flows in 2010 included $143.6 million in cash used to purchase our 26% equity interest in UTI. We spent $35.7 million less in property and equipment expenditures in 2011 compared to 2010 due to the construction of our technology support facility being substantially complete at the end of 2010. These reductions in cash used in 2011 were offset by an increase of $57.0 million in net investments made into our sponsored funds compared to the 2010 period.

Net cash used in financing activities was $698.6 million in 2011, up $312.5 million from the 2010 period. We increased our stock repurchases by expending $239.7 million more in 2011 compared to the 2010 year. Dividends paid during 2011 increased $39.0 million from the 2010 period due primarily to a $.04 increase in our quarterly per-share dividend. The impact of dividends paid and stock repurchases was greater in 2011, as proceeds related to our stock-based compensation plans decreased $47.8 million on reduced exercise activity.


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CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS.

The following table presents a summary of our future obligations (in millions) under the terms of existing operating leases and other contractual cash purchase commitments at December 31, 2012. Other purchase commitments include contractual amounts that will be due for the purchase of goods or services to be used in our operations and may be cancelable at earlier times than those indicated, under certain conditions that may involve termination fees. Because these obligations are generally of a normal recurring nature, we expect that we will fund them from future cash flows from operations. The information presented does not include operating expenses or capital expenditures that will be committed in the normal course of operations in 2013 and future years. The information also excludes the $4.9 million of uncertain tax positions discussed in Note 8 to our consolidated financial statements because it is not possible to estimate the time period in which a payment might be made to the tax authorities.

 
Total
 
2013
 
2014-15
 
2016-17
 
Later
Noncancelable operating leases
$
154

 
$
31

 
$
60

 
$
45

 
$
18

Other purchase commitments
127

 
89

 
34

 
4

 

Total
$
281

 
$
120

 
$
94

 
$
49

 
$
18


We also have outstanding commitments to fund additional contributions to investment partnerships in which we have an existing investment totaling $36.5 million at December 31, 2012.

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES.

The preparation of financial statements often requires the selection of specific accounting methods and policies from among several acceptable alternatives. Further, significant estimates and judgments may be required in selecting and applying those methods and policies in the recognition of the assets and liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets, the revenues and expenses in our consolidated statements of income, and the information that is contained in our significant accounting policies and notes to consolidated financial statements. Making these estimates and judgments requires the analysis of information concerning events that may not yet be complete and of facts and circumstances that may change over time. Accordingly, actual amounts or future results can differ materially from those estimates that we include currently in our consolidated financial statements, significant accounting policies, and notes.

We present those significant accounting policies used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements as an integral part of those statements within this 2012 Annual Report. In the following discussion, we highlight and explain further certain of those policies that are most critical to the preparation and understanding of our financial statements.

Other-than-temporary impairments of available-for-sale securities. We generally classify our investment holdings in sponsored funds and the debt securities held for investment by our savings bank subsidiary as available-for-sale. At the end of each quarter, we mark the carrying amount of each investment holding to fair value and recognize an unrealized gain or loss as a component of comprehensive income within the consolidated statements of comprehensive income. We next review each individual security position that has an unrealized loss or impairment to determine if that impairment is other than temporary.

In determining whether a mutual fund holding is other-than-temporarily impaired, we consider many factors, including the duration of time it has existed, the severity of the impairment, any subsequent changes in value, and our intent and ability to hold the security for a period of time sufficient for an anticipated recovery in fair value. Subject to the other considerations noted above, with respect to duration of time, we believe a fund holding with an unrealized loss that has persisted daily throughout the six months between quarter-ends is generally presumed to have an other-than-temporary impairment. We may also recognize an other-than-temporary loss of less than six months in our consolidated statements of income if the particular circumstances of the underlying investment do not warrant our belief that a near-term recovery is possible.

An impaired debt security held by our savings bank subsidiary is considered to have an other-than-temporary loss that we will recognize in our consolidated statements of income if the impairment is caused by a change in credit quality that affects our ability to recover our amortized cost or if we intend to sell the security or believe that it is more likely than not that we will be required to sell the security before recovering cost. Minor impairments of 5% or less are generally considered temporary.

Other-than-temporary impairments of equity method investments. We evaluate our equity method investments, including our investment in UTI, for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the investment exceeds its fair value, and the decline in fair value is other than temporary.

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Goodwill. We internally conduct, manage,and report our operations as one investment advisory business. We do not have distinct operating segments or components that separately constitute a business. Accordingly, we attribute goodwill to a single reportable business segment and reporting unit – our investment advisory business.

We evaluate the carrying amount of goodwill in our consolidated balance sheets for possible impairment on an annual basis in the third quarter of each year using a fair value approach. Goodwill would be considered impaired whenever our historical carrying amount exceeds the fair value of our investment advisory business. Our annual testing has demonstrated that the fair value of our investment advisory business (our market capitalization) exceeds our carrying amount (our stockholders’ equity) and, therefore, no impairment exists. Should we reach a different conclusion in the future, additional work would be performed to ascertain the amount of the non-cash impairment charge to be recognized. We must also perform impairment testing at other times if an event or circumstance occurs indicating that it is more likely than not that an impairment has been incurred. The maximum future impairment of goodwill that we could incur is the amount recognized in our consolidated balance sheets, $665.7 million.

Stock options. We recognize stock option-based compensation expense in our consolidated statements of income using a fair value based method. Fair value methods use a valuation model for shorter-term, market-traded financial instruments to theoretically value stock option grants even though they are not available for trading and are of longer duration. The Black-Scholes option-pricing model that we use includes the input of certain variables that are dependent on future expectations, including the expected lives of our options from grant date to exercise date, the volatility of our underlying common shares in the market over that time period, and the rate of dividends that we will pay during that time. Our estimates of these variables are made for the purpose of using the valuation model to determine an expense for each reporting period and are not subsequently adjusted. Unlike most of our expenses, the resulting charge to earnings using a fair value based method is a non-cash charge that is never measured by, or adjusted based on, a cash outflow.

Provision for income taxes. After compensation and related costs, our provision for income taxes on our earnings is our largest annual expense. We operate in numerous states and countries through our various subsidiaries and must allocate our income, expenses, and earnings under the various laws and regulations of each of these taxing jurisdictions. Accordingly, our provision for income taxes represents our total estimate of the liability that we have incurred in doing business each year in all of our locations. Annually, we file tax returns that represent our filing positions with each jurisdiction and settle our return liabilities. Each jurisdiction has the right to audit those returns and may take different positions with respect to income and expense allocations and taxable earnings determinations. From time to time, we may also provide for estimated liabilities associated with uncertain tax return filing positions that are subject to, or in the process of, being audited by various tax authorities. Because the determination of our annual provision is subject to judgments and estimates, it is likely that actual results will vary from those recognized in our financial statements. As a result, we recognize additions to, or reductions of, income tax expense during a reporting period that pertain to prior period provisions as our estimated liabilities are revised and actual tax returns and tax audits are settled. We recognize any such prior period adjustment in the discrete quarterly period in which it is determined.

NEWLY ISSUED BUT NOT YET ADOPTED ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE.

We have also considered all other newly issued accounting guidance that is applicable to our operations and the preparation of our consolidated financial statements, including that which we have not yet adopted. We do not believe that any such guidance will have a material effect on our financial position or results of operation.

FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION.

From time to time, information or statements provided by or on behalf of T. Rowe Price, including those within this report, may contain certain forward-looking information, including information or anticipated information relating to: our revenues, net income, and earnings per share on common stock; changes in the amount and composition of our assets under management; our expense levels; our estimated effective income tax rate; and our expectations regarding financial markets, future transactions, dividends, investments, capital expenditures, and other conditions. Readers are cautioned that any forward-looking information provided by or on behalf of T. Rowe Price is not a guarantee of future performance. Actual results may differ materially from those in forward-looking information because of various factors including, but not limited to, those discussed below and in Item 1A, Risk Factors, of this Form 10-K Annual Report. Further, forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which it is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

Our future revenues and results of operations will fluctuate primarily due to changes in the total value and composition of assets under our management. Such changes result from many factors including, among other things: cash inflows and outflows

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in the T. Rowe Price mutual funds and other managed investment portfolios, fluctuations in global financial markets that result in appreciation or depreciation of the assets under our management, our introduction of new mutual funds and investment portfolios, and changes in retirement savings trends relative to participant-directed investments and defined contribution plans. The ability to attract and retain investors’ assets under our management is dependent on investor sentiment and confidence; the relative investment performance of the Price mutual funds and other managed investment portfolios as compared to competing offerings and market indexes; the ability to maintain our investment management and administrative fees at appropriate levels; competitive conditions in the mutual fund, asset management, and broader financial services sectors; and our level of success in implementing our strategy to expand our business. Our revenues are substantially dependent on fees earned under contracts with the Price funds and could be adversely affected if the independent directors of one or more of the Price funds terminated or significantly altered the terms of the investment management or related administrative services agreements. Non-operating investment income will also fluctuate primarily due to the size of our investments, changes in their market valuations, and any other-than-temporary impairments that may arise or, in the case of our equity method investments, our proportionate share of the investee’s net income.

Our future results are also dependent upon the level of our expenses, which are subject to fluctuation for the following or other reasons: changes in the level of our advertising expenses in response to market conditions, including our efforts to expand our investment advisory business to investors outside the U.S. and to further penetrate our distribution channels within the U.S.; variations in the level of total compensation expense due to, among other things, bonuses, stock option and other equity grants, other incentive awards, changes in our employee count and mix, and competitive factors; any goodwill or other asset impairment that may arise; fluctuation in foreign currency exchange rates applicable to the costs of our international operations; expenses and capital costs, such as technology assets, depreciation, amortization, and research and development, incurred to maintain and enhance our administrative and operating services infrastructure; unanticipated costs that may be incurred to protect investor accounts and the goodwill of our clients; and disruptions of services, including those provided by third parties, such as facilities, communications, power, and the mutual fund transfer agent and accounting systems.

Our business is also subject to substantial governmental regulation, and changes in legal, regulatory, accounting, tax, and compliance requirements may have a substantial effect on our operations and results, including, but not limited to, effects on costs that we incur and effects on investor interest in mutual funds and investing in general or in particular classes of mutual funds or other investments.

Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

The following table (in millions) presents the equity price risk from investments in sponsored funds that are accounted for as available-for-sale securities by assuming a hypothetical decline in the fair values of fund shares. We have chosen to use a variant of each fund's net asset value to quantify the equity price risk as we believe that the volatility in each fund's net asset value best reflects the underlying risk potential as well as the market trends surrounding each fund's investment objective. The potential future loss of value, before any income tax benefits, of our fund investments at year-end was determined by using the lower of each fund’s lowest net asset value per share during 2012 or its net asset value per share at December 31, 2012 reduced by 10%. In considering this presentation, it is important to note that: not all funds experienced their lowest net asset value per share on the same day; it is likely that the composition of the fund investment portfolio would be changed if adverse market conditions persisted; and we could experience future losses in excess of those presented below.
 
 
Fair value 12/31/2012
 
Percentage of portfolio
 
Potential lower value
 
Percentage of portfolio
 
Potential
loss
Stock and blended asset funds
$
515.8

 
45
%
 
$
431.6

 
44
%
 
$
84.2

 
16
%
Bond funds
624.3

 
55
%
 
554.7

 
56
%
 
69.6

 
11
%
 
$
1,140.1

 
100
%
 
$
986.3

 
100
%
 
$
153.8

 
13
%

The comparable potential loss of value in 2011 if we would have applied the same methodology noted above would have been $80.1 million on sponsored fund investments of $764.5 million. During 2012, we actually experienced net unrealized gains of $99.9 million.
 
Because our fund holdings are considered available-for-sale securities, we recognize unrealized losses that are considered temporary in other comprehensive income. We review the carrying amount of each investment on a quarterly basis and recognize an impairment charge in non-operating investment income (loss) whenever an unrealized loss is considered other than temporary.


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Investments in mutual funds generally moderate market risk because funds, by their nature, are diversified investment portfolios that invest in a number of different financial instruments. T. Rowe Price further manages its exposure to market risk by diversifying its investments among many domestic and international funds. In addition, investment holdings may be altered from time to time in response to changes in market risks and other factors, as management deems appropriate.

The investment portfolio and customer deposit liabilities of our savings bank subsidiary are subject to interest rate risk. If interest rates change 1%, the change in the net value of these assets and liabilities would not be material.

We also hold other investments of $304.7 million at December 31, 2012, including our $139.8 million equity investment in UTI. Given the nature of UTI’s business, should conditions deteriorate in markets in which they operate, we are at risk for loss up to our carrying amount. In addition, our investment in UTI exposes us to foreign currency risk related to translating our proportionate share of its financial statements, which are denominated in Indian rupees (INR), to U.S. dollars (USD) each reporting period. We do not use derivative financial instruments to manage this foreign currency risk, so both positive and negative fluctuations in the INR against the USD will affect accumulated other comprehensive income and the carrying amount of our investment. Our cumulative translation loss, net of tax, at December 31, 2012, was $12.6 million.

We operate in several foreign countries of which the United Kingdom is the most prominent. We incur operating expenses and have foreign currency-denominated assets and liabilities associated with these operations, though our revenues are predominately realized in USD. We do not believe that foreign currency fluctuations materially affect our results of operations.


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Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
 

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CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in millions, except share data)
 
 
12/31/2011
 
12/31/2012
ASSETS
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
897.9

 
$
879.1

Accounts receivable and accrued revenue
304.5

 
353.9

Investments in sponsored funds
764.5

 
1,140.1

Debt securities held by savings bank subsidiary
198.4

 
136.0

Other investments
206.3

 
304.7

Property and equipment
567.4

 
561.0

Goodwill
665.7

 
665.7

Other assets
165.6

 
162.3

Total assets
$
3,770.3

 
$
4,202.8

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
$
82.9

 
$
89.7

Accrued compensation and related costs
63.2

 
90.8

Income taxes payable
30.0

 
21.5

Customer deposits at savings bank subsidiary
173.5

 
154.7

Total liabilities
349.6

 
356.7

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingent liabilities

 

 
 
 
 
Stockholders' equity
 
 
 
Preferred stock, undesignated, $.20 par value - authorized and unissued 20,000,000 shares

 

Common stock, $.20 par value - authorized 750,000,000; issued 253,272,000 shares in 2011 and 257,018,000 in 2012
50.7

 
51.4

Additional capital in excess of par value
502.0

 
631.0

Retained earnings
2,765.2

 
3,031.8

Accumulated other comprehensive income
102.8

 
131.9

Total stockholders' equity
3,420.7

 
3,846.1

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
3,770.3

 
$
4,202.8



The accompanying summary of significant accounting policies and notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in millions, except earnings per share)
 

Year ended December 31,

2010
 
2011
 
2012
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
Investment advisory fees
$
2,026.8

 
$
2,349.0

 
$
2,592.0

Administrative fees
294.3

 
321.2

 
332.6

Distribution and servicing fees
43.2

 
74.6

 
96.1

Net revenue of savings bank subsidiary
2.9

 
2.3

 
1.8

Net revenues
2,367.2

 
2,747.1

 
3,022.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
Compensation and related costs
860.4

 
969.8

 
1,047.6

Advertising and promotion
86.9

 
90.8

 
89.8

Distribution and servicing costs
43.2

 
74.6

 
96.1

Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment
62.6

 
72.0

 
80.9

Occupancy and facility costs
109.1

 
115.0

 
124.7

Other operating expenses
168.5

 
198.0

 
219.1

Total operating expenses
1,330.7

 
1,520.2

 
1,658.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
Net operating income
1,036.5

 
1,226.9

 
1,364.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-operating investment income
33.5

 
23.7

 
70.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before income taxes
1,070.0

 
1,250.6

 
1,435.1

Provision for income taxes
397.8

 
477.4

 
551.5

Net income
$
672.2

 
$
773.2

 
$
883.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share on common stock
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
2.60

 
$
3.01

 
$
3.47

Diluted
$
2.53

 
$
2.92

 
$
3.36


The accompanying summary of significant accounting policies and notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in millions)


Year ended December 31,

2010
 
2011
 
2012
Net income
$
672.2

 
$
773.2

 
$
883.6

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
Net unrealized holding gains (losses) on:
 
 
 
 
 
Investments in sponsored funds
 
 
 
 
 
Net unrealized holding gains (losses)
67.9

 
(40.2
)
 
99.9

Reclassification adjustment related to capital gain distributions
(2.6
)
 
(5.3
)
 
(4.7
)
Reclassification adjustment on net gains realized on dispositions in non-operating investment income
(7.6
)
 

 
(35.1
)
Investments in sponsored funds
57.7

 
(45.5
)
 
60.1

Debt securities held by savings bank subsidiary

 
(.2
)
 
.1

Proportionate share of net unrealized holding gains on securities held by UTI Asset Management Company Limited

 
.4

 
.2

Total net unrealized holding gains (losses) recognized in other comprehensive income
57.7

 
(45.3
)
 
60.4

Currency translation adjustment
5.6

 
(14.2
)
 
(10.7
)
Total other comprehensive income (loss) before income taxes
63.3

 
(59.5
)
 
49.7

Deferred tax benefits (income taxes)
(26.1
)
 
23.2

 
(20.6
)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)
37.2

 
(36.3
)
 
29.1

Total comprehensive income
$
709.4

 
$
736.9

 
$
912.7



The accompanying summary of significant accounting policies and notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
 

Year ended December 31,

2010
 
2011
 
2012
Cash flows from operating activities
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
672.2

 
$
773.2

 
$
883.6

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment
62.6

 
72.0

 
80.9

Stock-based compensation expense
89.5

 
98.7

 
104.1

Intangible asset amortization
.4

 
.4

 
.4

Realized gains on the dispositions of sponsored funds
(7.6
)
 

 
(35.1
)
Changes in securities held by consolidated sponsored investment portfolios

 

 
(92.7
)
Changes in accounts receivable and accrued revenue
(62.5
)
 
2.8

 
(49.7
)
Changes in payables and accrued liabilities
26.7

 
(4.9
)
 
35.3

Other changes in assets and liabilities
(48.5
)
 
6.2

 
(24.0
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
732.8

 
948.4

 
902.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities
 
 
 
 
 
Investment in UTI Asset Management Company Limited
(143.6
)
 

 

Investments in sponsored funds
(26.3
)
 
(62.2
)
 
(498.5
)
Dispositions of sponsored funds
21.2

 
.1

 
218.1

Investments in debt securities held by savings bank subsidiary
(55.7
)
 
(65.0
)
 
(31.1
)
Proceeds from debt securities held by savings bank subsidiary
53.6

 
52.0

 
91.5

Other investments made
(11.3
)
 
(9.4
)
 
(18.5
)
Proceeds from other investments
3.2

 
1.8

 
5.3

Additions to property and equipment
(118.0
)
 
(82.3
)
 
(76.9
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(276.9
)
 
(165.0
)
 
(310.1
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities
 
 
 
 
 
Repurchases of common stock
(240.0
)
 
(479.7
)
 
(135.2
)
Common share issuances under stock-based compensation plans
83.0

 
50.6

 
86.6

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation plans
50.7

 
35.3

 
59.3

Dividends
(278.9
)
 
(317.9
)
 
(603.4
)
Change in savings bank subsidiary deposits
(.9
)
 
13.1

 
(18.8
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(386.1
)
 
(698.6
)
 
(611.5
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
 
 
 
 
Net change during year
69.8

 
84.8

 
(18.8
)
At beginning of year
743.3

 
813.1

 
897.9

At end of year
$
813.1

 
$
897.9

 
$
879.1


The accompanying summary of significant accounting policies and notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
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CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(shares in thousands; dollars in millions)
 
 
Common
shares
outstanding
 
Common
stock
 
Additional
capital in
excess of par
value
 
Retained
earnings
 
Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income (loss)
 
Total
stockholders’
equity
Balances at December 31, 2009
258,534

 
$
51.7

 
$
488.5

 
$
2,240.1

 
$
101.9

 
$
2,882.2

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
 
672.2

 
 
 
672.2

Other comprehensive income, net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
37.2

 
37.2

Dividends
 
 
 
 
 
 
(278.9
)
 
 
 
(278.9
)
Common stock-based compensation plans activity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares issued upon option exercises
4,933

 
1.0

 
85.5

 
 
 
 
 
86.5

Restricted shares issued, net of shares withheld for taxes
234

 
.0

 
(1.8
)
 
 
 
 
 
(1.8
)
Shares issued upon vesting of restricted stock units
71

 
.0

 
(1.3
)
 
 
 
 
 
(1.3
)
Forfeiture of restricted awards
(14
)
 
.0

 
.0

 
 
 
 
 

Net tax benefits
 
 
 
 
50.9

 
 
 
 
 
50.9

Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
 
 
89.5

 
 
 
 
 
89.5

Common shares repurchased
(4,998
)
 
(1.0
)
 
(205.0
)
 
(34.0
)
 
 
 
(240.0
)
Balances at December 31, 2010
258,760

 
51.7

 
506.3

 
2,599.4

 
139.1

 
3,296.5

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
 
773.2

 
 
 
773.2

Other comprehensive income, net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(36.3
)
 
(36.3
)
Dividends
 
 
 
 
 
 
(317.9
)
 
 
 
(317.9
)
Common stock-based compensation plans activity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares issued upon option exercises
2,920

 
.6

 
54.1

 
 
 
 
 
54.7

Restricted shares issued, net of shares withheld for taxes
224

 
.1

 
(3.0
)
 
 
 
 
 
(2.9
)
Shares issued upon vesting of restricted stock units
92

 
.0

 
(1.5
)
 
 
 
 
 
(1.5
)
Forfeiture of restricted awards
(29
)
 
.0

 
.0

 
 
 
 
 

Net tax benefits
 
 
 
 
35.9

 
 
 
 
 
35.9

Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
 
 
98.7

 
 
 
 
 
98.7

Common shares repurchased
(8,695
)
 
(1.7
)
 
(188.5
)
 
(289.5
)
 
 
 
(479.7
)
Balances at December 31, 2011
253,272

 
50.7

 
502.0

 
2,765.2

 
102.8

 
3,420.7

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
 
883.6

 
 
 
883.6

Other comprehensive income, net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29.1

 
29.1

Dividends
 
 
 
 
 
 
(603.6
)
 
 
 
(603.6
)
Common stock-based compensation plans activity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares issued upon option exercises
5,239

 
1.1

 
91.5

 
 
 
 
 
92.6

Restricted shares issued, net of shares withheld for taxes
734

 
.1

 
(4.1
)
 
 
 
 
 
(4.0
)
Shares issued upon vesting of restricted stock units
101

 
.0

 
(2.0
)
 
 
 
 
 
(2.0
)
Forfeiture of restricted awards
(26
)
 
.0

 
.0

 
 
 
 
 

Net tax benefits
 
 
 
 
60.8

 
 
 
 
 
60.8

Stock-based compensation expense
 
 
 
 
104.1

 
 
 
 
 
104.1

Common shares repurchased
(2,302
)
 
(.5
)
 
(121.3
)
 
(13.4
)
 
 
 
(135.2
)
Balances at December 31, 2012
257,018

 
$
51.4

 
$
631.0

 
$
3,031.8

 
$
131.9

 
$
3,846.1


The accompanying summary of significant accounting policies and notes to consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these statements.
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SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

T. Rowe Price Group derives its consolidated revenues and net income primarily from investment advisory services that its subsidiaries provide to individual and institutional investors in the sponsored T. Rowe Price U.S. mutual funds and other investment portfolios. We also provide our investment advisory clients with related administrative services, including distribution, mutual fund transfer agent, accounting and shareholder services; participant recordkeeping and transfer agent services for defined contribution retirement plans; brokerage; and trust services.

Investment advisory revenues depend largely on the total value and composition of assets under our management. Accordingly, fluctuations in financial markets and in the composition of assets under management impact our revenues and results of operations.

BASIS OF PREPARATION.

These consolidated financial statements have been prepared by our management in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. These principles require that we make certain estimates and assumptions. Actual results may vary from our estimates. Certain 2011 amounts have been reclassed to conform with 2012 presentation.

NEW FINANCIAL REPORTING GUIDANCE.

On January 1, 2012, we adopted new financial reporting guidance related to the presentation of comprehensive income in our consolidated financial statements. The new guidance requires net income and other comprehensive income to be presented in either a single-continuous statement of comprehensive income or two separate, but consecutive, statements of income and comprehensive income. We elected to present the components of comprehensive income in a separate statement following our consolidated statements of income. Additional disclosures required by this new guidance are included in Note 12. In accordance with the guidance, the presentation of all prior year information has been revised to conform with the new presentation.

We also adopted new reporting guidance that clarified how to measure financial instruments at fair value and expanded the required fair value measurement disclosures. The adoption of the new measurement guidance did not have an impact on our consolidated financial statements. However, we now disclose in Note 6 the level of the fair value hierarchy in which the inputs used in determining the disclosed fair value of customer deposits at our savings bank subsidiary can be categorized.

CONSOLIDATION.

Our financial statements include the accounts of all subsidiaries and sponsored products in which we have a controlling financial interest. We are generally considered to have a controlling financial interest when we own a majority of the voting interest in an entity. All material intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.

CASH EQUIVALENTS.

Cash equivalents consist primarily of short-term, highly liquid investments in our sponsored money market mutual funds. The cost of these funds is equivalent to fair value.

INVESTMENTS IN SPONSORED FUNDS.

We value our investments in sponsored funds at the quoted closing net asset value, or NAV, per share of each fund as of the balance sheet date, and generally classify these holdings as available-for-sale. Changes in net unrealized holding gains (losses) on these investments are recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income.

We review the carrying amount of each investment on a quarterly basis and recognize an impairment charge in non-operating investment income whenever an unrealized loss is considered other than temporary. In determining whether a fund holding is other-than-temporarily impaired, we consider various factors, including the duration of time it has existed, the severity of the impairment, any subsequent changes in value, and our intent and ability to hold the fund for a period of time sufficient for an anticipated recovery in fair value. Subject to the other considerations noted above, with respect to duration of time, we believe a fund holding with an unrealized loss that has persisted daily throughout the six months between quarter-ends is generally presumed to have an other-than-temporary impairment. We may also recognize an other-than-temporary loss if particular circumstances of the underlying investment do not warrant our belief that a near-term recovery is possible.


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DEBT SECURITIES HELD BY SAVINGS BANK SUBSIDIARY.

Our investments in marketable debt securities, including mortgage- and other asset-backed securities held by our savings bank subsidiary, are classified as available-for-sale and reported at fair value. Changes in net unrealized holding gains (losses) on these debt securities are recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income.

These debt securities are generally traded in the over-the-counter market. Securities with remaining maturities of one year or more at the time of acquisition are valued by us based on prices furnished by dealers who make markets in such securities or by an independent pricing service, which considers the yield or price of bonds of comparable quality, coupon, maturity, and type, as well as prices quoted by dealers who make markets in such securities. Securities with remaining maturities of less than one year at the time of acquisition generally are valued at amortized cost, which approximates fair value; however, if amortized cost is deemed not to reflect fair value, such securities are valued by us based generally on prices furnished by dealers who make markets in such securities or by an independent pricing service. Our investment valuation policies, methods, and sources are the same as those employed by the sponsored mutual funds to price similar investment holdings.

We review the carrying amount of each investment on a quarterly basis. We will recognize an impairment charge in non-operating investment income if the impairment is caused by a change in credit quality that affects our ability to recover our amortized cost. An impairment charge will also be taken if we intend to sell the security before its maturity, which generally correlates to the maturities of our customer deposits, or if we believe that it is more likely than not that we will be required to sell the security before recovering cost.

OTHER INVESTMENTS.

Those other investments to which we do not exercise significant influence over the operating and financial policies of the investee are recognized using the cost method of accounting.

Investments that give us the ability to exercise significant influence over the operating and financial policies of the investee are recognized using the equity method of accounting. The carrying value of these investments are adjusted to reflect our proportionate share of net income or loss, any unrealized gain or loss resulting from the translation of foreign denominated financial statements into U.S. dollars, and dividends received. Our proportionate share of income or loss is included in non-operating investment income in the consolidated statements of income. As permitted under existing accounting guidance, we adopted a policy by which we recognize our share of UTI Asset Management Company Limited’s (UTI) earnings on a quarter lag as current financial information is not available in a timely manner. The basis difference between our carrying value and our proportionate share of UTI’s book value is primarily related to consideration paid in excess of the stepped-up basis of assets and liabilities on the date of purchase.

We evaluate our equity and cost method investments for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the investment exceeds its fair value, and the decline in fair value is other than temporary.

We make initial seed investments in sponsored investment portfolios at the portfolio's formation. If we are deemed to have a controlling financial interest, we will consolidate the investment, and the underlying individual securities are accounted for as trading securities. We will also classify certain other seed investments in which we do not have a controlling financial interest as trading if we expect to hold them for only a short period of time. These investments are carried at fair value, with changes in fair value recognized in non-operating investment income. The valuation policies, methods, and sources for these investments are the same as those employed by the sponsored funds to price similar investment holdings as further described under our revenue recognition policy below.

CONCENTRATIONS OF RISK.

Concentration of credit risk in accounts receivable is believed to be minimal in that our clients generally have substantial assets, including those in the investment portfolios that we manage for them.

Our investments in sponsored funds and investments held as trading expose us to market risk in the form of equity price risk, that is, the potential future loss of value that would result from a decline in the fair value of each fund or its underlying net assets. Each fund and its underlying net assets are also subject to market risk, which may arise from changes in equity prices, credit ratings, foreign currency exchange rates, and interest rates.

Investments by our savings bank subsidiary in debt securities expose us to market risk, which may arise from changes in credit ratings and interest rates.

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PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT.

Property and equipment is stated at cost net of accumulated depreciation and amortization computed using the straight-line method. Provisions for depreciation and amortization are based on the following weighted-average estimated useful lives: computer and communications software and equipment, 4 years; buildings and improvements, 32 years; leasehold improvements, 8 years; furniture and other equipment, 6 years; and leased land, 99 years.

GOODWILL.

We evaluate the carrying amount of goodwill in our consolidated balance sheets for possible impairment on an annual basis in the third quarter of each year using a fair value approach. Our evaluations have indicated that no impairment exists.

We internally conduct, manage, and report our operations as one investment advisory business. We do not have distinct operating segments or components that separately constitute a business. Accordingly, we attribute goodwill to a single reportable business segment and reporting unit – our investment advisory business.

REVENUE RECOGNITION.

Fees for investment advisory services, which are based on a percentage of assets under management, and related administrative services that we provide to investment advisory clients, including our sponsored funds, are recognized in the period that our services are provided.

Our assets under management are valued in accordance with a valuation and pricing policy that defines the valuation and pricing processes for each major type of investment held in our sponsored mutual funds and other client investment portfolios. Fair values used in our processes are primarily determined from quoted market prices; prices furnished by dealers who make markets in such securities; or from data provided by an independent pricing service that considers yield or price of investments of comparable quality, coupon, maturity, and type. Investments for which market prices are not readily available are not a material portion of our total assets under management.

Distribution and servicing fees earned from 12b-1 plans of the Advisor, R, and VIP II classes of our sponsored mutual funds are recognized in the period that they are earned, which is the same period that the related mutual funds recognize their expense. These fees are offset entirely by the distribution and servicing costs paid to third-party financial intermediaries that source the assets of these share classes.

We provide all services to the sponsored U.S. mutual funds under contracts that are subject to periodic review and approval by each of the funds’ boards. Regulations require that the funds’ shareholders also approve material changes to investment advisory contracts.

Taxes billed to our clients based on our fees for services rendered are not included in revenues.

ADVERTISING.

Costs of advertising are expensed the first time that the advertising takes place.

STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION.

We maintain three stockholder approved employee long-term incentive plans (2012 Long-Term Incentive Plan, 2004 Stock Incentive Plan, and 2001 Stock Incentive Plan, collectively the LTI Plans) and two stockholder approved non-employee director plans (2007 Non-Employee Director Equity Plan and 1998 Director Stock Option Plan). We believe that our stock-based compensation programs align the interests of our employees and directors with those of our common stockholders. As of December 31, 2012, a total of 17,752,085 shares were available for future grant under the 2012 Long-Term Incentive Plan and 2007 Non-Employee Director Equity Plan.

Under our LTI Plans, we have issued restricted shares and restricted stock units to employees that convert to shares after vesting. Vesting of these awards is based on the individual continuing to render service over a four-to six-year graded schedule. All restricted shareholders and restricted stock unit holders receive non-forfeitable cash dividends and cash dividend-equivalents, respectively, on our dividend payable date.


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In 2012, we began granting performance-based restricted shares and restricted stock units to certain executive officers in which the number of restricted shares or restricted stock units ultimately retained is determined based on achievement of certain performance thresholds. The number of restricted shares or restricted stock units retained are also subject to the same time-based vesting requirement as the other restricted shares or restricted stock units described above. Cash dividends and cash dividend-equivalents are accrued and paid to the holders of performance-based restricted shares and restricted stock units only after the performance period has lapsed and the performance thresholds have been met.

Under our LTI plans, we have granted qualified incentive and nonqualified fixed stock options with a maximum term of 10 years to employees. Vesting of our employee option grants is based on the individual continuing to render service and generally occurs over a five- to six-year graded schedule. The exercise price of each option granted is equivalent to the market price of the common stock at the date of grant.

We grant options, with a maximum term of 10 years, restricted shares and restricted stock units to non-employee directors under the stockholder approved 2007 Non-Employee Director Plan. These grants vest over 6 months to one year, and in the case of restricted stock units, are settled upon the non-employee directors’ departure from the board. Non-employee directors holding restricted shares receive non-forfeitable dividends while restricted stock unit holders are issued non-forfeitable dividend equivalents in the form of vested stock units on our dividend payable date.
 
We recognize the grant-date fair value of these awards as compensation expense ratably over the awards' service period. The expense recognized includes an estimate of awards that will be forfeited. Both time-based and performance-based restricted shares and units are valued on the grant-date using the closing market price of our common stock, though consideration is also given to the probability of the performance thresholds being met when valuing the performance-based restricted awards and units. We used the Black-Scholes option-pricing model to estimate the fair value of each option grant, including reloads, as follows: 
 
Weighted average
 
2010
 
2011
 
2012
Grant-date fair value per option awarded, including reload grants
$
14.26

 
$
17.94

 
$
16.27

Assumptions used:
 
 
 
 
 
Expected life in years
6.7

 
6.9

 
6.8

Expected volatility
32
%
 
33
%
 
32
%
Dividend yield
2.1
%
 
1.9
%
 
2.1
%
Risk-free interest rate
2.7
%
 
2.2
%
 
1.3
%
Our expected life assumptions are based on the vesting period for each option grant and our historical experience with respect to the average holding period from vesting to option exercise. The assumptions for expected volatility are based on historical experience for the same periods as our expected lives. Dividend yields are based on recent historical experience and future expectations. Risk-free interest rates are set using grant-date U.S. Treasury yield curves for the same periods as our expected lives.

EARNINGS PER SHARE.

We compute our basic and diluted earnings per share under the two-class method, which considers our outstanding restricted shares and stock units, on which we pay non-forfeitable dividends, as if they were a separate class of stock.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 1
– CASH EQUIVALENTS.

Cash equivalent investments in our sponsored money market mutual funds aggregate $823.2 million at December 31, 2011, and $732.8 million at December 31, 2012. Dividends earned on these investments were $.1 million in 2010, 2011, and 2012.

NOTE 2
– INFORMATION ABOUT RECEIVABLES, REVENUES, AND SERVICES.

Accounts receivable from our sponsored mutual funds in the U.S. for advisory fees and advisory-related administrative services aggregate $155.9 million at December 31, 2011, and $184.0 million at December 31, 2012.

Revenues (in millions) from advisory services provided under agreements with our sponsored mutual funds in the U.S. and other investment clients include: 
 
2010
 
2011
 
2012
Sponsored mutual funds in the U.S.
 
 
 
 
 
Stock and blended asset
$
1,116.3

 
$
1,304.5

 
$
1,437.6

Bond and money market
278.0

 
303.1

 
352.7

 
1,394.3

 
1,607.6

 
1,790.3

Other portfolios
 
 
 
 
 
Stock and blended asset
514.4

 
604.8