10-Q 1 d511576d10q.htm FORM 10-Q Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

x Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended April 30, 2013

OR

 

¨ Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Commission File Number: 001-32224

 

 

salesforce.com, inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   94-3320693

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

The Landmark @ One Market, Suite 300

San Francisco, California 94105

(Address of principal executive offices)

Telephone Number (415) 901-7000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days:    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  x    Accelerated filer  ¨
Non-accelerated filer  ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

As of April 30, 2013, there were approximately 590.0 million shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock outstanding.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

salesforce.com, inc.

INDEX

 

         Page No.  
    PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION       

Item 1.

  Financial Statements:   
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of April 30, 2013 and January 31, 2013      1   
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012      2   
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012      3   
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012      4   
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements      5   

Item 2.

  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      28   

Item 3.

  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      49   

Item 4.

  Controls and Procedures      50   
  PART II. OTHER INFORMATION   

Item 1.

  Legal Proceedings      50   

Item 1A.

  Risk Factors      51   

Item 2.

  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds      68   

Item 3.

  Defaults Upon Senior Securities      68   

Item 4.

  Mine Safety Disclosures      68   

Item 5.

  Other Information      68   

Item 6.

  Exhibits      68   


Table of Contents
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

salesforce.com, inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in thousands)

 

     April 30,
2013
    January 31,
2013
 
     (unaudited)        

Assets

    

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 1,927,990      $ 747,245   

Short-term marketable securities

     171,827        120,376   

Accounts receivable, net

     502,609        872,634   

Deferred commissions

     119,499        142,311   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     154,114        133,314   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     2,876,039        2,015,880   

Marketable securities, noncurrent

     979,640        890,664   

Property and equipment, net

     623,684        604,669   

Deferred commissions, noncurrent

     106,710        112,082   

Capitalized software, net

     192,429        207,323   

Goodwill

     1,544,584        1,529,378   

Other assets, net

     190,623        168,960   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 6,513,709      $ 5,528,956   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities, temporary equity and stockholders’ equity

    

Current liabilities:

    

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

   $ 527,080      $ 597,706   

Deferred revenue

     1,674,797        1,798,640   

Convertible 0.75% senior notes, net

     527,810        521,278   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     2,729,687        2,917,624   

Convertible 0.25% senior notes, net

     1,029,495        0   

Income taxes payable, noncurrent

     49,239        49,074   

Long-term lease liabilities and other

     137,049        126,658   

Deferred revenue, noncurrent

     58,363        64,355   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     4,003,833        3,157,711   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Temporary equity

     47,080        53,612   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

    

Common stock (1)

     590        586   

Additional paid-in capital (1)

     2,627,183        2,410,892   

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     13,726        17,137   

Accumulated deficit

     (178,703     (110,982
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     2,462,796        2,317,633   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities, temporary equity and stockholders’ equity

   $ 6,513,709      $ 5,528,956   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) Prior period results have been adjusted to reflect the four-for-one stock split through a stock dividend which occurred in April 2013.

See accompanying Notes.

 

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salesforce.com, inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(in thousands, except per share data)

(unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended April 30,  
         2013             2012      

Revenues:

    

Subscription and support

   $ 842,221      $ 655,220   

Professional services and other

     50,412        40,247   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     892,633        695,467   

Cost of revenues (1)(2):

    

Subscription and support

     153,550        108,744   

Professional services and other

     55,444        42,807   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cost of revenues

     208,994        151,551   

Gross profit

     683,639        543,916   

Operating expenses (1)(2):

    

Research and development

     131,939        94,776   

Marketing and sales

     466,490        369,789   

General and administrative

     129,750        101,600   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     728,179        566,165   

Loss from operations

     (44,540     (22,249

Investment income

     3,354        4,461   

Interest expense

     (11,883     (6,370

Other expense

     (874     (710
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss before benefit from (provision for) income taxes

     (53,943     (24,868

Benefit from (provision for) income taxes

     (13,778     5,393   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss

   $ (67,721   $ (19,475
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic net loss per share (3)

   $ (0.12   $ (0.04

Diluted net loss per share (3)

   $ (0.12   $ (0.04

Shares used in computing basic net loss per share (3)

     588,385        552,600   

Shares used in computing diluted net loss per share (3)

     588,385        552,600   

 

    
(1)    Amounts include amortization of purchased intangibles from    Three Months Ended April 30,  
         business combinations, as follows:        2013             2012      

Cost of revenues

   $ 21,305      $ 17,448   

Marketing and sales

     2,460        3,427   
    
(2)    Amounts include stock-based expenses, as follows:    Three Months Ended April 30,  
     2013     2012  

Cost of revenues

   $ 10,678      $ 7,253   

Research and development

     24,429        15,667   

Marketing and sales

     59,802        41,987   

General and administrative

     19,820        16,359   

 

(3) Prior period results have been adjusted to reflect the four-for-one stock split through a stock dividend which occurred in April 2013.

See accompanying Notes.

 

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salesforce.com, inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
     2013     2012  

Net loss

   $ (67,721   $ (19,475

Other comprehensive loss, before tax and net of reclassification adjustments:

    

Foreign currency translation and other losses

     (5,760     (3,188

Unrealized gains on investments

     1,721        1,120   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive loss, before tax

     (4,039     (2,068

Tax effect

     628        (418
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

     (3,411     (2,486
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive loss

   $ (71,132   $ (21,961
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying Notes.

 

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salesforce.com, inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
     2013     2012  

Operating activities:

    

Net loss

   $ (67,721   $ (19,475

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     62,297        49,441   

Amortization of debt discount and transaction costs

     9,670        4,669   

Amortization of deferred commissions

     45,667        36,246   

Expenses related to employee stock plans

     114,729        81,266   

Excess tax benefits from employee stock plans

     (1,866     (11,043

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of business combinations:

    

Accounts receivable, net

     369,889        312,660   

Deferred commissions

     (17,483     (32,118

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     (7,872     (20,349

Other assets

     1,522        1,755   

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

     (95,808     (144,260

Deferred revenue

     (129,835     (45,580
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by operating activities

     283,189        213,212   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Investing activities:

    

Business combinations, net of cash acquired

     (22,161     (48,913

Land activity and building improvements

     0        (4,106

Strategic investments

     (5,116     (2,665

Purchases of marketable securities

     (264,287     (487,803

Sales of marketable securities

     111,740        75,522   

Maturities of marketable securities

     14,558        37,699   

Capital expenditures

     (54,010     (44,721
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (219,276     (474,987
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Financing activities:

    

Proceeds from borrowings on convertible senior notes, net

     1,132,750        0   

Proceeds from issuance of warrants

     84,800        0   

Purchase of convertible note hedge

     (153,800     0   

Proceeds from employee stock plans

     66,524        93,567   

Excess tax benefits from employee stock plans

     1,866        11,043   

Principal payments on capital lease obligations

     (8,499     (7,574
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

     1,123,641        97,036   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes

     (6,809     (1,760
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     1,180,745        (166,499

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     747,245        607,284   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 1,927,990      $ 440,785   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental cash flow disclosure:

    

Cash paid during the period for:

    

Interest, net

   $ 642      $ 624   

Income taxes, net of tax refunds

   $ 17,283      $ 41,961   

Non-cash financing and investing activities:

    

Fixed assets acquired under capital leases

   $ 6,557      $ 6,874   

Fair value of equity awards assumed

   $ —         $ 2,204   

See accompanying Notes.

 

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salesforce.com, inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

1. Summary of Business and Significant Accounting Policies

Description of Business

Salesforce.com, inc. (the “Company”) is a provider of enterprise cloud computing services. The Company is dedicated to helping customers of all sizes and industries worldwide transform themselves into “customer companies” by empowering them to connect with their customers, partners, employees and products in entirely new ways. The Company provides customers with the solutions they need to build a next generation social front office with social and mobile cloud technologies.

Fiscal Year

The Company’s fiscal year ends on January 31. References to fiscal 2014, for example, refer to the fiscal year ending January 31, 2014.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of April 30, 2013 and the condensed consolidated statements of operations, the condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive loss and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, are unaudited. The condensed consolidated balance sheet data as of January 31, 2013 was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements which are included in the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2013, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 8, 2013. The accompanying statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in the Company’s fiscal 2013 Form 10-K.

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the financial information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of the Company’s management, the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the audited consolidated financial statements in the Form 10-K, and include all adjustments necessary for the fair presentation of the Company’s statement of financial position as of April 30, 2013, and its results of operations, including its comprehensive loss, and its cash flows for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012. All adjustments are of a normal recurring nature. The results for the three months ended April 30, 2013 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any subsequent quarter or for the fiscal year ending January 31, 2014.

On March 20, 2013, the Company’s certificate of incorporation was amended to increase the number of authorized shares of common stock from 400.0 million to 1.6 billion in order to provide for a four-for-one stock split of the common stock effected in the form of a stock dividend. The record date for the stock split was April 3, 2013, and the additional shares were distributed on April 17, 2013. Each stockholder of record on the close of business on the record date received three additional shares of common stock for each share held. All share and per share data presented herein reflect the impact of the increase in authorized shares and the stock split, as appropriate.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto.

Significant estimates and assumptions made by management include the determination of:

 

   

the best estimate of selling price of the deliverables included in multiple-deliverable revenue arrangements,

 

   

the assessment of recoverability of long-lived assets (property and equipment, goodwill and identified intangibles),

 

   

the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed for business combinations,

 

   

the recognition, measurement and valuation of current and deferred income taxes,

 

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the recognition and measurement of loss contingencies,

 

   

the fair value of stock awards issued,

 

   

the valuation of strategic investments and the determination of other-than-temporary impairments, and

 

   

the effective imputed interest rates for similar notes payables that did not have a convertible feature, and which was used in the determination of the liability component of the Convertible Senior Notes.

Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

Principles of Consolidation

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Segments

The Company operates as one operating segment. Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker, who is the chief executive officer, in deciding how to allocate resources and assessing performance. Over the past few years, the Company has completed several acquisitions. These acquisitions have allowed the Company to expand its offerings, presence and reach in various market segments of the enterprise cloud computing market. While the Company has offerings in multiple enterprise cloud computing market segments, the Company’s business operates in one operating segment because the Company’s chief operating decision maker evaluates the Company’s financial information and resources and assesses the performance of these resources on a consolidated basis. Since the Company operates in one operating segment, all required financial segment information can be found in the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Concentrations of Credit Risk and Significant Customers

The Company’s financial instruments that are exposed to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities and trade accounts receivable. Although the Company deposits its cash with multiple financial institutions, its deposits, at times, may exceed federally insured limits. Collateral is not required for accounts receivable. The Company maintains an allowance for doubtful accounts receivable balances. The allowance is based upon historical loss patterns, the number of days that billings are past due and an evaluation of the potential risk of loss associated with delinquent accounts.

No customer accounted for more than five percent of accounts receivable at April 30, 2013 and January 31, 2013, respectively. No single customer accounted for five percent or more of total revenue during the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012.

Geographic Locations

As of April 30, 2013 and January 31, 2013, assets located outside the Americas were 13 percent and 16 percent of total assets, respectively.

Revenues by geographical region are as follows (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
      2013      2012  

Americas

   $ 631,108       $ 484,953   

Europe

     162,826         118,294   

Asia Pacific

     98,699         92,220   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 892,633       $ 695,467   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Approximately 95 percent and 94 percent of the Americas revenue for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, is attributed to the United States.

Revenue Recognition

The Company derives its revenues from two sources: (1) subscription revenues, which are comprised of subscription fees from customers accessing the Company’s enterprise cloud computing services and from customers purchasing additional support beyond the standard support that is included in the basic subscription fees; and (2) related professional services such as process mapping, project management, implementation services and other revenue. “Other revenue” consists primarily of training fees.

 

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The Company commences revenue recognition when all of the following conditions are satisfied:

 

   

There is persuasive evidence of an arrangement;

 

   

The service has been or is being provided to the customer;

 

   

The collection of the fees is reasonably assured; and

 

   

The amount of fees to be paid by the customer is fixed or determinable.

The Company’s subscription service arrangements are non-cancelable and do not contain refund-type provisions.

Subscription and Support Revenues

Subscription and support revenues are recognized ratably over the contract terms beginning on the commencement date of each contract, which is the date the Company’s service is made available to customers.

Amounts that have been invoiced are recorded in accounts receivable and in deferred revenue or revenue, depending on whether the revenue recognition criteria have been met.

Professional Services and Other Revenues

The majority of the Company’s professional services contracts are on a time and material basis. When these services are not combined with subscription revenues as a single unit of accounting, as discussed below, these revenues are recognized as the services are rendered for time and material contracts, and when the milestones are achieved and accepted by the customer for fixed price contracts. Training revenues are recognized as the services are performed.

Multiple-Deliverable Arrangements

The Company enters into arrangements with multiple-deliverables that generally include multiple subscriptions, premium support and professional services. If the deliverables have standalone value upon delivery, the Company accounts for each deliverable separately. Subscription services have standalone value as such services are often sold separately. In determining whether professional services have standalone value, the Company considers the following factors for each professional services agreement: availability of the services from other vendors, the nature of the professional services, the timing of when the professional services contract was signed in comparison to the subscription service start date and the contractual dependence of the subscription service on the customer’s satisfaction with the professional services work. To date, the Company has concluded that all of the professional services included in multiple-deliverable arrangements executed have standalone value.

Multiple-deliverables included in an arrangement are separated into different units of accounting and the arrangement consideration is allocated to the identified separate units based on a relative selling price hierarchy. The Company determines the relative selling price for a deliverable based on its vendor-specific objective evidence of selling price (“VSOE”), if available, or its best estimate of selling price (“BESP”), if VSOE is not available. The Company has determined that third-party evidence of selling price (“TPE”) is not a practical alternative due to differences in its service offerings compared to other parties and the availability of relevant third-party pricing information. The amount of revenue allocated to delivered items is limited by contingent revenue, if any.

For certain professional services, the Company has established VSOE as a consistent number of standalone sales of this deliverable have been priced within a reasonably narrow range. The Company has not established VSOE for its subscription services due to lack of pricing consistency, the introduction of new services and other factors. Accordingly, the Company uses its BESP to determine the relative selling price.

The Company determined BESP by considering its overall pricing objectives and market conditions. Significant pricing practices taken into consideration include the Company’s discounting practices, the size and volume of the Company’s transactions, the customer demographic, the geographic area where services are sold, price lists, its go-to-market strategy, historical standalone sales and contract prices. The determination of BESP is made through consultation with and approval by the Company’s management, taking into consideration the go-to-market strategy. As the Company’s go-to-market strategies evolve, the Company may modify its pricing practices in the future, which could result in changes in relative selling prices, including both VSOE and BESP.

 

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Deferred Revenue

The deferred revenue balance does not represent the total contract value of annual or multi-year, non-cancelable subscription agreements. Deferred revenue primarily consists of billings or payments received in advance of revenue recognition from subscription services described above and is recognized as the revenue recognition criteria are met. The Company generally invoices customers in annual or quarterly installments. Deferred revenue is influenced by several factors, including seasonality, the compounding effects of renewals, invoice duration, invoice timing and new business linearity within the quarter.

Deferred revenue that will be recognized during the succeeding twelve month period is recorded as current deferred revenue and the remaining portion is recorded as noncurrent.

Deferred Commissions

Deferred commissions are the incremental costs that are directly associated with non-cancelable subscription contracts with customers and consist of sales commissions paid to the Company’s direct sales force.

The commissions are deferred and amortized over the non-cancelable terms of the related customer contracts, which are typically 12 to 36 months. The commission payments are paid in full the month after the customer’s service commences. The deferred commission amounts are recoverable through the future revenue streams under the non-cancelable customer contracts. The Company believes this is the preferable method of accounting as the commission charges are so closely related to the revenue from the non-cancelable customer contracts that they should be recorded as an asset and charged to expense over the same period that the subscription revenue is recognized. Amortization of deferred commissions is included in marketing and sales expense in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents are stated at fair value.

Marketable Securities

Management determines the appropriate classification of marketable securities at the time of purchase and reevaluates such determination at each balance sheet date. Securities are classified as available for sale and are carried at fair value, with the change in unrealized gains and losses, net of tax, reported as a separate component on the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. Fair value is determined based on quoted market rates when observable or utilizing data points that are observable, such as quoted prices, interest rates and yield curves. Declines in fair value judged to be other-than-temporary on securities available for sale are included as a component of investment income. In order to determine whether a decline in value is other-than-temporary, the Company evaluates, among other factors: the duration and extent to which the fair value has been less than the carrying value and its intent and ability to retain the investment for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in fair value. The cost of securities sold is based on the specific-identification method. Interest on securities classified as available for sale is also included as a component of investment income.

Fair Value Measurement

The Company measures its cash equivalents, marketable securities and foreign currency derivative contracts at fair value.

The Company reports its financial and non-financial assets and liabilities that are re-measured and reported at fair value at each reporting period.

The additional disclosures regarding the Company’s fair value measurements are included in Note 2.

 

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Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation is calculated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of those assets.

When assets are retired or otherwise disposed of, the cost and accumulated depreciation and amortization are removed from their respective accounts and any loss on such retirement is reflected in operating expenses.

Capitalized Internal-Use Software Costs

The Company capitalizes costs related to its enterprise cloud computing services and certain projects for internal use incurred during the application development stage. Costs related to preliminary project activities and post implementation activities are expensed as incurred. Internal-use software is amortized on a straight line basis over its estimated useful life. Management evaluates the useful lives of these assets on an annual basis and tests for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances occur that could impact the recoverability of these assets.

Goodwill, Intangible Assets, Long-Lived Assets and Impairment Assessments

The Company evaluates and tests the recoverability of its goodwill for impairment at least annually during the fourth quarter or more often if and when circumstances indicate that goodwill may not be recoverable.

Intangible assets are amortized over their useful lives. Each period the Company evaluates the estimated remaining useful life of its intangible assets and whether events or changes in circumstances warrant a revision to the remaining period of amortization. The carrying amounts of these assets are periodically reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of these assets may not be recoverable. Recoverability of these assets is measured by comparison of the carrying amount of each asset to the future undiscounted cash flows the asset is expected to generate. If the undiscounted cash flows used in the test for recoverability are less than the carrying amount of these assets then the Company will recognize an impairment charge.

The Company evaluates the recoverability of its long-lived assets for possible impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of such assets may not be recoverable. If such review indicates that the carrying amount of long-lived assets is not recoverable, the carrying amount of such assets is reduced to fair value.

Business Combinations

The Company uses its best estimates and assumptions to accurately assign fair value to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date. The Company’s estimates are inherently uncertain and subject to refinement. As a result, during the measurement period, which may be up to one year from the acquisition date, the Company may record adjustments to the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, with the corresponding offset to goodwill. Upon the conclusion of the measurement period or final determination of the fair value of assets acquired or liabilities assumed, whichever comes first, any subsequent adjustments are recorded to the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations.

In addition, income tax uncertainties and tax related valuation allowances assumed in connection with a business combination are initially estimated as of the acquisition date. The Company continues to collect information and reevaluates these items quarterly and records any adjustments to the Company’s preliminary estimates to goodwill provided that the Company is within the measurement period. Subsequent to the measurement period, changes to these income tax uncertainties and tax related valuation allowances will affect the Company’s provision for income taxes in the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Leases and Asset Retirement Obligations

The Company categorizes leases at their inception as either operating or capital leases. On certain lease agreements, the Company may receive rent holidays and other incentives. The Company recognizes lease costs on a straight-line basis once control of the space is achieved, without regard to deferred payment terms, such as rent holidays that defer the commencement date of required payments. Additionally, incentives received are treated as a reduction of costs over the term of the agreement. Leasehold improvements are capitalized at cost and amortized over the lesser of the non-cancellable term of the lease or 10 years.

 

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The Company establishes assets and liabilities for the present value of estimated future costs to retire long-lived assets at the termination or expiration of a lease. Such assets are depreciated over the lease period into operating expense, and the recorded liabilities are accreted to the future value of the estimated retirement costs.

Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation

The Company recognizes stock-based expenses related to stock options and restricted stock awards on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the awards, which is generally the vesting term of four years. The Company recognizes stock-based expenses related to shares issued pursuant to its Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”) on a straight-line basis over the offering period, which is 12 months. Stock-based expenses are recognized net of estimated forfeiture activity.

The fair value of each stock option grant was estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions and fair value per share:

 

      Three Months Ended
April 30,
 

Stock Options

   2013     2012  

Volatility

     43     51

Estimated life

     3.7 years        3.7 years   

Risk-free interest rate

     0.52-0.59     0.65-0.77

Dividend yield

     0        0   

Weighted-average fair value per share of grants

   $ 13.47      $ 13.85   

There were no stock purchase rights granted under the ESPP during the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012.

The Company estimated its future stock price volatility considering both its observed option-implied volatilities and its historical volatility calculations. Management believes this is the best estimate of the expected volatility over the expected life of its stock options.

The Company also estimated the probability of performance conditions that effect the vesting of certain awards being achieved and only recognizes expense for those shares expected to vest.

The estimated life for the stock options was based on an actual analysis of expected life. The risk free interest rate is based on the rate for a U.S. government security with the same estimated life at the time of the option grant.

Income Taxes

The Company uses the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on temporary differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax laws is recognized in the consolidated statement of operations in the period that includes the enactment date. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts more likely than not expected to be realized.

 

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The Company’s tax positions are subject to income tax audits by multiple tax jurisdictions throughout the world. The Company recognizes the tax benefit of an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the position is sustainable upon examination by the taxing authority, based on the technical merits. The tax benefit recognized is measured as the largest amount of benefit which is greater than 50 percent likely to be realized upon settlement with the taxing authority. The Company recognizes interest accrued and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in the income tax provision.

Foreign Currency Translation

The functional currency of the Company’s major foreign subsidiaries is generally the local currency. Adjustments resulting from translating foreign functional currency financial statements into U.S. dollars are recorded as a separate component on the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss. Foreign currency transaction gains and losses are included in net loss for the period. All assets and liabilities denominated in a foreign currency are translated into U.S. dollars at the exchange rate on the balance sheet date. Revenues and expenses are translated at the average exchange rate during the period. Equity transactions are translated using historical exchange rates. All amounts recorded to other comprehensive loss subsequent to the date of this change will revalue with fluctuations in foreign currency.

Warranties and Indemnification

The Company’s enterprise cloud computing services are typically warranted to perform in a manner consistent with general industry standards that are reasonably applicable and materially in accordance with the Company’s online help documentation under normal use and circumstances.

The Company’s arrangements generally include certain provisions for indemnifying customers against liabilities if its products or services infringe a third-party’s intellectual property rights. To date, the Company has not incurred any material costs as a result of such obligations and has not accrued any liabilities related to such obligations in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.

The Company has also agreed to indemnify its directors and executive officers for costs associated with any fees, expenses, judgments, fines and settlement amounts incurred by any of these persons in any action or proceeding to which any of those persons is, or is threatened to be, made a party by reason of the person’s service as a director or officer, including any action by the Company, arising out of that person’s services as the Company’s director or officer or that person’s services provided to any other company or enterprise at the Company’s request. The Company maintains director and officer insurance coverage that would generally enable the Company to recover a portion of any future amounts paid. The Company may also be subject to indemnification obligations by law with respect to the actions of its employees under certain circumstances and in certain jurisdictions.

New Accounting Pronouncement

In July 2012, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2012-02, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350)—Testing Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets for Impairment (ASU 2012-02), to allow entities to use a qualitative approach to test indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment. ASU 2012-02 permits an entity to first perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of an indefinite-lived intangible asset is less than its carrying value. If it is concluded that this is the case, it is necessary to perform the currently prescribed quantitative impairment test by comparing the fair value of the indefinite-lived intangible asset with its carrying value. Otherwise, the quantitative impairment test is not required. The Company adopted ASU 2012-02 in fiscal 2014 and does not believe that the adoption will have a material effect on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

2. Investments

Marketable Securities

At April 30, 2013, marketable securities consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

Investments classified as Marketable Securities

   Amortized
Cost
     Unrealized
Gains
     Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value  

Corporate notes and obligations

   $ 841,692       $ 7,154       $ (381   $ 848,465   

U.S. treasury securities

     47,549         75         0        47,624   

Mortgage backed securities

     11,297         278         0        11,575   

Government obligations

     17,881         141         (5     18,017   

Municipal securities

     2,624         29         0        2,653   

Collateralized mortgage obligations

     145,071         1,701         (334     146,438   

U.S. agency obligations

     76,545         151         (1     76,695   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total marketable securities

   $ 1,142,659       $ 9,529       $ (721   $ 1,151,467   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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At January 31, 2013, marketable securities consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

Investments classified as Marketable Securities

   Amortized
Cost
     Unrealized
Gains
     Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value  

Corporate notes and obligations

   $ 685,695       $ 5,113       $ (919   $ 689,889   

U.S. treasury securities

     38,864         20         (15     38,869   

Mortgage backed securities

     12,447         278         (2     12,723   

Government obligations

     9,572         72         (3     9,641   

Municipal securities

     2,697         1         (32     2,666   

Collateralized mortgage obligations

     150,794         1,775         (693     151,876   

U.S. agency obligations

     105,224         157         (5     105,376   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total marketable securities

   $ 1,005,293       $ 7,416       $ (1,669   $ 1,011,040   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

The duration of the investments classified as marketable securities is as follows (in thousands):

 

     As of  
     April 30,
2013
     January 31,
2013
 

Recorded as follows:

     

Short-term (due in one year or less)

   $ 171,827       $ 120,376   

Long-term (due between one and 3 years)

     979,640         890,664   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 1,151,467       $ 1,011,040   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

As of April 30, 2013, the following marketable securities were in an unrealized loss position (in thousands):

 

     Less than 12 Months     12 Months or Greater     Total  
     Fair Value      Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value      Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value      Unrealized
Losses
 

Corporate notes and obligations

   $ 75,249       $ (179   $ 9,030       $ (202   $ 84,279       $ (381

Government obligations

     9,495         (5     0         0        9,495         (5

Collateralized mortgage obligations

     47,635         (257     6,321         (77     53,956         (334

U.S. agency obligations

     2,499         (1     0         0        2,499         (1
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 134,878       $ (442   $ 15,351       $ (279   $ 150,229       $ (721
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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The unrealized loss for each of these fixed rate marketable securities ranged from less than $1,000 to $96,000. The Company does not believe any of the unrealized losses represent an other-than-temporary impairment based on its evaluation of available evidence as of April 30, 2013. The Company expects to receive the full principal and interest on all of these marketable securities.

Fair Value Measurement

All of the Company’s cash equivalents, marketable securities and foreign currency derivative contracts are classified within Level 1 or Level 2 because the Company’s cash equivalents, marketable securities and foreign currency derivative contracts are valued using quoted market prices or alternative pricing sources and models utilizing market observable inputs.

The Company uses a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in the valuation methodologies in measuring fair value:

 

Level 1.

   Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2.

   Other inputs that are directly or indirectly observable in the marketplace.

Level 3.

   Unobservable inputs which are supported by little or no market activity.

The following table presents information about the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value as of April 30, 2013 and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation (in thousands):

 

Description

   Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant Other
Observable
Inputs

(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)
     Balances as of
April 30, 2013
 

Cash equivalents (1):

           

Time deposits

   $ 0       $ 521,396       $ 0       $ 521,396   

Money market mutual funds

     1,030,648         0         0         1,030,648   

Marketable securities:

           

Corporate notes and obligations

     0         848,465         0         848,465   

U.S. treasury securities

     47,624         0         0         47,624   

Mortgage backed securities

     0         11,575         0         11,575   

Government obligations

     18,017         0         0         18,017   

Municipal securities

     0         2,653         0         2,653   

Collateralized mortgage obligations

     0         146,438         0         146,438   

U.S. agency obligations

     0         76,695         0         76,695   

Foreign currency derivative contracts (2)

     0         1,334         0         1,334   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Assets

   $ 1,096,289       $ 1,608,556       $ 0       $ 2,704,845   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities

           

Foreign currency derivative contracts (3)

   $ 0       $ 1,554       $ 0       $ 1,554   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Liabilities

   $ 0       $ 1,554       $ 0       $ 1,554   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Included in “cash and cash equivalents” in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of April 30, 2013, in addition to $375.9 million of cash.
(2) Included in “prepaid expenses and other current assets” in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of April 30, 2013.
(3) Included in “accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities” in the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of April 30, 2013.

 

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The following table presents information about the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value as of January 31, 2013 and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation (in thousands):

 

Description

   Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant Other
Observable
Inputs (Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
     Balances as of
January 31,
2013
 

Cash equivalents (1):

           

Time deposits

   $ 0       $ 22,372       $ 0       $ 22,372   

Money market mutual funds

     385,700         0         0         385,700   

Marketable securities:

           

Corporate notes and obligations

     0         689,889         0         689,889   

U.S. treasury securities

     38,869         0         0         38,869   

Mortgage backed securities

     0         12,723         0         12,723   

Government obligations

     9,641         0         0         9,641   

Municipal securities

     0         2,666         0         2,666   

Collateralized mortgage obligations

     0         151,876         0         151,876   

U.S. agency obligations

     0         105,376         0         105,376   

Foreign currency derivative contracts (2)

     0         5,643         0         5,643   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Assets

   $ 434,210       $ 990,545       $ 0       $ 1,424,755   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities

           

Foreign currency derivative contracts (3)

   $ 0       $ 3,307       $ 0       $ 3,307   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Liabilities

   $ 0       $ 3,307       $ 0       $ 3,307   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(1) Included in “cash and cash equivalents” in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 31, 2013, in addition to $339.2 million of cash.
(2) Included in “prepaid expenses and other current assets” in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 31, 2013.
(3) Included in “accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities” in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of January 31, 2013.

 

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Derivative Financial Instruments

The Company enters into foreign currency derivative contracts with financial institutions to reduce the risk that its cash flows and earnings will be adversely affected by foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. The Company uses forward currency derivative contracts to minimize the Company’s exposure of balances primarily denominated in Euros, Japanese yen, Canadian dollars and British pounds. The Company’s foreign currency derivative contracts which are not designated as hedging instruments are used to reduce the exchange rate risk associated primarily with intercompany receivables and payables. The Company’s program is not designated for trading or speculative purposes. As of April 30, 2013 and January 31, 2013, the foreign currency derivative contracts that were not settled are recorded at fair value on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Foreign currency derivative contracts are marked-to-market at the end of each reporting period with gains and losses recognized as other expense to offset the gains or losses resulting from the settlement or remeasurement of the underlying foreign currency denominated receivables and payables. While the contract or notional amount is often used to express the volume of foreign currency derivative contracts, the amounts potentially subject to credit risk are generally limited to the amounts, if any, by which the counterparties’ obligations under the agreements exceed the obligations of the Company to the counterparties.

Details on outstanding foreign currency derivative contracts related primarily to intercompany receivables and payables are presented below (in thousands):

 

     As of  
     April 30,
2013
    January 31,
2013
 

Notional amount of foreign currency derivative contracts

   $ 431,792      $ 692,637   

Fair value of foreign currency derivative contracts

   $ (220   $ 2,336   

The fair value of the Company’s outstanding derivative instruments are summarized below (in thousands):

 

          Fair Value of Derivative Instruments  
          As of  
     

Balance Sheet Location

   April 30, 2013      January 31, 2013  

Derivative Assets

        

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:

        

Foreign currency derivative contracts

   Prepaid expenses and other
current assets
   $ 1,334       $ 5,643   
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

Derivative Liabilities

        

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments:

        

Foreign currency derivative contracts

   Accounts payable, accrued expenses and
other liabilities
   $ 1,554       $ 3,307   
     

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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The effect of the derivative instruments not designated as hedging instruments on the condensed consolidated statements of operations during the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively are summarized below (in thousands):

 

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging
Instruments

      

Gains (Losses) on Derivative Instruments
Recognized in Income

 
              Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
        

Location

       2013              2012      

Foreign currency derivative contracts

  

Other expense

   $ 2,075       $ (2,655
       

 

 

    

 

 

 

Strategic Investments

The Company has four investments in marketable equity securities measured using quoted prices in their respective active markets and certain interests in non-marketable equity and debt securities that are collectively considered strategic investments. As of April 30, 2013, the fair value of the Company’s marketable equity securities of $4.8 million includes an unrealized gain of $1.6 million. As of January 31, 2013, the Company had four investments in marketable equity securities. The fair value of the Company’s marketable equity securities of $4.9 million included an unrealized gain of $1.7 million. These investments are recorded in other assets, net on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

The Company’s interest in non-marketable equity and debt securities consists of noncontrolling equity and debt investments in privately-held companies. The Company’s investments in these privately-held companies are reported at cost or marked down to fair value when an event or circumstance indicates an other-than-temporary decline in value has occurred. These investments are valued using significant unobservable inputs or data in an inactive market and the valuation requires the Company’s judgment due to the absence of market price and inherent lack of liquidity.

As of April 30, 2013 and January 31, 2013, the carrying value that approximates the fair value of the Company’s investments in privately-held companies was $51.4 million and $46.8 million, respectively. These investments are recorded in other assets, net on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Investment Income

Investment income consists of interest income, realized gains, and realized losses on the Company’s cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities. The components of investment income are presented below (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
      2013     2012  

Interest income

   $ 3,397      $ 4,749   

Realized gains

     638        91   

Realized losses

     (681     (379
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total investment income

   $ 3,354      $ 4,461   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Reclassification adjustments out of accumulated other comprehensive income into net loss were immaterial.

3. Property and Equipment

Property and equipment consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

     As of  
     April 30,
2013
    January 31,
2013
 

Land

   $ 248,263      $ 248,263   

Building improvements

     49,572        49,572   

Computers, equipment and software

     346,280        328,318   

Furniture and fixtures

     42,225        38,275   

Leasehold improvements

     216,686        193,181   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     903,026        857,609   

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

     (279,342     (252,940
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
   $ 623,684      $ 604,669   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Depreciation and amortization expense totaled $30.8 million and $22.4 million for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

Computers, equipment and software at April 30, 2013 and January 31, 2013 included a total of $143.3 million and $136.9 million acquired under capital lease agreements, respectively. Accumulated amortization relating to computers, equipment and software under capital leases totaled $65.9 million and $57.8 million, respectively, at April 30, 2013 and January 31, 2013. Amortization of assets under capital leases is included in depreciation and amortization expense.

In November 2010, the Company purchased approximately 14 acres of undeveloped real estate in San Francisco, California, including entitlements and improvements associated with the land. In addition to the amounts reflected in the table above, the Company recorded $23.3 million related to the perpetual parking rights and classified such rights as a purchased intangible asset as it represents an intangible right to use the existing garage. The Company has capitalized pre-construction activities related to the development of the land, including interest costs and property taxes since the November 2010 purchase. During the first quarter of fiscal 2013, the Company suspended pre-construction activity. The total carrying value of the land, building improvements and perpetual parking rights was $321.1 million as of April 30, 2013. The Company continues to evaluate its future needs for office facilities space and its options for the undeveloped real estate, which may include selling a portion of or all the real estate holdings, or suspending pre-construction activity for several more years.

There was no impairment of long-lived assets during the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012.

4. Business Combinations

During the three months ended April 30, 2013, the Company acquired a French technology company for $22.2 million in cash, net of $2.1 million of cash acquired, and has included the financial results of this company in its condensed consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition. The Company accounted for the transaction as a business combination. In allocating the purchase consideration based on estimated fair values, the Company recorded $7.7 million of acquired intangible assets with useful lives of three to five years, $16.5 million of goodwill, $2.8 million of net tangible assets and $2.7 million of deferred tax liabilities. The goodwill balance is deductible for U.S. income tax purposes. The aforementioned business combination was not material to the pro forma combined historical results of operations of the Company.

Goodwill

Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase price in a business combination over the fair value of net tangible and intangible assets acquired. Goodwill amounts are not amortized, but rather tested for impairment at least annually during the fourth quarter.

Goodwill consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

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Balance as of January 31, 2013

   $ 1,529,378   

Acquisition

     16,496   

Finalization of acquisition date fair values

     (1,290
  

 

 

 

Balance as of April 30, 2013

   $ 1,544,584   
  

 

 

 

5. Convertible Senior Notes

 

     Par Value      Equity
Component
    Liability Component of Par Value as of  

(In thousands)

        April 30, 2013      January 31, 2013  

0.75% Convertible Senior Notes due January 15, 2015

   $ 574,890       $ 125,530 (1)    $ 527,810       $ 521,278   

0.25% Convertible Senior Notes due April 1, 2018

     1,150,000         122,421        1,029,495         —     

 

(1) This amount represents the equity component recorded at the initial issuance of the 0.75% convertible senior notes. As of April 30, 2013, $47.1 million was reclassified as temporary equity on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as these notes were convertible.

In January 2010, the Company issued at par value $575.0 million of 0.75% convertible senior notes (the “0.75% Senior Notes”) due January 15, 2015, unless earlier purchased by the Company or converted. Interest is payable semi-annually in arrears on January 15 and July 15 of each year. In March 2013, the Company issued at par value $1.15 billion of 0.25% convertible senior notes (the “0.25% Senior Notes”) due April 1, 2018, unless earlier purchased by the Company or converted. Interest is payable semi-annually, in arrears on April 1 and October 1 of each year commencing October 1, 2013, (collectively the “Notes”).

The Notes are governed by indentures between the Company, as issuer, and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee. The Notes are unsecured and do not contain any financial covenants or any restrictions on the payment of dividends, the incurrence of senior debt or other indebtedness, or the issuance or repurchase of securities by the Company.

If converted, holders will receive cash equal to the principal amount of the Notes, and at the Company’s election, cash and/or shares of the Company’s common stock for any amounts in excess of the principal amounts.

 

     Conversion
Rate per $1,000
Par Value
     Initial
Conversion
Price per

Share
    

Convertible Date

0.75% Senior Notes

     46.8588       $ 21.34       October 15, 2014

0.25% Senior Notes

     15.0512       $ 66.44       January 1, 2018

Throughout the term of the Notes, the conversion rate may be adjusted upon the occurrence of certain events, including any cash dividends. Holders of the Notes will not receive any cash payment representing accrued and unpaid interest upon conversion of a Note. Accrued but unpaid interest will be deemed to be paid in full upon conversion rather than cancelled, extinguished or forfeited. Holders may convert their Notes under the following circumstances:

 

   

during any fiscal quarter, if, for at least 20 trading days during the 30 consecutive trading day period ending on the last trading day of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter, the last reported sales price of the Company’s common stock for such trading day is greater than or equal to 130% of the applicable conversion price on such trading day share of common stock on such last trading day;

 

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in certain situations, when the trading price of the Notes is less than 98% of the product of the sale price of the Company’s common stock and the conversion rate;

 

   

upon the occurrence of specified corporate transactions described under the Notes Indenture, such as a consolidation, merger or binding share exchange; or

 

   

at any time on or after the convertible dates noted above.

Holders of the Notes have the right to require the Company to purchase with cash all or a portion of the Notes upon the occurrence of a fundamental change, such as a change of control, at a purchase price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the Notes plus accrued and unpaid interest. Following certain corporate transactions that constitute a change of control, the Company will increase the conversion rate for a holder who elects to convert the Notes in connection with such change of control.

In accounting for the issuance of the Notes, the Company separated the Notes into liability and equity components. The carrying amount of the liability component was calculated by measuring the fair value of a similar liability that does not have an associated convertible feature. The carrying amount of the equity component representing the conversion option was determined by deducting the fair value of the liability component from the par value of the Notes as a whole. The excess of the principal amount of the liability component over its carrying amount (“debt discount”) is amortized to interest expense over the term of the Notes. The equity component is not remeasured as long as it continues to meet the conditions for equity classification.

In accounting for the transaction costs related to the Note issuance, the Company allocated the total amount incurred to the liability and equity components based on their relative values. Transaction costs attributable to the liability component are being amortized to expense over the term of the Notes, and transaction costs attributable to the equity component were netted with the equity component in temporary stockholders’ equity and stockholders’ equity. Additionally, the Company recorded a deferred tax liability of $51.1 million in connection with the 0.75% Senior Notes.

The Notes consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

     As of  
     April 30,
2013
    January 31,
2013
 

Liability component :

    

Principal:

    

0.75% Senior Notes (1)

   $ 574,890      $ 574,890   

0.25% Senior Notes (1)

     1,150,000        0   

Less: debt discount, net

    

0.75% Senior Notes (2)

     (47,080     (53,612

0.25% Senior Notes (3)

     (120,505     0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net carrying amount

   $ 1,557,305      $ 521,278   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) The effective interest rates of the 0.75% Senior Notes and 0.25% Senior Notes are 5.86% and 2.53%, respectively. These interest rates were based on the interest rates of a similar liability at the time of issuance that did not have an associated convertible feature.
(2) Included in the condensed consolidated balance sheets within Convertible 0.75% Senior Notes (which is classified as a current liability) and is amortized over the life of the 0.75% Senior Notes using the effective interest rate method.
(3) Included in the condensed consolidated balance sheets within Convertible 0.25% Senior Notes (which is classified as a noncurrent liability) and is amortized over the life of the 0.25% Senior Notes using the effective interest rate method.

The total estimated fair values of the Company’s 0.75% Senior Notes and 0.25% Senior Notes at April 30, 2013 were $1.1 billion and $1.1 billion, respectively. The fair value was determined based on the closing trading price per $100 of the 0.75% Senior Notes and 0.25% Senior Notes as of the last day of trading for the first quarter of fiscal 2014.

Based on the closing prices of the Company’s common stock of $41.11 on April 30, 2013, the if-converted value the 0.75% Senior Notes exceeded their principal amount by approximately $532.6 million and the if-converted value of the 0.25% Senior Notes was less than their principal amount.

 

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The following table sets forth total interest expense recognized related to the Notes prior to capitalization of interest (in thousands):

 

     Three Months
Ended April 30,
 
     2013      2012  

Contractual interest expense

   $ 1,415       $ 1,078   

Amortization of debt issuance costs

     741         330   

Amortization of debt discount

     9,240         6,177   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 11,396       $ 7,585   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Interest expense consists of interest on the Company’s capital lease commitments and the Notes, net of amounts capitalized.

Note Hedges

To minimize the impact of potential economic dilution upon conversion of the Notes, the Company entered into convertible note hedge transactions with respect to its common stock (the “Note Hedges”).

 

In thousands (except for shares)

   Date    Purchase      Shares  

0.75% Note Hedges

   January 2010    $ 126,500         26,943,812   

0.25% Note Hedges

   March 2013    $ 153,800         17,308,880   

The Note Hedges cover shares of the Company’s common stock at a strike price that corresponds to the initial conversion price of the respective Notes, also subject to adjustment, and are exercisable upon conversion of the Notes. The Note Hedges will expire upon the maturity of the Notes. The Note Hedges are intended to reduce the potential economic dilution upon conversion of the Notes in the event that the market value per share of the Company’s common stock, as measured under the Notes, at the time of exercise is greater than the conversion price of the Notes. The Note Hedges are separate transactions and are not part of the terms of the Notes. Holders of the Notes will not have any rights with respect to the Note Hedges. The Company initially recorded a deferred tax asset of $51.4 million in connection with the 0.75% Note Hedges.

Warrants

 

In thousands (except for shares)

   Date    Proceeds      Shares      Strike
Price
 

0.75% Warrants

   January 2010    $ 59,300         26,943,812       $ 29.88   

0.25% Warrants

   March 2013    $ 84,800         17,308,880       $ 90.40   

Separately, the Company also entered into warrant transactions (the “Warrants”), whereby the Company sold warrants to acquire, subject to anti-dilution adjustments, shares of the Company’s common stock. As the average market value per share of the Company’s common stock for the reporting period, as measured under the Warrants, exceeds the strike price of the Warrants, the Warrants would have a dilutive effect on the Company’s earnings/loss per share. The Warrants were anti-dilutive during the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012 based on the Company’s net loss during these periods. The Warrants are separate transactions, entered into by the Company and are not part of the terms of the Notes or Note Hedges. Holders of the Notes and Note Hedges will not have any rights with respect to the Warrants.

 

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6. Other Balance Sheet Accounts

Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets

Prepaid expenses and other current assets consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

     As of  
     April 30,
2013
     January 31,
2013
 

Deferred professional services costs

   $ 2,110       $ 3,522   

Deferred income taxes, net

     6,794         7,321   

Prepaid income taxes

     25,785         21,180   

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     119,425         101,291   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 154,114       $ 133,314   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Capitalized Software, net

Capitalized software consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

     As of  
     April 30,
2013
     January 31,
2013
 

Capitalized internal-use software development costs, net of accumulated amortization of $79,167 and $72,448 , respectively

   $ 62,666       $ 59,647   

Acquired developed technology, net of accumulated amortization of $201,919 and $179,906, respectively

     129,763         147,676   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 192,429       $ 207,323   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Capitalized internal-use software amortization expense totaled $6.7 million and $4.6 million for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Acquired developed technology amortization expense totaled $22.0 million and $18.2 million for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

During the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012, the Company capitalized $0.9 million and $1.0 million respectively, of stock-based expenses related to capitalized internal-use software development and deferred professional services.

Other Assets, net

Other assets consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

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     As of  
     April 30,
2013
     January 31,
2013
 

Deferred professional services costs, noncurrent portion

   $ 824       $ 1,077   

Deferred income taxes, noncurrent, net

     19,358         19,212   

Long-term deposits

     12,730         13,422   

Purchased intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $31,250 and $28,790, respectively

     50,494         49,354   

Acquired intellectual property, net of accumulated amortization of $8,108 and $7,074, respectively

     13,854         13,872   

Strategic investments

     56,207         51,685   

Other

     37,156         20,338   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 190,623       $ 168,960   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Purchased intangible assets amortization expense for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012 was $2.5 million and $3.4 million, respectively. Acquired intellectual property amortization expense for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012 was $1.0 million and $1.2 million, respectively.

Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

     As of  
     April 30,
2013
     January 31,
2013
 

Accounts payable

   $ 31,522       $ 14,535   

Accrued compensation

     205,922         311,595   

Accrued other liabilities

     167,533         138,165   

Accrued income and other taxes payable

     98,524         120,341   

Accrued professional costs

     11,908         10,064   

Accrued rent

     11,671         3,006   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 527,080       $ 597,706   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

7. Stockholders’ Equity

The Company maintains the following stock plans: the 2006 Inducement Equity Incentive Plan (the “Inducement Plan”), the 2004 Equity Incentive Plan, 2004 Employee Stock Purchase Plan and the 2004 Outside Directors Stock Plan. These plans, other than the 2004 Outside Directors Stock Plan and the Inducement Plan, provide for annual automatic increases on February 1 to the shares reserved for issuance. The expiration of the 1999 Stock Option Plan (“1999 Plan”) in fiscal 2010 did not affect awards outstanding, which continue to be governed by the terms and conditions of the 1999 Plan.

On February 1, 2013, 14.0 million additional shares were reserved under the 2004 Equity Incentive Plan and 4.0 million additional shares were reserved under the 2004 Employee Stock Purchase Plan pursuant to the automatic increase in each respective plan.

 

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In September 2011, the Company’s Board of Directors amended and restated the 2004 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “ESPP”). In conjunction with the amendment of the ESPP, the Company’s Board of Directors determined that the offerings under the ESPP would commence, beginning with a twelve month offering period starting in December 2011. As of April 30, 2013, $43.6 million has been withheld on behalf of employees for future purchases under the plan and is recorded in accrued expenses and other liabilities.

Prior to February 1, 2006, options issued under the Company’s stock option plans generally had a term of 10 years. After February 1, 2006, options issued have a term of 5 years.

Stock activity excluding the ESPP is as follows:

 

     Shares
Available for
Grant
    Options Outstanding  
       Outstanding
Stock
Options
    Weighted-
Average
Exercise Price
     Aggregate
Intrinsic Value
(in thousands)
 

Balance as of January 31, 2013

     11,759,740        29,983,292      $ 26.60      

Increase in shares authorized:

         

2004 Equity Incentive Plan

     14,000,000        0        0.00      

Options granted under all plans

     (149,798     149,798        41.79      

Restricted stock activity, net

     (595,110     0        0.00      

Stock grants to board and advisory board members

     (31,200     0        0.00      

Exercised

     0        (2,189,923     18.54      

Plan shares expired

     (27,436     0        0.00      

Cancelled

     137,226        (137,226     27.37      
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

Balance as of April 30, 2013

     25,093,422        27,805,941      $ 27.31       $ 384,080   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Vested or expected to vest

       27,418,895      $ 27.23       $ 380,717   
    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Exercisable as of April 30, 2013

       11,370,368      $ 21.55       $ 222,353   

The total intrinsic value of the options exercised during the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012 was $57.7 million and $127.1 million, respectively. The intrinsic value is the difference between the current market value of the stock and the exercise price of the stock option.

The weighted-average remaining contractual life of vested and expected to vest options is approximately 3.0 years.

As of April 30, 2013, options to purchase 11,370,368 shares were vested at a weighted average exercise price of $21.55 per share and had a remaining weighted-average remaining contractual life of approximately 2.2 years. The total intrinsic value of these vested options as of April 30, 2013 was $222.4 million.

The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding as of April 30, 2013:

 

     Options Outstanding      Options Exercisable  

Range of Exercise

Prices

   Number
Outstanding
     Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual Life
(Years)
     Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
     Number of
Shares
     Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
 

$0.57 to $13.12

     3,978,538         2.1       $ 4.99         3,287,651       $ 5.15   

$13.29 to $22.98

     4,125,723         1.8         16.77         2,491,826         16.82   

$24.70 to $25.07

     137,580         3.3         24.96         47,584         24.87   

$27.06

     4,374,698         3.6         27.06         1,277,050         27.06   

$28.32 to $35.07

     2,601,512         3.6         32.32         643,456         32.31   

$35.63

     5,879,373         2.6         35.63         2,965,755         35.63   

$35.87 to $43.40

     6,708,517         4.2         37.99         657,046         36.61   
  

 

 

          

 

 

    
     27,805,941         3.0       $ 27.31         11,370,368       $ 21.55   
  

 

 

          

 

 

    

 

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Restricted stock activity is as follows:

 

     Restricted Stock Outstanding  
      Outstanding     Weighted-
Average
Exercise Price
     Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(in thousands)
 

Balance as of January 31, 2013

     26,782,620      $ 0.001      

Granted

     1,171,708        0.001      

Cancelled

     (545,398     0.001      

Vested and converted to shares

     (2,050,749     0.001      
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

Balance as of April 30, 2013

     25,358,181      $ 0.001       $ 1,042,475   
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Expected to vest

     23,868,741         $ 981,244   
  

 

 

      

 

 

 

The restricted stock, which upon vesting entitles the holder to one share of common stock for each share of restricted stock, has an exercise price of $0.001 per share, which is equal to the par value of the Company’s common stock, and generally vest over 4 years.

The weighted-average grant date fair value of the restricted stock issued for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012 was $42.47 and $34.23, respectively.

Common Stock

The following number of shares of common stock were reserved and available for future issuance at April 30, 2013:

 

Options outstanding

     27,805,941   

Restricted stock awards and units outstanding

     25,358,181   

Stock available for future grant:

  

2004 Equity Incentive Plan

     21,842,279   

2006 Inducement Equity Incentive Plan

     1,082,343   

2004 Employee Stock Purchase Plan

     9,046,760   

2004 Outside Directors Stock Plan

     2,168,800   

Convertible senior notes

     44,247,536   

Warrants

     44,252,692   
  

 

 

 
     175,804,532   
  

 

 

 

 

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8. Income Taxes

Effective Tax Rate

The Company computes its year to date provision for income taxes by applying the estimated annual effective tax rate to year to date loss and adjusts the provision for discrete tax items recorded in the period. For the three months ended April 30, 2013, the Company reported a tax expense of $13.8 million with a pretax loss of $53.9 million, which resulted in a negative effective tax rate of 26 percent. The Company recorded a tax provision on a pretax loss primarily due to income taxes accrued in profitable jurisdictions outside of the U.S. and the loss in the U.S. was not benefited due to the valuation allowance.

For the three months ended April 30, 2012, the Company reported a tax benefit of $5.4 million with a pretax loss of $24.9 million, which resulted in an effective tax rate of 22 percent. The Company’s effective tax rate was lower than the federal statutory tax rate of 35 percent primarily due to California tax credits and tax benefits recorded in connection with acquisition related structuring of intellectual property partially offset by a detrimental foreign tax differential and non-deductible expenses arising from stock-based compensation and state income taxes.

Tax Benefits Related to Stock-Based Compensation

The total income tax benefit in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations related to stock-based awards was $34.3 million and $25.1 million for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The majority of the tax benefit was not recognized as a result of the valuation allowance.

Unrecognized Tax Benefits and Other Considerations

The Company records liabilities related to its uncertain tax positions. Tax positions for the Company and its subsidiaries are subject to income tax audits by multiple tax jurisdictions throughout the world. The Company believes that it has provided adequate reserves for its income tax uncertainties in all open tax years. In the next 12 months, it is reasonably possible that the unrecognized tax benefits may decrease by approximately $3.0 million due to lapsing of the statute of limitations.

9. Earnings/Loss Per Share

Basic earnings/loss per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the fiscal period. Diluted earnings/loss per share is computed giving effect to all potential weighted average dilutive common stock, including options, restricted stock units, warrants and the convertible senior notes. The dilutive effect of outstanding awards and convertible securities is reflected in diluted earnings per share by application of the treasury stock method. Diluted loss per share for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012 are the same as basic loss per share as there is a net loss in these periods and inclusion of potentially issuable shares would be anti-dilutive.

A reconciliation of the denominator used in the calculation of basic and diluted earnings/loss per share is as follows (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
     2013     2012  

Numerator:

    

Net loss

   $ (67,721   $ (19,475
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Denominator:

    

Weighted-average shares outstanding for basic loss per share

     588,385        552,600   

Effect of dilutive securities:

    

Convertible senior notes

     0        0   

Employee stock awards

     0        0   

Warrants

     0        0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted weighted-average shares outstanding and assumed conversions for diluted loss per share

     588,385        552,600   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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The weighted-average number of shares outstanding used in the computation of basic and diluted earnings/loss per share does not include the effect of the following potential outstanding common stock. The effects of these potentially outstanding shares were not included in the calculation of diluted earnings/loss per share because the effect would have been anti-dilutive (in thousands):

 

     Three Months
Ended April 30,
 
     2013      2012  

Stock awards

     20,279         30,032   

Warrants

     44,253         26,944   

Convertible senior notes

     44,248         26,940   

10. Commitments

Letters of Credit

As of April 30, 2013, the Company had a total of $60.2 million in letters of credit outstanding substantially in favor of certain landlords for office space. These letters of credit renew annually and expire at various dates through December 2030.

Leases

The Company leases facilities space and certain fixed assets under non-cancelable operating and capital leases with various expiration dates.

As of April 30, 2013, the future minimum lease payments under non-cancelable operating and capital leases are as follows (in thousands):

 

     Capital
Leases
    Operating
Leases
 

Fiscal Period:

    

Remaining nine months of fiscal 2014

   $ 23,658      $ 114,569   

Fiscal 2015

     14,266        158,097   

Fiscal 2016

     11,008        151,534   

Fiscal 2017

     10,206        142,966   

Fiscal 2018

     5,437        140,331   

Thereafter

     286        987,951   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total minimum lease payments

     64,861      $ 1,695,448   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Less: amount representing interest

     (4,044  
  

 

 

   

Present value of capital lease obligations

   $ 60,817     
  

 

 

   

 

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The Company’s agreements for the facilities and certain services provide the Company with the option to renew. The Company’s future contractual obligations would change if the Company exercised these options.

11. Legal Proceedings and Claims

In the ordinary course of business, the Company is involved in various legal proceedings and claims related to alleged infringement of third-party patents and other intellectual property rights, commercial, labor and employment, wage and hour, and other claims. We have been, and may in the future be, put on notice and/or sued by third parties for alleged infringement of their proprietary rights, including patent infringement. For example, we received a notice from a large non-practicing entity several quarters ago alleging that we infringed upon certain of its patents. While no litigation was ever filed, in May 2013 we entered into a multi-year license agreement with that non-practicing entity. During the first quarter of fiscal 2014, the Company recorded approximately $8.0 million of expense for the portion of the license agreement related to prior periods.

In general, the resolution of a legal matter could prevent the Company from offering its service to others, could be material to the Company’s financial condition or cash flows, or both, or could otherwise adversely affect the Company’s operating results.

The Company makes a provision for a liability relating to legal matters when it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. These provisions are reviewed at least quarterly and adjusted to reflect the impacts of negotiations, estimated settlements, legal rulings, advice of legal counsel and other information and events pertaining to a particular matter. In management’s opinion, resolution of all current matters is not expected to have a material adverse impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated results of operations, cash flows or financial position. However, depending on the nature and timing of any such dispute, an unfavorable resolution of a matter could materially affect the Company’s future results of operations or cash flows, or both, of a particular quarter.

12. Related-Party Transactions

In January 1999, the salesforce.com/foundation, also referred to as the Foundation, a non-profit public charity, was chartered to build philanthropic programs that are focused on youth and technology. The Company’s chairman is the chairman of the Foundation. The Company’s chairman, two of the Company’s employees and one of the Company’s board members hold four of the Foundation’s ten board seats. The Company does not control the Foundation’s activities, and accordingly, the Company does not consolidate the Foundation’s statement of activities with its financial results.

Since the Foundation’s inception, the Company has provided at no charge certain resources to Foundation employees such as office space.

In addition to the resource sharing with the Foundation, the Company issued the Foundation warrants in August 2002 to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock. All of the warrants were exercised in prior years. As of April 30, 2013, the Foundation held 280,000 shares of salesforce.com common stock. Additionally, the Company has donated subscriptions to the Company’s service to other qualified non-profit organizations. The Company also allows an affiliate of the Foundation to resell the Company’s service to large non-profit organizations. The Company does not charge the affiliate for the subscriptions and plans to continue these programs.

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” (“MD&A”) contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Forward-looking statements consist of, among other things, trend analyses, statements regarding future events, future financial performance, our anticipated growth, the effect of general economic and market conditions, our business strategy and our plan to build our business, including our strategy to be the leading provider of enterprise cloud computing applications and platforms and to lead the industry shift to the “customer company”, our service performance and security, the expenses associated with new data centers, additional data center capacity, real estate and office facilities space, our operating results, new features and services, our strategy of acquiring or making investments in complementary businesses, joint ventures, services and technologies, and intellectual property rights, our ability to successfully integrate acquired businesses and technologies, our ability to continue the growth and to maintain deferred revenue and unbilled deferred revenue, our ability to protect our intellectual property rights, our ability to develop our brands, the effect of evolving government regulations, the effect of foreign currency exchange rate and interest rate fluctuations on our financial results, the valuation of deferred tax assets, the potential availability of additional tax assets in the future and related matters, the impact of expensing stock options, the sufficiency of our capital resources factors related to our outstanding convertible notes, and current and potential litigation involving us, all of which are based on current expectations, estimates, and forecasts, and the beliefs and assumptions of our management. Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “aims,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “seeks,” “assumes,” “may,” “should,” variations of such words, and similar expressions are also intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual results may differ materially and adversely from those expressed in any forward-looking statements. Readers are directed to risks and uncertainties identified below, under “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this report, for factors that may cause actual results to be different than those expressed in these forward-looking statements. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to revise or update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason.

Overview

We are a provider of enterprise cloud computing solutions. We were founded on the simple concept of delivering customer relationship management, or CRM, applications via the Internet, or “cloud.” We introduced our first CRM solution in February 2000 and we have expanded our offerings with new editions, solutions and enhanced features, through internal development and acquisitions. We sell to businesses of all sizes and in almost every industry worldwide on a subscription basis.

Our mission is to help our customers transform themselves into “customer companies” by empowering them to connect with their customers, partners, employees and products in entirely new ways. Our objective is to deliver solutions to help companies transform the way they sell, service, market and innovate. With our four core services—Sales Cloud, Service Cloud, Marketing Cloud and the Salesforce Platform—customers have the tools they need to build a next generation social front office with our social and mobile cloud technologies. Key elements of our strategy include:

 

   

Strengthening our market-leading core solutions;

 

   

Innovating in high-growth markets;

 

   

Improving our renewal rates;

 

   

Deepening relationships with our existing customer base;

 

   

Pursuing new customers aggressively;

 

   

Building our business in top markets globally; and

 

   

Encouraging the development of third-party applications on our cloud computing platforms.

We believe the factors that will influence our ability to achieve our objectives include: our prospective customers’ willingness to migrate to enterprise cloud computing services; the availability, performance and security of our service; our ability to continue to release, and gain customer acceptance of, new and improved features; our ability to successfully integrate acquired businesses and technologies; successful customer adoption and utilization of our service; acceptance of our service in markets where we have few customers; the emergence of additional competitors in our market and improved product offerings by existing and new competitors; the location of new data centers; third-party developers’ willingness to develop applications on our platforms; our ability to attract new personnel and retain and motivate current personnel; and general economic conditions which could affect our customers’ ability and willingness to purchase our services, delay the customers’ purchasing decision or affect renewal rates.

 

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To address these factors, we will need to, among other things, continue to add substantial numbers of paying subscriptions, upgrade our customers to fully featured versions such as our Unlimited Edition or arrangements such as a Social Enterprise License Agreement, provide high quality technical support to our customers, encourage the development of third-party applications on our platforms and continue to focus on retaining customers at the time of renewal. Our plans to invest for future growth include the continuation of the expansion of our data center capacity, the hiring of additional personnel, particularly in direct sales, other customer-related areas and research and development, the expansion of domestic and international selling and marketing activities, continuing to develop our brands, the addition of distribution channels, the upgrade of our service offerings, the development of new services, the integration of acquired technologies, the expansion of our Marketing Cloud and Salesforce Platform service offerings and the additions to our global infrastructure to support our growth.

We also regularly evaluate acquisitions or investment opportunities in complementary businesses, joint ventures, services and technologies and intellectual property rights in an effort to expand our service offerings. We expect to continue to make such investments and acquisitions in the future and we plan to reinvest a significant portion of our incremental revenue in fiscal 2014 to grow our business and continue our leadership role in the cloud computing industry. As a result of our aggressive growth plans, specifically our hiring plan and acquisition activities, we have incurred significant expenses from equity awards and amortization of purchased intangibles which have resulted in net losses on a GAAP basis. As we continue with our growth plan, we anticipate we will have net losses on a GAAP basis for the next several quarters.

On March 18, 2013, we issued at par value $1.15 billion of 0.25% convertible senior notes due April 1, 2018. In connection with the issuance of the debt, we entered into convertible note hedge transactions that cover the number of shares of our common stock that are underlying the notes. The note hedge transactions are designed, but not guaranteed, to reduce or eliminate the potential economic dilution arising upon conversion.

On March 20, 2013, our certificate of incorporation was amended to increase the number of authorized shares of common stock from 400.0 million to 1.6 billion in order to provide for a four-for-one stock split of the common stock effected in the form of a stock dividend. The record date for the stock split was April 3, 2013, and the additional shares were distributed on April 17, 2013. Each stockholder of record on the close of business on the record date received three additional shares of common stock for each share held. All share and per share data presented herein reflect the impact of the increase in authorized shares and the stock split, as appropriate.

We expect marketing and sales costs, which were 52 percent of our total revenues for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 53 for the same period a year ago, to continue to represent a substantial portion of total revenues in the future as we seek to add and manage more paying customers, and build greater brand awareness.

Fiscal Year

Our fiscal year ends on January 31. References to fiscal 2014, for example, refer to the fiscal year ending January 31, 2014.

Sources of Revenues

We derive our revenues from two sources: (1) subscription revenues, which are comprised of subscription fees from customers accessing our enterprise cloud computing services and from customers purchasing additional support beyond the standard support that is included in the basic subscription fees; and (2) related professional services such as process mapping, project management, implementation services and other revenue. “Other revenue” consists primarily of training fees. Subscription and support revenues accounted for approximately 94 percent of our total revenues for the three months ended April 30, 2013. Subscription revenues are driven primarily by the number of paying subscribers, varying service types, the price of our service and service renewal rates. We define a “customer” as a separate and distinct buying entity (e.g., a company, a distinct business unit of a large corporation, a partnership, etc.) that has entered into a contract to access our enterprise cloud computing services. We define a “subscription” as a unique user account purchased by a customer for use by its employees or other customer-authorized users, and we refer to each such user as a “subscriber.” The number of paying subscriptions at each of our customers ranges from one to hundreds of thousands. None of our customers accounted for more than five percent of our revenues during the three months ended April 2013 and 2012.

 

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Subscription and support revenues are recognized ratably over the contract terms beginning on the commencement dates of each contract. The typical subscription and support term is 12 to 36 months, although terms range from one to 60 months. Our subscription and support contracts are non-cancelable, though customers typically have the right to terminate their contracts for cause if we materially fail to perform. We generally invoice our customers in advance, in annual or quarterly installments, and typical payment terms provide that our customers pay us within 30 days of invoice. Amounts that have been invoiced are recorded in accounts receivable and in deferred revenue, or in revenue depending on whether the revenue recognition criteria have been met. In general, we collect our billings in advance of the subscription service period.

Professional services and other revenues consist of fees associated with consulting and implementation services and training. Our consulting and implementation engagements are typically billed on a time and materials basis. We also offer a number of training classes on implementing, using and administering our service that are billed on a per person, per class basis. Our typical professional services payment terms provide that our customers pay us within 30 days of invoice.

In determining whether professional services can be accounted for separately from subscription and support revenues, we consider a number of factors, which are described in “Critical Accounting Estimates—Revenue Recognition” below.

Seasonal Nature of Deferred Revenue and Accounts Receivable

Deferred revenue primarily consists of billings to customers for our subscription service. Over 90 percent of the value of our billings to customers is for our subscription and support service. We generally invoice our customers in either annual or quarterly cycles. Occasionally, we bill customers for their multi-year contract on a single invoice which results in an increase in noncurrent deferred revenue. We typically issue renewal invoices 30 days in advance of the renewal service period, and depending on timing, the initial invoice for the subscription and services contract and the subsequent renewal invoice may occur in different quarters. This may result in an increase in deferred revenue and accounts receivable. There is a disproportionate weighting towards annual billings in the fourth quarter, primarily as a result of large enterprise account buying patterns. Our fourth quarter has historically been our strongest quarter for new business and renewals. The year on year compounding effect of this seasonality in both billing patterns and overall new and renewal business causes the value of invoices that we generate in the fourth quarter for both new business and renewals to increase as a proportion of our total annual billings.

Accordingly, the sequential quarterly changes in accounts receivable and the related deferred revenue during the first three quarters of our fiscal year are not necessarily indicative of the billing activity that occurs in the fourth quarter as displayed below:

 

(in thousands)

   April 30,
2013
                      

Fiscal 2014

           

Accounts receivable, net

   $ 502,609            

Deferred revenue, current and noncurrent

     1,733,160            

(in thousands)

   April 30,
2012
     July 31,
2012
     October 31,
2012
     January 31,
2013
 

Fiscal 2013

           

Accounts receivable, net

   $ 371,395       $ 446,917       $ 418,590       $ 872,634   

Deferred revenue, current and noncurrent

     1,334,716         1,337,184         1,291,703         1,862,995   

 

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(in thousands)

   April 30,
2011
     July 31,
2011
     October 31,
2011
     January 31,
2012
 

Fiscal 2012

           

Accounts receivable, net

   $ 270,816       $ 342,397       $ 312,331       $ 683,745   

Deferred revenue, current and noncurrent

     915,133         935,266         917,821         1,380,295   

Unbilled Deferred Revenue

The deferred revenue balance on our consolidated balance sheet does not represent the total contract value of annual or multi-year, non-cancelable subscription agreements. Unbilled deferred revenue represents future billings under our subscription agreements that have not been invoiced and, accordingly, are not recorded in deferred revenue. Unbilled deferred revenue was approximately $3.6 billion as of April 30, 2013 and approximately $3.5 billion as of January 31, 2013. Due to our sales to large enterprise accounts, we are experiencing longer contractual commitments by our customers which is reflected in our growing unbilled deferred revenue. Also as a result, our typical contract length has grown and is now between 12 and 36 months. This has a positive impact on our renewal rate. We expect that the amount of unbilled deferred revenue will change from quarter to quarter for several reasons, including the specific timing and duration of large customer subscription agreements, varying billing cycles of subscription agreements, the specific timing of customer renewals, foreign currency fluctuations, the timing of when unbilled deferred revenue is to be recognized as revenue, and changes in customer financial circumstances. For multi-year subscription agreements billed annually, the associated unbilled deferred revenue is typically high at the beginning of the contract period, zero just prior to renewal, and increases if the agreement is renewed. Low unbilled deferred revenue attributable to a particular subscription agreement is often associated with an impending renewal and may not be an indicator of the likelihood of renewal or future revenue from such customer. Accordingly, we expect that the amount of aggregate unbilled deferred revenue will change from year-to-year depending in part upon the number and dollar amount of subscription agreements at particular stages in their renewal cycle. Such fluctuations are not a reliable indicator of future revenues.

Cost of Revenues and Operating Expenses

Cost of Revenues. Cost of subscription and support revenues primarily consists of expenses related to hosting our service and providing support, the costs of data center capacity, depreciation or operating lease expense associated with computer equipment and software, allocated overhead and amortization expense associated with capitalized software related to our services and acquired developed technologies. We allocate overhead such as information technology infrastructure, rent and occupancy charges based on headcount. Employee benefit costs and taxes are allocated based upon a percentage of total compensation expense. As such, general overhead expenses are reflected in each cost of revenue and operating expense category. Cost of professional services and other revenues consists primarily of employee-related costs associated with these services, including stock-based expenses, the cost of subcontractors and allocated overhead. The cost of providing professional services is significantly higher as a percentage of the related revenue than for our enterprise cloud computing subscription service due to the direct labor costs and costs of subcontractors.

We intend to continue to invest additional resources in our enterprise cloud computing services. For example, we plan to open additional data centers and expand our current data centers in the future. Additionally, as we acquire new businesses and technologies, the amortization expense associated with this activity will be included in cost of revenues. The timing of these additional expenses will affect our cost of revenues, both in terms of absolute dollars and as a percentage of revenues, in the affected periods.

Research and Development. Research and development expenses consist primarily of salaries and related expenses, including stock-based expenses, the costs of our development and test data center and allocated overhead. We continue to focus our research and development efforts on adding new features and services, integrating acquired technologies, increasing the functionality and security and enhancing the ease of use of our enterprise cloud computing services. Our proprietary, scalable and secure multi-tenant architecture enables us to provide all of our customers with a service based on a single version of our application. As a result, we do not have to maintain multiple versions, which enables us to have relatively lower research and development expenses as compared to traditional enterprise software companies.

 

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We expect that in the future, research and development expenses will increase in absolute dollars and may increase as a percentage of total revenues as we invest in building the necessary employee and system infrastructure required to support the development of new, and improve existing, technologies and the integration of acquired businesses and technologies.

Marketing and Sales. Marketing and sales expenses are our largest cost and consist primarily of salaries and related expenses, including stock-based expenses, for our sales and marketing staff, including commissions, payments to partners, marketing programs and allocated overhead. Marketing programs consist of advertising, events, corporate communications, brand building and product marketing activities.

We plan to continue to invest in marketing and sales by expanding our domestic and international selling and marketing activities, building brand awareness, attracting new customers and sponsoring additional marketing events. The timing of these marketing events, such as our annual and largest event, Dreamforce, will affect our marketing costs in a particular quarter. We expect that in the future, marketing and sales expenses will increase in absolute dollars and continue to be our largest cost.

General and Administrative. General and administrative expenses consist of salaries and related expenses, including stock-based expenses, for finance and accounting, legal, internal audit, human resources and management information systems personnel, legal costs, professional fees, other corporate expenses and allocated overhead. We expect that in the future, general and administrative expenses will increase in absolute dollars as we invest in our infrastructure and we incur additional employee related costs, professional fees and insurance costs related to the growth of our business and international expansion. We expect general and administrative costs as a percentage of total revenues to either remain flat or decrease for the next several quarters.

Stock-Based Expenses. Our cost of revenues and operating expenses include stock-based expenses related to equity plans for employees and non-employee directors. We recognize our stock-based compensation as an expense in the statement of operations based on their fair values and vesting periods. These charges have been significant in the past and we expect that they will increase as our stock price increases, as we acquire more companies, as we hire more employees and seek to retain existing employees.

During the three months ended April 30, 2013, we recognized stock-based expense of $114.7 million. As of April 30, 2013, the aggregate stock compensation remaining to be amortized to costs and expenses was $1.2 billion. We expect this stock compensation balance to be amortized as follows: $378.1 million during the remaining nine months of fiscal 2014; $412.1 million during fiscal 2015; $264.2 million during fiscal 2016; $103.9 million during fiscal 2017 and $0.8 million during fiscal 2018. The expected amortization reflects only outstanding stock awards as of April 30, 2013 and assumes no forfeiture activity. We expect to continue to issue stock-based awards to our employees in future periods.

Amortization of Purchased Intangibles from Business Combinations. Our cost of revenues and operating expenses include amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, such as the amortization of the cost associated with an acquired company’s research and development efforts, trade names, customer lists and customer relationships. We expect this expense to increase as we acquire more companies.

Critical Accounting Estimates

Our condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, costs and expenses, and related disclosures. On an ongoing basis, we evaluate our estimates and assumptions. Our actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

We believe that of our significant accounting policies, which are described in Note 1 to our condensed consolidated financial statements, the following accounting policies involve a greater degree of judgment and complexity. Accordingly, these are the policies we believe are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating our condensed consolidated financial condition and results of operations.

 

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Revenue Recognition. We derive our revenues from two sources: (1) subscription revenues, which are comprised of subscription fees from customers accessing our enterprise cloud computing services and from customers purchasing additional support beyond the standard support that is included in the basic subscription fee; and (2) related professional services such as process mapping, project management, implementation services and other revenue. “Other revenue” consists primarily of training fees.

We commence revenue recognition when all of the following conditions are satisfied:

 

   

There is persuasive evidence of an arrangement;

 

   

The service has been or is being provided to the customer;

 

   

The collection of the fees is reasonably assured; and

 

   

The amount of fees to be paid by the customer is fixed or determinable.

Our subscription service arrangements are non-cancelable and do not contain refund-type provisions.

Subscription and Support Revenues

Subscription and support revenues are recognized ratably over the contract terms beginning on the commencement date of each contract, which is the date our service is made available to customers. Amounts that have been invoiced are recorded in accounts receivable and in deferred revenue or revenue, depending on whether the revenue recognition criteria have been met.

Professional Services and Other Revenues

The majority of our professional services contracts are on a time and material basis. When these services are not combined with subscription revenues as a single unit of accounting, as discussed below, these revenues are recognized as the services are rendered for time and material contracts, and when the milestones are achieved and accepted by the customer for fixed price contracts. Training revenues are recognized after the services are performed.

Multiple-Deliverable Arrangements

We enter into arrangements with multiple-deliverables that generally include multiple subscriptions, premium support, and professional services. If the deliverables have standalone value upon delivery, we account for each deliverable separately. Subscription services have standalone value as such services are often sold separately. In determining whether professional services have standalone value, we consider the following factors for each professional services agreement: availability of the services from other vendors, the nature of the professional services, the timing of when the professional services contract was signed in comparison to the subscription service start date, and the contractual dependence of the subscription service on the customer’s satisfaction with the professional services work. To date, we have concluded that all of the professional services included in multiple-deliverable arrangements executed have standalone value.

Multiple-deliverables included in an arrangement are separated into different units of accounting and the arrangement consideration is allocated to the identified separate units based on a relative selling price hierarchy. We determine the relative selling price for a deliverable based on its vendor-specific objective evidence of selling price (“VSOE”), if available, or our best estimate of selling price (“BESP”), if VSOE is not available. We have determined that third-party evidence (“TPE”) is not a practical alternative due to differences in our service offerings compared to other parties and the availability of relevant third-party pricing information. The amount of revenue allocated to delivered items is limited by contingent revenue, if any.

For certain professional services, we have established VSOE as a consistent number of standalone sales of this deliverable have been priced within a reasonably narrow range. We have not established VSOE for our subscription services due to lack of pricing consistency, the introduction of new services and other factors. Accordingly, we use our BESP to determine the relative selling price.

We determined BESP by considering our overall pricing objectives and market conditions. Significant pricing practices taken into consideration include our discounting practices, the size and volume of our transactions, the customer demographic, the geographic area where our services are sold, our price lists, our go-to-market strategy, historical standalone sales and contract prices. The determination of BESP is made through consultation with and approval by management, taking into consideration the go-to-market strategy. As our go-to-market strategies evolve, we may modify our pricing practices in the future, which could result in changes in relative selling prices, including both VSOE and BESP.

 

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Deferred Revenue. The deferred revenue balance does not represent the total contract value of annual or multi-year, non-cancelable subscription agreements. Deferred revenue primarily consists of billings or payments received in advance of revenue recognition from subscription service described above and is recognized as the revenue recognition criteria are met. We generally invoice customers in annual or quarterly installments. Deferred revenue is influenced by several factors, including seasonality, the compounding effects of renewals, invoice duration, invoice timing and new business linearity within the quarter.

Deferred revenue that will be recognized during the succeeding twelve month period is recorded as current deferred revenue and the remaining portion is recorded as noncurrent.

Deferred Commissions. We defer commission payments to our direct sales force. The commissions are deferred and amortized to sales expense over the non-cancelable terms of the related subscription contracts with our customers, which are typically 12 to 36 months. The commission payments, which are paid in full the month after the customer’s service commences, are a direct and incremental cost of the revenue arrangements. The deferred commission amounts are recoverable through the future revenue streams under the non-cancelable customer contracts. We believe this is the preferable method of accounting as the commission charges are so closely related to the revenue from the non-cancelable customer contracts that they should be recorded as an asset and charged to expense over the same period that the subscription revenue is recognized.

During the three months ended April 30, 2013, we deferred $17.5 million of commission expenditures and we amortized $45.7 million to sales expense. During the same period a year ago, we deferred $32.1 million of commission expenditures and we amortized $36.2 million to sales expense. Deferred commissions on our condensed consolidated balance sheets totaled $226.2 million at April 30, 2013 and $254.4 million at January 31, 2013.

Goodwill and Long-Lived Assets. We make estimates, assumptions, and judgments when valuing goodwill and other intangible assets in connection with the initial purchase price allocation of an acquired entity, as well as when evaluating the recoverability of our goodwill and other intangible assets on an ongoing basis. These estimates are based upon a number of factors, including historical experience, market conditions, and information obtained from the management of acquired companies. Critical estimates in valuing certain intangible assets include, but are not limited to, historical and projected customer retention rates, anticipated growth in revenue from the acquired customers and acquired technology, and the expected use of the acquired assets. These factors are also considered in determining the useful life of acquired intangible assets. The amounts and useful lives assigned to identified intangible assets impacts the amount and timing of future amortization expense.

The value of our goodwill and intangible assets could be impacted by future adverse changes such as, but not limited to: a substantial decline in our market capitalization; an adverse action or assessment by a regulator; and unanticipated competition.

We evaluate and test the recoverability of our goodwill for impairment at least annually during the fourth quarter or more often if and when circumstances indicate that goodwill may not be recoverable. Each period we evaluate the estimated remaining useful life of our intangible assets and whether events or changes in circumstances warrant a revision to the remaining period of amortization. We evaluate long-lived assets, such as property and equipment, and purchased intangible assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets may not be recoverable. Such events or changes in circumstances include, but are not limited to, a significant decrease in the fair value of the underlying asset, a significant decrease in the benefits realized from the acquired assets, difficulty and delays in integrating the business or a significant change in the operations of the acquired assets or use of an asset. A long-lived asset is considered impaired if its carrying amount exceeds the estimated future undiscounted cash flows the asset is expected to generate. If a long-lived asset is considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is the amount by which the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the fair value of the asset or asset group.

Strategic Investments. We report our investments in non-marketable equity and debt securities, which consist of minority equity and debt investments in privately-held companies, at cost or fair value when an event or circumstance indicates an other-than-temporary decline in value has occurred. Management evaluates financial results, earnings trends, technology milestones and subsequent financing of these companies, as well as the general market conditions to identify indicators of other-than-temporary impairment.

 

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Business Combinations. Accounting for business combinations requires us to make significant estimates and assumptions, especially at the acquisition date with respect to tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed and pre-acquisition contingencies. We use our best estimates and assumptions to accurately assign fair value to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date.

Examples of critical estimates in valuing certain of the intangible assets and goodwill we have acquired include but are not limited to:

 

   

future expected cash flows from subscription and support contracts, professional services contracts, other customer contracts and acquired developed technologies and patents;

 

   

expected costs to develop the in-process research and development into commercially viable products and estimated cash flows from the projects when completed;

 

   

the acquired company’s trade name, trademark and existing customer relationship, as well as assumptions about the period of time the acquired trade name and trademark will continue to be used in our offerings;

 

   

uncertain tax positions and tax related valuation allowances assumed; and

 

   

discount rates.

Unanticipated events and circumstances may occur that may affect the accuracy or validity of such assumptions, estimates or actual results.

Stock-Based Options and Awards. We recognize the fair value of our stock options and awards on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the option or award which is the vesting term of generally four years for stock options and restricted stock awards and one year for shares issued pursuant to our Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”). The fair value of each option or ESPP share or stock purchase right is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The estimated forfeiture rate applied is based on historical forfeiture rates. Inputs into the Black-Scholes option pricing model include:

 

   

The estimated life for the stock options which is estimated based on an actual analysis of expected life. The estimated life for shares issued pursuant to our ESPP is based on the two purchase periods within the 12 month offering period;

 

   

The risk free interest rate which is based on the rate for a U.S. government security with the same estimated life at the time of the option grant and the stock purchase rights;

 

   

The future stock price volatility which is estimated considering both our observed option-implied volatilities and our historical volatility calculations. We believe this is the best estimate of the expected volatility over the expected life of our stock options and stock purchase rights; and

 

   

The probability of performance conditions that effect the vesting of certain awards being achieved. Expense is only recognized for those shares expected to vest.

Income Taxes. We use the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on temporary differences between the financial statement and tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations in the period that includes the enactment date. At each of the interim financial reporting periods, we compute our tax provision by applying an estimated annual effective tax rate to year to date ordinary income and adjust the provision for discrete tax items recorded in the same period. The estimated annual effective tax rate at each interim period represents the best estimate based on evaluations of possible future transactions and may be subject to subsequent refinement or revision.

Our tax positions are subject to income tax audits by multiple tax jurisdictions throughout the world. We recognize the tax benefit of an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the position is sustainable upon examination by the taxing authority, based on the technical merits. The tax benefit recognized is measured as the largest amount of benefit which is greater than 50 percent likely to be realized upon settlement with the taxing authority. We recognize interest accrued and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in our income tax provision.

 

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We regularly assess the need for a valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets. In making that assessment, we consider both positive and negative evidence related to the likelihood of realization of the deferred tax assets on a jurisdictional basis to determine, based on the weight of available evidence, whether it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Examples of positive and negative evidence include historical taxable income or losses, forecasted income or losses, the estimated timing of the reversals of existing temporary differences as well as prudent and feasible tax planning strategies. A valuation allowance is established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amounts more likely than not expected to be realized. Our income tax provision would increase or decrease in the period in which the assessment is changed.

Our tax provision could be adversely affected by changes in the mix of earnings and losses in countries with differing statutory tax rates, certain non-deductible expenses, changes in the valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities, changes in tax laws and accounting principles as well as changes in excess tax benefits related to exercises and vesting of stock-based compensation that are allocated directly to stockholders’ equity.

Results of Operations

The following tables set forth selected data for each of the periods indicated (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
     2013     2012  

Revenues:

    

Subscription and support

   $ 842,221      $ 655,220   

Professional services and other

     50,412        40,247   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     892,633        695,467   

Cost of revenues:

    

Subscription and support

     153,550        108,744   

Professional services and other

     55,444        42,807   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cost of revenues

     208,994        151,551   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Gross profit

     683,639        543,916   

Operating expenses:

    

Research and development

     131,939        94,776   

Marketing and sales

     466,490        369,789   

General and administrative

     129,750        101,600   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     728,179        566,165   

Loss from operations

     (44,540     (22,249

Investment income

     3,354        4,461   

Interest expense

     (11,883     (6,370

Other expense

     (874     (710
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss before benefit from (provision for) income taxes

     (53,943     (24,868

Benefit from (provision for) income taxes

     (13,778     5,393   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss

   $ (67,721   $ (19,475
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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     As of  
     April 30,
2013
     January 31,
2013
 

Balance Sheet Data:

     

Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities (1)

   $ 3,079,457       $ 1,758,285   

Deferred revenue, current and noncurrent

     1,733,160         1,862,995   

 

(1) Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities at April 30, 2013 includes $1.1 billion of net proceeds from the convertible 0.25% senior note offering and hedge transactions in March 2013

Unbilled deferred revenue was approximately $3.6 billion as of April 30, 2013 and $3.5 billion as of January 31, 2013. Unbilled deferred revenue represents future billings under our non-cancelable subscription agreements that have not been invoiced and, accordingly, are not recorded in deferred revenue.

Cost of revenues and marketing and sales expenses include the following amounts related to amortization of purchased intangibles from business combinations:

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
     2013      2012  

Cost of revenues

   $ 21,305       $ 17,448   

Marketing and sales

     2,460         3,427   

Cost of revenues and operating expenses include the following amounts related to stock-based awards:

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
     2013      2012  

Cost of revenues

   $ 10,678       $ 7,253   

Research and development

     24,429         15,667   

Marketing and sales

     59,802         41,987   

General and administrative

     19,820         16,359   

Revenues by geography were as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
     2013      2012  

Americas

   $ 631,108       $ 484,953   

Europe

     162,826         118,294   

Asia Pacific

     98,699         92,220   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
   $ 892,633       $ 695,467   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Approximately 95 percent and 94 percent of the Americas revenue for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively, was attributed to the United States.

 

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The following tables set forth selected condensed consolidated statements of operations data for each of the periods indicated as a percentage of total revenues:

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
     2013     2012  

Revenues:

    

Subscription and support

     94     94

Professional services and other

     6        6   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     100        100   

Cost of revenues:

    

Subscription and support

     17        16   

Professional services and other

     6        6   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cost of revenues

     23        22   

Gross profit

     77        78   

Operating expenses:

    

Research and development

     15        14   

Marketing and sales

     52        53   

General and administrative

     15        14   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating expenses

     82        81   

Loss from operations

     (5     (3

Investment income

     0        0   

Interest expense

     (1     (1

Other expense

     0        0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss before benefit from (provision for) income taxes

     (6     (4

Benefit from (provision for) income taxes

     (2     1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loss

     (8 )%      (3 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
     2013     2012  

Amortization of purchased intangibles from business combinations:

    

Cost of revenues

     2     3

Marketing and sales

     0        0   
     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
     2013     2012  

Stock-based awards:

    

Cost of revenues

     1     1

Research and development

     3        2   

Marketing and sales

     7        6   

General and administrative

     2        2   

 

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Table of Contents
     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
     2013     2012  

Revenues by geography:

    

Americas

     71     70

Europe

     18        17   

Asia Pacific

     11        13   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     100     100
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

     Three Months
Ended
April 30, 2013
compared to
Three Months
Ended
April 30, 2012
    Three Months
Ended
April 30, 2012
compared to
Three Months
Ended
April 30, 2011
 

Revenue constant currency growth rates

(as compared to the comparable prior periods):

    

Americas

     30     43

Europe

     38     33

Asia Pacific

     17     30

Total growth

     30     39

We present constant currency information to provide a framework for assessing how our underlying business performed excluding the effect of foreign currency rate fluctuations. To present this information, current and comparative prior period results for entities reporting in currencies other than United States dollars are converted into United States dollars at the weighted average exchange rate for the quarter being compared to for growth rate calculations presented, rather than the actual exchange rates in effect during that period.

Three Months Ended April 30, 2013 and 2012

Revenues.

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
     Variance  

(In thousands)

   2013      2012      Dollars      Percent  

Subscription and support

   $ 842,221       $ 655,220       $ 187,001         29

Professional services and other

     50,412         40,247         10,165         25
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 892,633       $ 695,467       $ 197,166         28
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues were $892.6 million for the three months ended April 30, 2013, compared to $695.5 million during the same period a year ago, an increase of $197.2 million, or 28 percent. Subscription and support revenues were $842.2 million, or 94 percent of total revenues, for the three months ended April 30, 2013, compared to $655.2 million, or 94 percent of total revenues, during the same period a year ago. The increase in subscription and support revenues was due primarily to new customers, upgrades and additional subscriptions from existing customers and improved renewal rates as compared to a year ago. We have continued to invest in a variety of customer programs and initiatives which, along with longer contract durations and increasing enterprise adoption, have helped improve our renewal rates. The price per user per month for our three primary offerings, Professional Edition, Enterprise Edition and Unlimited Edition, in the three months ended April 30, 2013 has generally remained consistent relative to prior periods. Professional services and other revenues were $50.4 million, or six percent of total revenues, for the three months ended April 30, 2013, compared to $40.2 million, or six percent of total revenues, for the same period a year ago. The increase in professional services and other revenues was due primarily to the higher demand for services from an increased number of customers.

Revenues in Europe and Asia Pacific accounted for $261.5 million, or 29 percent of total revenues, for the three months ended April 30, 2013, compared to $210.5 million, or 30 percent of total revenues, during the same period a year ago, an increase of $51.0 million, or 24 percent. The increase in revenues outside of the Americas was the result of the increasing acceptance of our service, our focus on marketing our services internationally and improved renewal rates as a result of the reasons stated above. Revenues outside of the Americas increased despite an overall strengthening of the U.S. dollar relative to major international currencies, which reduced aggregate international revenues by $9.9 million compared to the same period a year ago.

 

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Cost of Revenues.

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
    Variance  

(In thousands)

   2013     2012     Dollars  

Subscription and support

   $ 153,550      $ 108,744      $ 44,806   

Professional services and other

     55,444        42,807        12,637   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cost of revenues

   $ 208,994      $ 151,551      $ 57,443   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Percent of total revenues

     23     22  

Cost of revenues was $209.0 million, or 23 percent of total revenues, for the three months ended April 30, 2013, compared to $151.6 million, or 22 percent of total revenues, during the same period a year ago, an increase of $57.4 million. The increase in absolute dollars was primarily due to an increase of $18.2 million in employee-related costs, an increase of $3.4 million in stock-based expenses, an increase of $9.3 million in service delivery costs, primarily due to our efforts to increase data center capacity, an increase of $8.7 million in depreciation and amortization expenses, $3.9 million of which related to the amortization of purchased intangible assets, an increase of $4.7 million in allocated overhead and an increase of approximately $8.0 million related to an intellectual property license agreement. We have increased our headcount by 30 percent since April 30, 2012 to meet the higher demand for services from our customers. We intend to continue to invest additional resources in our enterprise cloud computing services and data center capacity. Additionally, the amortization of purchased intangible assets will increase as we acquire additional businesses and technologies. We also plan to add additional employees in our professional services group to facilitate the adoption of our services. The timing of these expenses will affect our cost of revenues, both in terms of absolute dollars and as a percentage of revenues in future periods.

Research and Development.

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
    Variance  

(In thousands)

   2013     2012     Dollars  

Research and development

   $ 131,939      $ 94,776      $ 37,163   

Percent of total revenues

     15     14  

Research and development expenses were $131.9 million, or 15 percent of total revenues, for the three months ended April 30, 2013, compared to $94.8 million, or 14 percent of total revenues, during the same period a year ago, an increase of $37.2 million. The increase in absolute dollars was primarily due to an increase of $23.1 million in employee-related costs, an increase of $8.8 million in stock-based expenses and an increase of $2.6 million in our development and test data center. We increased our research and development headcount by 30 percent since April 30, 2012 in order to improve and extend our service offerings and develop new technologies. We expect that research and development expenses will increase in absolute dollars and may increase as a percentage of revenues in the remaining nine months of fiscal 2014 and future periods because we expect to continue to invest in building the necessary employee and system infrastructure required to support the development of new, and improve existing, technologies and the integration of acquired technologies.

Marketing and Sales.

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
    Variance  

(In thousands)

   2013     2012     Dollars  

Marketing and sales

   $ 466,490      $ 369,789      $ 96,701   

Percent of total revenues

     52     53  

 

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Marketing and sales expenses were $466.5 million, or 52 percent of total revenues, for the three months ended April 30, 2013, compared to $369.8 million, or 53 percent of total revenues, during the same period a year ago, an increase of $96.7 million. The increase in absolute dollars was primarily due to increases of $56.8 million in employee-related costs, including amortization of deferred commissions, $17.8 million in stock-based expenses, $14.5 million in advertising, marketing and event costs and increases in allocated overhead. Our marketing and sales headcount increased by 22 percent since April 30, 2012 as we hired additional sales personnel to focus on adding new customers and increasing penetration within our existing customer base.

General and Administrative.

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
    Variance  

(In thousands)

   2013     2012     Dollars  

General and administrative

   $ 129,750      $ 101,600      $ 28,150   

Percent of total revenues

     15     14 %  

 

General and administrative expenses were $129.8 million, or 15 percent of total revenues, for the three months ended April 30, 2013, compared to $101.6 million, or 14 percent of total revenues, during the same period a year ago, an increase of $28.2 million. The increase was primarily due to an increases of $10.9 million in employee-related costs, $5.1 million in professional and outside services, $3.5 million in stock-based expenses and increases in allocated overhead. Our general and administrative headcount increased by 14 percent since April 30, 2012 as we added personnel to support our growth.

Loss from operations.

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
    Variance  

(In thousands)

   2013     2012     Dollars  

Loss from operations

   $ (44,540   $ (22,249   $ (22,291

Percent of total revenues

     (5 )%      (3 )%   

Loss from operations for the three months ended April 30, 2013 was $44.5 million and included $114.7 million of stock-based expenses and $23.8 million of amortization of purchased intangibles. During the same period a year ago, loss from operations was $22.2 million and included $81.3 million of stock-based expenses and $20.9 million of amortization of purchased intangibles.

Investment income.

 

                                            
     Three Months Ended
April 30,
    Variance  

(In thousands)

   2013     2012     Dollars  

Investment income

   $ 3,354         $ 4,461         $ (1,107

Investment income consists of income on our cash and marketable securities balances. Investment income was $3.4 million for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and was $4.5 million during the same period a year ago. The decrease was primarily due to lower investment yields from our portfolio compared to the same period a year ago.

 

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Interest expense.

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
    Variance  

(In thousands)

   2013     2012     Dollars  

Interest expense

   $ (11,883   $ (6,370   $ (5,513

Interest expense consists of interest on our convertible senior notes and capital leases. Interest expense, net of interest costs capitalized, was $11.9 million for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and was $6.4 million during the same period a year ago. The increase was primarily due to interest expense associated with the March 2013 issuance of $1.15 billion convertible senior notes. During the three months ended April 30, 2013, we capitalized $0.2 million of interest costs related to capital projects. Capitalized interest during the same period a year ago was $1.8 million. During the first quarter of fiscal 2013, we suspended pre-construction activity, which includes capitalized interest costs, on the undeveloped real estate in San Francisco, California.

Benefit from (provision for) income taxes.

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
    Variance  

(In thousands)

   2013     2012     Dollars  

Benefit from (provision for) income taxes

   $ (13,778   $ 5,393      $ (19,171

Effective tax rate

     (26 )%      22  

For the three months ended April 30, 2013, we reported a tax expense of $13.8 million with a pretax loss of $53.9 million, which resulted in a negative effective tax rate of 26 percent. We recorded a tax provision on a pretax loss primarily due to income taxes accrued in profitable jurisdictions outside of the U.S. and the loss in the U.S. was not benefited due to the valuation allowance.

For the three months ended April 30, 2012, we recorded a tax benefit of $5.4 million on a pretax loss of $24.9 million, which resulted in an effective tax rate of 22 percent. The tax rate was lower than the federal statutory tax rate of 35 percent primarily attributable to California tax credits and tax benefits recorded in connection with acquisition related structuring of intellectual property, partially offset by a detrimental foreign tax differential and non-deductible expenses arising from stock-based compensation and state income taxes.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

At April 30, 2013, our principal sources of liquidity were cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities totaling $3.1 billion and accounts receivable of $502.6 million.

Net cash provided by operating activities was $283.2 million during the three months ended April 30, 2013 and $213.2 million during the same period a year ago. Cash provided by operating activities has historically been affected by: the amount of net loss adjusted for non-cash expense items such as depreciation and amortization, amortization of purchased intangibles from business combinations, amortization of debt discount, and the expense associated with stock-based awards; the reclassification of excess tax benefits from employee stock plans to cash flows from financing activities; the timing of employee related costs including commissions and bonus payments; the timing of collections from our customers, which is our largest source of operating cash flows; and changes in working capital accounts.

 

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Our working capital accounts consist of accounts receivables and prepaid assets and other current assets. Claims against working capital include accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities and our convertible notes. Our working capital may be impacted by factors in future periods, certain amounts and timing of which are seasonal, such as billings to customers for subscriptions and support services and the subsequent collection of those billings.

As described above in “Seasonal Nature of Deferred Revenue and Accounts Receivable,” our fourth quarter has historically been our strongest quarter for new business and renewals. The year on year compounding effect of this seasonality in both billing patterns and overall business causes the value of invoices that we generate in the fourth quarter to increase as a proportion of our total annual billings.

We generally invoice our customers for our subscription and services contracts in advance in annual or quarterly installments. We typically issue renewal invoices 30 days in advance of the renewal service period, and depending on timing, the initial invoice for the subscription and services contract and the subsequent renewal invoice may occur in different quarters. Such invoice amounts are initially reflected in accounts receivable and deferred revenue, which is reflected on the balance sheet. The operating cash flow benefit of increased billing activity generally occurs in the subsequent quarter when we collect from our customers.

Net cash provided by operating activities increased $70.0 million over the same period a year ago primarily due to higher net income after adjusting for depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation and a $9.2 million decrease in the excess tax benefits from employee stock plans which improved operating cash results.

Net cash used in investing activities was $219.3 million during the three months ended April 30, 2013 and $475.0 million during the same period a year ago. The net cash used in investing activities during the three months ended April 30, 2013 primarily related to business combinations, capital expenditures, investment of cash balances and strategic investments offset by proceeds from sales and maturities of marketable securities.

Net cash provided by financing activities was $1.1 billion during the three months ended April 30, 2013 and $97.0 million during the same period a year ago. Net cash provided by financing activities during the three months ended April 30, 2013 consisted primarily of $1.1 billion of proceeds from the issuance of convertible senior notes, $84.8 million from proceeds from the issuance of warrants and $66.5 million of proceeds from equity plans offset by $153.8 million for the purchase of hedges on the convertible note and $8.5 million of principal payments on capital leases.

In January 2010, we issued $575.0 million of 0.75% convertible senior notes due January 15, 2015 (the “0.75% Senior Notes”) and concurrently entered into convertible notes hedges (the “0.75% Note Hedges”) and separate warrant transactions (the “0.75% Warrants”). The 0.75% Senior Notes will mature on January 15, 2015, unless earlier converted. Upon conversion of any 0.75% Senior Notes, we will deliver cash up to the principal amount of the 0.75% Senior Notes and, with respect to any excess conversion value greater than the principal amount of the 0.75% Senior Notes, shares of our common stock, cash, or a combination of both. To date, there has been a nominal amount of conversions of the 0.75% Senior Notes.

For the 20 trading days during the 30 consecutive trading days ended January 31, 2013, our common stock traded at a price exceeding 130% of the conversion price of $21.34 per share applicable to the 0.75% Senior Notes. Accordingly, the 0.75% Senior Notes were convertible at the holders’ option for the quarter ending April 30, 2013. The 0.75% Senior Notes are classified as a current liability on our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of April 30, 2013. For 20 trading days during the 30 consecutive trading days ended April 30, 2013, our common stock traded at a price exceeding 130% of the conversion price of $21.34 per share applicable to the 0.75% Senior Notes. Accordingly, the 0.75% Senior Notes will be convertible at the holders’ option for the quarter ending July 31, 2013, and will remain classified as a current liability on our condensed consolidated balance sheet.

In March 2013, we issued $1.15 billion of 0.25% convertible senior notes due April 1, 2018 (the “0.25% Senior Notes”) and concurrently entered into convertible notes hedges (the “0.25% Note Hedges”) and separate warrant transactions (the “0.25% Warrants”). The 0.25% Senior Notes will mature on April 1, 2018, unless earlier converted. Upon conversion of any 0.25% Senior Notes, we will deliver cash up to the principal amount of the 0.25% Senior Notes and, with respect to any excess conversion value greater than the principal amount of the 0.25% Senior Notes, shares of our common stock, cash, or a combination of both.

 

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The 0.25% Senior Notes will be convertible if during any 20 trading days during the 30 consecutive trading days of any fiscal quarter commencing after April 30, 2013, our common stock trades at a price exceeding 130% of the conversion price of $66.44 per share applicable to the 0.25% Senior Notes. The 0.25% Senior Notes have not yet been convertible at the holders’ option. The 0.25% Senior Notes are classified as a noncurrent liability on our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of April 30, 2013.

Our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities are comprised primarily of corporate notes and other obligations, U.S. treasury securities, U.S. agency obligations, government obligations, collateralized mortgage obligations, mortgage backed securities, time deposits, money market mutual funds and municipal securities.

As of April 30, 2013, we have a total of $60.2 million in letters of credit outstanding in favor of certain landlords for office space. To date, no amounts have been drawn against the letters of credit, which renew annually and expire at various dates through December 2030.

We do not have any special purpose entities, and other than operating leases for office space and computer equipment, we do not engage in off-balance sheet financing arrangements. Additionally, we currently do not have a bank line of credit.

Our principal commitments consist of obligations under leases for office space and co-location facilities for data center capacity and our development and test data center, and computer equipment and furniture and fixtures. At April 30, 2013, the future non-cancelable minimum payments under these commitments were as follows (in thousands):

 

     Capital
Leases
    Operating
Leases
 

Fiscal Period:

    

Remaining nine months of fiscal 2014

   $ 23,658      $ 114,569   

Fiscal 2015

     14,266        158,097   

Fiscal 2016

     11,008        151,534   

Fiscal 2017

     10,206        142,966   

Fiscal 2018

     5,437        140,331   

Thereafter

     286        987,951   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total minimum lease payments

     64,861      $ 1,695,448   
    

 

 

 

Less: amount representing interest

     (4,044  
  

 

 

   

Present value of capital lease obligations

   $ 60,817     
  

 

 

   

The majority of our operating lease agreements provide us with the option to renew. Our future operating lease obligations would change if we exercised these options and if we entered into additional operating lease agreements as we expand our operations.

 

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During the remaining nine months of fiscal 2014 and in future fiscal years, we expect to make additional investments in our infrastructure to scale our operations and increase productivity. We plan to upgrade and/or replace various internal systems to scale with the overall growth of the Company. Additionally, we expect capital expenditures to be higher in absolute dollars in the remaining nine months of fiscal 2014 as a result of continued office build-outs, other leasehold improvements and data center investments.

In the future, we may enter into arrangements to acquire or invest in complementary businesses or joint ventures, services and technologies, and intellectual property rights. We may be required to seek additional equity or debt financing. Additional funds may not be available on terms favorable to us or at all.

We believe our existing cash, cash equivalents and short-term marketable securities and cash provided by operating activities will be sufficient to meet our working capital and capital expenditure needs over the next 12 months.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Regulation S-K Item 10(e), “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures in Commission Filings,” defines and prescribes the conditions for use of non-GAAP financial information. Our measures of non-GAAP gross profit, non-GAAP operating profit, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP earnings per share each meet the definition of a non-GAAP financial measure.

Non-GAAP gross profit, Non-GAAP operating profit and Non-GAAP net income

We use the non-GAAP measures of non-GAAP gross profit, non-GAAP operating profit and non-GAAP net income to provide an additional view of operational performance by excluding non-cash expenses that are not directly related to performance in any particular period. In addition to our GAAP measures we use these non-GAAP measures when planning, monitoring, and evaluating our performance. We believe that these non-GAAP measures reflect our ongoing business in a manner that allows for meaningful period-to-period comparisons and analysis of trends in our business, as they exclude certain expenses. These certain expenses are excluded because the decisions which gave rise to these expenses are not made to increase revenue in a particular period, but are made for our long-term benefit over multiple periods and we are not able to change or affect these items in any particular period.

We define non-GAAP net income as our total net income excluding the following components, which we believe are not reflective of our ongoing operational expenses. In each case, for the reasons set forth below, we believe that excluding the component provides useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating the impact of certain non-cash items to our operating results and future prospects in the same manner as us, in comparing financial results across accounting periods and to those of peer companies and to better understand the impact of these non-cash items on our gross margin and operating performance. Additionally, as significant, unusual or discrete events occur, the results may be excluded in the period in which the events occur.

 

   

Stock-Based Expenses. The Company’s compensation strategy includes the use of stock-based compensation to attract and retain employees and executives. It is principally aimed at aligning their interests with those of our stockholders and at long-term employee retention, rather than to motivate or reward operational performance for any particular period. Thus, stock-based compensation expense varies for reasons that are generally unrelated to operational decisions and performance in any particular period.

 

   

Amortization of Purchased Intangibles. The Company views amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, such as the amortization of the cost associated with an acquired company’s research and development efforts, trade names, customer lists and customer relationships, as items arising from pre-acquisition activities determined at the time of an acquisition. While it is continually viewed for impairment, amortization of the cost of purchased intangibles is a static expense, one that is not typically affected by operations during any particular period.

 

   

Amortization of Debt Discount. Under GAAP, certain convertible debt instruments that may be settled in cash (or other assets) on conversion are required to be separately accounted for as liability (debt) and equity (conversion option) components of the instrument in a manner that reflects the issuer’s non-convertible debt borrowing rate. Accordingly, for GAAP purposes we are required to recognize imputed interest expense on the Company’s $575 million of convertible senior notes that were issued in a private placement in January 2010 and the Company’s $1.15 billion of convertible senior notes that were issued in a private placement in March 2013. The imputed interest rates were approximately 5.9% for the notes issued in January 2010 and approximately 2.5% for the notes issued in March 2013, while the coupon interest rates were 0.75% and 0.25%, respectively. The difference between the imputed interest expense and the coupon interest expense, net of the interest amount capitalized, is excluded from management’s assessment of the Company’s operating performance because management believes that this non-cash expense is not indicative of ongoing operating performance. Management believes that the exclusion of the non-cash interest expense provides investors an enhanced view of the Company’s operational performance.

 

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Income Tax Effects and Adjustments. The Company’s non-GAAP tax provision excludes the tax effects of expense items described above and certain tax items not directly related to the current fiscal year’s ordinary operating results. Examples of such tax items include, but are not limited to, changes in the valuation allowance related to deferred tax assets, certain acquisition-related costs and unusual or infrequently occurring items. Management believes the exclusion of these income tax adjustments provides investors with useful supplemental information about the Company’s operational performance

We define non-GAAP gross profit as our total revenues less cost of revenues, as reported on our consolidated statement of operations, excluding the portions of stock-based expenses and amortization of purchased intangibles that are included in cost of revenues.

We define non-GAAP operating profit as our non-GAAP gross profit less operating expenses, as reported on our consolidated statement of operations, excluding the portions of stock-based expenses and amortization of purchased intangibles that are included in operating expenses.

Non-GAAP earnings per share

Management uses the non-GAAP earnings per share to provide an additional view of performance by excluding expenses that are not directly related to performance in any particular period in the earnings per share calculation.

We define non-GAAP earnings per share as our non-GAAP net income, which excludes the above components, which we believe are not reflective of our ongoing operational expenses, divided by basic or diluted shares outstanding.

Limitations on the use of Non-GAAP financial measures

A limitation of our non-GAAP financial measures of non-GAAP gross profit, non-GAAP operating profit, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP earnings per share is that they do not have uniform definitions. Our definitions will likely differ from the definitions used by other companies, including peer companies, and therefore comparability may be limited. Thus, our non-GAAP measures of non-GAAP gross profit, non-GAAP operating profit, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP earnings per share should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, or in isolation from, measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. Additionally, in the case of stock-based expense, if we did not pay a portion of compensation in the form of stock-based expense, the cash salary expense included in costs of revenues and operating expenses would be higher which would affect our cash position.

We compensate for these limitations by reconciling non-GAAP gross profit, non-GAAP operating profit, non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP earnings per share to the most comparable GAAP financial measure. We encourage investors and others to review our financial information in its entirety, not to rely on any single financial measure and to view our non-GAAP financial measures in conjunction with the most comparable GAAP financial measures.

Our reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measures of gross profit, operating profit, net income and earnings per share to the most comparable GAAP measure, “gross profit,” “loss from operations,” “net loss” and “Net loss per share” for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012 are as follows (in thousands):

 

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     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
     2013     2012  

Non-GAAP gross profit

    

GAAP gross profit

   $ 683,639      $ 543,916   

Plus:

    

Amortization of purchased intangibles

     21,305        17,448   

Stock-based expenses

     10,678        7,253   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-GAAP gross profit

   $ 715,622      $ 568,617   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
     2013     2012  

Non-GAAP operating profit

    

GAAP loss from operations

   $ (44,540   $ (22,249

Plus:

    

Amortization of purchased intangibles

     23,765        20,875   

Stock-based expenses

     114,729        81,266   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-GAAP operating profit

   $ 93,954      $ 79,892   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
     2013     2012  

Non-GAAP net income

    

GAAP net loss

   $ (67,721   $ (19,475

Plus:

    

Amortization of purchased intangibles

     23,765        20,875   

Stock-based expenses

     114,729        81,266   

Amortization of debt discount, net

     9,240        4,883   

Less:

    

Income tax effect and adjustments

     (19,049     (33,095
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-GAAP net income

   $ 60,964      $ 54,454   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 
     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 
     2013     2012  

Non-GAAP diluted earnings per share (a)

    

GAAP diluted loss per share

   $ (0.12   $ (0.04

Plus:

    

Amortization of purchased intangibles

     0.04        0.04   

Stock-based expenses

     0.19        0.14   

Amortization of debt discount, net

     0.01        0.01   

Less:

    

Income tax effect of Non-GAAP items

     (0.02     (0.06
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Non-GAAP diluted earnings per share

   $ 0.10      $ 0.09   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Shares used in computing diluted net income per share

     622,677        584,204   

 

(a) Reported GAAP loss per share was calculated using the basic share count. Non-GAAP diluted earnings per share was calculated using the diluted share count. Following the stockholders’ approval, the Company amended its certificate of incorporation on March 20, 2013, to increase the number of authorized shares of common stock from 400.0 million to 1.6 billion and effect a four-for-one stock split of the common stock. Accordingly, all share and per share data presented herein reflect the impact of the increase in authorized shares and the stock split.

 

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The effects of dilutive securities were not included in the GAAP calculation of diluted earnings/loss per share for the three months ended April 30, 2013 and 2012 because we had a net loss for the periods and the effect would have been anti-dilutive. The following table reflects the effect of the dilutive securities on the basic share count used in the GAAP earnings/loss per share calculation to derive the share count used for the non-GAAP diluted earnings per share:

 

     Three Months Ended
April 30,
 

Supplemental Diluted Sharecount Information (in thousands):

   2013      2012  

Weighted-average shares outstanding for GAAP basic earnings per share

     588,385         552,600   

Effect of dilutive securities:

     

Convertible senior notes

     13,563         11,148   

Warrants associated with the convertible senior note hedges

     8,214         4,832   

Employee stock awards

     12,515         15,624   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Adjusted weighted-average shares outstanding and assumed conversions for Non-GAAP diluted earnings per share

     622,677         584,204   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Foreign currency exchange risk

Our results of operations and cash flows are subject to fluctuations due to changes in foreign currency exchange rates, particularly changes in the Euro, British Pound Sterling, Canadian Dollar and Japanese Yen. We seek to minimize the impact of certain foreign currency fluctuations by hedging certain balance sheet exposures with foreign currency forward contracts. Any gain or loss from settling these contracts is offset by the loss or gain derived from the underlying balance sheet exposures. In accordance with our policy, the hedging contracts we enter into have maturities of less than three months. Additionally, by policy, we do not enter into any hedging contracts for trading or speculative purposes.

Interest rate sensitivity

We had cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities totaling $3.1 billion at April 30, 2013. This amount was invested primarily in money market funds, time deposits, corporate notes and bonds, government securities and other debt securities with credit ratings of at least triple BBB or better. The cash, cash equivalents and short-term marketable securities are held for general corporate purposes including possible acquisitions of, or investments in, complementary businesses, services or technologies, working capital and capital expenditures. Our investments are made for capital preservation purposes. We do not enter into investments for trading or speculative purposes.

Our cash equivalents and our portfolio of marketable securities are subject to market risk due to changes in interest rates. Fixed rate securities may have their market value adversely impacted due to a rise in interest rates, while floating rate securities may produce less income than expected if interest rates fall. Due in part to these factors, our future investment income may fall short of expectation due to changes in interest rates or we may suffer losses in principal if we are forced to sell securities that decline in market value due to changes in interest rates. However because we classify our debt securities as “available for sale,” no gains or losses are recognized due to changes in interest rates unless such securities are sold prior to maturity or declines in fair value are determined to be other-than-temporary. Our fixed-income portfolio is subject to interest rate risk.

An immediate increase or decrease in interest rates of 100-basis points at April 30, 2013 could result in a $20.4 million market value reduction or increase of the same amount. This estimate is based on a sensitivity model that measures market value changes when changes in interest rates occur. Fluctuations in the value of our investment securities caused by a change in interest rates (gains or losses on the carrying value) are recorded in other comprehensive income, and are realized only if we sell the underlying securities.

At January 31, 2013, we had cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities totaling $1.8 billion. The fixed-income portfolio was also subject to interest rate risk. Changes in interest rates of 100-basis points would have resulted in market value changes of $16.7 million.

Market Risk and Market Interest Risk

In January 2010, we issued at par value $575.0 million of 0.75% convertible senior notes due 2015 (the “0.75% Senior Notes”) and in March 2013, we issued at par value $1.15 billion of 0.25% convertible senior notes (the “0.25% Senior Notes”) (collectively the “Notes”). Holders may convert the Notes prior to maturity upon the occurrence of certain circumstances. Upon conversion, we would pay the holder an amount of cash equal to the principal amounts of the Notes. Amounts in excess of the principal amounts of the Notes, if any, may be paid in cash or stock at our option. Concurrent with the issuance of the Notes, we entered into separate note hedging transactions and the sale of warrants. These separate transactions were completed to reduce the potential economic dilution from the conversion of the Notes.

The 0.75% Senior Notes and the 0.25% Senior Notes have fixed annual interest rates of 0.75% and 0.25%, respectively and therefore, we do not have economic interest rate exposure on the Notes. However, the value of the Notes are exposed to interest rate risk. Generally, the fair values of our fixed interest rate Notes will increase as interest rates fall and decrease as interest rates rise. In addition, the fair values of our Notes is affected by our stock price. The carrying value of our 0.75% Senior Notes was $527.8 million and the carrying value of our 0.25% Senior Notes was $1.0 billion as of April 30, 2013, which represents the liability components of the $575.0 million principal balance and $1.15 billion principal balance, respectively. The total estimated fair values of our 0.75% Senior Notes and 0.25% Senior Notes at April 30, 2013 were $1.1 billion and $1.1 billion, respectively. The fair value was determined based on the closing trading price per $100 of the 0.75% Senior Notes and 0.25% Senior Notes as of the last day of trading for the first quarter of fiscal 2014, which was $194.67 and $99.65, respectively.

We have an investment portfolio that includes strategic investments in public and privately-held companies, many of which are in the development stage. When our ownership interests are less than 20 percent and we do not have the ability to exert significant influence, we account for investments in non-marketable equity and debt securities of the privately-held companies using the cost method of accounting. Otherwise, we account for the investments using the equity method of accounting. As of April 30, 2013 and January 31, 2013 the fair value of our investments in privately-held companies was $51.4 million and $46.8 million, respectively.

 

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ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

(a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), as of the end of the period covered by this report (the “Evaluation Date”).

In designing and evaluating our disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any disclosure controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. In addition, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and that management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs.

Based on management’s evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to, and are effective to, provide assurance at a reasonable level that the information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.

(b) Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of any changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during our most recently completed fiscal quarter. Based on that evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that there has not been any material change in our internal control over financial reporting during the quarter covered by this report that materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

In the ordinary course of business, we are involved in various legal proceedings and claims related to alleged infringement of third-party patents and other intellectual property rights, commercial, corporate and securities, labor and employment, wage and hour, and other claims. We have been, and may in the future be, put on notice and/or sued by third parties for alleged infringement of their proprietary rights, including patent infringement. For example, we received a notice from a large non-practicing entity several quarters ago alleging that we infringed upon certain of its patents. While no litigation was ever filed, in May 2013 we entered into a multi-year license agreement with the non-practicing entity that covered past and future non-exclusive rights to its intellectual property. During the first quarter of fiscal 2014, we recorded approximately $8.0 million expense for the portion of the license agreement related to prior periods.

We evaluate all claims and lawsuits with respect to their potential merits, our potential defenses and counter claims, settlement or litigation potential and the expected effect on us. Our technologies may be subject to injunction if they are found to infringe the rights of a third party. In addition, many of our subscription agreements require us to indemnify our customers for third-party intellectual property infringement claims, which could increase the cost to us of an adverse ruling on such a claim.

The outcome of any claims or litigation, regardless of the merits, is inherently uncertain. Any claims and other lawsuits, and the disposition of such claims and lawsuits, whether through settlement or litigation, could be time-consuming and expensive to resolve, divert our attention from executing our business plan, result in efforts to enjoin our activities, lead to attempts by third parties to seek similar claims and, in the case of intellectual property claims, require us to change our technology, change our business practices and/or pay monetary damages or enter into short- or long-term royalty or licensing agreements.

In general, the resolution of a legal matter could prevent us from offering our service to others, could be material to our financial condition or cash flows, or both, or could otherwise adversely affect our operating results.

We make a provision for a liability relating to legal matters when it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. These provisions are reviewed at least quarterly and adjusted to reflect the impacts of negotiations, estimated settlements, legal rulings, advice of legal counsel and other information and events pertaining to a particular matter. In our opinion, resolution of all current matters is not expected to have a material adverse impact on our consolidated results of operations, cash flows or financial position. However, depending on the nature and timing of any such dispute, an unfavorable resolution of a matter could materially affect our future results of operations or cash flows, or both, of a particular quarter.

 

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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones facing us. Other events that we do not currently anticipate or that we currently deem immaterial also may affect our results of operations, cash flows and financial condition.

Risks Related to Our Business and Industry

Defects or disruptions in our service could diminish demand for our service and subject us to substantial liability.

Because our service is complex and incorporates a variety of hardware and proprietary and third-party software, our service may have errors or defects that could result in unanticipated downtime for our subscribers and harm to our reputation and our business. Internet-based services frequently contain undetected errors when first introduced or when new versions or enhancements are released. We have from time to time found defects in our service and new errors in our service may be detected in the future. In addition, our customers may use our service in unanticipated ways that may cause a disruption in service for other customers attempting to access their data. As we acquire companies, we may encounter difficulty in incorporating the acquired technologies into our service and maintaining the quality standards that are consistent with our brand and reputation. Since our customers use our service for important aspects of their business, any errors, defects, disruptions in service or other performance problems could hurt our reputation and may damage our customers’ businesses. As a result, customers could elect to not renew, or delay or withhold payment to us, we could lose future sales or customers may make warranty or other claims against us, which could result in an increase in our provision for doubtful accounts, an increase in collection cycles for accounts receivable or the expense and risk of litigation.

Interruptions or delays in service from our third-party data center hosting facilities could impair the delivery of our service and harm our business.

We currently serve our customers from third-party data center hosting facilities located in the United States and other countries. Any damage to, or failure of, our systems generally could result in interruptions in our service. Interruptions in our service may reduce our revenue, cause us to issue credits or pay penalties, cause customers to terminate their subscriptions and adversely affect our renewal rates and our ability to attract new customers. Our business will also be harmed if our customers and potential customers believe our service is unreliable.

As part of our current disaster recovery arrangements, our production environment and all of our customers’ data is currently replicated in near real-time in a facility located in the United States. Companies and products added through acquisition may be temporarily served through alternate facilities. We do not control the operation of any of these facilities, and they are vulnerable to damage or interruption from earthquakes, floods, fires, power loss, telecommunications failures and similar events. They may also be subject to break-ins, sabotage, intentional acts of vandalism and similar misconduct. Despite precautions taken at these facilities, the occurrence of a natural disaster or an act of terrorism, a decision to close the facilities without adequate notice or other unanticipated problems at these facilities could result in lengthy interruptions in our service. Even with the disaster recovery arrangements, our service could be interrupted.

As we continue to add data centers and add capacity in our existing data centers, we may move or transfer our data and our customers’ data. Despite precautions taken during this process, any unsuccessful data transfers may impair the delivery of our service.

If our security measures are breached and unauthorized access is obtained to a customer’s data or our data or our IT systems, our service may be perceived as not being secure, customers may curtail or stop using our service and we may incur significant legal and financial exposure and liabilities.

Our service involves the storage and transmission of customers’ proprietary information, and security breaches could expose us to a risk of loss of this information, litigation and possible liability. These security measures may be breached as a result of third-party action, including intentional misconduct by computer hackers, employee error, malfeasance or otherwise and result in someone obtaining unauthorized access to our customers’ data or our data, including our intellectual property and other confidential business information, or our IT systems. Additionally, third parties may attempt to fraudulently induce employees or customers into disclosing sensitive information such as user names, passwords or other information in order to gain access to our customers’ data or our data or IT systems. Because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access, or to sabotage systems, change frequently and generally are not recognized until launched against a target, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventative measures. In addition, our customers may authorize third-party technology providers to access their customer data. Because we do not control our customers and third-party technology providers, or the processing of such data by third-party technology providers, we cannot ensure the integrity or security of such transmissions or processing. Malicious third-parties may also conduct attacks designed to temporarily deny customers access to our services. Any security breach could result in a loss of confidence in the security of our service, damage our reputation, negatively impact our future sales, disrupt our business and lead to legal liability.

 

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We rely on third-party computer hardware and software which could cause errors or failures of our service and may be difficult to replace.

We rely on computer hardware purchased or leased and software licensed from third parties in order to offer our service, including database software from Oracle Corporation and hardware from a variety of vendors. Any errors or defects in third-party hardware or software could result in errors or a failure of our service which could harm our business. This hardware and software may not continue to be available at reasonable prices or on commercially reasonable terms, or at all. Any loss of the right to use any of this hardware or software could significantly increase our expenses and otherwise result in delays in the provisioning of our service until equivalent technology is either developed by us, or, if available, is identified, obtained through purchase or license and integrated into our service.

Because we recognize revenue from subscriptions for our service over the term of the subscription, downturns or upturns in new business may not be immediately reflected in our operating results.

We generally recognize revenue from customers ratably over the terms of their subscription agreements, which are typically 12 to 36 months. As a result, most of the revenue we report in each quarter is the result of subscription agreements entered into during previous quarters. Consequently, a decline in new or renewed subscriptions in any one quarter may not be reflected in our revenue results for that quarter. Any such decline, however, will negatively affect our revenue in future quarters. Accordingly, the effect of significant downturns in sales and market acceptance of our service, and potential changes in our rate of renewals may not be fully reflected in our results of operations until future periods. Our subscription model also makes it difficult for us to rapidly increase our revenue through additional sales in any period, as revenue from new customers must be recognized over the applicable subscription term.

Our efforts to expand our service beyond the CRM market and to develop our existing service in order to keep pace with technological developments may not succeed and may reduce our revenue growth rate and/or harm our business.

We derive substantially all of our revenue from subscriptions to our CRM enterprise cloud computing application service, and we expect this will continue for the foreseeable future. The markets for our Marketing Cloud and Salesforce Platform remain relatively new and it is uncertain whether our efforts will ever result in significant revenue for us. Further, the introduction of new services beyond the CRM market may not be successful, and early stage interest and adoption of such new services may not result in long term success or significant revenue for us. Our efforts to expand our service beyond the CRM market may not succeed and may reduce our revenue growth rate.

Additionally, if we are unable to develop enhancements to and new features for our existing service or new services that keep pace with rapid technological developments, our business will be harmed. The success of enhancements, new features and services depends on several factors, including the timely completion, introduction and market acceptance of the feature or edition. Failure in this regard may significantly impair our revenue growth. In addition, because our service is designed to operate on a variety of network hardware and software platforms using a standard browser, we will need to continuously modify and enhance our service to keep pace with changes in Internet-related hardware, software, communication, browser and database technologies. We may not be successful in either developing these modifications and enhancements or in bringing them to market timely. Furthermore, uncertainties about the timing and nature of new network platforms or technologies, or modifications to existing platforms or technologies, could increase our research and development or service delivery expenses. Any failure of our service to operate effectively with future network platforms and technologies could reduce the demand for our service, result in customer dissatisfaction and harm our business.

If we experience significant fluctuations in our rate of anticipated growth and fail to balance our expenses with our revenue forecasts, our results could be harmed.

Due to the pace of change and innovation in enterprise cloud computing services and the unpredictability of future general economic and financial market conditions, we may not be able to accurately forecast our rate of growth. We plan our expense levels and investment on estimates of future revenue and future anticipated rate of growth. We may not be able to adjust our spending appropriately if the addition of new subscriptions or the renewal rate for existing subscriptions falls short of our expectations. A portion of our expenses may also be a fixed cost in nature for some minimum amount of time, such as with a data center contract or office lease, so it may not be possible to reduce costs in a timely manner or without the payment of fees to exit certain obligations early.

As a result, we expect that our revenues, operating results and cash flows may fluctuate significantly on a quarterly basis. Our recent revenue growth rates may not be sustainable and may decline in the future. We believe that period-to-period comparisons of our revenues, operating results and cash flows may not be meaningful and should not be relied upon as an indication of future performance.

 

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We cannot accurately predict subscription renewal or upgrade rates and the impact these rates may have on our future revenue and operating results.

Our customers have no obligation to renew their subscriptions for our service after the expiration of their initial subscription period, which is typically 12 to 36 months, and in fact, some customers have elected not to renew. In addition, our customers may renew for fewer subscriptions, renew for shorter contract lengths, or renew for lower cost editions of our service. We cannot accurately predict renewal rates given our varied customer base of enterprise and small and medium size business customers and the number of multiyear subscription contracts. Our renewal rates may decline or fluctuate as a result of a number of factors, including customer dissatisfaction with our service, customers’ spending levels, decreases in the number of users at our customers, pricing changes and deteriorating general economic conditions. If our customers do not renew their subscriptions for our service or reduce the number of paying subscriptions at the time of renewal, our revenue will decline and our business will suffer.

Our future success also depends in part on our ability to sell additional features and services, more subscriptions or enhanced editions of our service to our current customers. This may also require increasingly sophisticated and costly sales efforts that are targeted at senior management. Similarly, the rate at which our customers purchase new or enhanced services depends on a number of factors, including general economic conditions and that our customers do not react negatively to any price changes related to these additional features and services. If our efforts to upsell to our customers are not successful and negative reaction occurs, our business may suffer.

Our quarterly results can fluctuate and our stock price and the value of your investment could decline substantially.

Our quarterly results are likely to fluctuate. For example, our fiscal fourth quarter has historically been our strongest quarter for new business and renewals. The year-over-year compounding effect of this seasonality in billing patterns and overall new business and renewal activity causes the value of invoices that we generate in the fourth quarter to continually increase in proportion to our billings in the other three quarters of our fiscal year.

Additionally, some of the important factors that may cause our revenues, operating results and cash flows to fluctuate from quarter to quarter include:

 

   

our ability to retain and increase sales to existing customers, attract new customers and satisfy our customers’ requirements;

 

   

the renewal rates for our service;

 

   

the amount and timing of operating costs and capital expenditures related to the operations and expansion of our business;

 

   

changes in deferred revenue and unbilled deferred revenue balances, which are not reflected in the balance sheet, due to seasonality, the compounding effects of renewals, invoice duration, invoice timing and new business linearity;

 

   

the number of new employees;

 

   

changes in our pricing policies and terms of contracts, whether initiated by us or as a result of competition;

 

   

the cost, timing and management effort for the introduction of new features to our service;

 

   

the costs associated with acquiring new businesses and technologies and the follow-on costs of integration and consolidating the results of acquired businesses;

 

   

the rate of expansion and productivity of our sales force;

 

   

the length of the sales cycle for our service;

 

   

new product and service introductions by our competitors;

 

   

our success in selling our service to large enterprises;

 

   

variations in the revenue mix of editions of our service;

 

   

technical difficulties or interruptions in our service;

 

   

expenses related to our real estate, our office leases and our data center capacity and expansion;

 

   

changes in foreign currency exchange rates;

 

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changes in interest rates and our mix of investments, which would impact our return on our investments in cash and marketable securities;

 

   

conditions, particularly sudden changes, in the financial markets have and may continue to impact the value of and access to our investment portfolio;

 

   

changes in the effective tax rates due to changes in the mix of earnings and losses in countries with differing statutory tax rates, certain non-deductible expenses, changes in the valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities and our ability to utilize them, changes in federal, state or international tax laws and accounting principles, changes in judgment from the evaluation of new information that results in a recognition, derecognition or change in measurement of a tax position taken in a prior period, results of tax examinations by the Internal Revenue Service, state and foreign taxing authorities, as well as changes in excess tax benefits related to exercises and vesting of stock-based compensation that are allocated directly to stockholders’ equity;

 

   

expenses related to significant, unusual or discrete events which are recorded in the period in which the events occur;

 

   

general economic conditions that may adversely affect either our customers’ ability or willingness to purchase additional subscriptions or upgrade their service, or delay a prospective customers’ purchasing decision, or reduce the value of new subscription contracts, or affect renewal rates;

 

   

timing of additional investments in our enterprise cloud computing application and platform services and in our consulting service;

 

   

regulatory compliance costs;

 

   

the timing of customer payments and payment defaults by customers;

 

   

extraordinary expenses such as litigation or other dispute-related settlement payments;

 

   

the impact of new accounting pronouncements;

 

   

equity issuances, including as consideration in acquisitions or due to the conversion of our outstanding convertible notes at the election of the note holders;

 

   

the timing of stock awards to employees and the related adverse financial statement impact of having to expense those stock awards ratably over their vesting schedules;

 

   

the timing of commission, bonus, and other compensation payments to employees; and

 

   

the timing of payroll and other withholding tax expenses which is triggered by the payment of bonuses and when employees exercise their vested stock awards.

Many of these factors are outside of our control, and the occurrence of one or more of them might cause our operating results to vary widely. As such, we believe that quarter-to-quarter comparisons of our revenues, operating results, changes in our deferred revenue and unbilled deferred revenue balances and cash flows may not be meaningful and should not be relied upon as an indication of future performance.

Additionally, we may fail to meet or exceed the expectations of securities analysts and investors, and the market price of our common stock could decline. If one or more of the securities analysts who cover us adversely change their recommendation regarding our stock, the market price of our common stock could decline. Moreover, our stock price may be based on expectations, estimates or forecasts of our future performance that may be unrealistic or that may not be met. Further, our stock price may fluctuate based on reporting by the financial media, including television, radio and press reports and blogs.

We expect to incur net GAAP losses in the future.

We have incurred net losses in each fiscal quarter since July 31, 2011. In addition, we expect our costs to increase as a result of decisions made for our long-term benefit, such as equity awards and business combinations. Additionally, for the foreseeable future, we must maintain a substantial valuation allowance against our deferred income tax asset balance. If our revenue does not grow to offset these expected increased costs, we will not be able to return to profitability and we may continue to incur net losses, on a U.S. GAAP basis, in the future.

 

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The market in which we participate is intensely competitive, and if we do not compete effectively, our operating results could be harmed.

The market for enterprise applications and platform services is highly competitive, rapidly evolving and fragmented, and subject to changing technology, shifting customer needs and frequent introductions of new products and services. We compete primarily with vendors of packaged CRM software and companies offering on-demand CRM applications. We also compete with internally developed applications and face competition from enterprise software vendors and online service providers who may develop toolsets and products that allow customers to build new applications that run on the customers’ current infrastructure or as hosted services. Our current competitors include:

 

   

enterprise software application vendors;

 

   

cloud computing application service providers;

 

   

software companies that provide their product or service free of charge, and only charge a premium for advanced features and functionality;

 

   

traditional platform development environment companies; and

 

   

cloud computing development platform companies.

Many of our current and potential competitors enjoy substantial competitive advantages, such as greater name recognition, longer operating histories and larger marketing budgets, as well as substantially greater financial, technical and other resources. In addition, many of our current and potential competitors have established marketing relationships and access to larger customer bases, and have major distribution agreements with consultants, system integrators and resellers.

As a result, our competitors may be able to respond more quickly and effectively than we can to new or changing opportunities, technologies, standards or customer requirements. Furthermore, because of these advantages, even if our service is more effective than the products that our competitors offer, potential customers might accept competitive products and services in lieu of purchasing our service. For all of these reasons, we may not be able to compete successfully against our current and future competitors.

As we acquire companies or technologies, we may not realize the expected business benefits, the acquisitions could prove difficult to integrate, disrupt our business, dilute stockholder value and adversely affect our operating results and the value of your investment.

As part of our business strategy, we periodically make investments in, or acquisitions of, complementary businesses, joint ventures, services and technologies and intellectual property rights, and we expect that we will continue to make such investments and acquisitions in the future. Acquisitions and investments involve numerous risks, including:

 

   

the potential failure to achieve the expected benefits of the combination or acquisition;

 

   

difficulties in and the cost of integrating operations, technologies, services and personnel;

 

   

diversion of financial and managerial resources from existing operations;

 

   

risk of entering new markets in which we have little or no experience or where competitors may have stronger market positions;

 

   

potential write-offs of acquired assets or investments, and potential financial and credit risks associated with acquired customers;

 

   

potential loss of key employees;

 

   

inability to generate sufficient revenue to offset acquisition or investment costs;

 

   

the inability to maintain relationships with customers and partners of the acquired business;

 

   

the difficulty of transitioning the acquired technology onto our existing platforms and maintaining the security standards consistent with our other services for such technology;

 

   

potential unknown liabilities associated with the acquired businesses;

 

   

unanticipated expenses related to acquired technology and its integration into existing technology;

 

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negative impact to our results of operations because of the depreciation and amortization of amounts related to acquired intangible assets, fixed assets and deferred compensation, and the loss of acquired deferred revenue;

 

   

delays in customer purchases due to uncertainty related to any acquisition;

 

   

the need to implement controls, procedures and policies at the acquired company;

 

   

challenges caused by distance, language and cultural differences;

 

   

in the case of foreign acquisitions, the challenges associated with integrating operations across different cultures and languages and any currency and regulatory risks associated with specific countries; and

 

   

the tax effects of any such acquisitions.

In addition, if we finance acquisitions by issuing equity or convertible or other debt securities, our existing stockholders may be diluted or we could face constraints related to the terms of and repayment obligation related to the incurrence of indebtedness which could affect the market price of our common stock. Further, if we fail to properly evaluate and execute acquisitions or investments, our business and prospects may be seriously harmed and the value of your investment may decline.

If the market for our technology delivery model and enterprise cloud computing services develops more slowly than we expect, our business could be harmed.

Our success also depends on the willingness of third-party developers to build applications that are complementary to our service. Without the development of these applications, both current and potential customers may not find our service sufficiently attractive. In addition, for those customers who authorize a third-party technology partner access to their data, we do not provide any warranty related to the functionality, security and integrity of the data transmission or processing. Despite contract provisions to protect us, customers may look to us to support and provide warranties for the third-party applications, which may expose us to potential claims, liabilities and obligations for applications we did not develop or sell.

Supporting our existing and growing customer base could strain our personnel resources and infrastructure, and if we are unable to scale our operations and increase productivity, we may not be able to successfully implement our business plan.

We continue to experience significant growth in our customer base, which has placed a strain on our management, administrative, operational and financial infrastructure. We anticipate that additional investments in our infrastructure, research and development, and real estate spending will be required to scale our operations and increase productivity, to address the needs of our customers, to further develop and enhance our service, to expand into new geographic areas, and to scale with the overall growth of our Company.

We regularly upgrade and/or replace our various software systems. If the implementations of these new applications are delayed, or if we encounter unforeseen problems with our new systems or in migrating away from our existing applications and systems, our operations and our ability to manage our business could be negatively impacted.

Our success will depend in part upon the ability of our senior management to manage our projected growth effectively. To do so, we must continue to increase the productivity of our existing employees and to hire, train and manage new employees as needed. To manage the expected domestic and international growth of our operations and personnel, we will need to continue to improve our operational, financial and management controls, our reporting systems and procedures, and our utilization of real estate. The additional investments we are making will increase our cost base, which will make it more difficult for us to offset any future revenue shortfalls by reducing expenses in the short term. If we fail to successfully scale our operations and increase productivity, we will be unable to execute our business plan.

As more of our sales efforts are targeted at larger enterprise customers, our sales cycle may become more time-consuming and expensive, we may encounter pricing pressure and implementation and customization challenges, and we may have to delay revenue recognition for some complex transactions, all of which could harm our business and operating results.

As we target more of our sales efforts at larger enterprise customers, we will face greater costs, longer sales cycles and less predictability in completing some of our sales. In this market segment, the customer’s decision to use our service may be an enterprise-wide decision and, if so, these types of sales would require us to provide greater levels of education regarding the use and benefits of our service, as well as education regarding privacy and data protection laws and regulations to prospective customers with international operations. In addition, larger customers may demand more customization, integration services and features. As a result of these factors, these sales opportunities may require us to devote greater sales support and professional services resources to individual customers, driving up costs and time required to complete sales and diverting our own sales and professional services resources to a smaller number of larger transactions, while potentially requiring us to delay revenue recognition on some of these transactions until the technical or implementation requirements have been met.

 

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Professional services may also be performed by a third party or a combination of our own staff and a third party. Our strategy is to work with third parties to increase the breadth of capability and depth of capacity for delivery of these services to our customers. If a customer is not satisfied with the quality of work performed by us or a third party or with the type of services or solutions delivered, then we could incur additional costs to address the situation, the profitability of that work might be impaired, and the customer’s dissatisfaction with our services could damage our ability to obtain additional work from that customer. In addition, negative publicity related to our customer relationships, regardless of its accuracy, may further damage our business by affecting our ability to compete for new business with current and prospective customers.

Periodic changes to our sales organization can be disruptive and may reduce our rate of growth.

We periodically change and make adjustments to our sales organization in response to market opportunities, competitive threats, management changes, product introductions or enhancements, acquisitions, sales performance, increases in sales headcount, cost levels and other internal and external considerations. In the past, these changes sometimes resulted in a temporary lack of focus and reduced productivity; these effects could recur in connection with any future sales changes we might undertake and our rate of revenue growth could be negatively affected. In addition, any significant change to the way we structure our compensation of our sales organization may be disruptive and may affect our revenue growth.

Sales to customers outside the United States expose us to risks inherent in international sales.

We sell our service throughout the world and are subject to risks and challenges associated with international business. Historically, sales in Europe and Asia Pacific together have represented over 30 percent of our total revenues, and we intend to continue to expand our international sales efforts. The risks and challenges associated with sales to customers outside the United States include:

 

   

localization of our service, including translation into foreign languages and associated expenses;

 

   

laws and business practices favoring local competitors;

 

   

compliance with multiple, conflicting and changing governmental laws and regulations, including employment, tax, privacy and data protection laws and regulations;

 

   

pressure on the creditworthiness of sovereign nations, particularly in Europe, where we have customers and a balance of our cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities. Liquidity issues or political actions by sovereign nations could result in decreased values of these balances;

 

   

regional data privacy laws that apply to the transmission of our customers’ data across international borders;

 

   

treatment of revenue from international sources and changes to tax codes, including being subject to foreign tax laws and being liable for paying withholding income or other taxes in foreign jurisdictions;

 

   

foreign currency fluctuations and controls;

 

   

different pricing environments;

 

   

difficulties in staffing and managing foreign operations;

 

   

different or lesser protection of our intellectual property;

 

   

longer accounts receivable payment cycles and other collection difficulties;

 

   

natural disasters, acts of war, terrorism, pandemics or security breaches; and

 

   

regional economic and political conditions.

Any of these factors could negatively impact our business and results of operations.

Additionally, our international subscription fees are paid either in U.S. dollars or local currency. As a result, fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar and foreign currencies may make our service more expensive for international customers, which could harm our business.

 

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We have been and may in the future be sued by third parties for various claims including alleged infringement of proprietary rights.

We are involved in various legal matters arising from the normal course of business activities. These may include claims, suits, government investigations and other proceedings involving alleged infringement of third-party patents and other intellectual property rights, and commercial, corporate and securities, labor and employment, wage and hour, and other matters.

The software and Internet industries are characterized by the existence of a large number of patents, trademarks and copyrights and by frequent litigation based on allegations of infringement or other violations of intellectual property rights. We have received in the past and may receive in the future communications from third parties, including practicing entities and non-practicing entities, claiming that we have infringed their intellectual property rights. For example, we received a notice from a large non-practicing entity alleging that we infringe upon certain of its patents. While no litigation was ever filed, in May 2013 we entered into a multi-year license agreement with the non-practicing entity that covered past period and future non-exclusive rights to its intellectual property.

In addition, we have been, and may in the future be, sued by third parties for alleged infringement of their claimed proprietary rights. Our technologies may be subject to injunction if they are found to infringe the rights of a third party or we may be required to pay damages, or both. Many of our subscription agreements require us to indemnify our customers for third-party intellectual property infringement claims, which would increase the cost to us of an adverse ruling on such a claim.

The outcome of any claims or litigation, regardless of the merits, is inherently uncertain. Any claims and lawsuits, and the disposition of such claims and lawsuits, whether through settlement or licensing discussions, or litigation, could be time-consuming and expensive to resolve, divert management attention from executing our business plan, result in efforts to enjoin our activities, lead to attempts on the part of other parties to pursue similar claims and, in the case of intellectual property claims, require us to change our technology, change our business practices and/or pay monetary damages or enter into short- or long-term royalty or licensing agreements.

Any adverse determination related to intellectual property claims or other litigation could prevent us from offering our service to others, could be material to our financial condition or cash flows, or both, or could otherwise adversely affect our operating results. In addition, depending on the nature and timing of any such dispute, an unfavorable resolution of a legal matter could materially affect our future results of operation or cash flows or both.

In addition, our exposure to risks associated with various claims, including the use of intellectual property, may be increased as a result of acquisitions of other companies. For example, we may have a lower level of visibility into the development process with respect to intellectual property or the care taken to safeguard against infringement risks with respect to the acquired company or technology. In addition, third parties may make infringement and similar or related claims after we have acquired technology that had not been asserted prior to our acquisition.

Any failure to protect our intellectual property rights could impair our ability to protect our proprietary technology and our brand.

If we fail to protect our intellectual property rights adequately, our competitors may gain access to our technology, and our business may be harmed. In addition, defending our intellectual property rights may entail significant expense. Any of our patents, trademarks or other intellectual property rights may be challenged by others or invalidated through administrative process or litigation. While we have some U.S. patents and many U.S. and international patent applications pending, we may be unable to obtain patent protection for the technology covered in our patent applications. In addition, our existing patents and any patents issued in the future may not provide us with competitive advantages, or may be successfully challenged by third parties. Furthermore, legal standards relating to the validity, enforceability and scope of protection of intellectual property rights are uncertain. Effective patent, trademark, copyright and trade secret protection may not be available to us in every country in which our service is available. The laws of some foreign countries may not be as protective of intellectual property rights as those in the U.S., and mechanisms for enforcement of intellectual property rights may be inadequate. Accordingly, despite our efforts, we may be unable to prevent third parties from infringing upon or misappropriating our intellectual property.

We may be required to spend significant resources to monitor and protect our intellectual property rights. We may initiate claims or litigation against third parties for infringement of our proprietary rights or to establish the validity of our proprietary rights. Any litigation, whether or not it is resolved in our favor, could result in significant expense to us and divert the efforts of our technical and management personnel.

 

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Privacy concerns and laws, evolving regulation of the Internet, cross-border data transfers and other domestic or foreign regulations may limit the use and adoption of our solution and adversely affect our business.

As Internet commerce continues to evolve, increasing regulation by federal, state or foreign governments and agencies becomes more likely. For example, we believe increased regulation is occurring in the area of data privacy, and laws and regulations applying to the solicitation, collection, processing or use of personal or consumer information could affect our customers’ ability to use and share data, potentially reducing demand for our solutions and restricting our ability to store, process and share data with our customers.

Our customers can use our service to store contact and other personal or identifying information regarding their customers and contacts. Federal, state and foreign governments and agencies have adopted or are considering adopting laws and regulations regarding the collection, use and disclosure of personal information obtained from consumers and individuals in addition to laws and regulations that impact the cross-border transfer of personal information. The costs of compliance with, and other burdens imposed by, such laws and regulations that are applicable to the businesses of our customers may limit the use and adoption of our service and reduce overall demand for it, or lead to significant fines, penalties or liabilities for any noncompliance with such privacy laws. Furthermore, privacy concerns may cause our customers’ customers to resist providing the personal data necessary to allow our customers to use our service effectively. Even the perception of privacy concerns, whether or not valid, may inhibit market adoption of our service in certain industries.

In addition to government activity, privacy advocacy groups and the technology and other industries are considering various new, additional or different self-regulatory standards that may place additional burdens on us. If the gathering of personal information were to be curtailed in this manner, CRM solutions would be less effective, which may reduce demand for our service and harm our business.

Our continued success depends on our ability to maintain and enhance our brands.

We believe that the brand identities we have developed have significantly contributed to the success of our business. Maintaining and enhancing the salesforce.com brand and our other brands are critical to expanding our base of customers, partners and employees. Our brands will depend largely on our ability to remain a technology leader and continue to provide high-quality innovative products, services, and features. In order to maintain and enhance our brands, we may be required to make substantial investments that may later prove to be unsuccessful. If we fail to maintain and enhance our brands, or if we incur excessive expenses in our efforts to do so, our business, operating results and financial condition may be materially and adversely affected.

We may lose key members of our management team or development and operations personnel, and may be unable to attract and retain employees we need to support our operations and growth.

Our success depends substantially upon the continued services of our executive officers and other key members of management, particularly our Chief Executive Officer. From time to time, there may be changes in our executive management team resulting from the hiring or departure of executives. Such changes in our executive management team may be disruptive to our business. We are also substantially dependent on the continued service of our existing development and operations personnel because of the complexity of our service and technologies. We do not have employment agreements with any of our executive officers, key management, development or operations personnel and they could terminate their employment with us at any time. The loss of one or more of our key employees or groups could seriously harm our business.

In the technology industry, there is substantial and continuous competition for engineers with high levels of experience in designing, developing and managing software and Internet-related services, as well as competition for sales executives and operations personnel. We may not be successful in attracting and retaining qualified personnel. We have from time to time experienced, and we expect to continue to experience, difficulty in hiring and retaining highly skilled employees with appropriate qualifications. If we fail to attract new personnel or fail to retain and motivate our current personnel, our business and future growth prospects could be severely harmed.

Any failure in our delivery of high-quality technical support services may adversely affect our relationships with our customers and our financial results.

Our customers depend on our support organization to resolve technical issues relating to our applications. We may be unable to respond quickly enough to accommodate short-term increases in customer demand for support services. Increased customer demand for these services, without corresponding revenues, could increase costs and adversely affect our operating results. In addition, our sales process is highly dependent on our applications and business reputation and on positive recommendations from our existing customers. Any failure to maintain high-quality technical support, or a market perception that we do not maintain high-quality support, could adversely affect our reputation, our ability to sell our enterprise cloud computing solutions to existing and prospective customers, and our business, operating results and financial position.

 

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We may not realize any benefits in connection with our purchase of undeveloped land in San Francisco. If we do not realize any benefits, our financial performance may be negatively impacted.

In November 2010, we purchased approximately 14 acres of undeveloped real estate in San Francisco, California, including entitlements and improvements associated with the land. We may not realize any benefits with respect to the purchase of such real estate. During the first quarter of fiscal 2013, we suspended pre-construction activity on the land. If we commence efforts to develop the real estate, we will be required to devote substantial additional resources in the future, which may impact our liquidity and financial flexibility. In the event that we decide to sell this property, the sale price may be less than the recorded value of the land on our consolidated balance sheet, and our financial results may be negatively impacted.

Weakened global economic conditions may adversely affect our industry, business and results of operations.

Our overall performance depends in part on worldwide economic conditions. The United States and other key international economies have experienced in the past a downturn in which economic activity was impacted by falling demand for a variety of goods and services, restricted credit, poor liquidity, reduced corporate profitability, volatility in credit, equity and foreign exchange markets, bankruptcies and overall uncertainty with respect to the economy. The European Union continues to face great economic uncertainty which could impact the overall world economy or various other regional economies. These conditions affect the rate of information technology spending and could adversely affect our customers’ ability or willingness to purchase our enterprise cloud computing services, delay prospective customers’ purchasing decisions, reduce the value or duration of their subscription contracts, or affect renewal rates, all of which could adversely affect our operating results.

Natural disasters and other events beyond our control could materially adversely affect us.

Natural disasters or other catastrophic events may cause damage or disruption to our operations, international commerce and the global economy, and thus could have a strong negative effect on us. Our business operations are subject to interruption by natural disasters, fire, power shortages, pandemics and other events beyond our control. Although we maintain crisis management and disaster response plans, such events could make it difficult or impossible for us to deliver our services to our customers, and could decrease demand for our services. The majority of our research and development activities, corporate headquarters, information technology systems, and other critical business operations, are located near major seismic faults in the San Francisco Bay Area. Because we do not carry earthquake insurance for direct quake-related losses, and significant recovery time could be required to resume operations, our financial condition and operating results could be materially adversely affected in the event of a major earthquake or catastrophic event.

Risks Relating to Our Convertible Senior Notes and Our Common Stock

We expect that the trading price of the notes will be significantly affected by the market price of our common stock, which may be volatile, the general level of interest rates and our credit quality.

The market price of our common stock, as well as the general level of interest rates and our credit quality, will likely significantly affect the trading price of the notes. Our common stock has experienced significant price and volume fluctuations.

We cannot predict whether the market price of our common stock will rise or fall. The market price of our common stock will be influenced by a number of factors, including general market conditions, variations in our operating results, earnings per share, cash flows, deferred revenue, other financial and non-financial metrics and other factors described in greater detail elsewhere in this section, many of which are beyond our control.

The market price of our common stock also could be affected by possible sales of common stock by investors who view the notes as an attractive means of equity participation in us and by hedging or arbitrage activity involving our common stock that we expect to develop as a result of the issuance of the notes. The hedging or arbitrage activity could, in turn, affect the trading prices of the notes.

We also cannot predict whether interest rates will rise or fall. During the term of the notes, interest rates will be influenced by a number of factors, most of which are beyond our control. However, if interest rates increase, the option value of the notes’ convertibility feature will increase, but the yield of the notes will decrease, and if interest rates decrease, the option value of the notes’ convertibility feature will decrease, but the yield of the notes will increase.

In addition, our credit quality may vary substantially during the term of the notes and will be influenced by a number of factors, including variations in our cash flows and the amount of indebtedness we have outstanding. Any decrease in our credit quality could negatively impact the trading price of the notes.

 

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Although they are titled senior notes, the notes will be effectively subordinated to any secured indebtedness that we may incur to the extent of the value of the collateral securing such secured indebtedness. Additionally, the notes are structurally subordinated to all of the obligations of our subsidiaries, including trade payables, which may limit our ability to satisfy our obligations under the notes.

The notes are not be secured by any of our assets and will be effectively subordinated to any secured indebtedness that we incur to the extent of the value of the collateral securing such indebtedness. The indentures do not prohibit us from incurring indebtedness, including secured indebtedness, or from pledging any of our assets as collateral for any of our other existing indebtedness. In such a case, we will not be able to use those assets to make payments under the notes until we have paid the holders of the secured debt in full. As a result, in the event of our bankruptcy, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or of a similar proceeding, any assets that we pledge as collateral for any of our other obligations will not be available to pay our obligations under the notes until we have paid our other obligations in full.

The notes are our obligations exclusively. Our subsidiaries are separate and distinct legal entities and a portion of our operations is conducted through our subsidiaries. None of our subsidiaries has guaranteed or otherwise become obligated with respect to the notes. Our right to receive assets from one of our subsidiaries upon its liquidation or reorganization, and the right of holders of the notes to participate in those assets, will be structurally subordinated to any and all debt and other obligations that such subsidiary may incur (including trade payables). In the event of a bankruptcy, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or of a similar proceeding with respect to any of our subsidiaries, we, as a common equity owner of such subsidiary, and, therefore, the holders of the notes, will rank behind such subsidiary’s creditors, including such subsidiary’s trade creditors. Even if we were a creditor of one of our subsidiaries, our rights as a creditor would be subordinate to any security interest in the assets of that subsidiary and any indebtedness of that subsidiary senior to that held by us. Statutory, contractual or other restrictions may also limit our subsidiaries’ ability to pay dividends or make distributions, loans or advance to us.

The accounting method for convertible debt securities that may be settled in cash, such as the notes, could have a material effect on our reported financial results.

In May 2008, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, which we refer to as FASB, issued FASB Staff Position No. APB 14-1, Accounting for Convertible Debt Instruments That May Be Settled in Cash upon Conversion (Including Partial Cash Settlement), which has subsequently been codified as Accounting Standards Codification 470-20, Debt with Conversion and Other Options, which we refer to as ASC 470-20. Under ASC 470-20, an entity must separately account for the liability and equity components of the convertible debt instruments (such as the notes) that may be settled entirely or partially in cash upon conversion in a manner that reflects the issuer’s economic interest cost. The effect of ASC 470-20 on the accounting for the notes is that the equity component is required to be included in the additional paid-in capital section of stockholders’ equity on our consolidated balance sheet at the issuance date and the value of the equity component would be treated as debt discount for purposes of accounting for the debt component of the notes. As a result, we will be required to record a greater amount of non-cash interest expense as a result of the amortization of the discounted carrying value of the notes to their face amount over the term of the notes. We will report larger net losses in our financial results because ASC 470-20 will require interest to include both the amortization of the debt discount and the instrument’s coupon interest, which could adversely affect our future financial results, the trading price of our common stock and the trading price of the notes.

Recent and future regulatory actions and other events may adversely affect the trading price and liquidity of the notes.

We expect that many investors in, and potential purchasers of, the notes will employ, or seek to employ, a convertible arbitrage strategy with respect to the notes. Investors would typically implement such a strategy by selling short the common stock underlying the notes and dynamically adjusting their short position while continuing to hold the notes. Investors may also implement this type of strategy by entering into swaps on our common stock in lieu of or in addition to short selling the common stock.

The SEC and other regulatory and self-regulatory authorities have implemented various rules and taken certain actions, and may in the future adopt additional rules and take other actions, that may impact those engaging in short selling activity involving equity securities (including our common stock). Such rules and actions include Rule 201 of SEC Regulation SHO, the adoption by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. of a “Limit Up-Limit Down” program, the imposition of market-wide circuit breakers that halt trading of securities for certain periods following specific market declines, and the implementation of certain regulatory reforms required by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010. Any governmental or regulatory action that restricts the ability of investors in, or potential purchasers of, the notes to effect short sales of our common stock or enter into swaps on our common stock could adversely affect the trading price and the liquidity of the notes.

 

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In addition, if investors and potential purchasers seeking to employ a convertible arbitrage strategy are unable to borrow or enter into swaps on our common stock, in each case on commercially reasonable terms, the trading price and liquidity of the notes may be adversely affected.

The market price of our common stock is likely to be volatile and could subject us to litigation.

The trading prices of the securities of technology companies have been highly volatile. Accordingly, the market price of our notes and underlying common stock has been and is likely to continue to be subject to wide fluctuations. Factors affecting the market price of our notes and underlying common stock include:

 

   

variations in our operating results, earnings per share, cash flows from operating activities, deferred revenue and other financial metrics and non-financial metrics, and how those results compare to analyst expectations;

 

   

forward looking guidance to industry and financial analysts related to future revenue and earnings per share;

 

   

changes in the estimates of our operating results or changes in recommendations by securities analysts that elect to follow our common stock;

 

   

announcements of technological innovations, new services or service enhancements, strategic alliances or significant agreements by us or by our competitors;

 

   

announcements by us or by our competitors of mergers or other strategic acquisitions, or rumors of such transactions involving us or our competitors;

 

   

announcements of customer additions and customer cancellations or delays in customer purchases;

 

   

recruitment or departure of key personnel;

 

   

disruptions in our service due to computer hardware, software, network or data center problems;

 

   

the economy as a whole, market conditions in our industry and the industries of our customers;

 

   

trading activity by a limited number of stockholders who together beneficially own a majority of our outstanding common stock;

 

   

the issuance of shares of common stock by us, whether in connection with an acquisition, a capital raising transaction or upon conversion of some or all of our outstanding convertible senior notes;

 

   

issuance of debt or other convertible securities; and

 

   

any other factors discussed herein.

In addition, if the market for technology stocks or the stock market in general experiences uneven investor confidence, the market price of our notes and underlying common stock could decline for reasons unrelated to our business, operating results or financial condition. The market price of our notes and underlying common stock might also decline in reaction to events that affect other companies within, or outside, our industry even if these events do not directly affect us. Some companies that have experienced volatility in the trading price of their stock have been the subject of securities class action litigation. If we are the subject of such litigation, it could result in substantial costs and a diversion of management’s attention and resources.

The settlement mechanism of the notes may have adverse consequences.

The settlement mechanism of the notes may result in holders receiving no shares of our common stock upon the conversion of their notes. In addition, other than in connection with certain fundamental changes and during certain periods immediately preceding the maturity date for the notes, the settlement mechanism will generally delay holders’ receipt of the consideration due upon conversion until the third business day after the last VWAP trading day of the relevant 30 VWAP trading day observation period and therefore subject holders to the risk that the market price of the shares of our common stock may decline between the conversion date and the date on which we deliver any shares of our common stock or cash based on the price of a share of our common stock due upon conversion. Furthermore, because we must settle at least a portion of our conversion obligation in cash, the conversion of the notes may significantly reduce our liquidity.

 

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We may issue additional shares of our common stock or instruments convertible into shares of our common stock, including in connection with the conversion of the notes, and thereby materially and adversely affect the market price of our common stock and the trading price of the notes.

We are not restricted from issuing additional shares of our common stock or other instruments convertible into, or exchangeable or exercisable for, shares of our common stock during the life of the notes. If we issue additional shares of our common stock or instruments convertible into shares of our common stock, it may materially and adversely affect the market price of our common stock and, in turn, the trading price of the notes. In addition, the conversion of some or all of the notes may dilute the ownership interests of existing holders of our common stock, and any sales in the public market of any shares of our common stock issuable upon such conversion of the notes could adversely affect prevailing market price of our common stock. In addition, the anticipated conversion of the notes could depress the market price of our common stock.

Holders may not be able to convert their notes, and the trading price of the notes could be less than the value of the amount of cash and the number of shares of our common stock, if any, into which such notes could otherwise be converted.

A holder may convert a note only if one or more specified conditions is met. If such conditions are not met, holders will not be able to convert their notes and may not be able to receive the amount of cash and the value of the number of shares of our common stock, if any, into which the notes would otherwise be convertible. In addition, for these and other reasons, the trading price of the notes could be substantially less than the value of the amount of cash and the number of shares of our common stock, if any, into which the notes would otherwise be convertible.

A holder will not be entitled to any rights with respect to our common stock, but may be subject to any changes made with respect to our common stock.

A holder will not be entitled to any rights with respect to our common stock (including, without limitation, voting rights and rights to receive any dividends or other distributions on shares of our common stock), but will be subject to all changes affecting our common stock to the extent the trading price of the notes depends on the market price of our common stock and to the extent it receives shares of our common stock upon conversion of its notes. A holder will be entitled to rights on any shares of our common stock issuable upon conversion of its notes only on and after the last VWAP trading day of the observation period on which such shares of our common stock are issuable. For example, if an amendment is proposed to our certificate of incorporation or bylaws requiring shareholder approval and the record date for determining shareholders of record entitled to vote on the amendment occurs prior to the last VWAP trading day of the observation period in which its shares of our common stock are issuable, a holder will not be entitled to vote on the amendment, although it will nevertheless be subject to any changes in the powers, preferences or special rights of the shares of our common stock.

The notes and the indentures that will govern the notes will contain limited protections against certain types of important corporate events and may not protect your investment upon the occurrence of such corporate events and will not protect your investment upon the occurrence of other corporate events.

The indentures for the notes do not:

 

   

require us to maintain any financial ratios or specific levels of net worth, revenues, income, cash flows or liquidity;

 

   

protect holders of the notes in the event that we experience significant adverse changes in our financial condition or results of operations;

 

   

limit our subsidiaries’ ability to incur indebtedness that would effectively rank senior to the notes;

 

   

limit our ability to incur secured indebtedness that would rank senior to the notes to the extent of the value of the assets securing the indebtedness;

 

   

limit our ability to incur indebtedness that is equal in right of payment to the notes;

 

   

limit our ability to incur indebtedness with a maturity date earlier than the maturity date of the notes;

 

   

restrict our subsidiaries’ ability to issue securities that would be structurally senior to our indebtedness;

 

   

restrict our ability to purchase or prepay our securities; or

 

   

restrict our ability to make investments or to purchase or pay dividends or make other payments in respect of our common stock or other securities ranking junior to the notes.

 

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Furthermore, the indentures for the notes contain only limited protections in the event of a change in control. We could engage in many types of transactions, such as certain acquisitions, refinancings or recapitalizations, that could substantially affect our capital structure and the value of the notes and our common stock, but would not constitute a “fundamental change” that permits holders to require us to purchase their notes under the indenture.

The conversion rate of the notes may not be adjusted for all dilutive events.

The conversion rate of the notes is subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of certain specified events, including, but not limited to, the issuance of stock dividends on our common stock, the issuance of certain rights or warrants, subdivisions, combinations, certain distributions of capital stock, indebtedness, or assets, the payment of cash dividends on our common stock and certain issuer tender or exchange offers. However, the conversion rate will not be adjusted for other events, such as a third party tender offers, exchange offers or the issuance of common stock for cash, that may adversely affect the market price of our common stock and consequently reduce the trading price of the notes. In addition, an event that adversely affects the trading price of the notes may occur, and that event may not result in an adjustment to such conversion rate.

An active trading market for the notes may not develop, which could adversely affect the trading price of the notes.

We do not intend to apply for listing of the notes on any securities exchange or for inclusion in any automated dealer quotation system. A market may not develop for the notes or, if developed, may not continue. There can be no assurance as to the liquidity of any market that may develop for the notes. If a market develops, the notes could trade at prices that may be lower than the initial offering price of the notes. If an active, liquid market does not develop for the notes, the trading price and liquidity of the notes may be adversely affected.

We may not have the ability to raise the funds necessary to pay the amount of cash due upon conversion of the notes or the fundamental change purchase price due when a holder submits its notes for purchase upon the occurrence of a fundamental change.

Upon the occurrence of a fundamental change, holders may require us to purchase, for cash, all or a portion of their notes. In addition, if a holder converts its notes, we will generally pay such holder an amount of cash before delivering to such holder any shares of our common stock.

There can be no assurance that we will have sufficient financial resources, or will be able to arrange financing, to pay the fundamental change purchase price if holders submit their notes for purchase by us upon the occurrence of a fundamental change or to pay the amount of cash due if holders surrender their notes for conversion. In addition, agreements governing any future debt may restrict our ability to make each of the required cash payments even if we have sufficient funds to make them. Furthermore, our ability to purchase the notes or to pay cash upon the conversion of the notes may be limited by law or regulatory authority. In addition, if we fail to purchase the notes, to pay interest due on, or to pay the amount of cash due upon conversion, we will be in default under the indenture, which in turn may result in the acceleration of other indebtedness we may then have. If the repayment of the other indebtedness were to be accelerated, we may not have sufficient funds to repay that indebtedness and to purchase the notes or to pay the amount of cash due upon conversion. Our inability to pay for your notes that are tendered for purchase or upon conversion could result in your receiving substantially less than the principal amount of the notes.

We will not be obligated to purchase the notes upon the occurrence of all significant transactions that are likely to affect the market price of our common stock and/or the trading price of the notes.

Because the term fundamental change is limited to certain specified transactions, it does not include all events that will adversely affect our financial condition and/or the market price of our common stock and the trading price of the notes. For example, we will not be required to purchase any notes upon the occurrence of a transaction that would otherwise constitute a fundamental change or in connection with certain types of transactions that would otherwise constitute a fundamental change if more than 90% of the consideration received by holders of our common stock in the transaction consists of shares of common stock traded on a U.S. national securities exchange. Furthermore, certain other transactions such as leveraged recapitalizations, refinancings, restructurings or certain acquisitions of other entities by us or our subsidiaries would not constitute a fundamental change requiring us to purchase the notes or to increase the conversion rate, even though each of these transactions could increase the amount of our indebtedness or otherwise adversely affect our capital structure, thereby adversely affecting the holders of the notes.

 

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The adjustment to the conversion rate for notes converted in connection with a make-whole fundamental change may not adequately compensate holders for any lost value of their notes as a result of such make-whole fundamental change.

If a make-whole fundamental change occurs prior to maturity, under certain circumstances, we will increase the conversion rate for the notes by a number of additional shares of our common stock for notes converted in connection with such make-whole fundamental change. The increase in the conversion rate will be determined based on the date on which the make-whole fundamental change occurs or becomes effective and the price paid (or deemed paid) per share of our common stock in such transaction.

Our obligation to increase the conversion rate upon the occurrence of a make-whole fundamental change could be considered a penalty, in which case the enforceability thereof would be subject to general principles of reasonableness of economic remedies.

The fundamental change provisions may delay or prevent an otherwise beneficial takeover attempt of us.

The fundamental change purchase rights, which will allow holders to require us to purchase all or a portion of their notes upon the occurrence of a fundamental change. The provisions requiring an increase to the conversion rate for conversions in connection with a make-whole fundamental change may in certain circumstances delay or prevent a takeover of us and the removal of incumbent management that might otherwise be beneficial to investors.

A holder may have to pay taxes on deemed distributions with respect to any shares of common stock into which the notes may be converted that such holder does not receive.

The price at which the notes are convertible into cash and any shares of our common stock is subject to adjustment under certain circumstances, such as stock splits and combinations, stock dividends, certain cash dividends and other actions by us that modify our capital structure. If the conversion price is adjusted as a result of a distribution that is taxable to holders of our common stock, such as a cash dividend, holders of the notes may be required to include an amount in income for U.S. federal income tax purposes, notwithstanding the fact that they do not receive such distribution. In addition, non-U.S. holders of the notes may, in certain circumstances, be deemed to have received a distribution subject to U.S. federal withholding tax.

The U.S. federal income tax consequences of conversion of notes into cash and shares of our common stock, if any, are uncertain.

The U.S. federal income tax consequences of the conversion of the notes into a combination of cash and shares of our common stock, if any, are uncertain. U.S. holders are urged to consult your own tax advisors with respect to the U.S. federal income tax consequences resulting from the conversion of notes.

There are restrictions on the resale of the notes.

We offered the notes and any shares of our common stock issuable upon conversion of the notes in reliance upon exemptions from registration under the Securities Act and applicable state securities laws. As a result, a holder may transfer or resell its notes and any shares of our common stock issuable upon conversion of the notes only in a transaction registered under, or exempt from, the registration requirements of the Securities Act and applicable state securities laws. As a result, you may be required to bear the risk of your investment for an indefinite period of time.

The convertible note hedges and warrant transactions may affect the trading price of the notes and the market price of our common stock.

We entered into privately negotiated convertible note hedge transactions with the hedge counterparties concurrently with the pricing of the notes. We also entered into privately negotiated warrant transactions with the hedge counterparties. If the initial purchasers exercise their option to purchase additional notes, we expect to enter into additional convertible note hedge transactions and warrant transactions with the hedge counterparties, in each case, on a basis proportionate to the number of shares of our common stock underlying the additional notes.

 

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Taken together, the convertible note hedge transactions and the warrant transactions are expected, but not guaranteed, to reduce the potential dilution with respect to our common stock upon conversion of the notes. If, however, the price of our common stock, as measured under the terms of the warrant transactions, exceeds the exercise price of the warrant transactions, the warrant transactions will have a dilutive effect on our earnings per share to the extent that the price of our common stock as measured under the warrant transactions exceeds the strike price of the warrant transactions.

The hedge counterparties and their respective affiliates periodically modify their hedge positions from time to time following the pricing of the notes (and are particularly likely to do so during any observation period relating to a conversion of the notes) by entering into or unwinding various over-the-counter derivative transactions with respect to our common stock, and/or by purchasing or selling shares of our common stock or the notes in privately negotiated transactions and/or open market transactions. The effect, if any, of these transactions and activities on the market price of our common stock or the trading price of the notes will depend in part on market conditions and cannot be ascertained at this time. Any of these activities, however, could adversely affect the market price of our common stock and the trading price of the notes.

We do not make any representation or prediction as to the direction or magnitude of any potential effect that the transactions described above may have on the price of the notes or our common stock. In addition, we do not make any representation that the counterparties to those transactions will engage in these transactions or activities or that these transactions and activities, once commenced, will not be discontinued without notice; the counterparties or their affiliates may choose to engage in, or discontinue engaging in, any of these transactions or activities with or without notice at any time, and their decisions will be in their sole discretion and not within our control.

We are subject to counterparty risk with respect to the convertible note hedge transactions.

The hedge counterparties are financial institutions or affiliates of financial institutions, and we will be subject to the risk that these hedge counterparties may default under the convertible note hedge transactions. Our exposure to the credit risk of the hedge counterparties will not be secured by any collateral. If one or more of the hedge counterparties to one or more of our convertible note hedge transactions becomes subject to insolvency proceedings, we will become an unsecured creditor in those proceedings with a claim equal to our exposure at the time under those transactions. Our exposure will depend on many factors but, generally, the increase in our exposure will be correlated to the increase in our stock price and in the volatility of our stock. In addition, upon a default by one of the hedge counterparties, we may suffer adverse tax consequences and dilution with respect to our common stock. We can provide no assurances as to the financial stability or viability of any of the hedge counterparties.

 

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Our management will have broad discretion over the use of the proceeds to us from these offerings and might not apply the proceeds of these offerings in ways that increase the value of your investment.

Our management will have broad discretion to use the net proceeds from these offerings, and you will be relying on the judgment of our management regarding the application of these proceeds. They might not apply the net proceeds of these offerings in ways that increase the value of your investment. We expect to use the net proceeds from these offerings for general corporate purposes, including possible acquisitions of, or investments in, complementary businesses, services or technologies, working capital and capital expenditures. However, other than paying the costs of the convertible note hedges (after taking into account the proceeds from the warrant transactions), we have not allocated these net proceeds for any specific purposes. Our management might not be able to yield a significant return, if any, on any investment of these net proceeds.

Provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws and Delaware law might discourage, delay or prevent a change of control of our company or changes in our management and, therefore, depress the market price of our common stock.

Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws contain provisions that could depress the market price of our common stock by acting to discourage, delay or prevent a change in control of our company or changes in our management that the stockholders of our company may deem advantageous. These provisions among other things:

 

   

currently establish a classified board of directors so that not all members of our board are elected at one time;

 

   

permit the board of directors to establish the number of directors;

 

   

provide that directors may only be removed “for cause” and only with the approval of 66 2/3 percent of our stockholders;

 

   

require super-majority voting to amend some provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws;

 

   

authorize the issuance of “blank check” preferred stock that our board could use to implement a stockholder rights plan (also known as a “poison pill”);

 

   

eliminate the ability of our stockholders to call special meetings of stockholders;

 

   

prohibit stockholder action by written consent, which requires all stockholder actions to be taken at a meeting of our stockholders;

 

   

provide that the board of directors is expressly authorized to make, alter or repeal our bylaws; and

 

   

establish advance notice requirements for nominations for election to our board or for proposing matters that can be acted upon by stockholders at annual stockholder meetings.

In addition, Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law may discourage, delay or prevent a change in control of our company. Section 203 imposes certain restrictions on merger, business combinations and other transactions between us and holders of 15 percent or more of our common stock.

In addition, the fundamental change purchase rights applicable to the notes, which will allow note holders to require us to purchase all or a portion of their notes upon the occurrence of a fundamental change, and the provisions requiring an increase to the conversion rate for conversions in connection with a make-whole fundamental change may in certain circumstances delay or prevent a takeover of us and the removal of incumbent management that might otherwise be beneficial to investors.

 

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ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

On March 20, 2013, the Company’s certificate of incorporation was amended to increase the number of authorized shares of common stock from 400.0 million to 1.6 billion to provide for a four-for-one stock split of the common stock effected in the form of a stock dividend. The record date for the stock split was April 3, 2013, and the additional shares were distributed on April 17, 2013. Each stockholder of record on the close of business on the record date received three additional shares of common stock for each share held. All share and per share data presented herein reflect the impact of the increase in authorized shares and the stock split, as appropriate.

On February 1, 2013, the Company issued 116,532 shares of Company common stock in connection with the acquisition of a French technology company, in a private transaction exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act pursuant to Section 4(2) and/or Regulation S under the Securities Act. See Note 4, “Business Combinations,” of Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further details on the transaction.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

None.

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

Exhibits

The Exhibits listed below are filed as part of this Form 10-Q

Index to Exhibits

 

Exhibit

No.

  

Exhibit Description

  

Provided
Herewith

     Incorporated by Reference  
         Form      SEC File No.      Exhibit      Filing Date  
3.1    Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of salesforce.com, inc.         8-K         001-32224         3.1         03/21/2013   
3.2    Amended and Restated Bylaws of salesforce.com, inc.         8-K         001-32224         3.1         01/14/2011   
4.1    Indenture dated March 18, 2013 between salesforce.com, inc. and U.S. Bank National Association         8-K         001-32224         4.1         03/18/2013   
10.1    Purchase Agreement dated March 12, 2013 between salesforce.com, inc. and Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated and Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC, as representatives of several initial purchasers named in Schedule A thereto         8-K         001-32224         10.1         03/18/2013   
10.2    Form of Convertible Bond Hedge Confirmation         8-K         001-32224         10.2         03/18/2013   
10.3    Form of Warrant Confirmation         8-K         001-32224         10.3         03/18/2013   
31.1    Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-14(a) or 15(d)-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002      X               
31.2    Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-14(a) or 15(d)-14(a), as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002      X               
32.1    Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002      X               

 

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