S-4 1 ds4.htm REGISTRATION STATEMENT ON FORM S-4 Registration Statement on Form S-4
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As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 27, 2009

Registration No. 333-            

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM S-4

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER

THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

 

 

AMAZON.COM, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Delaware   5961   91-164860

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(Primary Standard Industrial

Classification Code Number)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

1200 12th Avenue South, Suite 1200

Seattle, WA 98144-2734

(206) 266-1000

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

 

 

L. Michelle Wilson

Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary

Amazon.com, Inc.

1200 12th Avenue South, Suite 1200

Seattle, Washington 98144-2734

(206) 266-1000

(Name, address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

 

 

Copies to:

 

Ronald O. Mueller   William R. Schreiber
Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP   Robert A. Freedman
1050 Connecticut Avenue, N.W.   Fenwick & West LLP
Washington, D.C. 20036   801 California Street
(202) 955-8500   Mountain View, California 94041
(202) 467-0539   (650) 988-8500
  (650) 938-5200

 

 

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale of the securities to the public: As soon as practicable after the effective date of this Registration Statement.

If the securities being registered on this Form are being offered in connection with the formation of a holding company and there is compliance with General Instruction G, check the following box.  ¨

If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ¨

If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(d) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  x   Accelerated filer  ¨   Non-accelerated filer  ¨   Smaller reporting company  ¨

If applicable, place an X in the box to designate the appropriate rule provision relied upon in conducting this transaction:

 

Exchange Act Rule 13e-4(i) (Cross-Border Issuer Tender Offer)

  ¨

Exchange Act Rule 14d-1(d) (Cross-Border Third Party Tender Offer)

  ¨

 

 

CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

 

 

 

Title of each class of

securities to be registered

 

Amount to be

registered(1)

 

Proposed maximum
offering price

per share

  Proposed maximum
aggregate offering
price(2)
 

Amount of
registration

fee(3)

Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share

  10,010,000   N/A   $81,161,113   $4,529
 
 

 

1. Represents the maximum number of shares of Amazon.com common stock estimated to be issued in the transaction described herein. Pursuant to Rule 416 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), there are also being registered such additional shares of Common Stock that may be issued because of events such as recapitalizations, stock dividends, stock splits and reverse stock splits, and similar transactions.
2. Based on the sum of the aggregate book value of Zappos.com, Inc. equity securities to be cancelled in the transaction described herein as of March 31, 2009, the latest practicable date prior to the date of filing of this registration statement, in accordance with Rule 457(f)(2) of the Securities Act, and the aggregate exercise (offering) price of employee stock options to be assumed in the transaction described herein, in accordance with Rule 457(h)(1) of the Securities Act. Zappos.com, Inc. is a private company and no market exists for its equity securities.
3. Based on 0.00005580 of the proposed maximum aggregate offering price calculated as described in note 2 above.

The Registrant hereby amends this Registration Statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the Registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this Registration Statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until the Registration Statement shall become effective on such date as the Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.

 

 

 


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The information in this consent solicitation/prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell the securities discussed herein until the Registration Statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This consent solicitation/prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.

 

SUBJECT TO COMPLETION—DATED [                    ], 2009

 

LOGO

CONSENT SOLICITATION OF ZAPPOS.COM, INC.

  

LOGO

PROSPECTUS OF AMAZON.COM, INC.

[                    ], 2009

We are pleased to report that the Zappos.com, Inc. Board of Directors has approved a merger involving Zappos.com, Inc. (“Zappos”) and Amazon.com, Inc. (“Amazon”). Before we can complete the merger, we must obtain the approval of Zappos shareholders, and we are sending you this document to ask you to approve the merger and adopt and approve the merger agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby by executing and returning the written consent furnished with this consent solicitation/prospectus. No vote of Amazon shareholders is required to complete the merger.

If the merger is completed:

 

   

outstanding shares of Zappos common stock and preferred stock will be converted into the right to receive shares of Amazon common stock (with cash paid in lieu of any fractional share), based on the formula set forth in the merger agreement and described in “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Merger Consideration; Conversion of Shares in the Merger” on page 47 of this consent solicitation/prospectus;

 

   

outstanding options to purchase Zappos common stock held by employees of Zappos will be converted into Amazon options to purchase Amazon common stock, based on a formula set forth in the merger agreement and described in “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Treatment of Zappos Options” on page 49 of this consent solicitation/prospectus; and

 

   

a portion of Amazon common stock to be paid as merger consideration for Zappos common stock and preferred stock and a portion of any shares issuable under Zappos options that are assumed by Amazon will be held in escrow, as described in “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Escrow Fund” on page 50 of this consent solicitation/prospectus.

In connection with the merger, we are also asking holders of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock to consent to conversion of the series of preferred stock that they own into shares of Zappos common stock, contingent upon adoption and approval of the merger agreement, and effective immediately before consummation of the merger.

The total merger consideration is equal to (a) $838,000,000, minus (b) $52,000,000 for Zappos’ net debt as of March 31, 2009, plus (c) the lesser of (1) $35,000,000 and (2) the aggregate exercise price of all stock purchase rights, whether vested or unvested, outstanding and unexercised as of the closing of the merger, plus the aggregate exercise price of all stock purchase rights exercised between June 8, 2009 and the closing of the merger, minus (d) the lesser of (1) $15,000,000 and (2) Zappos’ transaction expenses incurred in connection with the merger. The total aggregate number of Amazon shares to be issued in connection with the merger, including future issuance under vested and unvested stock purchase rights assumed in the merger, is the total merger consideration divided by $81.09, which is the average of the closing prices of Amazon common stock for the forty-five trading days ending July 17, 2009.

Each share of Zappos common stock would convert into at least 0.1688 shares of Amazon common stock if (i) all outstanding Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock and Zappos Series B warrants are converted to Zappos common stock before the merger, (ii) the aggregate exercise price of all Zappos stock purchase rights outstanding at the closing of the merger or exercised between June 8, 2009 and the closing remains $30,000,000 (the approximate amount on July 22, 2009) and (iii) Zappos’ transaction expenses are $15,000,000 (the maximum amount). However, the final exchange ratio for Zappos common stock in the merger is expected to be higher. For example, if, in the example above, the aggregate exercise price of all Zappos stock purchase rights outstanding at the closing of the merger or exercised between June 8, 2009 and the closing is $33,000,000 and the Zappos’ transaction expenses are $12,000,000, then each share of Zappos common stock will be converted into approximately 0.1694 shares of Amazon common stock and Amazon will issue approximately 9,952,000 shares of its common stock in the merger.

Amazon’s common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “AMZN.” The closing price of Amazon’s common stock on July 21, 2009, the day immediately before the announcement of the merger was $89.01.

The Zappos Board of Directors has carefully considered the merger and the terms of the merger agreement and has determined that the merger is fair, advisable and in the best interests of Zappos and its shareholders. Accordingly, the Zappos Board of Directors has unanimously approved the merger and adopted and approved the merger agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby and recommends that you approve the merger and adopt and approve the merger agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby.

The Zappos Board of Directors has set [                    ], 2009 as the record date for determining holders of Zappos common stock and preferred stock entitled to execute and deliver written consents with respect to this solicitation. If you are a record holder of outstanding Zappos common stock or preferred stock on that date, you are urged to complete, date and sign the enclosed written consent and promptly return it to Zappos. See “Solicitation of Written Consents—Submission of Consents” on page 30. The Zappos Board of Directors has set [                    ], 2009 as the target final date for receipt of written consents. Zappos reserves the right to extend the final date for receipt of written consents without any prior notice to shareholders.

We urge you to read this consent solicitation/prospectus, and the documents incorporated by reference into this consent solicitation/prospectus, carefully and in their entirety; in particular, see “Risk Factors” beginning on page 18.

 

 

Alfred Lin
Chairman, Chief Operating Officer and
Chief Financial Officer

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities, or determined if this consent solicitation/prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

This consent solicitation/prospectus is dated [                    ], 2009, and is first being mailed to Zappos shareholders on or about [                    ], 2009.


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Zappos.com, Inc.

2280 Corporate Circle Drive, Suite 100

Henderson, Nevada 89074

Notice of Solicitation of Written Consent

To Shareholders of Zappos:

Zappos has entered into the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of July 22, 2009, among Amazon.com, Inc. (“Amazon”), Zeta Acquisition, Inc., Zappos.com, Inc. (“Zappos”) and Alfred Lin as shareholder representative (as amended from time to time, the “Merger Agreement”), pursuant to which Zappos will merge with a wholly-owned subsidiary of Amazon (the “Merger”).

This consent solicitation/prospectus is being delivered to you on behalf of the Zappos Board of Directors (the “Zappos Board”) to request that holders of Zappos common stock and preferred stock as of [                    ], 2009 (the “Record Date”) execute and return written consents:

 

   

To approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby; and

 

   

If you are a holder of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C or Series D preferred stock, to approve the conversion of all of the shares of the series of Zappos preferred stock that you own into shares of Zappos common stock, contingent upon adoption and approval of the Merger Agreement and effective immediately before consummation of the Merger.

As a record holder of outstanding Zappos common stock or preferred stock on the Record Date, you are urged to complete, date and sign the enclosed written consent and promptly return it to Zappos. The Zappos Board has set [                    ], 2009 as the target final date for receipt of written consents. Zappos reserves the right to extend the final date for receipt of written consents without any prior notice to shareholders.

This consent solicitation/prospectus describes the proposed Merger and the actions to be taken in connection with the Merger and provides additional information about the parties involved. Please give this information your careful attention. A copy of the Merger Agreement is attached as Appendix A to this consent solicitation/prospectus.

A summary of the dissenters’ rights that may be available to you are described in “Rights of Dissenting Shareholders” on page 64.

The Zappos Board has carefully considered the Merger and the terms of the Merger Agreement and has determined that the Merger is fair, advisable and in the best interests of Zappos and its shareholders. Accordingly, the Zappos Board unanimously recommends that Zappos shareholders approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby by executing and delivering the written consent furnished with this consent solicitation/prospectus.

Regardless of the number of shares you own, your written consent is important. Please complete, date and sign the written consent furnished with this consent solicitation/prospectus and return it promptly to Zappos by one of the means described in “Solicitation of Written Consents – Submission of Consents” on page 30 below.

 

By Order of the Board of Directors,

 

Alfred Lin

Chairman, Chief Operating Officer and
Chief Financial Officer


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page

PART I

  

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

   1

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

   1

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

   3

SUMMARY

   7

Adoption and Approval of the Merger Agreement

   7

Agreement and Plan of Merger

   9

SUMMARY SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

   16

RISK FACTORS

   18

SOLICITATION OF WRITTEN CONSENTS

   30

PROPOSED MERGER

   33

Background of the Merger

   33

Amazon’s Reasons for the Merger

   36

Zappos’ Reasons for the Merger; Recommendation of the Zappos Board

   37

Opinion of Zappos’ Financial Advisor

   38

Regulatory Clearances and Approvals

   44

Accounting Treatment

   44

Federal Securities Laws Consequences

   45

Management Following the Merger

   45

Interests of Certain Persons in the Merger

   45

SUMMARY OF THE MERGER AGREEMENT

   47

Cautionary Statement Concerning Representations and Warranties Contained in the Merger Agreement

   47

General

   47

Merger Consideration; Conversion of Shares in the Merger

   47

Fractional Shares

   49

Treatment of Zappos Options

   49

Escrow Fund

   50

Shareholder Representative

   51

Shareholder Representative Expense Fund

   51

Closing and Effectiveness of the Merger

   51

Exchange Fund

   51

Exchange of Zappos Stock Certificates for the Merger Consideration

   51

Dissenters’ Rights

   52

Lock-Up

   52

Representations and Warranties

   53

Survival; Indemnification

   53

Covenants of Amazon and Zappos

   55

Conditions to the Consummation of the Merger

   57

Definition of “Material Adverse Effect”

   59

Termination of the Merger Agreement

   60

Effect of Termination

   61

Fees and Expenses

   61

Amendment

   61

MATERIAL UNITED STATES FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS

   62

RIGHTS OF DISSENTING SHAREHOLDERS

   64

THE COMPANIES

   67

PRINCIPAL SHAREHOLDERS OF ZAPPOS

   68

COMPARISON OF RIGHTS OF SHAREHOLDERS

   70

EXPERTS AND INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS

   81

LEGAL MATTERS

   81


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     Page

APPROVAL OF CONVERSION OF ZAPPOS SERIES A, SERIES B, SERIES C AND SERIES D PREFERRED STOCK TO ZAPPOS COMMON STOCK

   82

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

   85

PART II

  

INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN THE PROSPECTUS

   II-1

SIGNATURES

   II-5

POWER OF ATTORNEY

   II-5

 

APPENDIX A

  

Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated July 22, 2009, among Amazon.com, Inc., Zeta Acquisition, Inc., Zappos.com, Inc. and Alfred Lin

   A-1

APPENDIX B

  

Chapter 13 of the California General Corporation Law

   B-1

APPENDIX C

  

Opinion of Morgan Stanley & Co. Incorporated

   C-1

APPENDIX D

  

Consolidated Financial Statements of Zappos (Audited) for the Years Ended December 31, 2008 and 2007

   D-1

APPENDIX E

  

Consolidated Financial Statements of Zappos (Unaudited) for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2009 and 2008

   E-1


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ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

This consent solicitation/prospectus incorporates important business and financial information about Amazon that is not included or delivered with this document. You may obtain this information without charge through the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) website (www.sec.gov) or upon your written or oral request by contacting Investor Relations, Amazon.com, Inc., P.O. Box 81226, Seattle, WA 98108-1226 or by calling 1-800-426-6825. To ensure timely delivery, any request should be made at least five (5) business days before the target date for receipt of written consents, or [            ], 2009. For additional details about where you can find information about Amazon, see “Where You Can Find More Information” on page 85.

You should rely only on the information contained or incorporated by reference in this document. We have not authorized anyone to provide you with different information. This document is dated [            ], 2009. You should not assume that information contained in this document is accurate as of any date other than that date. Neither the mailing of this document to Zappos shareholders nor the issuance by Amazon of common stock in the Merger will create any implication to the contrary.

Amazon has supplied all information relating to Amazon contained or incorporated by reference in this document and Zappos has supplied all information relating to Zappos in this document.

Information on the Internet websites of Amazon or Zappos, or any subsidiary of Amazon or Zappos, is not part of this document. You should not rely on that information in deciding whether to approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby unless that information is in this document or has been incorporated by reference into this document.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Certain statements contained in this consent solicitation/prospectus, including information incorporated by reference, are not statements of historical fact and constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the “Act”). Examples of forward-looking statements, include, but are not limited to: (i) projections of revenues, income or loss, earnings or loss per share, cash flow, the payment or non-payment of dividends, capital structure, and other financial items, (ii) statements of plans and objectives by management or boards of directors including those relating to the expected operation and management of Zappos following the Merger and expected benefits, efficiencies and integration of operations from and following the Merger, (iii) statements of future economic performance and (iv) statements of assumptions underlying such statements. Words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “expects,” “future,” “intends,” “targeted,” “may,” “will” and similar expressions are used to identify forward-looking statements but are not the exclusive means of identifying such statements.

Forward-looking statements reflect management’s current expectations, are inherently uncertain and are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements for a variety of reasons. Factors that could cause future results to differ materially from expected results include, but are not limited to: failure or inability to consummate the Merger, effects of the Merger on Amazon’s financial results, the effect of regulatory approvals, the difficulty in determining the fair value of Zappos, the potential inability to successfully operate or integrate Zappos’ businesses, including the potential inability to retain customers, key employees or vendors, fluctuations in foreign exchange rates, changes in global economic conditions and consumer spending, world events, the rate of growth of the Internet and online commerce, as well as the amount that Amazon invests in new business opportunities and the timing of those investments, the mix of products sold to customers, the mix of net sales derived from products as compared with services, the extent to which Amazon owes income taxes, competition, management of growth, potential fluctuations in operating results, international growth and expansion, the

 

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outcomes of legal proceedings and claims, fulfillment center optimization, risks of inventory management, seasonality, the degree to which Amazon enters into, maintains and develops commercial agreements, acquisitions and strategic transactions, and risks of fulfillment throughput and productivity. Other risks and uncertainties include, among others, risks related to new products, services and technologies, system interruptions, government regulation and taxation, payments and fraud. In addition, the current global economic climate amplifies many of these risks. These risks and uncertainties, as well as other risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ significantly from management’s expectations, are described in greater detail in “Risk Factors” beginning on page 18.

Such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which such statements are made, and neither Amazon nor Zappos undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which such statement is made to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

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QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

The following are some questions that you, as a shareholder of Zappos, may have regarding the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the other matters being considered by Zappos shareholders and brief answers to those questions. Zappos urges you to read carefully the remainder of this consent solicitation/prospectus because the information in this section may not provide all the information that might be important to you with respect to the Merger and the other matters being considered by Zappos shareholders. Additional important information is also contained in the appendices to, and the documents incorporated by reference in, this consent solicitation/prospectus.

Q1: Who is soliciting my written consent?

A1: The Zappos Board is providing these consent solicitation materials to you. These materials also constitute a prospectus with respect to the Amazon common stock issuable to Zappos shareholders in the Merger.

Q2: What am I being asked to approve?

A2: You are being asked to approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby. In addition, if you are a holder of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C or Series D preferred stock, you are being asked to approve the conversion of all of the shares of the series of Zappos preferred stock that you own into shares of Zappos common stock, contingent upon adoption and approval of the Merger Agreement and effective immediately before consummation of the Merger.

Q3: Who is entitled to give a written consent?

A3: The Zappos Board has set [            ], 2009 as the Record Date for determining holders of Zappos common stock and preferred stock entitled to execute and deliver written consents with respect to this solicitation. Holders of Zappos common stock and preferred stock on the Record Date will be entitled to give a consent using the written consent furnished with this consent solicitation/prospectus. If you are a Zappos shareholder on the Record Date, you will be able to give or withhold a consent, or abstain, on each proposal on which you are entitled to vote, using the written consent furnished with this consent solicitation/prospectus.

Q4: What will I receive in the Merger?

A4: Under the Merger Agreement, the number of shares of Amazon common stock to be issued as consideration in the Merger is affected by a number of factors described in this consent solicitation/prospectus, and the number of shares of Amazon common stock issued for each share of Zappos common stock will be affected by the extent to which Zappos shareholders elect to convert preferred shares to common stock before the Merger. Each share of Zappos common stock would convert into at least 0.1688 shares of Amazon common stock if (i) all outstanding Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock and Zappos Series B warrants are converted to Zappos common stock before the Merger, (ii) the aggregate exercise price of all Zappos stock purchase rights (including options and warrants) (collectively, the “Stock Purchase Rights”) outstanding at the closing of the Merger or exercised between June 8, 2009 and the closing remains $30,000,000 (the approximate amount on July 22, 2009) and (iii) Zappos’ transaction expenses are $15,000,000 (the maximum amount). However, the final exchange ratio for Zappos common stock in the Merger is expected to be higher. All non-dissenting Zappos shareholders also will have a portion of the Merger consideration that they would otherwise be entitled to receive deposited in (a) an escrow fund that will be used to compensate Amazon if Amazon is entitled to indemnification under the Merger Agreement and (b) a shareholder representative expense fund that will be used to reimburse Alfred Lin, as shareholder representative (the “Shareholder Representative”), for expenses incurred in performance of his duties as the shareholder representative (including legal fees and related expenses).

 

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Q5: What is the recommendation of the Zappos Board?

A5: The Zappos Board has determined that the Merger is fair, advisable and in the best interests of Zappos and you and unanimously recommends that you approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby by executing and delivering the written consent furnished with this consent solicitation/prospectus.

Q6: Why is my written consent important?

A6: We cannot complete the Merger unless Zappos shareholders approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby. Approval of the Merger and adoption and approval of the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby requires: (i) the approval of a majority of the outstanding shares of Zappos common stock; (ii) the approval of a majority of the voting power of the outstanding shares of Zappos preferred stock; and (iii) the approval of a majority of the voting power of the outstanding shares of Zappos Series E and Series F preferred stock tabulated together as a single class. In addition, Amazon is not required to complete the Merger unless holders of not more than 15% of the total shares of Zappos common stock and Zappos preferred stock collectively are, or have the ability to become, dissenting shares, pursuant to the California General Corporation Law, meaning that holders of shares representing at least 85% of the shares of Zappos common stock and preferred stock collectively outstanding immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger have adopted and approved the Merger Agreement or otherwise allowed their dissenters’ rights to lapse under California law or did not have dissenters’ rights because such shares were not issued and outstanding as of the Record Date.

In addition, if you are a holder of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and/or Series D preferred stock, approving the conversion of all of the shares of the series of preferred stock that you own into shares of Zappos common stock contingent upon adoption and approval of the Merger Agreement and effective immediately before consummation of the Merger provides you a ready means to receive the merger consideration payable to holders of Zappos common stock and yet convert your shares of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock only if the Merger Agreement is adopted and approved. Approval of the conversion of all of the shares of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock requires the consent of more than fifty percent of the outstanding shares of each such series of preferred stock. The conversion of any series of preferred stock is not contingent upon the approval by holders of any other series of the conversion of such other series. See “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Merger Consideration; Conversion of Shares in the Merger” on page 47 and “Approval of Conversion of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D Preferred Stock to Zappos Common Stock” on page 82.

Q7: What options do I have with respect to the proposals?

A7: With respect to the shares of Zappos common stock and preferred stock that you hold, you may execute a written consent to approve each proposal (which is equivalent to a vote for the proposal) or to disapprove each proposal (which is equivalent to a vote against the proposal). If you fail to execute and return your written consent, it has the same effect as voting against the proposal.

Q8: How can I return my written consent?

A8: If you hold shares of Zappos common stock or preferred stock as of the Record Date and you wish to submit your consent, you must fill out the enclosed written consent, date and sign it, and promptly return it to Zappos. Once you have completed, dated and signed your written consent, deliver it to Zappos by faxing your written consent to Zappos’ legal counsel, Fenwick & West LLP, Attention Connie Duong, at (650) 938-5200, by emailing a pdf copy of your written consent to cduong@fenwick.com, or by mailing your written consent to Fenwick & West LLP at Silicon Valley Center, 801 California Ave., Mountain View, CA 94041, Attention: Connie Duong.

We will not be holding a shareholders’ meeting to consider these proposals, and therefore you will be unable to vote by attending a shareholders meeting.

 

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Q9: What happens if I do not return my written consent?

A9: If you are a record holder of shares of Zappos common stock or preferred stock and you do not return your written consent, that will have the same effect as a vote against the proposals.

Q10: What if I am a record holder and I don’t indicate a decision with respect to the proposals?

A10: If you are a record holder and you return a signed written consent without indicating your decision on a proposal, you will have given your consent to approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby and approve the conversion of all of the shares of the series of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock that you own, if any, into shares of Zappos common stock, contingent upon adoption and approval of the Merger Agreement and effective immediately before consummation of the Merger.

Q11: What is the deadline for returning my written consent?

A11: The Zappos Board has set [            ], 2009 as the targeted final date for receipt of written consents. Zappos reserves the right to extend the final date for receipt of written consents beyond [            ], 2009 in the event that consents approving the Merger and adopting and approving the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby have not been obtained by that date from holders of a sufficient number of shares of Zappos common stock and Zappos preferred stock to satisfy the conditions to the Merger. Any such extension may be made without notice to shareholders. Once all conditions to the Merger have been satisfied or waived, the consent solicitation will conclude.

Q12: Can I change or revoke my written consent?

A12: Yes, if you are a record holder on the Record Date of shares of Zappos common stock or preferred stock, you may change or revoke your consent to a proposal at any time before the consents of a sufficient number of shares to approve and adopt such proposal have been filed with Zappos’ corporate secretary. If you wish to change or revoke your previously provided consent before that time, you may do so by sending in a new written consent with a later date in accordance with the section entitled “Solicitation of Written Consents—Submission of Consents” on page 30, or delivering a notice of revocation to the Secretary of Zappos.

Q13: Can I exercise dissenters’ rights?

A13: If you are a Zappos shareholder who did not approve the Merger via written consent, you may, by complying with Sections 1300 through 1313 of the California General Corporation Law, be entitled to the dissenters’ rights described therein. Sections 1300 through 1313 of the California General Corporation Law are attached to this consent solicitation/prospectus as Appendix B. Failure to follow precisely any of the statutory procedures set forth in Appendix B may result in the loss or waiver of dissenters’ rights under California law.

Q14: Should I send in my stock certificates now?

A14: No. After we complete the Merger, Amazon will send instructions to you explaining how to exchange your Zappos shares for a certificate or direct registration statement for your Amazon shares.

Q15: When do you expect to complete the Merger?

A15: We currently expect to complete the Merger in the fall of 2009. However, we cannot assure you when or if the Merger will occur. We must first obtain approval of Zappos shareholders and satisfy other conditions to completing the Merger.

 

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Q16: Will I be taxed on the shares of Amazon common stock that I receive?

A16: Generally, no. The Merger has been structured to qualify as a reorganization within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). As a result, it is anticipated that a Zappos shareholder generally will not recognize any gain or loss for United States federal income tax purposes on the exchange of shares of Zappos stock for shares of Amazon common stock in the Merger, except for gain or loss attributable to cash received in lieu of a fractional share of Amazon common stock. Certain Zappos shareholders may be subject to special tax rules. Shareholders should consult their tax advisors for a full understanding of all of the tax consequences of the Merger to them. See “Material United States Federal Income Tax Considerations” on page 62.

Q17: Whom should I call if I have questions?

A17: If you have questions about the Merger or the process for returning your written consent or if you need additional copies of this document or a replacement written consent, please contact: Alfred Lin, Chairman, Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer at alfred@zappos.com, (702) 943-7820 or 2280 Corporate Circle Drive, Suite 100, Henderson, Nevada 89074.

 

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SUMMARY

This summary highlights the material information from this consent solicitation/prospectus. It does not contain all of the information that may be important to you. You should read carefully this entire document and the documents to which it refers you to fully understand the Merger. See “Where You Can Find More Information” on page 85.

Parties to the Merger

Zappos, a California corporation, is an online retailer that sells apparel, shoes, handbags, eyewear, watches, electronics and other products. Established in 1999, Zappos has quickly become one of the leaders in online apparel and footwear by striving to provide shoppers with the best possible service and selection. The principal executive office of Zappos is located at 2280 Corporate Circle Drive, Suite 100, Henderson, Nevada 89074, and its telephone number is (702) 943-7677.

Amazon, a Delaware corporation, seeks to be Earth’s most customer-centric company for its three primary customer sets: consumer customers, seller customers and developer customers. Amazon serves its consumer customers through retail websites and focus on selection, price and convenience. Amazon designs its websites to enable millions of unique products to be sold by Amazon and by third parties across dozens of product categories. Amazon serves its seller customers by offering programs that enable sellers to sell their products on Amazon’s websites and their own branded websites and to fulfill orders through Amazon. Amazon serves developer customers through Amazon Web Services, which provides access to technology infrastructure that developers can use to enable virtually any type of business. Amazon’s common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “AMZN”. Amazon’s principal executive office is located at 1200 12th Avenue South, Suite 1200, Seattle, Washington 98144-2734, and its telephone number is (206) 266-1000.

Adoption and Approval of the Merger Agreement

 

Persons Entitled to Consent; Record Date

The Record Date for shareholders of Zappos is the close of business on [            ], 2009. Only shareholders as of the Record Date will be notified of, and be entitled to consent to the proposals. See “Solicitation of Written Consents—Shares Entitled to Consent and Consent Required” on page 30.

 

Consents

The Zappos Board is asking shareholders of Zappos to execute and return the written consent furnished with this consent solicitation/prospectus to approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby, through which Zeta Acquisition Inc., a California corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of Amazon (“Zeta Acquisition”), will merge with and into Zappos, so that Zappos, as the surviving entity, will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of Amazon. See “Solicitation of Written Consents—Recommendation of the Zappos Board” on page 31.

Holders of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock also are being asked to consent to the conversion of all of the shares of the series of preferred stock that they own into shares of Zappos common stock, contingent upon adoption and approval of the

 

 

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Merger Agreement and effective immediately before consummation of the Merger, by executing and returning the written consent furnished with this consent solicitation/prospectus. See “Approval of Conversion of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D Preferred Stock to Zappos Common Stock” on page 82.

 

Recommendation of the Board of Directors of Zappos

The Zappos Board has unanimously approved the Merger and adopted and approved the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby and recommends that the shareholders approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby by executing and delivering the written consent furnished with this consent solicitation/prospectus. The Zappos Board reviewed several factors in reaching its decision to recommend that shareholders approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby and believes that the Merger is fair, advisable and in the best interests of Zappos and its shareholders. See “Solicitation of Written Consents—Recommendation of the Zappos Board” on page 31.

 

Interests of Certain Persons in the Merger

In considering the recommendation of the Zappos Board with respect to the Merger Agreement and the Merger, Zappos shareholders should be aware that certain executive officers and directors of Zappos have interests in the Merger that may be different from, or in addition to, the interests of Zappos shareholders generally as described in “Proposed Merger—Interests of Certain Persons in the Merger” on page 47 of this consent solicitation/prospectus. The Zappos Board was aware of these interests and considered them, among other matters, in making its recommendation.

 

Voting Agreement

Concurrently with the execution of the Merger Agreement, shareholders that are affiliates of Zappos, who collectively hold (i) a majority of the outstanding shares of Zappos common stock on a fully diluted basis, (ii) a majority of the voting power of the outstanding shares of Zappos preferred stock and (iii) a majority of the voting power of the outstanding shares of Series E and Series F preferred stock, collectively, entered into a voting agreement with Amazon in which they have agreed to execute and return consents with respect to their shares of Zappos capital stock and options and warrants exercised prior to the Record Date approving the Merger and adopting and approving the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby. The voting agreement provides for a sufficient number of consents to be executed and delivered to approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby under California law and Zappos’ Seventh Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation (“Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation”). See “Solicitation of Written Consents—Voting Agreement” on page 31.

 

 

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Consent Revocability

Consents of Zappos shareholders are revocable at any time before the consents of a sufficient number of shares to approve and adopt the proposal have been filed with Zappos’ corporate secretary. See “Solicitation of Written Consents—Executing Consents; Revocation of Consents” on page 31.

 

Required Consents

Approval of the Merger and adoption and approval of the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby requires: (i) the approval of a majority of the outstanding shares of Zappos common stock; (ii) the approval of a majority of the voting power of the outstanding shares of Zappos preferred stock; and (iii) the approval of a majority of the voting power of the outstanding shares of Zappos Series E and Series F preferred stock, tabulated together as a single class.

Although not required to consummate the Merger, Zappos is also seeking approval of the conversion of all of the shares of each of the Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock into Zappos common stock, which requires the consent of more than fifty percent of the outstanding shares of such series of preferred stock. See “Solicitation of Written Consents—Shares Entitled to Consent and Consent Required” on page 30.

No shareholder approval of Amazon is required by the Merger Agreement or applicable law.

 

Outstanding Shares

As of the Record Date, the outstanding voting securities of Zappos consist of [                ] shares of Zappos common stock, and an aggregate of [                ] shares of all series of Zappos preferred stock, including an aggregate of [                ] shares of Zappos Series E and Series F preferred stock. As of the Record Date, directors, executive officers and their affiliates held 76.0% of Zappos common stock, including convertible preferred, and 88.1% of Zappos preferred stock. See “Principal Shareholders of Zappos” on page 68.

 

Risk Factors

In evaluating the Merger, Merger Agreement and transactions contemplated thereby, you should carefully read this consent solicitation/prospectus, the documents incorporated by reference into this written consent/prospectus and especially consider the factors discussed in the section entitled “Risk Factors” beginning on page 18.

Agreement and Plan of Merger

 

Consideration for Your Shares

The “Total Merger Consideration” is equal to (a) $838,000,000, minus (b) $52,000,000 for Zappos’ net debt as of March 31, 2009, plus (c) the lesser of (1) $35,000,000 and (2) the aggregate exercise price of all stock purchase rights, including options and warrants, (collectively, the “Stock Purchase Rights”), whether vested or unvested, outstanding and unexercised as of the closing of the Merger, plus the aggregate exercise price of all Stock Purchase Rights exercised between June 8, 2009 and the closing of the Merger, minus (d) the lesser of (1) $15,000,000 and (2) Zappos’ transaction expenses incurred in connection with the Merger. The total aggregate number

 

 

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of Amazon shares to be issued in connection with the Merger, including future issuance under vested and unvested Stock Purchase Rights assumed in the Merger, is the Total Merger Consideration divided by $81.09, which is the average of the closing prices of Amazon common stock for the forty-five trading days ending July 17, 2009.

Each share of Zappos common stock would convert into at least 0.1688 shares of Amazon common stock if (i) all outstanding Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock and Zappos Series B warrants are converted to Zappos common stock before the Merger, (ii) the aggregate exercise price of all Zappos Stock Purchase Rights outstanding at the closing of the Merger or exercised between June 8, 2009 and the closing remains $30,000,000 (the approximate amount on July 22, 2009) and (iii) Zappos’ transaction expenses are $15,000,000 (the maximum amount). However, the final exchange ratio for Zappos common stock in the Merger is expected to be higher.

Holders of Zappos preferred stock, if not converted prior to the Merger, will receive a number of shares of Amazon common stock for each share of Zappos preferred stock calculated as the liquidation preference of that particular series of Zappos preferred stock (less, in the case of the Series E and Series F preferred stock, an allocable share of Zappos’ transaction expenses) divided by $81.09, as follows:

 

   

in the case of Zappos Series A preferred stock, each share will be converted into 0.0012 shares of Amazon common stock;

 

   

in the case of Zappos Series B preferred stock, each share will be converted into 0.0024 shares of Amazon common stock;

 

   

in the case of Zappos Series C preferred stock, each share will be converted into 0.0056 shares of Amazon common stock;

 

   

in the case of Zappos Series D preferred stock, each share will be converted into 0.0098 shares of Amazon common stock;

 

   

in the case of Zappos Series E preferred stock, each share will be converted into the number of shares of Amazon common stock equal to (a) $24.64 minus the Series E per share transaction expenses, divided by (b) $81.09; and

 

   

in the case of Zappos Series F preferred stock, each share will be converted into the number of shares of Amazon common stock equal to (a) $24.642 minus the Series F per share transaction expenses, divided by (b) $81.09.

The Series E per share transaction expenses will be zero if any share of Series E preferred stock outstanding at the effective time of the Merger does not vote in favor of the Merger. Similarly, the Series F per share transaction expenses will be zero if any share of Series F preferred stock outstanding at the effective time does not vote in favor

 

 

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of the Merger. See “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Merger Consideration; Conversion of Shares in the Merger” on page 47.

 

Fractional Shares

Amazon will not issue fractional shares in the Merger. Instead, Zappos shareholders who receive Amazon common stock will receive the value of any fractional share in cash, determined by multiplying (a) the fraction of a share of Amazon common stock that such holder would otherwise be entitled to receive (aggregating all shares of Zappos capital stock held at the effective time of the Merger by such holder and rounded to the nearest thousandth when expressed in decimal form) by (b) $81.09. See “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Fractional Shares” on page 47.

 

Treatment of Zappos Stock Options

Unless otherwise agreed by Amazon and any affected Zappos stock option holders, and except for certain options held by non-employees, each outstanding option to purchase Zappos common stock pursuant to the Zappos 2009 Stock Plan, formerly the Zappos 1999 Stock Plan will be converted into an option to purchase, on the same terms and conditions as such Zappos stock option (including any vesting or forfeiture provisions or repurchase rights), a number of shares of Amazon common stock (rounded down to the nearest whole share) equal to (a) the number of shares of Zappos common stock subject to each Zappos stock option immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger, multiplied by (b) the number of shares of Amazon common stock to be received in the Merger for each share of Zappos common stock (the “Common Exchange Ratio”) at an exercise price per share (rounded up to the nearest whole cent) equal to (x) the exercise price per share of Zappos common stock otherwise purchasable pursuant to such Zappos stock option divided by (y) the Common Exchange Ratio. Zappos has agreed to take all commercially reasonable action at or prior to the effective time to enable the substitution of Amazon stock options for Zappos stock options. See “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Treatment of Zappos Options” on page 49.

Amazon is not required to complete the Merger unless the holders of at least 85% of the Zappos stock options outstanding at the effective time of the Merger, in the aggregate, execute option consents in connection with the Merger. Pursuant to the terms of the option consents, option holders agree, among other things, (a) to be bound by the indemnification provisions of Article VIII of the Merger Agreement and the escrow agreement, to be entered into by Amazon, the Shareholder Representative and the escrow agent (the “Escrow Agreement”) (b) that the exercise of any Amazon option prior to February 28, 2011 will result in a contribution to the escrow fund of approximately the portion of shares received upon exercise which would be held in escrow if the shares had been issued as merger consideration, (c) that any option holder indemnification obligations to Amazon will be satisfied by forfeiture of Amazon options in equal

 

 

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proportion to the shareholders’ forfeiture of shares held in the escrow fund, and additional Amazon options with an intrinsic value equal to the exercise price of such forfeited options will also be subject to cancellation, (d) to the appointment of Alfred Lin as the option holder representative and attorney-in-fact, and (e) to the waiver of any early exercise rights, if applicable. See “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Treatment of Zappos Options” page 49.

 

Escrow Fund

Upon completion of the Merger, Amazon will deduct from the merger consideration payable to the Zappos shareholders and deposit into an escrow fund a number of shares of Amazon common stock equal to either (a) 10% of the total number of shares of Amazon common stock issuable to holders of Zappos capital stock if immediately prior to the effective time the total number of shares that could become dissenting shares is less than 5% of the total outstanding shares of Zappos capital stock, or (b) if immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger the total number of shares that could become dissenting shares is equal to or greater than 5% of the total outstanding shares of Zappos capital stock, the product of (i) 10% of the total number of shares of Amazon common stock issuable to holders of Zappos capital stock, multiplied by (ii) the ratio of (A) the total outstanding shares of Zappos capital stock immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger on a fully diluted basis divided by (B) the total outstanding shares of Zappos capital stock immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger on a fully diluted basis minus the total number of shares that could become dissenting shares for the purpose of satisfying any indemnification obligations arising under the Merger Agreement. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, on or about February 28, 2011, the escrow agent will be instructed to release from escrow all Amazon shares other than that number of shares with a value, calculated at $81.09 per share, of (i) $40,000,000 plus (ii) the value of pending indemnification claims. The remaining shares in escrow, less amounts equal to unsatisfied indemnification claims, will be released on the four year anniversary of the closing of the Merger (or such later date to the extent of pending claims) and otherwise pursuant to the terms of the Escrow Agreement. Escrowed shares remaining in the escrow fund after settlement of all claims will be distributed to Zappos shareholders in accordance with their respective contributions (as adjusted for any amounts delivered to Amazon with respect to a breaching shareholder). See the sections entitled “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Survival; Indemnification” on page 53 and “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Escrow Fund” on page 50.

 

Shareholder Representative Expense Fund

Upon completion of the Merger, Amazon will deduct from the merger consideration payable to the Zappos shareholders and deposit into an expense fund 0.15% of the total number of shares of Amazon common stock issuable to holders of Zappos capital stock. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, Amazon common stock held in the expense

 

 

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fund will be distributed at such time as the Shareholder Representative reasonably believes that all of his obligations as the Shareholder Representative have been satisfied pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement and Escrow Agreement. See “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Shareholder Representative Expense Fund” on page 51.

 

Closing Date

The closing of the Merger is expected to take place on the second business day following the satisfaction or, to the extent permitted under the Merger Agreement and by applicable law, waiver of all conditions to the obligations of the parties set forth in the Merger Agreement (other than such conditions as may, by their terms, only be satisfied at the closing), or on such other date as Amazon and Zappos mutually agree (the “Closing Date”). See “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Closing and Effectiveness of the Merger” on page 51.

 

Conduct of Business Prior to Closing

Zappos has agreed that prior to the closing of the Merger, its business and the business of its subsidiaries will be conducted in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice; and that it and each of its subsidiaries will use commercially reasonable efforts to preserve substantially intact the business organization and assets of Zappos and its subsidiaries, to keep available the services of the current officers, employees and consultants of Zappos and its subsidiaries and to preserve the current relationships of Zappos and its subsidiaries with customers, suppliers and other persons with which Zappos or any of its subsidiaries has significant business relations. Zappos has also agreed that neither it nor its subsidiaries will take certain other actions during the period between the execution of the Merger Agreement and the Closing Date, subject to certain limited exceptions as set forth in the Merger Agreement, without the prior written consent of Amazon. See “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Covenants of Amazon and Zappos” on page 55.

 

Dissenters’ Rights

Holders of Zappos shares who do not approve the Merger via written consent may, under certain circumstances and by following procedures prescribed by California law, exercise dissenters’ rights and receive cash for their shares of Amazon stock. A dissenting shareholder of Zappos must follow the appropriate procedures under California law or the shareholders will lose such rights. See “Rights of Dissenting Shareholders” on page 64.

 

Regulatory Approval

The Merger is subject to certain filing requirements and applicable waiting periods under United States antitrust laws. The Federal Trade Commission, the Department of Justice, a state attorney general, an antitrust enforcement authority in another country, or a private party may challenge the Merger at any time before or after it is completed. See “Proposed Merger—Regulatory Clearances and Approvals” on page 44.

 

 

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Conditions to the Merger

A number of conditions must be met before the Merger can be completed, including:

 

   

Approval of the Merger and adoption and approval of the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby by Zappos shareholders;

 

   

Expiration or termination of any waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as applicable to the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement or the operative documents;

 

   

Receipt by Zappos and Amazon of an opinion of counsel substantially to the effect that for federal income tax purposes, the Merger will constitute a “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Code;

 

   

Absence of any court or governmental body order prohibiting the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement; and

 

   

Declaration of the effectiveness of the registration statement, of which this consent solicitation/prospectus forms a part, and such registration statement not being subject to a stop order or proceedings seeking a stop order.

Zappos’ obligation to complete the Merger, on the one hand, and Amazon’s obligation to complete the Merger, on the other hand, are subject to one another satisfying a number of conditions, including that the other party’s representations and warranties, taken as a whole, having been true and correct in all material respects as of the date of the Merger Agreement, except, with respect to certain representations and warranties by Zappos, for such untruths or breaches as would not be expected to have a material adverse effect, and the other party having materially performed all obligations and agreements and materially complied with all covenants and conditions required by the Merger Agreement or other documents to be performed or complied with prior to or at the closing. In addition, Amazon’s obligation to complete the Merger is subject to a number of conditions, including:

 

   

Anthony Hsieh, Zappos’ Chief Executive Officer, Alfred Lin, Zappos’ Chairman, Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer and Fred Mossler, a merchandising officer of Zappos who has the formal title of “No Title”, each must remain employed by Zappos in his current position;

 

   

Not more than 15% of the total shares of Zappos common stock and Zappos preferred stock collectively are, or have the ability to become, dissenting shares, pursuant to the California General Corporation Law, meaning that holders of shares representing at least 85% of the shares of Zappos common stock and preferred stock collectively outstanding have approved the Merger and adopted and approved the Merger Agreement and the

 

 

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transactions contemplated thereby or otherwise allowed their dissenters’ rights to lapse under California law or did not have dissenters’ rights because such shares were not issued and outstanding as of the Record Date; and

 

   

Holders of at least 85% of the Zappos stock options outstanding at the effective time of the Merger, in the aggregate, have delivered an option consent in form and substance satisfactory to Amazon.

See “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Conditions to the Consummation of the Merger” on page 57.

 

Summary of Material Federal Income Tax Considerations

It is a condition to the completion of the Merger that Amazon and Zappos each receive a legal opinion from tax counsel to the effect that the Merger will constitute a reorganization within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Code. Accordingly, it is anticipated that a Zappos shareholder generally will not recognize any gain or loss for United States federal income tax purposes on the exchange of shares of Zappos stock for shares of Amazon common stock in the Merger, except for gain or loss attributable to cash received in lieu of a fractional share of Amazon common stock. Certain Zappos shareholders may be subject to special tax rules. Shareholders should consult their tax advisors for a full understanding of all of the tax consequences of the Merger to them. See “Material United States Federal Income Tax Considerations” on page 62.

 

Termination of the Merger Agreement

The Merger Agreement may be terminated by either party upon the occurrence of certain events, or by written consent of both Amazon and Zappos. See “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Termination of the Merger Agreement” on page 62.

 

Amendment of the Merger Agreement

The Merger Agreement may be amended, modified or supplemented by Amazon and Zappos by action taken or authorized by their respective boards of directors at any time prior to the completion of the Merger (notwithstanding any approval by Zappos shareholders). However, Amazon and Zappos have agreed that after approval of the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement by Zappos shareholders, no amendment may be made that would require additional shareholder approval without obtaining such approval. See “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Amendment” on page 61.

 

 

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SUMMARY SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The following selected financial information is to aid you in understanding certain financial aspects of Amazon. The annual historical information for Amazon set forth below is derived from its audited consolidated financial statements as of and for each of the fiscal years ended December 31, 2004 through 2008. The information for Amazon as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and March 31, 2008 that is set forth below is derived from its unaudited consolidated interim financial statements. The unaudited financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, that management of Amazon considers necessary for fair presentation of the financial position and results of operations for such periods in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”).

The information regarding Amazon that is set forth below is only a summary and should be read with Amazon’s historical consolidated financial statements and related notes. Amazon’s historical consolidated financial statements and related notes are contained in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008 and Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2009, as well as other information filed by Amazon with the SEC. See “Where You Can Find More Information” on page 85.

Pursuant to SEC rules, Amazon’s acquisition of Zappos will not require Amazon to file financial information with the SEC on Zappos as a significant subsidiary since none of the financial criteria conditions under SEC Regulation S-X Rule 3-05 will be met at the twenty percent level. However, Zappos’ audited financial statements for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 and Zappos’ unaudited consolidated interim financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008 are attached as Appendix D and Appendix E, respectively, to this consent solicitation/prospectus. Zappos’ year-end and interim financial information include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, that management of Zappos considers necessary for fair presentation of the financial position and results of operations for such periods in accordance with GAAP.

The historical results set forth below and elsewhere in this consent solicitation/prospectus are not necessarily indicative of the future performance of Amazon or Zappos. All amounts are in U.S. dollars.

Amazon

 

    Three Months
Ended March 31,
  Year Ended December 31,
        2009           2008       2008   2007   2006   2005   2004
    (in millions, except per share data)

Income Statement:

             

Net sales

  $ 4,889   $ 4,135   $ 19,166   $ 14,835   $ 10,711   $ 8,490   $ 6,921

Income from operations

    244     198     842     655     389     432     440

Income before change in accounting principle

    177     143     645     476     190     333     588

Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle

    —       —       —       —       —       26     —  

Net income

    177     143     645     476     190     359     588

Basic earnings per share:

             

Prior to cumulative effect of change in accounting principle

  $ 0.41   $ 0.34   $ 1.52   $ 1.15   $ 0.46   $ 0.81   $ 1.45

Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle

    —       —       —       —       —       0.06     —  
                                         

Basic earnings per share

  $ 0.41   $ 0.34   $ 1.52   $ 1.15   $ 0.46   $ 0.87   $ 1.45
                                         

Diluted earnings per share:

             

Prior to cumulative effect of change in accounting principle

  $ 0.41   $ 0.34   $ 1.49   $ 1.12   $ 0.45   $ 0.78   $ 1.39

Cumulative effect of change in accounting principle

    —       —       —       —       —       0.06     —  
                                         

Diluted earnings per share

  $ 0.41   $ 0.34   $ 1.49   $ 1.12   $ 0.45   $ 0.84   $ 1.39
                                         

Weighted average shares used in computation of earnings per share:

             

Basic

    429     417     423     413     416     412     406

Diluted

    437     426     432     424     424     426     425

Dividends declared per common share

    —       —       —       —       —       —       —  

 

 

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    As of
March 31,
  As of December 31,
    2009   2008   2008   2007   2006   2005   2004
    (in millions, except per share data)

Balance Sheet:

             

Total assets

  $ 6,980   $ 5,883   $ 8,314   $ 6,485   $ 4,363   $ 3,696   $ 3,248

Long-term debt

    74     467     409     1,282     1,247     1,480     1,835

Market Values of Amazon Securities

Amazon’s common stock is quoted on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “AMZN”. The table below sets forth, for the calendar quarters indicated, the high and low per share closing sale prices of Amazon common stock as reported by the NASDAQ Global Select Market.

 

     High    Low

Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2007

     

First Quarter

   $ 41.51    $ 36.43

Second Quarter

     73.65      40.42

Third Quarter

     93.48      68.73

Fourth Quarter

     100.82      77.00

Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2008

     

First Quarter

     96.25      62.43

Second Quarter

     84.51      71.99

Third Quarter

     88.09      63.35

Fourth Quarter

     69.58      35.03

Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2009

     

First Quarter

     75.58      48.44

Second Quarter

     87.56      73.50

Third Quarter (through [                ], 2009)

     

On July 21, 2009, the last trading day prior to the announcement of the Merger, the last reported sale price of Amazon common stock on the NASDAQ Global Select Market was $89.01. On [                ], 2009, the most recent practicable date prior to the printing of this consent solicitation/prospectus, the last reported sale price of Amazon common stock on the NASDAQ Global Select Market was $[            ]. We urge you to obtain current stock price quotations for Amazon common stock from a newspaper, the Internet or your broker.

There is no established public trading market for Zappos’ common stock or preferred stock.

 

 

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RISK FACTORS

You should consider carefully the risks described below in assessing the Merger and an investment in the common stock of Amazon.

Risks Relating to the Merger

There Is No Assurance When or Even If the Merger Will Be Completed

Completion of the Merger is subject to the satisfaction or waiver of a number of conditions. There can be no assurance that Amazon or Zappos will be able to satisfy the closing conditions or that closing conditions beyond their control will be satisfied or waived.

Amazon and Zappos can agree at any time to terminate the Merger Agreement, even if Zappos shareholders have already voted to approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby. Amazon and Zappos can also terminate the Merger Agreement under other specified circumstances.

Amazon’s Share Price May Fluctuate Prior to the Completion of the Merger

Upon completion of the Merger, each share of Zappos common stock and preferred stock will be converted into merger consideration consisting of shares of Amazon common stock. Any change in the price of Amazon common stock prior to completion of the Merger will affect the dollar value of the merger consideration that Zappos shareholders will receive upon completion of the Merger. Changes in the price of Amazon common stock could result from a variety of factors, including general market and economic conditions, changes in Amazon’s business, operations and prospects and regulatory considerations.

The Issuance of Shares of Amazon Common Stock to Zappos Shareholders in the Merger May Have a Negative Impact on the Amazon Financial Results, including Earnings per Share

If the Merger is completed, approximately 9,952,000 shares of Amazon common stock may be issued to Zappos shareholders based on the number of shares of Zappos stock outstanding as of July 17, 2009, representing 2.3% of the number of shares Amazon common stock outstanding as of July 17, 2009. Once Amazon shares are issued in the Merger, Amazon’s earnings per share may be lower than would have been reported by Amazon in the absence of the Merger. There can be no assurance that any increase in Amazon’s earnings per share will occur, even over the long term. Any increase in Amazon’s earnings per share as a result of the Merger requires, among other things, Amazon to successfully manage the operations of Zappos and increase the consolidated earnings of Amazon after the Merger.

Amazon and Zappos May Be Unable to Obtain the Regulatory Approvals Required to Complete the Merger

The Merger is subject to review by the Federal Trade Commission, (the “FTC”) and the Department of Justice (“DOJ”) under the Hart–Scott–Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, (the “HSR Act”). Under the HSR Act, Amazon and Zappos are required to make pre-merger notification filings and to await the expiration or early termination of the statutory waiting period prior to completing the Merger. The Merger may also be subject to review by certain other governmental authorities under the antitrust laws of various other jurisdictions where Amazon or Zappos conduct business. While Amazon and Zappos expect to obtain the required regulatory clearances, consents and approvals, Amazon and Zappos cannot be certain that the required approvals will be obtained, nor can they be certain that the approvals will be obtained within the time contemplated by the Merger Agreement. A delay in obtaining the required clearances, consents and approvals will delay and may possibly prevent the completion of the Merger. In addition, during or after the statutory waiting periods and clearance of the Merger, and even after completion of the Merger, the FTC, the DOJ, a state attorney general or other United States or governmental authorities could challenge or seek to block the Merger

 

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under the antitrust laws, as they deem necessary or desirable in the public interest. Moreover, in some jurisdictions, a competitor, customer or other third party could initiate a private action under the antitrust laws challenging or seeking to enjoin the Merger, before or after it is completed. There can be no assurance that a challenge to the Merger will not be made or that, if a challenge is made, Amazon and Zappos will prevail.

There Has Been No Public Market for Zappos Common Stock and Zappos Preferred Stock, and the Lack of a Public Market Makes It Extremely Difficult to Determine the Fair Market Value of Zappos

The outstanding capital stock of Zappos is privately held and is not traded on any public market. The lack of a public market makes it extremely difficult to determine the fair market value of Zappos. The value ascribed to Zappos securities in privately negotiated transactions that have occurred from time to time or in other contexts may not be indicative of the price that Zappos common stock may have traded at if it were traded on a public market. The number of shares of Amazon common stock to be issued to Zappos shareholders was determined based on negotiations between the parties, and likewise may not be indicative of the price at which Zappos common stock may have traded if it were traded on a public market.

Successful Operation of Zappos’ Businesses and Integration with Amazon Is Not Assured

If the Merger is completed, Zappos will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of Amazon but will operate its websites and continue other aspects of its operations on a basis that is separate from Amazon’s websites and operations. There can be no assurance that after the Merger Zappos will be able to maintain and grow its business and operations. In addition, the market segments in which Zappos operates may experience declines in demand and/or new competitors. Integrating and coordinating certain aspects of the operations and [personnel] of Zappos with Amazon will involve complex operational, technological and personnel-related challenges. This process will be time-consuming and expensive, may disrupt the business of either or both of the companies and may not result in the full benefits expected by Amazon. The potential difficulties, and resulting costs and delays, include:

 

   

issues in integrating websites, fulfillment centers, financial reporting systems and other information technology systems;

 

   

difficulties attracting and retaining key personnel;

 

   

loss of customers and vendors and inability to attract new customers and vendors; and

 

   

incompatibility of purchasing, logistics, marketing, administration and other methods.

Directors and Officers of Zappos May Have Conflicts of Interest That May Influence Them to Support or Approve the Merger

Although the Zappos Board recommended to Zappos shareholders that they approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby, Zappos shareholders should be aware that certain members of the Zappos Board and executive officers of Zappos have interests in the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement that may be different from, or are in addition to, the general interests of Zappos shareholders, as described in “Proposed Merger—Interests of Certain Persons in the Merger” on page 45. Zappos shareholders should consider whether these interests may have influenced these directors and executive officers to support or recommend the Merger.

The Rights of Zappos Shareholders Who Become Amazon Shareholders in the Merger Will Be Governed By Delaware Law and By Amazon’s Restated Certificate of Incorporation and Amended and Restated Bylaws

Zappos shareholders who receive shares of Amazon common stock in the Merger will become Amazon shareholders. Amazon currently is a corporation formed under the laws of Delaware. As a result, Zappos shareholders who become shareholders in Amazon will be governed by the Delaware General Corporation Law and Amazon’s Restated Certificate of Incorporation (“Amazon’s Certificate of Incorporation”) and Amazon Amended and Restated Bylaws (“Amazon’s Bylaws”), rather than being governed by the California General

 

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Corporation Law and the Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation and Zappos’ Amended and Restated Bylaws (“Zappos’ Bylaws”). There may be material differences between the current rights of Zappos shareholders, as compared to the rights they will have as Amazon shareholders. For more information, see “Comparison of Rights of Shareholders” beginning on page 70 of this consent solicitation/prospectus.

Risks Relating to Amazon’s Business

If any of the following risks occur, Amazon’s business, financial condition, operating results and cash flows could be materially adversely affected. In addition, the current global economic climate amplifies many of these risks.

Amazon Faces Intense Competition

Amazon’s businesses are rapidly evolving and intensely competitive, and Amazon has many competitors in different industries, including retail, e-commerce services, digital and web services. Many of its current and potential competitors have greater resources, longer histories, more customers, and greater brand recognition. They may secure better terms from vendors, adopt more aggressive pricing and devote more resources to technology, fulfillment, and marketing.

Competition may intensify as Amazon’s competitors enter into business combinations or alliances and established companies in other market segments expand into Amazon’s market segments. In addition, new and enhanced technologies, including search, web services and digital, may increase its competition. The Internet facilitates competitive entry and comparison shopping and renders e-commerce inherently more competitive than other retail. Increased competition may reduce Amazon’s sales and profits.

Amazon’s Expansion Places a Significant Strain on Its Management, Operational, Financial and Other Resources

Amazon is rapidly and significantly expanding its global operations, including increasing its product and service offerings and scaling its infrastructure to support its retail and services businesses. This expansion increases the complexity of Amazon’s business and places significant strain on its management, personnel, operations, systems, technical performance, financial resources and internal financial control and reporting functions. Amazon may not be able to manage growth effectively, which could damage its reputation, limit its growth and negatively affect its operating results.

Amazon’s Expansion into New Products, Services, Technologies and Geographic Regions Subjects Amazon to Additional Business, Legal, Financial and Competitive Risks

Amazon may have limited or no experience in its newer market segments, and Amazon’s customers may not adopt its new product or service offerings, which include seller services, digital, web services and electronic devices. These offerings may present new and difficult technology challenges, and Amazon may be subject to claims if customers of these offerings experience service disruptions or failures or other quality issues. In addition, Amazon’s gross profits in its newer activities may be lower than in its older activities, and Amazon may not be successful enough in these newer activities to recoup its investments in them. If any of this were to occur, it could damage Amazon’s reputation, limit growth and negatively affect Amazon’s operating results.

Amazon May Experience Significant Fluctuations in Its Operating Results and Growth Rate

Amazon may not be able to accurately forecast its growth rate. Amazon bases its expense levels and investment plans on sales estimates. A significant portion of Amazon’s expenses and investments is fixed, and Amazon may not be able to adjust its spending quickly enough if its sales are less than expected.

Amazon’s revenue growth may not be sustainable, and Amazon’s percentage growth rates may decrease. Amazon’s revenue and operating profit growth depends on the continued growth of demand for the products and

 

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services Amazon or its sellers offer, and its business is affected by general economic and business conditions worldwide. A softening of demand, whether caused by changes in customer preferences or a weakening of the U.S. or global economies, may result in decreased revenue or growth.

Amazon’s net sales and operating results will also fluctuate for many other reasons, including due to risks described elsewhere in this section and the following:

 

   

Amazon’s ability to retain and increase sales to existing customers, attract new customers and satisfy its customers’ demands;

 

   

Amazon’s ability to retain and expand its network of sellers;

 

   

Amazon’s ability to acquire merchandise on favorable terms, manage inventory and fulfill orders;

 

   

the introduction of competitive websites, products, services, price decreases or improvements;

 

   

changes in usage of the Internet and e-commerce, including in non-U.S. markets;

 

   

timing, effectiveness, and costs of expansion and upgrades of Amazon’s systems and infrastructure;

 

   

the success of Amazon’s geographic, service and product line expansions;

 

   

the outcomes of legal proceedings and claims;

 

   

variations in the mix of products and services Amazon sells;

 

   

variations in Amazon’s level of merchandise and vendor returns;

 

   

the extent to which Amazon offers free shipping, continues to reduce product prices worldwide and provides additional benefits to its customers;

 

   

the extent to which Amazon invests in technology and content, fulfillment and other expense categories;

 

   

increases in the prices of fuel and gasoline, as well as increases in the prices of other energy products and commodities like paper and packing supplies;

 

   

the extent to which operators of the networks between Amazon’s customers and its websites successfully charge fees to grant customers unimpaired and unconstrained access to Amazon’s online services;

 

   

Amazon’s ability to collect amounts owed to it when they become due;

 

   

the extent to which use of Amazon’s services is affected by spyware, viruses, phishing and other spam emails, denial of service attacks, data theft, computer intrusions and similar events; and

 

   

terrorist attacks and armed hostilities.

Amazon May Not Be Successful in Its Efforts to Expand into International Market Segments

Amazon’s international activities are significant to its revenues and profits, and Amazon plans to further expand internationally. Amazon has relatively little experience operating in these or future market segments and may not benefit from any first-to-market advantages or otherwise succeed. It is costly to establish, develop and maintain international operations and websites and promote Amazon’s brand internationally. Amazon’s international operations may not be profitable on a sustained basis.

In addition to risks described elsewhere in this section, Amazon’s international sales and operations are subject to a number of risks, including:

 

   

local economic and political conditions;

 

   

government regulation of e-commerce or other online services and restrictive governmental actions (such as trade protection measures, including export duties and quotas and custom duties and tariffs), nationalization and restrictions on foreign ownership;

 

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restrictions on sales or distribution of certain products or services and uncertainty regarding liability for products, services and content, including uncertainty as a result of less Internet-friendly legal systems, local laws, lack of legal precedent and varying rules, regulations and practices regarding the distribution of media products and enforcement of intellectual property rights;

 

   

import, export, or other business licensing requirements;

 

   

limitations on the repatriation and investment of funds and foreign currency exchange restrictions;

 

   

limited fulfillment and technology infrastructure;

 

   

shorter payable and longer receivable cycles and the resultant negative impact on cash flow;

 

   

laws and regulations regarding consumer and data protection, privacy, network security, encryption and restrictions on pricing or discounts;

 

   

lower levels of use of the Internet;

 

   

lower levels of consumer spending and fewer opportunities for growth compared to the U.S.;

 

   

lower levels of credit card usage and increased payment risk;

 

   

difficulty in staffing, developing and managing foreign operations as a result of distance, language and cultural differences;

 

   

different employee/employer relationships and the existence of workers’ councils and labor unions;

 

   

laws and policies of the U.S. and other jurisdictions affecting trade, foreign investment, loans and taxes; and

 

   

geopolitical events, including war and terrorism.

As the international e-commerce channel grows, competition will intensify. Local companies may have a substantial competitive advantage because of their greater understanding of, and focus on, the local customer, as well as their more established local brand names. Amazon may not be able to hire, train, retain and manage required personnel, which may limit Amazon’s international growth.

In 2004, Amazon acquired Joyo.com Limited, which is organized under the laws of the British Virgin Islands and through a People’s Republic of China (“PRC”) entity, provides technology and services for the Joyo Amazon websites. The PRC regulates Joyo Amazon’s business through regulations and license requirements restricting (i) foreign investment in the Internet, retail and delivery sectors, (ii) Internet content and (iii) the sale of media and other products. In order to meet local ownership and regulatory licensing requirements, Joyo Amazon’s business is operated by PRC companies owned by nominee shareholders who are PRC nationals. Although Amazon believes Joyo Amazon’s structure complies with existing PRC laws, it involves unique risks. There are substantial uncertainties regarding the interpretation of PRC laws and regulations, and it is possible that the PRC government will ultimately take a view contrary to Amazon’s. If Joyo Amazon (including its subsidiary and affiliates) were found to be in violation of any existing or future PRC laws or regulations or if interpretations of those laws and regulations were to change, the business could be subject to fines and other financial penalties, have its licenses revoked or be forced to shut down entirely. In addition, if Joyo Amazon were unable to enforce its contractual relationships with respect to management and control of its business, it might be unable to continue to operate the business.

If Amazon Does Not Successfully Optimize and Operate Its Fulfillment Centers, Amazon’s Business Could Be Harmed

If Amazon does not adequately predict customer demand or otherwise optimize and operate its fulfillment centers successfully, it could result in excess or insufficient inventory or fulfillment capacity, result in increased costs, impairment charges, or both, or harm Amazon’s business in other ways. A failure to optimize inventory will increase net shipping cost by requiring long-zone or partial shipments. Orders from several of Amazon’s

 

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websites are fulfilled primarily from a single location, and Amazon has only a limited ability to reroute orders to third parties for drop-shipping. Amazon and its co-sourcers may be unable to adequately staff its fulfillment and customer service centers. As Amazon continues to add fulfillment and warehouse capability or add new businesses with different fulfillment requirements, its fulfillment network becomes increasingly complex and operating it becomes more challenging. If the other businesses on whose behalf Amazon performs inventory fulfillment services deliver product to Amazon’s fulfillment centers in excess of forecasts, Amazon may be unable to secure sufficient storage space and may be unable to optimize its fulfillment centers. There can be no assurance that Amazon will be able to operate its network effectively.

Amazon relies on a limited number of shipping companies to deliver inventory to it and completed orders to its customers. If Amazon is not able to negotiate acceptable terms with these companies or they experience performance problems or other difficulties, it could negatively impact Amazon’s operating results and customer experience. In addition, Amazon’s ability to receive inbound inventory efficiently and ship completed orders to customers also may be negatively affected by inclement weather, fire, flood, power loss, earthquakes, labor disputes, acts of war or terrorism, acts of God and similar factors.

Third parties either drop-ship or otherwise fulfill an increasing portion of Amazon’s customers’ orders, and Amazon is increasingly reliant on the reliability, quality and future procurement of their services. Under some of its commercial agreements, Amazon maintains the inventory of other companies, thereby increasing the complexity of tracking inventory and operating Amazon’s fulfillment centers. Amazon’s failure to properly handle such inventory or the inability of these other companies to accurately forecast product demand would result in unexpected costs and other harm to Amazon’s business and reputation.

The Seasonality of Amazon’s Business Places Increased Strain on Amazon’s Operations

Amazon expects a disproportionate amount of its net sales to occur during its fourth quarter. If Amazon does not stock or restock popular products in sufficient amounts such that it fails to meet customer demand, it could significantly affect Amazon’s revenue and Amazon’s future growth. If Amazon overstocks products, it may be required to take significant inventory markdowns or write-offs, which could reduce gross profits. Amazon may experience an increase in its net shipping cost due to complimentary upgrades, split-shipments and additional long-zone shipments necessary to ensure timely delivery for the holiday season. If too many customers access Amazon’s websites within a short period of time due to increased holiday demand, Amazon may experience system interruptions that make its websites unavailable or prevent Amazon from efficiently fulfilling orders, which may reduce the volume of goods Amazon sells and the attractiveness of Amazon’s products and services. In addition, Amazon may be unable to adequately staff its fulfillment and customer service centers during these peak periods and delivery and other fulfillment companies and customer service co-sourcers may be unable to meet the seasonal demand. Amazon also faces risks described elsewhere in this Risk Factors section relating to fulfillment center optimization and inventory.

Amazon generally has payment terms with its vendors that extend beyond the amount of time necessary to collect proceeds from its customers. As a result of holiday sales, at December 31 of each year, Amazon’s cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities balances typically reach their highest level (other than as a result of cash flows provided by or used in investing and financing activities). This operating cycle results in a corresponding increase in accounts payable at December 31. Amazon’s accounts payable balance generally declines during the first three months of the year, resulting in a corresponding decline in its cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities balances.

Amazon’s Business Could Suffer if It Is Unsuccessful in Making, Integrating and Maintaining Commercial Agreements, Strategic Alliances and Other Business Relationships

Amazon provides e-commerce services to other businesses, such as through its seller programs, including Webstore by Amazon and Fulfillment by Amazon, as well as through other commercial agreements, strategic alliances and business relationships. Under these agreements, Amazon provides technology, fulfillment and other

 

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services, as well as enables sellers to offer products or services through Amazon’s websites and power their websites. These arrangements are complex and require substantial personnel and resource commitments by Amazon, which may limit the agreements Amazon is able to enter into and Amazon’s ability to integrate and deliver services under them. If Amazon fails to implement, maintain and develop the components of these commercial relationships, which may include fulfillment, customer service, inventory management, tax collection, payment processing, licensing of third-party software, hardware and content and engaging third parties to perform hosting and other services, these initiatives may not be viable. The amount of compensation Amazon receives under certain of these agreements is partially dependent on the volume of the other company’s sales. Therefore, if the other company’s offering is not successful, the compensation Amazon receives may be lower than expected or the agreement may be terminated. Moreover, Amazon may not be able to enter into additional commercial relationships and strategic alliances on favorable terms. Amazon also may be subject to claims from businesses to which it provides these services if it is unsuccessful in implementing, maintaining or developing these services.

As Amazon’s agreements terminate, Amazon may be unable to renew or replace these agreements on comparable terms, or at all. Some of Amazon’s agreements involve high margin services, such as marketing and promotional agreements, and as they expire they may be replaced, if at all, by agreements involving lower margin services. In the future, Amazon may enter into amendments on less favorable terms or encounter parties that have difficulty meeting their contractual obligations to Amazon, which could adversely affect Amazon’s operating results.

Present and future e-commerce services agreements, other commercial agreements and strategic alliances create additional risks such as:

 

   

disruption of Amazon’s ongoing business, including loss of management focus on existing businesses;

 

   

impairment of other relationships;

 

   

variability in revenue and income from entering into, amending, or terminating such agreements or relationships; and

 

   

difficulty integrating under the commercial agreements.

Amazon’s Business Could Suffer if Amazon Is Unsuccessful in Making, Integrating and Maintaining Acquisitions and Investments

Amazon has acquired and invested in a number of companies and it may acquire or invest in or enter into joint ventures with additional companies. These transactions create risks such as:

 

   

disruption of Amazon’s ongoing business, including loss of management focus on existing businesses;

 

   

problems retaining key personnel;

 

   

additional operating losses and expenses of the businesses Amazon acquired or in which Amazon invested;

 

   

the potential impairment of amounts capitalized as intangible assets and goodwill as part of the acquisition;

 

   

the potential impairment of customer and other relationships of the company Amazon acquired or in which Amazon invested or Amazon’s own customers as a result of any integration of operations;

 

   

the difficulty of incorporating acquired technology and rights into Amazon’s offerings and unanticipated expenses related to such integration;

 

   

the difficulty of integrating a new company’s accounting, financial reporting, management, information, human resource and other administrative systems to permit effective management, and the lack of control if such integration is delayed or not implemented;

 

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the difficulty of implementing at acquired companies the controls, procedures and policies appropriate for a larger public company;

 

   

potential unknown liabilities associated with a company Amazon acquires or in which Amazon invests; and

 

   

for foreign transactions, additional risks related to the integration of operations across different cultures and languages, and the economic, political, and regulatory risks associated with specific countries.

As a result of future acquisitions or mergers, Amazon might need to issue additional equity securities, spend its cash, or incur debt, contingent liabilities or amortization expenses related to intangible assets, any of which could reduce its profitability and harm Amazon’s business. In addition, valuations supporting Amazon’s acquisitions and strategic investments could change rapidly given the current global economic climate. Amazon could determine that such valuations have experienced impairments or other-than-temporary declines in fair value, which could adversely impact Amazon’s financial results.

Amazon Has Foreign Exchange Risk

The results of operations of, and certain of Amazon’s intercompany balances associated with, Amazon’s international websites are exposed to foreign exchange rate fluctuations. Upon translation, operating results may differ materially from expectations, and Amazon may record significant gains or losses on the remeasurement of intercompany balances. As Amazon has expanded its international operations, its exposure to exchange rate fluctuations has increased.

Amazon also holds cash equivalents and/or marketable securities primarily in Euros, British Pounds and Japanese Yen. If the U.S. Dollar strengthens compared to these currencies, cash equivalents and marketable securities balances, when translated, may be materially less than expected and vice versa.

The Loss of Key Senior Management Personnel Could Negatively Affect Amazon’s Business

Amazon depends on its senior management and other key personnel, particularly Jeff Bezos, Amazon’s President, CEO and Chairman. Amazon does not have “key person” life insurance policies. The loss of any of Amazon’s executive officers or other key employees could harm Amazon’s business.

System Interruption and the Lack of Integration and Redundancy in Amazon’s Systems May Affect Amazon’s Sales

Customer access to Amazon’s websites and the speed with which a customer navigates and makes purchases on its websites affect Amazon’s net sales, operating results and the attractiveness of Amazon’s products and services. Amazon experiences occasional system interruptions and delays that make its websites unavailable or slow to respond and prevent Amazon from efficiently fulfilling orders or providing services to third parties, which may reduce Amazon’s net sales and the attractiveness of its products and services. If Amazon is unable to continually add software and hardware, effectively upgrade its systems and network infrastructure and take other steps to improve the efficiency of its systems, it could cause system interruptions or delays and adversely affect Amazon’s operating results.

Amazon’s computer and communications systems and operations could be damaged or interrupted by fire, flood, power loss, telecommunications failure, earthquakes, acts of war or terrorism, acts of God, computer viruses, physical or electronic break-ins and similar events or disruptions. Any of these events could cause system interruption, delays, and loss of critical data, and could prevent Amazon from accepting and fulfilling customer orders and providing services, which would make Amazon’s product and service offerings less attractive. Amazon’s systems are not fully redundant and its disaster recovery planning may not be sufficient. In addition, Amazon may have inadequate insurance coverage to compensate Amazon for any related losses. Any of these events could damage Amazon’s reputation and be expensive to remedy.

 

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Amazon Faces Significant Inventory Risk

In addition to risks described elsewhere in this Risk Factors section relating to fulfillment center and inventory optimization by Amazon and third parties, Amazon is exposed to significant inventory risks that may adversely affect its operating results as a result of seasonality, new product launches, rapid changes in product cycles, changes in consumer demand and consumer spending patterns, changes in consumer tastes with respect to Amazon’s products and other factors. Amazon endeavors to accurately predict these trends and avoid overstocking or understocking products Amazon manufactures and/or sells. Demand for products, however, can change significantly between the time inventory or components are ordered and the date of sale. In addition, when Amazon begins selling or manufacturing a new product, it may be difficult to establish vendor relationships, determine appropriate product or component selection and accurately forecast demand. The acquisition of certain types of inventory or components may require significant lead-time and prepayment and they may not be returnable. Amazon carries a broad selection and significant inventory levels of certain products, such as consumer electronics, and Amazon may be unable to sell products in sufficient quantities or during the relevant selling seasons. Any one of the inventory risk factors set forth above may adversely affect Amazon’s operating results.

Amazon May Not Be Able to Adequately Protect Amazon’s Intellectual Property Rights or May Be Accused of Infringing Intellectual Property Rights of Third Parties

Amazon regards its trademarks, service marks, copyrights, patents, trade dress, trade secrets, proprietary technology and similar intellectual property as critical to Amazon’s success, and Amazon relies on trademark, copyright, and patent law, trade secret protection and confidentiality and/or license agreements with its employees, customers and others to protect its proprietary rights. Effective intellectual property protection may not be available in every country in which Amazon’s products and services are made available. Amazon also may not be able to acquire or maintain appropriate domain names in all countries in which it does business. Furthermore, regulations governing domain names may not protect Amazon’s trademarks and similar proprietary rights. Amazon may be unable to prevent third parties from acquiring domain names that are similar to, infringe upon, or diminish the value of Amazon’s trademarks and other proprietary rights.

Amazon may not be able to discover or determine the extent of any unauthorized use of its proprietary rights. Third parties that license Amazon’s proprietary rights also may take actions that diminish the value of its proprietary rights or reputation. The protection of Amazon’s intellectual property may require the expenditure of significant financial and managerial resources. Moreover, the steps Amazon takes to protect its intellectual property may not adequately protect its rights or prevent third parties from infringing or misappropriating its proprietary rights. Amazon also cannot be certain that others will not independently develop or otherwise acquire equivalent or superior technology or other intellectual property rights.

Other parties also may claim that Amazon infringes their proprietary rights. Amazon has been subject to, and expects to continue to be subject to, claims and legal proceedings regarding alleged infringement by Amazon of the intellectual property rights of third parties. Such claims, whether or not meritorious, may result in the expenditure of significant financial and managerial resources, injunctions against Amazon or the payment of damages. Amazon may need to obtain licenses from third parties who allege that it has infringed their rights, but such licenses may not be available on terms acceptable to Amazon or at all. In addition, Amazon may not be able to obtain or utilize on terms that are favorable to Amazon, or at all, licenses or other rights with respect to intellectual property Amazon does not own in providing e-commerce services to other businesses and individuals under commercial agreements. These risks have been amplified by the increase in third parties whose sole or primary business is to assert such claims.

Amazon’s digital content offerings depend in part on effective digital rights management technology to control access to digital content. If the digital rights management technology that Amazon uses is compromised or otherwise malfunctions, Amazon could be subject to claims, and content providers may be unwilling to include their content in Amazon’s service.

 

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Amazon Has a Rapidly Evolving Business Model and Its Stock Price Is Highly Volatile

Amazon has a rapidly evolving business model. The trading price of Amazon’s common stock fluctuates significantly in response to, among other risks, the risks described elsewhere in this Risk Factors section, as well as:

 

   

changes in interest rates;

 

   

conditions or trends in the Internet and the e-commerce industry;

 

   

quarterly variations in operating results;

 

   

fluctuations in the stock market in general and market prices for Internet-related companies in particular;

 

   

changes in financial estimates by Amazon or securities analysts and recommendations by securities analysts;

 

   

changes in Amazon’s capital structure, including issuance of additional debt or equity to the public;

 

   

changes in the valuation methodology of, or performance by, other e-commerce companies; and

 

   

transactions in Amazon’s common stock by major investors and certain analyst reports, news, and speculation.

Volatility in Amazon’s stock price could adversely affect Amazon’s business and financing opportunities and force Amazon to increase cash compensation to its employees or grant larger stock awards than Amazon has historically, which could hurt Amazon’s operating results or reduce the percentage ownership of Amazon’s existing shareholders, or both.

Government Regulation of the Internet and E-commerce Is Evolving and Unfavorable Changes Could Harm Amazon’s Business

Amazon is subject to general business regulations and laws, as well as regulations and laws specifically governing the Internet and e-commerce. Existing and future laws and regulations may impede the growth of the Internet or online services. These regulations and laws may cover taxation, privacy, data protection, pricing, content, copyrights, distribution, mobile communications, electronic contracts and other communications, consumer protection, the provision of online payment services, unencumbered Internet access to Amazon’s services, the design and operation of websites, and the characteristics and quality of products and services. It is not clear how existing laws governing issues such as property ownership, libel, and personal privacy apply to the Internet and e-commerce. Jurisdictions may regulate consumer-to-consumer online businesses, including certain aspects of Amazon’s seller programs. Unfavorable regulations and laws could diminish the demand for Amazon’s products and services and increase Amazon’s cost of doing business.

Taxation Risks Could Subject Amazon to Liability for Past Sales and Cause Amazon’s Future Sales to Decrease

Amazon does not collect sales or other taxes on shipments of most of its goods into most states in the U.S. Under some of Amazon’s commercial agreements, the other company is the seller of record, and Amazon is obligated to collect sales tax in accordance with that company’s instructions. Amazon may enter into additional agreements requiring similar tax collection obligations. Amazon’s fulfillment center and customer service center networks, and any future expansion of them, along with other aspects of Amazon’s evolving business, may result in additional sales and other tax obligations.

Currently, U.S. Supreme Court decisions restrict the imposition of obligations to collect state and local sales and use taxes with respect to sales made over the Internet. However, a number of states, as well as the U.S. Congress, have been considering or adopted initiatives that could limit or supersede the Supreme Court’s position

 

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regarding sales and use taxes on Internet sales. If these initiatives are successful, Amazon could be required to collect sales and use taxes in additional states. The imposition by state and local governments of various taxes upon Internet commerce could create administrative burdens for Amazon, put Amazon at a competitive disadvantage if they do not impose similar obligations on all of Amazon’s online competitors and decrease Amazon’s future sales.

Amazon collects consumption tax (including value added tax, goods and services tax, and provincial sales tax) as applicable on goods and services sold by Amazon that are ordered on Amazon’s international sites. Additional foreign countries may seek to impose sales or other tax collection obligations on Amazon.

A successful assertion by one or more states or foreign countries that Amazon should collect sales or other taxes on the sale of merchandise or services could result in substantial tax liabilities for past sales, decrease Amazon’s ability to compete with traditional retailers, and otherwise harm Amazon’s business.

Amazon Could be Subject to Additional Income Tax Liabilities

Amazon is subject to income taxes in the United States and numerous foreign jurisdictions. Significant judgment is required in evaluating Amazon’s worldwide provision for income taxes. During the ordinary course of business, there are many transactions for which the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. For example, Amazon’s effective tax rates could be adversely affected by earnings being lower than anticipated in countries where Amazon has lower statutory rates and higher than anticipated in countries where Amazon has higher statutory rates, by changes in the valuation of Amazon’s deferred tax assets and liabilities, or by changes in the relevant tax, accounting and other laws, regulations, principles and interpretations. Amazon is subject to audit in various jurisdictions, and such jurisdictions may assess additional income tax against Amazon. Although Amazon believes its tax estimates are reasonable, the final determination of tax audits and any related litigation could be materially different from Amazon’s historical income tax provisions and accruals. The results of an audit or litigation could have a material effect on Amazon’s operating results or cash flows in the period or periods for which that determination is made.

Amazon’s Vendor Relationships Subject It to a Number of Risks

Amazon has significant vendors that are important to its sourcing, manufacturing and any related ongoing servicing of merchandise and content. Amazon does not have long-term arrangements with most of its vendors to guarantee availability of merchandise, content, components or services, particular payment terms or the extension of credit limits. If Amazon’s current vendors were to stop selling merchandise, content, components or services to it on acceptable terms, including as a result of one or more vendor bankruptcies due to poor economic conditions, Amazon may be unable to procure from other vendors in a timely and efficient manner and on acceptable terms, or at all.

Amazon May Be Subject to Product Liability Claims if People or Property Are Harmed by the Products Amazon Sells

Some of the products Amazon sells or manufactures may expose it to product liability claims relating to personal injury, death, or environmental or property damage, and may require product recalls or other actions. Certain third parties also sell products using Amazon’s e-commerce platform that may increase Amazon’s exposure to product liability claims, such as if these sellers do not have sufficient protection from such claims. Although Amazon maintains liability insurance, Amazon cannot be certain that its coverage will be adequate for liabilities actually incurred or that insurance will continue to be available to it on economically reasonable terms, or at all. In addition, some of Amazon’s agreements with its vendors and sellers do not indemnify it from product liability.

 

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Amazon Is Subject to Payments-Related Risks

Amazon accepts payments using a variety of methods, including credit card, debit card, credit accounts (including promotional financing), gift certificates, direct debit from a customer’s bank account, consumer invoicing, physical bank check and payment upon delivery. As Amazon offers new payment options to its customers, it may be subject to additional regulations, compliance requirements and fraud. For certain payment methods, including credit and debit cards, Amazon pays interchange and other fees, which may increase over time and raise Amazon’s operating costs and lower its profit margins. Amazon relies on third parties to provide payment processing services, including the processing of credit cards, debit cards, electronic checks and promotional financing, and it could disrupt Amazon’s business if these companies become unwilling or unable to provide these services. Amazon is also subject to payment card association operating rules, certification requirements and rules governing electronic funds transfers, which could change or be reinterpreted to make it difficult or impossible for Amazon to comply. If Amazon fails to comply with these rules or requirements, it may be subject to fines and higher transaction fees and lose its ability to accept credit and debit card payments from its customers, process electronic funds transfers, or facilitate other types of online payments, and Amazon’s business and operating results could be adversely affected. Amazon also offers co-branded credit card programs that represent a significant component of its services revenue and generate high margins. If one or more of these agreements are terminated and Amazon is unable to replace them on similar terms, or at all, it could adversely affect Amazon’s operating results.

In addition, Amazon qualifies as a money services business in certain jurisdictions because Amazon enables customers to keep account balances with it and transfer money to third parties, and because Amazon provides services to third parties to facilitate payments on their behalf. In these jurisdictions, Amazon may be subject to requirements for licensing, regulatory inspection, bonding, the handling of transferred funds and consumer disclosures. Amazon is also subject to or voluntarily complies with a number of other laws and regulations relating to money laundering, international money transfers, privacy and information security and electronic fund transfers. If Amazon were found to be in violation of applicable laws or regulations, Amazon could be subject to civil and criminal penalties or forced to cease its payments services business.

Amazon Could Be Liable for Breaches of Security on Its Websites

Although Amazon has developed systems and processes that are designed to protect consumer information and prevent fraudulent payment transactions and other security breaches, failure to prevent or mitigate such fraud or breaches may adversely affect Amazon’s operating results.

Amazon Could Be Liable for Fraudulent or Unlawful Activities of Sellers

The law relating to the liability of providers of online payment services is currently unsettled. In addition, governmental agencies could require changes in the way this business is conducted. Under Amazon’s seller programs, Amazon may be unable to prevent sellers from collecting payments, fraudulently or otherwise, when buyers never receive the products they ordered or when the products received are materially different from the sellers’ descriptions. Under Amazon’s A2Z Guarantee, Amazon reimburses buyers for payments up to certain limits in these situations, and as Amazon’s marketplace seller sales grow, the cost of this program will increase and could negatively affect Amazon’s operating results. Amazon also may be unable to prevent sellers on its sites or through other seller sites from selling unlawful goods, from selling goods in an unlawful manner, or violating the proprietary rights of others, and could face civil or criminal liability for unlawful activities by its sellers.

 

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SOLICITATION OF WRITTEN CONSENTS

Consents

The Zappos Board is providing these consent solicitation materials. Zappos shareholders are being asked to approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby by executing and delivering the written consent furnished with this consent solicitation/prospectus. In addition, holders of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock are being asked to approve of the conversion of all of the shares of such series of Zappos preferred stock that they own into shares of Zappos common stock, contingent upon adoption and approval of the Merger Agreement and effective immediately before consummation of the Merger, by executing and delivering the applicable written consent furnished with this consent solicitation/prospectus.

Shares Entitled to Consent and Consent Required

Only Zappos shareholders of record at the close of business on [            ], 2009 will be notified of and be entitled to execute and deliver a written consent. On the Record Date, the outstanding securities of Zappos eligible to consent with respect to the proposals consist of [                    ] shares of Zappos common stock and an aggregate of [                ] shares of all series of Zappos preferred stock, including an aggregate of [                    ] shares of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock and an aggregate of [                ] shares of Zappos Series E and Series F preferred stock.

Under Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation, each holder of Zappos common stock is entitled to one vote for each share of common stock held of record and each holder of Zappos preferred stock is entitled to one vote for each share of common stock into which such share of preferred stock held of record is convertible.

Approval of the Merger and adoption and approval of the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby requires: (i) the approval of a majority of the outstanding shares of Zappos common stock; (ii) the approval of a majority of the voting power of the outstanding shares of Zappos preferred stock; and (iii) the approval of a majority of the voting power of the outstanding shares of Zappos Series E and Series F preferred stock, tabulated together as a single class. In addition, Amazon is not required to complete the Merger unless holders of not more than 15% of the total shares of Zappos common stock and Zappos preferred stock collectively are, or have the ability to become, dissenting shares, pursuant to the California General Corporation Law, meaning that holders of shares representing at least 85% of the shares of Zappos common stock and preferred stock collectively outstanding immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger have adopted and approved the Merger Agreement or otherwise allowed their dissenters’ rights to lapse under California law or did not have dissenters’ rights because such shares were not issued and outstanding as of the Record Date.

Approval of the conversion of all of the shares of each of the Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock requires the consent of more than fifty percent of the outstanding shares of each such series of preferred stock. The conversion of any series of preferred stock is not contingent upon the approval by holders of any other series of the conversion of such other series.

Submission of Consents

You may consent to the proposals with respect to your shares by completing and signing the written consent furnished with this consent solicitation/prospectus and returning it to Zappos on or before [            ], 2009, the date the Zappos Board has set as the targeted final date for receipt of written consents. Zappos reserves the right to extend the final date for receipt of written consents beyond [            ], 2009 in the event that consents approving the Merger and adopting and approving the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby have not been obtained by that date from holders of a sufficient number of shares of Zappos common stock and Zappos preferred stock to satisfy the conditions to the Merger. Any such extension may be made without notice to shareholders. Once all conditions to the Merger have been satisfied or waived, the consent solicitation will conclude.

If you hold shares of Zappos common stock or preferred stock as of the Record Date and you wish to give your written consent, you must fill out the enclosed written consent, date and sign it, and promptly return it to Zappos. Once you have completed, dated and signed the written consent, you may deliver it to Zappos by faxing

 

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it to Zappos’ legal counsel, Fenwick & West LLP, Attention: Connie Duong, at (650) 938-5200, by emailing a pdf copy of your written consent to cduong@fenwick.com, or by mailing your written consent to Fenwick & West LLP at Silicon Valley Center, 801 California Ave., Mountain View, CA 94041, Attention: Connie Duong.

Executing Consents; Revocation of Consents

With respect to each proposal for which the shares of Zappos common stock and preferred stock that you hold allow you to give consent, you may execute a written consent to approve each proposal (which is equivalent to a vote for the proposal) or disapprove each proposal (which is equivalent to a vote against the proposal). If you do not return your written consent, it will have the same effect as a vote against the proposals. If you are a record holder and you return a signed written consent without indicating your decision on a proposal, you will have given your consent to approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby and approve the conversion of all of the shares of the series of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock that you own, if any, into shares of Zappos common stock, contingent upon adoption and approval of the Merger Agreement and effective immediately before consummation of the Merger.

Your consent to a proposal may be changed or revoked at any time before the consents of a sufficient number of shares to approve and adopt such proposal have been filed with Zappos’ corporate secretary. If you wish to change or revoke a previously given consent before that time, you may do so by delivering a notice of revocation to the Secretary of Zappos or by delivering a new written consent with a later date.

Solicitation of Consents; Expenses

The expense of preparing, printing and mailing these consent solicitation materials is being borne by Amazon. Officers and employees of Zappos may solicit consents by telephone and personally, in addition to solicitation by mail. These persons will receive their regular salaries but no special compensation for soliciting consents.

Recommendation of the Zappos Board

The Zappos Board RECOMMENDS THAT ZAPPOS SHAREHOLDERS APPROVE THE MERGER AND ADOPT AND APPROVE THE MERGER AGREEMENT AND THE TRANSACTIONS CONTEMPLATED THEREBY BY EXECUTING AND DELIVERING THE WRITTEN CONSENT FURNISHED WITH THIS CONSENT SOLICITATION/PROSPECTUS. The Zappos Board believes the merger consideration to Zappos shareholders is fair, advisable and in the best interests of Zappos and its shareholders. The management of Zappos and the Zappos Board, after careful study and evaluation of the economic, financial, legal and other factors, also believe the Merger could provide Amazon with increased opportunity for profitable expansion of its business, which in turn should benefit Zappos shareholders who become shareholders of Amazon. See “Proposed Merger—Zappos’ Reasons for the Merger; Recommendation of the Zappos Board” on page 36.

Voting Agreement

Concurrently with the execution of the Merger Agreement, shareholders that are affiliates of Zappos, who collectively hold (i) a majority of the outstanding shares of Zappos common stock on a fully diluted basis, (ii) a majority of the voting power of the outstanding shares of Zappos preferred stock and (iii) a majority of the voting power of the outstanding shares of Series E and Series F preferred stock, entered into a voting agreement with Amazon in which they have agreed to execute and return consents with respect to their shares of Zappos capital stock and options and warrants exercised prior to the Record Date approving the Merger and adopting and approving the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby. The parties to the voting agreement are Anthony Hsieh, Alfred Lin, and investment funds controlled by Mr. Hsieh and Mr. Lin, Fred Mossler, Ann Mather (a Zappos director), Michael Marks (a Zappos director), and an investment fund with which Mr. Marks is

 

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affiliated, the Sequoia Capital funds, Morgan Stanley Principal Investments, Inc., Nicholas Swinmurn (Zappos’ founder), and two of Mr. Swinmurn’s immediate family members. The voting agreement provides for a sufficient number of consents to be executed and delivered to approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby. See “Principal Shareholders of Zappos” on page 68.

 

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PROPOSED MERGER

Background of the Merger

Over the past several years, Amazon from time to time contacted Zappos concerning potential business combinations or strategic or commercial relationships between Amazon and Zappos, including a meeting in Las Vegas, Nevada on August 18, 2005 with Jeff Bezos, Amazon’s Chief Executive Officer, Jeff Blackburn, Amazon’s Vice President of Business Development at that time, Russ Grandinetti, Amazon’s Vice President of Apparel and Sporting Goods at that time, Mr. Hsieh, Mr. Lin, who was also Managing Member of Venture Frogs, LLC at that time, and Michael Moritz, a Zappos Board member and a General Partner of Sequoia Capital, Zappos’ largest outside shareholder. However, these discussions did not lead to negotiations or a definitive agreement.

On March 3, 2008, Peter Krawiec, Amazon’s Vice President of Corporate Development, was introduced to Mr. Lin, who had since become Zappos’ Chairman, Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer, at a dinner function in Scottsdale, Arizona and they briefly discussed whether Zappos would consider a business combination or strategic partnership with Amazon.

On December 1, 2008, Mr. Blackburn, who had since become Amazon’s Senior Vice President of Business and Corporate Development, and Mr. Krawiec met Mr. Lin in Las Vegas, Nevada, to discuss opportunities for the companies to work together, and the parties agreed to continue their discussion in the first quarter of 2009.

On February 3, 2009, representatives of Morgan Stanley & Co. Incorporated (“Morgan Stanley”), met with Mr. Blackburn and Mr. Krawiec to discuss the environment for mergers and acquisitions among technology companies and Amazon’s strategic priorities. Among other topics, Amazon indicated its interest in evaluating a possible business combination or strategic relationship with Zappos, as Amazon was contemplating various initiatives in the footwear and apparel categories.

During the month of February 2009, representatives of Morgan Stanley held a number of meetings and conference calls jointly and individually with Mr. Lin and Mr. Moritz to discuss various benefits of a possible business combination or strategic relationship with Zappos and Amazon.

On February 23, 2009, Mr. Moritz called Mr. Blackburn and Mr. Krawiec to discuss a potential business combination of Amazon and Zappos and Mr. Moritz’s history of working with the Zappos management team.

In early March 2009, representatives of Morgan Stanley and Mr. Lin had several meetings to discuss Zappos’ business performance, financial and operating metrics and growth trends, the current economic environment in the capital markets and the technology mergers and acquisitions market and a variety of strategic alternatives.

On March 19, 2009, Amazon and Zappos executed a non-disclosure agreement to facilitate Amazon’s due diligence review in connection with a possible business combination with Amazon and Zappos, and the parties began to exchange non-public information on a confidential basis.

On March 31, 2009, Mr. Lin and representatives of Morgan Stanley held a conference call to discuss some of Zappos’ longer term strategic goals.

In early April 2009, Amazon had a number of conference calls with representatives of Zappos and Morgan Stanley to conduct a financial review of Zappos.

On April 3, 2009, representatives of Morgan Stanley, Mr. Hsieh, Mr. Lin and Mr. Moritz had a call to discuss Zappos’ recent financial performance and eCommerce trends.

 

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On April 8, 2009, Zappos formally engaged Morgan Stanley as financial advisor in connection with a possible business combination or strategic relationship.

On April 14, 2009, a representative from Lazard Freres & Co. (“Lazard”) met with Mr. Blackburn and Mr. Krawiec at Amazon’s headquarters in Seattle, Washington, to discuss, among other things, a possible business combination or strategic relationship involving Zappos.

On April 15, 2009, Mr. Blackburn and Mr. Krawiec, along with Dan Jedda, Amazon’s Director of Business Development Finance, met with Mr. Lin and representatives of Morgan Stanley in Menlo Park, California, to discuss a possible business combination of Amazon and Zappos. In addition, Mr. Lin and representatives of Morgan Stanley presented a review of certain long term financial projections of Zappos and its strategic vision.

On April 16, 2009, the Zappos Board met in Menlo Park, California and discussed, among other things, a possible business combination with Amazon and Zappos.

On April 22, 2009, representatives of Morgan Stanley, Mr. Hsieh and Mr. Lin had a conference call to discuss the merits of a possible business combination and possible next steps to continue discussions with Amazon.

On April 30, 2009, Mr. Bezos, Jeff Wilke, Amazon’s Senior Vice President of North American Retail, Tom Szkutak, Amazon’s Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, and Mr. Krawiec met with Mr. Hsieh, Fred Mossler, a merchandizing executive of Zappos who has the formal title of “No Title”, and Mr. Lin at Amazon’s headquarters in Seattle, Washington. During the meeting, the parties discussed Zappos’ history, goals, vision and culture and a possible business combination.

During May 2009, representatives of Zappos, Morgan Stanley, Amazon and Lazard discussed the feasibility and possible terms of a business combination, including discussions regarding the form and amount of consideration. Zappos also provided additional diligence materials.

On May 4, 2009, Mr. Krawiec and Mr. Lin had a telephone call in which Mr. Krawiec proposed possible terms of an all-cash acquisition of Zappos by Amazon, and Mr. Lin inquired whether Amazon would consider an all-stock transaction.

On May 5, 2009, a representative from Morgan Stanley met with Mr. Moritz to provide an update on the capital markets and the market for initial public offerings, as well as an update on the discussions between Amazon and Zappos.

On May 13, 2009, Amazon engaged Lazard as a financial advisor in connection with a possible transaction with Zappos.

On May 22, 2009, Mr. Lin met with Morgan Stanley to discuss valuation perspectives regarding Amazon’s proposed transaction terms and other strategic alternatives and scenarios, including debt financing, private equity financing and an initial public offering.

On May 22, 2009, a representative from Morgan Stanley called Mr. Krawiec and described a counter-proposal from Zappos involving an all-stock acquisition of Zappos by Amazon.

On May 27, 2009, Mr. Blackburn and Mr. Krawiec called Mr. Moritz and discussed the all-stock counter-proposal further.

On May 28, 2009, Amazon’s management made a presentation to the Amazon Board of Directors (the “Amazon Board”) relating to a possible business combination with Zappos and discussed preliminary terms, valuation ranges, possible synergies and other benefits.

 

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On June 1, 2009, Mr. Lin met with Mr. Krawiec in Las Vegas, Nevada, to discuss terms relating to a possible business combination in which the consideration would be Amazon common stock. Mr. Krawiec delivered a letter regarding exclusivity between the parties and also non-binding discussion points relating to a proposed merger (the “Exclusivity Letter”), which included a purchase price proposal. Mr. Krawiec also delivered a letter from Mr. Bezos addressed to Mr. Hsieh, discussing Amazon’s interest in pursuing a merger with Zappos.

On June 2, 2009 the Zappos Board discussed Amazon’s June 1, 2009 proposal.

Between June 1 and June 8, 2009, Mr. Krawiec and Mr. Lin, along with representatives from Amazon, Zappos, Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP, Amazon’s outside legal counsel (“Gibson Dunn”), Fenwick & West LLP, Zappos’ outside legal counsel (“Fenwick & West”), Morgan Stanley and Lazard negotiated the Exclusivity Letter and proposed terms of a merger in which the consideration would be Amazon common stock, including a purchase price proposal. Amazon and Zappos signed the Exclusivity Letter on June 8 and June 9, 2009, respectively.

From mid-June through July 2009, representatives of Amazon, Lazard, Gibson Dunn and PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, Amazon’s tax advisors, conducted business, operational, financial, legal, accounting and tax due diligence of Zappos and held numerous discussions with representative of Zappos, Morgan Stanley, Fenwick & West and PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, Zappos’ auditors and tax advisors. During this time period, representatives of Amazon, Zappos, Gibson Dunn and Fenwick & West also exchanged drafts of and discussed proposed terms of the Merger Agreement, voting agreement and ancillary documents.

On June 17, 2009, representatives of Amazon, Lazard and Morgan Stanley attended management presentations by representatives of Zappos at the offices of Zappos in Henderson, Nevada which included a summary of Zappos’ business strategy, historical and projected financial performance, technology, customer service, fulfillment operations, customer acquisition methods, marketing, merchandising, buying, culture, recruiting, human resource function, and future plans, as well as follow-up questions relating to Amazon’s due diligence process.

On June 24, 2009 and June 25, 2009, representatives of Amazon, Zappos and Morgan Stanley attended fulfillment center operations and fulfillment technology due diligence meetings in Shepherdsville, Kentucky.

On June 29 and 30, 2009, representatives of Amazon, Zappos, Gibson Dunn, Fenwick & West, Lazard and Morgan Stanley met in San Francisco, California to further discuss the proposed terms of the Merger Agreement.

On June 30, July 1 and July 2, 2009, representatives of Amazon, Lazard and Morgan Stanley attended management presentations by Zappos on the topics presented on June 17 and Zappos management answered follow-up questions relating to the June 17, 24 and 25 management presentations and Amazon’s due diligence process.

On July 10, 2009, Mr. Bezos, Mr. Krawiec, Mr. Hsieh, Mr. Lin, and Mr. Mossler met in Las Vegas, Nevada, to discuss the proposed Merger and future opportunities for Zappos following the Merger, as well as ideas, messaging and plans for communications to customers, employees, partners and investors.

On July 17, 2009, the Amazon Board discussed, among other things, the merits of the Merger, the results of due diligence performed on Zappos, the advice from its legal and financial advisors and the terms of the Merger Agreement, and unanimously adopted resolutions approving and declaring advisable the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby.

 

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On July 20, 2009, the Zappos Board discussed, among other things, the merits of the Merger, reviewed a draft of Morgan Stanley’s preliminary financial analysis of the transaction and discussed the analysis with representatives of Morgan Stanley. At the meeting, Morgan Stanley informed the Zappos Board that, subject to completion of due diligence by Zappos and absent any material changes to the terms of the transaction, Morgan Stanley expected to be able to deliver its opinion upon the request of the Zappos Board that, as of the date of such opinion and based upon and subject to the assumptions, qualifications and limitations set forth in a written opinion letter, the consideration to be received by the holders of shares of Zappos stock pursuant to the Merger Agreement was fair from a financial point of view to such holders, taken as a whole, and Morgan Stanley reviewed with the Zappos Board its current draft of the opinion letter. The Zappos Board then unanimously adopted resolutions approving and declaring advisable the Merger, the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby and recommending to the shareholders of Zappos that they consent to the Merger Agreement and the Merger, subject to the due diligence conference call on July 22, 2009 with representatives from Amazon to review Amazon’s second quarter financial results and third quarter 2009 financial prospects and to the delivery of Morgan Stanley’s opinion upon the request of Mr. Lin, in his capacity as Chairman of the Zappos Board.

On the morning of July 22, 2009, Mr. Szkutak, Mr. Krawiec and Michael Deal, Amazon’s Vice President and Associate General Counsel, previewed for Mr. Lin and representatives from Fenwick & West, Morgan Stanley and Lazard the second quarter 2009 financial results and third quarter 2009 financial prospects of Amazon, which Amazon publicly disclosed in connection with its second quarter earnings announcement on July 23, 2009. Later that morning, Mr. Hsieh, Mr. Lin and representatives of Morgan Stanley and Fenwick & West discussed the findings of the call they had held with Mr. Szkutak, Mr. Krawiec and Mr. Deal.

Also on July 22, 2009, at the request of Mr. Lin, Morgan Stanley rendered its oral opinion, subsequently confirmed by delivery of its written opinion to the Zappos Board as of the same date, to the effect that, as of the date thereof, based upon and subject to the assumptions, qualifications and limitations set forth in the written opinion, the consideration to be received by the holders of shares of Zappos stock pursuant to the Merger Agreement was fair from a financial point of view to such holders, taken as a whole.

On the afternoon of July 22, 2009, all of the parties executed the Merger Agreement. Simultaneously with the execution of the Merger Agreement, Anthony Hsieh, Alfred Lin and investment funds controlled by Mr. Hsieh and Mr. Lin, Mr. Mossler, Ann Mather (a Zappos director), Michael Marks (a Zappos director) and an investment fund with which Mr. Marks is affiliated, the Sequoia Capital funds, Morgan Stanley Principal Investments, Inc., and Nicholas Swinmurn (Zappos’ founder) and two of Mr. Swinmurn’s immediate family members entered into the Voting Agreement with Amazon, obligating them, among other things, to execute and return consents approving the Merger and adopting and approving the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby.

On the afternoon of July 22, 2009, Amazon announced the execution of the Merger Agreement and the terms of the Merger.

Amazon’s Reasons for the Merger

The Merger is expected to enable Amazon to expand and strengthen its presence in softline retail categories, such as shoes and apparel, that are strategically important to Amazon’s future business growth. In addition, the Merger will allow Amazon to better cater to consumers’ needs by providing diverse customer experiences and price points. In approving the proposed Merger, the Amazon Board considered, among other things:

 

   

Zappos’ strong presence in strategically important segments;

 

   

Zappos’ strong brand and large and loyal customer base;

 

   

the possibility of creating additional value for customers of both companies by potentially coordinating activities or leveraging skills in areas such as technology and fulfillment; and

 

   

Zappos’ management team’s prior record for success and customer-obsessed culture, and indications from the management team of their willingness to remain with Zappos following the Merger.

 

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Zappos’ Reasons for the Merger; Recommendation of the Zappos Board

The Merger is expected to enable Zappos to leverage Amazon’s resources, technology, infrastructure and scale to further expand and strengthen Zappos’ presence in softline retail categories, such as clothing, shoes, handbags and accessories, which is expected to further accelerate the growth of the Zappos business, brand and culture. In addition, the Merger will allow Zappos to better cater to consumer needs by leveraging various technology and fulfillment infrastructure benefits that Amazon already provides to its customers. In approving the proposed Merger, the Zappos Board considered, among other things:

 

   

Amazon’s strong brand and large customer base;

 

   

Amazon’s and Zappos’ similar long-term focus and customer-obsessed culture;

 

   

the possibility of creating additional value for customers of both companies by potentially coordinating activities or leveraging skills in areas such as technology and fulfillment;

 

   

Amazon’s management team’s prior record for success in their primary businesses as well as business combinations;

 

   

Morgan Stanley’s written opinion dated as of July 22, 2009, to the effect that, as of such date, based upon and subject to the assumptions, qualifications and limitations set forth in such opinion, the consideration to be received by the holders of shares of Zappos stock pursuant to the Merger Agreement was fair from a financial point of view to such holders, taken as a whole;

 

   

Zappos’ strategic alternatives compared to the terms and conditions of the Merger Agreement, including the following related factors:

 

   

the alternatives available to Zappos if it were not to engage in the business combination with Amazon, including independent pursuit of Zappos’ business strategy, which involves meaningful risks and uncertainties; none of the alternatives available to Zappos, in the view of the Zappos Board, were as or more favorable to Zappos and its shareholders than the business combination with Amazon;

 

   

the expectation that the Merger will be a tax-free reorganization for United States federal income tax purposes;

 

   

the determination that an exchange ratio that is not based on future fluctuations in stock price and not subject to adjustment is appropriate to reflect the strategic nature of the proposed combination and that a fixed exchange ratio fairly captures the respective ownership interests of Zappos shareholders and avoids fluctuations caused by near-term market volatility;

 

   

the fact that the shares of Amazon common stock issued to Zappos shareholders will be registered on Form S-4 and will be freely tradeable for Zappos shareholders, except for Mr. Hsieh, Mr. Lin, and Mr. Mossler;

 

   

the limited number and nature of the conditions to Amazon’s obligation to consummate the Merger and the limited risk of non-satisfaction of such conditions;

 

   

the likelihood that the Merger will be consummated on a timely basis, including the likelihood that the Merger will receive all necessary regulatory approvals, along with the risks that the Merger will not receive regulatory approval, not be consummated in a timely manner or consummated at all; and

 

   

other potential uncertainties, risks, and potentially negative factors concerning the Merger.

After careful and due consideration, the Zappos Board unanimously concluded that overall, the risks, uncertainties, restrictions and potential negative factors associated with the Merger were outweighed by the potential benefits of the Merger, and that many of the risks could be managed and mitigated prior to the Merger.

 

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Opinion of Zappos’ Financial Advisor

Zappos retained Morgan Stanley to provide financial advisory services and a financial opinion to the Zappos Board in connection with a potential sale of Zappos. The Zappos Board selected Morgan Stanley to act as its exclusive financial advisor based on Morgan Stanley’s qualifications, expertise, reputation and knowledge of Zappos’ business and affairs. At the meeting of the Zappos Board on July 20, 2009, Morgan Stanley reviewed a draft of its preliminary financial analysis of the transaction and discussed the analysis with the Zappos Board. At the meeting, Morgan Stanley informed the Zappos Board that, subject to completion of due diligence by Zappos and absent any material changes to the terms of the transaction, Morgan Stanley expected to be able to deliver its opinion upon the request of the Zappos Board that, as of the date of such opinion, and based upon and subject to the assumptions, qualifications and limitations set forth in a written opinion letter, the consideration to be received by the holders of shares of Zappos stock pursuant to the Merger Agreement was fair from a financial point of view to such holders, taken as a whole. On July 22, 2009, at the request of Mr. Lin, in his capacity as Chairman of the Zappos Board, Morgan Stanley delivered such opinion orally, and the opinion was subsequently confirmed by delivery of its written opinion to the Zappos Board as of July 22, 2009.

The full text of Morgan Stanley’s written opinion, dated July 22, 2009, is attached as Appendix C to this consent solicitation/prospectus. The opinion sets forth, among other things, the assumptions made, procedures followed, matters considered and qualifications and limitations on the scope of review undertaken by Morgan Stanley in rendering its opinion. We encourage you to read the entire opinion carefully. Morgan Stanley’s opinion is directed to the Zappos Board and addresses only the fairness from a financial point of view of the consideration to be received by holders of Zappos stock, taken as a whole, pursuant to the Merger Agreement as of the date of the opinion. Morgan Stanley’s opinion does not address any other aspect of the Merger and does not constitute a recommendation to any shareholder of Zappos as to how such shareholder should vote or act on any matter with respect to the Merger. In addition, the opinion does not in any matter address the prices at which Amazon common stock will trade following the announcement or consummation of the Merger. The summary of Morgan Stanley’s opinion set forth in this consent solicitation/prospectus is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the opinion.

In connection with rendering its opinion, Morgan Stanley, among other things:

 

   

reviewed certain internal financial statements and other financial and operating data concerning Zappos;

 

   

reviewed certain financial projections for Zappos prepared by the management of Zappos;

 

   

reviewed certain publicly available financial statements and other business and financial information of Amazon, and certain publicly available financial projections for Amazon prepared by research analysts;

 

   

discussed the past and current operations and financial condition and the prospects of Zappos, including information relating to certain strategic, financial and operational benefits anticipated from the Merger, with senior executives of Zappos;

 

   

discussed the past and current operations and financial condition and the prospects of Amazon, with senior executives of Amazon;

 

   

reviewed the reported prices and trading activity for Amazon common stock;

 

   

compared the financial performance of Zappos and Amazon and the prices and trading activity of Amazon common stock with that of certain other publicly-traded companies comparable to Zappos and Amazon, respectively;

 

   

reviewed the financial terms, to the extent publicly available, of certain comparable acquisition transactions;

 

   

participated in discussions and negotiations among representatives of Zappos and Amazon and their financial and legal advisors;

 

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reviewed the Merger Agreement and certain related documents; and

 

   

performed such other analyses and considered such other factors as Morgan Stanley deemed appropriate.

In arriving at its opinion, Morgan Stanley assumed and relied upon, without independent verification, the accuracy and completeness of the information that was publicly available or supplied or otherwise made available to Morgan Stanley by Zappos and Amazon and formed a substantial basis for its opinion. With respect to Zappos’ financial projections, Morgan Stanley assumed that they had been reasonably prepared on bases reflecting the best available estimates and judgments of the management of Zappos of the future financial performance of Zappos. Morgan Stanley relied upon, without independent verification, the assessment by the managements of Zappos and Amazon of: (i) the timing and risks associated with the integration of Zappos and Amazon; (ii) their ability to retain key employees of Zappos and Amazon, respectively and (iii) the validity of, and risks associated with, Zappos’ and Amazon’s existing and future technologies, intellectual property, products, services and business models. In addition, Morgan Stanley assumed that the Merger will be consummated in accordance with the terms set forth in the Merger Agreement without any waiver, amendment or delay of any terms or conditions, including, among other things, that the Merger will be treated as a tax-free reorganization and/or exchange, each pursuant to the Code. Morgan Stanley assumed that in connection with the receipt of all the necessary governmental, regulatory or other approvals and consents required for the proposed Merger, no delays, limitations, conditions or restrictions will be imposed that would have a material adverse effect on the contemplated benefits expected to be derived in the proposed Merger. Morgan Stanley is not a legal, tax, or regulatory advisor. Morgan Stanley is a financial advisor only and relied upon, without independent verification, the assessment of Amazon and Zappos and their legal, tax, and regulatory advisors with respect to legal, tax, and regulatory matters. Morgan Stanley expressed no opinion with respect to the fairness of the amount or nature of the compensation to any of Zappos’ officers, directors or employees, or any class of such persons relative to the consideration to be received by the holders of shares of Zappos stock in the transaction. Morgan Stanley also expressed no opinion as to the fairness of the consideration to be received by shareholders in respect of any particular class or series of Zappos stock. Morgan Stanley has not made any independent valuation or appraisal of the assets or liabilities of Zappos, nor was it furnished with any such appraisals. Morgan Stanley’s opinion is necessarily based on financial, economic, market and other conditions as in effect on, and the information made available to Morgan Stanley as of July 22, 2009. Events occurring after July 22, 2009 may affect Morgan Stanley’s opinion and the assumptions used in preparing it, and Morgan Stanley did not assume any obligation to update, revise or reaffirm its opinion.

The following is a brief summary of the material financial analyses performed by Morgan Stanley in connection with its oral opinion and the preparation of its written opinion letter dated July 22, 2009. Some of these summaries include information presented in tabular format. In order to fully understand the financial analyses used by Morgan Stanley, the tables must be read together with the text of each summary. The tables alone do not constitute a complete description of the analyses.

Morgan Stanley noted that pursuant to the Merger, Amazon would issue to Zappos shareholders approximately 9.9 million shares of Amazon common stock on a fully converted basis or approximately 9.6 million shares on a fully diluted basis using the treasury stock method. Morgan Stanley noted that as of July 21, 2009, based upon Amazon’s closing stock price of $89.01 per share, the implied value of Zappos equity pursuant to the Merger Agreement was $853 million on a fully-diluted basis using the treasury stock method.

In preparing certain of its analyses, Morgan Stanley incorporated projections and sensitivity analysis with respect to the projected future financial performance of Zappos including long term projections prepared by Zappos management. These long term projections are based on revenue growth as well as operational and cash flow improvements associated with both existing and recently introduced product categories, achieving certain management revenue goals by 2014, and certain other financial assumptions relating to the operating and financial performance of Zappos. Morgan Stanley discussed with Zappos management certain sensitivity analysis developed by Zappos management based on the timing of achieving certain management revenue goals and

 

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certain other financial assumptions relating to the operational and financial performance of Zappos. The Zappos long term projections and sensitivity analysis are herein referred to as “Zappos projections”. Morgan Stanley noted that the range of future financial performance described in this paragraph is based on a range of potential Zappos business, financial and operational outcomes, along with numerous variables and assumptions that are inherently uncertain and may be beyond the control of management, including, without limitation, factors related to general economic, competitive and industry specific conditions and prevailing interest rates. Accordingly, actual results could vary significantly from those set forth in such projections.

Zappos Discounted Initial Public Offering Analysis

Morgan Stanley performed an analysis of the present value of Zappos’ future value to Zappos’ existing shareholders based on a discounted initial public offering analysis. The discounted initial public offering analysis attempts to provide an implied value for the future fully distributed value of a company’s equity to existing shareholders as a function of the company’s future earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (hereinafter referred to as EBITDA) and an assumed aggregate value, defined as market capitalization plus total debt less cash and cash equivalents, to EBITDA multiple. The resulting implied future value is subsequently discounted and adjusted for 15% IPO dilution to arrive at an implied fully distributed value of the equity owned by existing shareholders, as discounted to account for the present value to existing shareholders. Utilizing Zappos projections, Morgan Stanley estimated a fully distributed initial public offering valuation for Zappos based on:

 

   

EBITDA estimates for the calendar year 2011;

 

   

illustrative forward multiples of EBITDA ranging from 13x to 19x;

 

   

fully distributed implied P/E multiples ranging from 31.2x – 45.1x; and

 

   

illustrative discount rates, ranging from 15% to 20%.

Based on these assumptions, Morgan Stanley calculated the present value of Zappos’ future equity value to Zappos’ existing shareholders in the range of $650 million to $905 million.

Zappos Comparable Company Analysis

Morgan Stanley performed a comparable company analysis, which attempts to provide an implied value of a company by comparing it to similar companies that are publicly traded. Morgan Stanley compared certain financial information of Zappos with publicly available consensus estimates for companies that shared similar business characteristics of Zappos. The companies used in this comparison included the following eCommerce companies:

 

   

Amazon.com, Inc.

 

   

Blue Nile Inc.

 

   

Digital River Inc.

 

   

GSI Commerce Inc.

 

   

Netflix, Inc.

 

   

OpenTable, Inc.

 

   

Overstock.com Inc.

 

   

VistaPrint Ltd.

For purposes of this analysis, Morgan Stanley analyzed financial metrics and statistics for each of these companies including the following statistics for comparison purposes:

 

   

the ratios of aggregate value to estimated EBITDA for calendar years 2009 and 2010 (in each case, based on publicly available consensus estimates); and

 

   

the ratios of price to estimated earnings for calendar years 2009 and 2010 (in each case, based on publicly available consensus estimates).

 

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For purposes of estimated calendar years 2009 and 2010 EBITDA and net income for comparable companies, Morgan Stanley utilized consensus estimates available as of July 21, 2009. Based on the analysis of the relevant metrics for each of the comparable companies, Morgan Stanley selected representative ranges of financial multiples of the comparable companies and applied these ranges of multiples to the relevant Zappos financial statistic.

 

     Comparable
Company
Multiple Range
   Zappos
Multiple
Range
   Implied Value
Range of
Zappos Equity
               (in millions)

Aggregate Value / 2009 Estimated EBITDA

   11x – 81x    15x – 22x    $655 – $990

Aggregate Value / 2010 Estimated EBITDA

   10x – 42x    12x – 18x    $500 – $1,085

Equity Value / 2009 Estimated Net Income

   24x – 57x    30x – 40x    $245 – $330

Equity Value / 2010 Estimated Net Income

   22x – 46x    25x – 35x    $460 – $790

No company utilized in the comparable company analysis is identical to Zappos. In evaluating comparable companies, Morgan Stanley made judgments and assumptions with regard to industry performance, general business, economic, market and financial conditions and other matters, many of which are beyond Zappos’ control, such as the impact of competition on Zappos’ businesses and the industry generally, industry growth and the absence of any adverse material change in the financial condition and prospects of Zappos or the industry or in the financial markets in general. Mathematical analysis (such as determining the average or median) is not in itself a meaningful method of using peer group data.

Precedent Transactions Analysis

Morgan Stanley performed a precedent transactions analysis, which is designed to imply a value of a company based on publicly available financial terms and premiums of selected transactions that share some characteristics with the Merger. In connection with its analysis, Morgan Stanley compared publicly available statistics for Internet sector transactions since January 1, 2008 where the equity value of the target was greater than $250 million. The following is a list of these transactions:

Selected Precedent Transactions (Target/Acquiror)

Gmarket Inc. / eBay Inc.

Bill Me Later, Inc. / eBay Inc.

Greenfied Online Inc. / Microsoft Corporation

Bebo, Inc. / Time Warner Inc.

CNET Networks, Inc. / CBS Corporation

Audible, Inc. / Amazon.com, Inc.

For each transaction noted above, Morgan Stanley noted the following financial statistics where available: (1) the equity value of the transaction; (2) the aggregate value of the transaction; (3) the form of consideration paid; (4) aggregate value to the last twelve months (LTM) EBITDA; (5) aggregate value to the next twelve months (NTM) estimated EBITDA; and (6) the ratio of price of the acquired company’s stock to NTM estimated earnings per share. For purposes of estimated NTM EBITDA and earnings per share, Morgan Stanley utilized publicly available estimates.

Based on the analysis of the relevant metrics for each transaction noted above, Morgan Stanley selected representative ranges of implied financial multiples of the transactions and applied these ranges of multiples to the relevant Zappos financial statistic. Based on this analysis, Morgan Stanley applied aggregate value to LTM EBITDA ratios of 15x to 30x, which implied a Zappos equity value range of $530 million to $1,120 million; aggregate value to NTM estimated EBITDA ratios of 16x to 21x, which implied a Zappos equity value range of $700 million to $1,025 million; and price to NTM estimated earnings per share ratios of 25x to 75x, which implied a Zappos equity value range of $270 million to $885 million.

 

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No company or transaction utilized in the precedent transactions analysis is identical to Zappos or the Merger. In evaluating the precedent transactions, Morgan Stanley made judgments and assumptions with regard to general business, market and financial conditions and other matters, which are beyond Zappos’ control, such as the impact of competition on Zappos’ business or the industry generally, industry growth and the absence of any adverse material change in the financial condition of Zappos or the industry or in the financial markets in general, which could affect the public trading value of the companies and the aggregate value of the transactions to which they are being compared.

Zappos Discounted Cash Flow Analysis

Morgan Stanley calculated a range of equity values for Zappos based on a discounted cash flow analysis using Zappos projections. In arriving at the implied equity value of Zappos, Morgan Stanley calculated a terminal value as of July 1, 2019 by applying a range of perpetual growth rates ranging from 3% to 4% and a range of discount rates ranging from 12.5% to 17.5%. The unlevered free cash flows and the implied terminal value were then discounted to present values using a range of discount rates of 12.5% to 17.5%. Based on the aforementioned projections and sensitivity analysis, the discounted cash flow analysis of Zappos yielded an implied Zappos equity value range of $1,555 million to $2,785 million based on the Zappos long term projections, with the lower end point of the range reaching down to $430 million based on the sensitivity analysis. Morgan Stanley observed that the discounted cash flow analysis was highly variable with respect to the achievement and timing of revenue growth as well as operational and cash flow improvements associated with both existing and recently introduced product categories through 2014 and thereafter.

Implied Transaction Value to Zappos Shareholders Based on Amazon Wall Street Equity Research Analyst Price Targets

Morgan Stanley reviewed and analyzed future public market trading range price targets for Amazon common stock prepared and published by equity research analysts. These targets reflect each analyst’s estimate of the future public market trading range of Amazon common stock and are not discounted to reflect present values. The range of undiscounted analyst price targets for Amazon common stock was $60.00 to $105.00 per share and Morgan Stanley noted that the median undiscounted analyst price target was $90.00. This price target range yielded an implied valuation range of Amazon common stock shares issued to Zappos of $575 million to $1,005 million, assuming the issuance of 9.6 million Amazon shares (on a fully diluted basis using the treasury stock method) pursuant to the Merger. Morgan Stanley also noted that Amazon’s closing stock price on July 21, 2009 of $89.01 and the forty-five trading day average closing price as of July 17, 2009 of $81.09 at which the exchange ratios were determined as per the Merger Agreement, were both below the median of analyst price targets.

Amazon Historical Share Price and NTM Multiple Analysis

To provide background information and perspective to the trading price of Amazon common stock, Morgan Stanley reviewed Amazon’s stock price performance relative to an eCommerce index, an Internet Bellwether Index and the Nasdaq over various periods of time. The following companies comprised the eCommerce index: Blue Nile Inc., Digital River Inc., GSI Commerce Inc., Netflix, Inc., Overstock.com Inc. and VistaPrint Ltd. The following companies comprised the Internet Bellwether index: eBay Inc., Google Inc. and Yahoo! Inc.

The following table summarizes Morgan Stanley’s analysis of relative stock price performance, based on closing spot prices:

 

% Price Change

   Amazon     eCommerce     Internet
Bellwethers
    NASDAQ  

Last 30 Days

   12.5   10.5   15.1   8.5

Last 90 Days

   12.4   7.9   28.1   16.4

Last 180 Days

   78.2   115.0   62.2   30.8

Last 12 Months

   30.0   23.0   (21.3 )%    (15.9 )% 

Last 2 Years

   24.3   (10.0 )%    (42.0 )%    (28.7 )% 

Last 3 Years

   168.2   41.7   (22.7 )%    (5.2 )% 

 

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To provide background information and perspective with respect to the trading prices of Amazon common stock, Morgan Stanley reviewed recent trading multiples and prices of Amazon common stock compared to the NTM earnings per share multiples and aggregate value to NTM EBITDA multiples for Amazon common stock observed over the preceding four year period, as well as implied stock prices using these multiples based on current NTM financial metrics for Amazon. The historical multiples represent the actual multiples derived using the daily closing price of Amazon common stock over the four year period as a multiple of each financial metric, as reflected in the most recent consensus estimates published prior to such closing price date. Morgan Stanley used publicly available information and Amazon consensus research analyst estimates to analyze the corresponding NTM and trading statistics.

Morgan Stanley observed that over the reference period Amazon common stock traded at NTM P/E multiples ranging from 21.9x to 94.4x, and at NTM EBITDA multiples ranging from 8.2x to 32.5x. Morgan Stanley then noted that Amazon’s closing price on July 21, 2009 of $89.01 represented an NTM P/E multiple of 52.1x and NTM EBITDA multiple of 22.9x P/E. Morgan Stanley also noted that the forty-five trading day average closing price as of July 17, 2009 of $81.09, at which the exchange ratios were determined as per the Merger Agreement, represented an NTM P/E multiple of 47.5x and an NTM EBITDA multiple of 20.7x.

Morgan Stanley performed a variety of financial and comparative analyses for purposes of rendering its opinion. The preparation of a financial opinion is a complex process and is not necessarily susceptible to partial analysis or summary description. In arriving at its opinion, Morgan Stanley considered the results of all of its analyses as a whole and did not attribute any particular weight to any analysis or factor considered. Morgan Stanley believes that the summary provided and the analyses described above must be considered as a whole and that selecting any portion of the analyses, without considering all of them as a whole, would create an incomplete view of the process underlying Morgan Stanley’s analyses and opinion. In addition, Morgan Stanley may have given various analyses and factors more or less weight than other analyses and factors, and may have deemed various assumptions more or less probable than other assumptions. As a result, the ranges of valuations resulting from any particular analysis or combination of analyses described above should not be taken to be the view of Morgan Stanley with respect to the actual value of Zappos or Amazon or their respective stock.

In performing its analyses, Morgan Stanley made numerous assumptions with respect to industry performance, general business, regulatory, and economic conditions and other matters, many of which are beyond the control of Morgan Stanley, Zappos or Amazon. Any estimates contained in the analyses of Morgan Stanley are not necessarily indicative of future results or actual values, which may be significantly more or less favorable than those suggested by such estimates.

Morgan Stanley conducted the analyses described above solely as part of its analysis of the fairness of the merger consideration pursuant to the Merger Agreement from a financial point of view to holders of Zappos shares, taken as a whole, and in connection with the delivery of its opinion to the Zappos Board. These analyses do not purport to be appraisals. The merger consideration was determined through arm’s-length negotiations between Zappos and Amazon and was approved by the Zappos Board. Morgan Stanley provided advice to Zappos during these negotiations. Morgan Stanley did not, however, recommend any specific merger consideration to Zappos or that any specific merger consideration constituted the only appropriate merger consideration for the Merger.

The opinion of Morgan Stanley was one of the many factors taken into consideration by the Zappos Board in making its determination to approve the proposed transaction. Consequently, the analyses as described above should not be viewed as determinative of the opinion of the Zappos Board with respect to the merger consideration or of whether the Zappos Board would have been willing to agree to a different merger consideration. The foregoing summary does not purport to be a complete description of all of the analyses performed by Morgan Stanley.

The Zappos Board retained Morgan Stanley based upon Morgan Stanley’s qualifications, experience and expertise. Morgan Stanley is an internationally recognized investment banking and advisory firm. Morgan

 

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Stanley, as part of its investment banking business, is continuously engaged in the valuation of businesses and their securities in connection with mergers and acquisitions, negotiated underwritings, competitive biddings, secondary distributions of listed and unlisted securities, private placements and valuations for corporate, estate and other purposes. Morgan Stanley’s opinion was approved by a committee of Morgan Stanley investment banking and other professionals in accordance with Morgan Stanley’s customary practice. In the ordinary course of its trading, brokerage, investment management and financing activities, Morgan Stanley or its affiliates may actively trade the debt and equity securities of Amazon and its affiliates for its own accounts or for the accounts of its customers and, accordingly, may at any time hold long or short positions in such securities.

Under the terms of its engagement letter, Morgan Stanley provided Zappos financial advisory services and a financial opinion in connection with the Merger, and Zappos has agreed to pay Morgan Stanley a fee for its services, a significant portion of which is contingent upon the consummation of the Merger. Zappos has also agreed to reimburse Morgan Stanley for its fees and expenses, including attorney’s fees, incurred in connection with its services. In addition, Zappos has agreed to indemnify Morgan Stanley and its affiliates, their respective directors, officers, agents and employees and each person, if any, controlling Morgan Stanley and any of its affiliates against certain liabilities and expenses, including certain liabilities under the federal securities laws, related to or arising out of or in connection with Morgan Stanley’s engagement. Furthermore, affiliates of Morgan Stanley own approximately 1.6% of the outstanding common stock of Zappos on an as-if converted basis.

Regulatory Clearances and Approvals

The Merger is subject to review by the FTC and the DOJ under the HSR Act. Under the HSR Act, Amazon, Zappos and Mr. Hsieh are required to make pre-merger notification filings and Amazon and Zappos must await the expiration of statutory waiting periods prior to completing the Merger. The completion of the Merger is conditioned upon the expiration or termination of the HSR Act waiting period and receipt of all required antitrust clearances, consents and approvals. The applicable waiting periods have not yet expired and Amazon and Zappos have not yet obtained the governmental or regulatory approvals required to complete the Merger.

In addition, during or after the statutory waiting periods and clearance of the Merger, and even after completion of the Merger, the FTC, the DOJ, a state attorney general, or an antitrust enforcement authority in another country could challenge or seek to block the Merger under the antitrust laws, as it deems necessary or desirable in the public interest. Moreover, a competitor, customer or other third party could initiate a private action under the antitrust laws challenging or seeking to enjoin the Merger, before or after it is completed. Private parties or individual states may also bring legal actions under the antitrust laws. Amazon and Zappos do not believe that the completion of the Merger will result in a violation of any applicable antitrust laws. However, there can be no assurance that a challenge to the Merger on antitrust grounds will not be made or, if this challenge is made, what the result will be. See the sections of this consent solicitation/prospectus entitled “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Conditions to the Consummation of the Merger” beginning on page 57 for certain conditions to the Merger.

Accounting Treatment

Amazon will account for the Merger as a purchase of the business, which requires the assets and liabilities of Zappos to be measured and recorded at their fair value. The results of operations of Zappos will be included in Amazon’s Consolidated Statement of Operations from and after the effective time that control of Zappos transfers to Amazon, which will occur on the date of the Merger. The purchase method of accounting is based on Financial Accounting Standard No. 141 (revised 2007), Business Combinations (“SFAS No. 141(R)”).

 

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Federal Securities Laws Consequences

The shares of Amazon common stock to be issued in the Merger will be registered under the Securities Act. These shares will be freely transferable under the Securities Act, except for Amazon common stock issued to any person who is deemed to be an affiliate of Amazon. Persons who may be deemed to be affiliates include individuals or entities that control, are controlled by, or are under common control with Amazon and includes Amazon’s respective executive officers and directors, as well as principal shareholders. Affiliates may not sell their Amazon common stock acquired in the Merger, except pursuant to an effective registration statement under the Securities Act covering the resale of those shares; or any other applicable exemption under the Securities Act.

Management Following the Merger

Neither the Amazon Board nor the executive officers of Amazon will change with the consummation of the Merger. Information about Amazon’s directors and executive officers, including biographical information, executive compensation and relationships and related transactions between management and Amazon, can be found in Amazon’s proxy statement for the 2009 annual meeting of shareholders and annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008, both of which are filed with the SEC and incorporated by reference herein. For more details about how you can obtain copies of Amazon’s proxy statement and Form 10-K, see “Where You Can Find More Information” on page 85.

Interests of Certain Persons in the Merger

Members of the Zappos Board and executive officers of Zappos may have interests in the Merger that are different from, or are in addition to, the interests of Zappos shareholders generally. The Zappos Board was aware of these interests and considered them, among other matters, in adopting and approving the Merger Agreement and in determining to recommend to Zappos shareholders to approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby.

Executive Officer Employment Arrangements

On July 22, 2009, Amazon delivered Retention Agreements to Mr. Lin, Mr. Mossler and certain employees of Zappos (the “Retention Agreements”), which state that, subject to the approval of the Amazon Board, each will receive Amazon Restricted Stock Units (“RSUs”). The existing employment arrangements of Mr. Hsieh, Mr. Lin and Mr. Mossler have otherwise been maintained. These Retention Agreements will become effective as of the consummation of the Merger.

Mr. Hsieh’s employment arrangements will continue after consummation of the Merger. Mr. Hsieh will serve as Chief Executive Officer of the Zappos subsidiary of Amazon. Mr. Hsieh will receive an annual base salary of $36,000. Mr. Hsieh will be entitled to continued coverage under Zappos’ Group Medical, Dental, Life Insurance and 401(k) plans.

Mr. Lin’s employment arrangements will continue after consummation of the Merger. Mr. Lin will serve as Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer of the Zappos subsidiary of Amazon. Mr. Lin will receive an annual base salary of $160,000. Subject to consummation of the Merger and commencement of his employment with Amazon, Mr. Lin will receive a one-time grant of 44,394 Amazon RSUs, which, upon vesting, convert automatically on a one-for-one basis into shares of Amazon common stock. Subject to Mr. Lin’s continued employment with Amazon, this award will vest as follows: 20% in the months he reaches his first and second anniversaries of commencing employment with Amazon, and 30% in the months he reaches his third and fourth anniversaries of commencing employment with Amazon. Mr. Lin will be entitled to continued coverage under Zappos’ Group Medical, Dental, Life Insurance and 401(k) plans.

 

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Mr. Mossler’s employment arrangements will continue after consummation of the Merger. Mr. Mossler will receive an annual base salary of $185,000. Subject to consummation of the Merger and commencement of his employment with Amazon, Mr. Mossler will receive a one-time grant of 36,995 RSUs, which, upon vesting, convert automatically on a one-for-one basis into shares of Amazon common stock. Subject to Mr. Mossler’s continued employment with Amazon, this award will vest as follows: 20% in the months he reaches his first and second anniversaries of commencing employment with Amazon, and 30% in the months he reaches his third and fourth anniversaries of commencing employment with Amazon. Mr. Mossler will be entitled to continued coverage under Zappos’ Group Medical, Dental, Life Insurance and 401(k) plans.

Non-Competition and Non-Solicitation Agreements

Mr. Hsieh, Mr. Lin and Mr. Mossler have each entered into non-competition and non-solicitation agreements with Amazon in connection with the execution of the Merger Agreement, that become effective upon the consummation of the Merger. The non-competition and non-solicitation agreements restrict each such person for three years from the closing of the Merger from competing with the business of Zappos and from employing or soliciting any director, officer, employee, consultant or third-party contractor of Zappos to cease his or her relationship with Zappos or soliciting any customer, distributor, partner, joint venturer or supplier of Zappos from continuing to do business with Zappos. These persons have not received any additional consideration in connection with the non-competition and non-solicitation agreements. It is a condition to the obligations of Amazon to consummate the Merger that these arrangements have not been challenged as unenforceable or rescinded by any of these persons.

Accelerated Vesting of Options

Michael Marks, a director of Zappos, holds a stock option to exercise 130,000 shares of Zappos common stock at a per share exercise price of $4.00. The shares issuable upon exercise of the stock option vest in equal installments over 48 months and, as of June 30, 2009, 5,417 shares were unvested. Immediately prior to the completion of the Merger, assuming continued service by Mr. Marks to Zappos until that time, all then unvested shares shall become immediately vested and exercisable.

Ann Mather, a director of Zappos, holds a stock option to exercise 150,000 shares of Zappos common stock at a per share exercise price of $6.00. The shares issuable upon exercise of the stock option vest in equal installments over 48 months and, as of June 30, 2009, 43,750 shares were unvested. Immediately prior to the completion of the Merger, assuming continued service by Ms. Mather to Zappos until that time, all then unvested shares shall become immediately vested and exercisable.

Indemnification; Directors’ and Officers’ Insurance

Following the consummation of the Merger, the surviving entity in the Merger will indemnify each director or officer of Zappos for any and all actions taken by those individuals prior to the effective time of the Merger to the fullest extent and in the same manner as Zappos provided indemnification to those directors and officers pursuant to Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation and director and officer indemnity agreements in effect at the effective time of the Merger. In addition, if any indemnified person becomes a defendant in any actual action, Amazon has agreed to advance to that individual his or her legal and other expenses consistent with the terms and conditions for that advancement under Zappos’ indemnification provisions. Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, Zappos may obtain directors, and officers, insurance prior to the closing of the Merger, for liabilities that arise after the closing of the Merger, covering the persons currently covered under Zappos’ directors, and officers, insurance, and the cost of such insurance will be treated as an expense of Zappos in connection with the transaction and therefore deducted from the consideration for your shares.

 

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SUMMARY OF THE MERGER AGREEMENT

Below is a summary of the Merger Agreement, which is attached to this consent solicitation/prospectus as Appendix A and is incorporated by reference into this document. You should read the Merger Agreement in addition to this Summary.

Cautionary Statement Concerning Representations and Warranties Contained in the Merger Agreement

You should not rely upon the representations and warranties contained in the Merger Agreement or the descriptions of such representations and warranties in this consent solicitation/prospectus, as factual information about Amazon or Zappos. In reviewing the agreements included or incorporated by reference in this consent solicitation/prospectus, it is important to note that they are included to provide investors and shareholders with information regarding their terms, and are not intended to provide any other factual or disclosure information about Amazon, Zappos or the other parties to the agreements. The agreements contain representations and warranties made by each of the parties to the applicable agreement. These representations and warranties have been made solely for the benefit of the other parties to the applicable agreement, and were not intended to be and should not be relied upon by shareholders of Amazon or Zappos; should not be treated as categorical statements of fact, but rather as a way of allocating risk between the parties; have in some cases been qualified by disclosures that were made to the other party in connection with the negotiation of the applicable agreement, which disclosures are not necessarily reflected in the agreement; may apply standards of materiality in a way that is different from what may be material to investors; and were made only as of the date of the applicable agreement or such other date or dates as may be specified in the agreement and are subject to more recent developments.

Accordingly, these representations and warranties may not describe the actual state of affairs as of the date they were made or at any other time. Information about Amazon can be found elsewhere in this consent solicitation/prospectus and in other public filings Amazon makes with the SEC. Information about Zappos can also be found elsewhere in this consent solicitation/prospectus.

General

The Boards of Directors of both Amazon and Zappos have unanimously adopted and approved the Merger Agreement, which provides for the acquisition by Amazon of Zappos through the Merger. The Merger will result in Zeta Acquisition, a California corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of Amazon, merging with and into Zappos, so that Zappos, as the surviving entity, will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of Amazon. In exchange for their shares of Zappos common stock, preferred stock, and/or options to purchase shares of Zappos common stock, the Zappos shareholders will receive shares of Amazon common stock and/or options to purchase shares of Amazon common stock. Former Zappos shareholders will not have any equity ownership interest in the surviving corporation.

Merger Consideration; Conversion of Shares in the Merger

The Total Merger Consideration is equal to (a) $838,000,000, minus (b) $52,000,000 for Zappos’ net debt as of March 31, 2009, plus (c) the lesser of (1) $35,000,000 and (2) the aggregate exercise price of all Stock Purchase Rights, whether vested or unvested, outstanding and unexercised as of the closing of the Merger, plus the aggregate exercise price of all Stock Purchase Rights exercised between June 8, 2009 and the closing of the Merger, minus (d) the lesser of (1) $15,000,000 and (2) Zappos’ transaction expenses incurred in connection with the Merger. The total aggregate number of Amazon shares to be issued in connection with the Merger, including future issuance under vested and unvested Stock Purchase Rights assumed in the Merger, is the Total Merger Consideration divided by $81.09, which is the average of the closing prices of Amazon common stock for the forty-five trading days ending July 17, 2009.

 

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Each share of Zappos common stock would convert into at least 0.1688 shares of Amazon common stock if (i) all outstanding Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock and Zappos Series B warrants are converted to Zappos common stock before the Merger, (ii) the aggregate exercise price of all Zappos Stock Purchase Rights outstanding at the closing of the Merger or exercised between June 8, 2009 and the closing remains $30,000,000 (the approximate amount on July 22, 2009) and (iii) Zappos’ transaction expenses are $15,000,000 (the maximum amount). However, the final exchange ratio for Zappos common stock in the Merger is expected to be higher. For example, if, in the example above, the aggregate exercise price of all Zappos Stock Purchase Rights outstanding at the closing of the Merger or exercised between June 8, 2009 and the closing is $33,000,000, and the Zappos’ transaction expenses are $12,000,000, then each share of Zappos common stock will be converted into approximately 0.1694 shares of Amazon common stock and Amazon will issue approximately 9,952,000 shares of its common stock in the Merger.

At the effective time of the Merger, each issued and outstanding share of Zappos preferred stock (if not otherwise converted into Zappos common stock) will be converted into and become exchangeable for a number of shares of Amazon common stock as follows:

 

   

The number of shares of Amazon common stock to be issued as consideration for Zappos Series A preferred stock is calculated as the liquidation preference of Zappos Series A preferred stock ($0.10), divided by $81.09. Accordingly, each share of Zappos Series A preferred stock, if not converted prior to the Merger, will be converted as a result of the Merger into 0.0012 shares of Amazon common stock for each share of Zappos Series A preferred stock.

 

   

The number of shares of Amazon common stock to be issued as consideration for Zappos Series B preferred stock is calculated as the liquidation preference of Zappos Series B preferred stock ($0.1949), divided by $81.09. Accordingly, each share of Zappos Series B preferred stock, if not converted prior to the Merger, will be converted as a result of the Merger into 0.0024 shares of Amazon common stock for each share of Zappos Series B preferred stock.

 

   

The number of shares of Amazon common stock to be issued as consideration for Zappos Series C preferred stock is calculated as the liquidation preference of Zappos Series C preferred stock ($0.45273), divided by $81.09. Accordingly, each share of Zappos Series C preferred stock, if not converted prior to the Merger, will be converted as a result of the Merger into 0.0056 shares of Amazon common stock for each share of Zappos Series C preferred stock.

 

   

The number of shares of Amazon common stock to be issued as consideration for Zappos Series D preferred stock is calculated as the liquidation preference of Zappos Series D preferred stock ($0.7910), divided by $81.09. Accordingly, each share of Zappos Series D preferred stock, if not converted prior to the Merger, will be converted as a result of the Merger into 0.0098 shares of Amazon common stock for each share of Zappos Series D preferred stock.

 

   

The number of shares of Amazon common stock to be issued as consideration for Zappos Series E preferred stock is calculated as the liquidation preference of Zappos Series E preferred stock ($24.64) minus the Series E per share transaction expenses, divided by $81.09. Assuming, for illustration purposes, the exercise price of all Zappos Stock Purchase Rights outstanding at, or exercised in connection with, the closing of the Merger is $33,000,000, Zappos transaction expenses are $12,000,000, that no shares of Zappos Series E preferred stock convert into Zappos common stock, and that each holder of Series E preferred stock consents to the Merger, each share of Zappos Series E preferred stock will be converted into 0.2994 shares of Amazon common stock.

 

   

The number of shares of Amazon common stock to be issued as consideration for Zappos Series F preferred stock is calculated as the liquidation preference of Zappos Series F preferred stock ($24.642) minus the Series F per share transaction expenses, divided by $81.09. Assuming, for illustration purposes, the exercise price of all Zappos Stock Purchase Rights outstanding at, or exercised in connection with, the closing of the Merger is $33,000,000, Zappos transaction expenses are $12,000,000, that no shares of Zappos Series F preferred stock convert into Zappos common stock, and

 

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that each holder of Series F preferred stock consents to the Merger, each share of Zappos Series F preferred stock will be converted into 0.2994 shares of Amazon common stock.

For the purposes of calculating the number of shares of Amazon common stock to be issued as consideration for the Zappos Series E and Series F preferred stock, the “Series E per share transaction expenses” means an amount equal to the aggregate Zappos’ transaction expenses allocated to the Series E preferred stock pursuant to the Merger Agreement, divided by the total shares of Series E preferred stock outstanding at the effective time of the Merger; provided, that the Series E per share transaction expenses will be zero if any share of Series E preferred stock outstanding at the effective time did not vote in favor of the Merger. Similarly, the “Series F per share transaction expenses” means an amount equal to the aggregate Zappos’ transaction expenses allocated to the Series F preferred stock pursuant to the Merger Agreement, divided by the total shares of Series F preferred stock outstanding at the effective time; provided, that the Series F per share transaction expenses will be zero if any share of Series F preferred stock outstanding at the effective time did not vote in favor of the Merger.

Fractional Shares

No fractional shares of Amazon common stock will be issued in connection with the Merger and no dividends or other distributions with respect to the Amazon common stock will be payable on or with respect to any fractional share. In lieu of the issuance of any such fractional share, Amazon will pay to each former Zappos shareholder who otherwise would be entitled to receive a fractional share of Amazon common stock an amount in cash (without interest) determined by multiplying (a) the fraction of a share of Amazon common stock which such holder would otherwise be entitled to receive (aggregating all shares of Zappos capital stock held at the effective time of the Merger by such holder and rounded to the nearest thousandth when expressed in decimal form) by (b) $81.09.

Treatment of Zappos Options

At the effective time of the Merger, unless otherwise agreed by Amazon and any affected Zappos stock option holder, and except for certain options held by non-employees (which will be vested and fully exercisable prior to the effective time of the Merger, but which will be cancelled and not assumed by Amazon to the extent they remain outstanding as of the effective time), each outstanding option to purchase Zappos common stock pursuant to the Zappos 2009 Stock Plan, formerly the Zappos 1999 Stock Plan, (whether vested or unvested) will be converted into an option to purchase, on the same terms and conditions as such Zappos stock option (including any vesting or forfeiture provisions or repurchase rights), a number of shares of Amazon common stock (rounded down to the nearest whole share) equal to (a) the number of shares of Zappos common stock subject to each Zappos stock option immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger, multiplied by (b) the Common Exchange Ratio at an exercise price per share (rounded up to the nearest whole cent) equal to (x) the exercise price per share of Zappos common stock otherwise purchasable pursuant to such Zappos stock option divided by (y) the Common Exchange Ratio. Zappos has agreed to take all commercially reasonable action at or prior to the effective time of the Merger to enable the substitution of Amazon stock options for Zappos stock options.

Amazon is not required to complete the Merger unless the holders of at least 85% of the Zappos stock options outstanding at the effective time of the Merger, in the aggregate, execute option consents in connection with the Merger. Pursuant to the terms of the option consents, option holders agree, among other things, (a) to be bound by the indemnification provisions of Article VIII of the Merger Agreement and the Escrow Agreement, (b) that the exercise of any Amazon stock option prior to February 28, 2011 will result in a contribution to the escrow fund of approximately the portion of shares received upon exercise which would be held in escrow if the shares had been issued as merger consideration, (c) that any option holder indemnification obligations to Amazon will be satisfied by forfeiture of Amazon stock options in equal proportion to the shareholders’ forfeiture of shares held in the escrow fund, and additional Amazon stock options with an intrinsic value equal to the exercise price of such forfeited options will also be subject to cancellation, (d) to the appointment of Alfred Lin as the option holder representative and attorney-in-fact, and (e) to the waiver of any early exercise rights, if applicable.

 

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Escrow Fund

At the closing, Amazon will deduct from the merger consideration payable to the Zappos shareholders and deposit with Mellon Investor Services, LLC, as escrow agent, a number of shares of Amazon common stock equal to either (a) 10% of the total number of shares of Amazon common stock issuable to holders of Zappos capital stock if immediately prior to the effective time the total number of shares that could become dissenting shares is less than 5% of the total outstanding shares of Zappos capital stock, or (b) if immediately prior to the effective time the total number of shares that could become dissenting shares is equal to or greater than 5% of the total outstanding shares of Zappos capital stock, the product of (i) 10% of the total number of shares of Amazon common stock issuable to holders of Zappos capital stock, multiplied by (ii) the ratio of (A) the total outstanding shares of Zappos capital stock immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger on a fully diluted basis divided by (B) the total outstanding shares of Zappos capital stock immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger on a fully diluted basis minus the total number of shares that could become dissenting shares, for the purpose of satisfying any indemnification obligations arising under the Merger Agreement (the “Escrow Percentage”). Each shareholder will have voting rights with respect to the shares of Amazon common stock deposited to the escrow fund by or on behalf of such shareholder (and any additional shares as may be issued after the effective time with respect to the shares upon any stock split, dividend or recapitalization effected by Amazon after the effective time) unless paid to Amazon in satisfaction of an indemnification claim. See the section entitled “Proposed Merger—Summary of the Merger Agreement—Survival; Indemnification” below at page 53.

From time to time after the effective time, Amazon may deposit additional shares of Amazon common stock to the escrow fund upon the occurrence of any of the following events between the Closing Date and the expiration of the escrow period:

 

   

upon the exercise of any Amazon stock option issued in connection with the Merger to purchase shares of Amazon common stock on or prior to February 28, 2011 (provided that such optionholder executed a written consent to be bound by the indemnification provisions of the Merger Agreement), Amazon will deposit with the escrow agent a number of shares of Amazon common stock equal to (a) the number of shares of Amazon common stock issued in connection with such exercise, multiplied by (b) the Escrow Percentage, on behalf of such optionholder, which will be held on behalf of such optionholder as if he or she were a shareholder as of the effective time;

 

   

for each holder of dissenting shares that withdraws his, her or its rights as a dissenting shareholder between the Closing Date and the release of the escrow fund, Amazon will deposit with the exchange agent a number of shares of Amazon common stock equal to (a) the number of shares of Amazon common stock that such holder of dissenting shares is entitled to pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement multiplied by (b) the Escrow Percentage, on behalf of such dissenting shares as if it, he or she were a shareholder as of the effective time; and

 

   

any additional shares of Amazon common stock as may be issued after the effective time of the Merger with respect to the shares constituting the escrow fund upon any stock split, stock dividend or recapitalization effected by Amazon after the effective time of the Merger.

Upon a successful claim by Amazon for indemnification, a number of shares of Amazon common stock held in escrow equal to the recoverable damages underlying such claim will be returned to Amazon and such shares will not be paid out to former Zappos shareholders upon expiration of the escrow period. For the purposes of determining the number of shares of Amazon common stock to be delivered to Amazon out of the escrow fund, a share of Amazon common stock will be valued at $81.09.

Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, on or about February 28, 2011, the escrow agent will be instructed to release from escrow all Amazon shares other than that number of shares with a value, calculated at $81.09 per share, of (i) $40,000,000 plus (ii) the value of pending indemnification claims. The remaining shares in escrow, less amounts equal to unsatisfied indemnification claims, will be released on the four year anniversary of the closing of the Merger (or such later date to the extent of pending claims) and otherwise pursuant to the terms of

 

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the Escrow Agreement. Escrowed shares remaining in the escrow fund after settlement of all claims will be distributed to former Zappos shareholders in accordance with their respective contributions (as adjusted for any amounts delivered to Amazon with respect to a breaching shareholder). See the section entitled “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Survival; Indemnification” on page 53.

Shareholder Representative

Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, Zappos shareholders (and holders of Zappos stock options who have provided their written consent) will appoint a representative for purposes of taking certain actions and giving certain consents on behalf of the Zappos shareholders and such consenting optionholders, as specified in the Merger Agreement. Approval of the Merger and adoption and approval of the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby also constitutes consent to the appointment of Alfred Lin as the Shareholder Representative.

Shareholder Representative Expense Fund

Upon completion of the Merger, Amazon will deduct from the merger consideration payable to the Zappos shareholders and deposit into an expense fund 0.15% of the total number of shares of Amazon common stock issuable to holders of Zappos capital stock. The expense fund shall be available to reimburse the Shareholder Representative for expenses incurred in performing his duties as the shareholder representative (including legal fees and related expenses). The Shareholder Representative shall have the authority to instruct the escrow agent to liquidate any shares in the expense fund and to distribute any amounts received upon liquidation to either the Shareholder Representative personally, or at his instruction, to any third party providing services in connection with the obligations of the shareholder representative. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, Amazon common stock held in the expense fund will be distributed at such time as the Shareholder Representative reasonably believes that all of his obligations as the shareholder representative have been satisfied pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement and Escrow Agreement.

Closing and Effectiveness of the Merger

The closing of the Merger is expected to take place on the second business day following the satisfaction or, to the extent permitted under the Merger Agreement and by applicable law, waiver of all conditions to the obligations of the parties set forth in the Merger Agreement and described below (other than such conditions as may, by their terms, only be satisfied at the closing or on the Closing Date, subject to such satisfaction or waiver thereof) (see “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Conditions to the Consummation of the Merger” on page 57), or on such other date as Amazon and Zappos mutually agree.

Exchange Fund

The Merger Agreement provides that Amazon will deposit with the exchange agent the shares of Amazon common stock issuable to Zappos shareholders, less the shares deposited into the escrow fund and shareholder representative expense fund, and any dividends or distributions and any cash in lieu of fractional shares to which holders of such shares are entitled. It is currently contemplated that the exchange agent will be BNY/Mellon Investor Services LLC, Amazon’s transfer agent.

Exchange of Zappos Stock Certificates for the Merger Consideration

The Merger Agreement provides that Amazon will use commercially reasonable efforts to cause the exchange agent to mail, within five business days of the closing of the Merger, to each record holder of Zappos capital stock immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger, a letter of transmittal and instructions for surrendering and exchanging the record holder’s Zappos share certificates. Upon surrender of a Zappos share certificate for exchange to the exchange agent, together with a duly completed and validly executed letter of

 

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transmittal, and such other documents as the exchange agent may reasonably require, the record holder of the Zappos certificate will be entitled to receive the following:

 

   

the shares of Amazon common stock that such holder has the right to receive pursuant to the provisions of the Merger Agreement, net of any amounts deposited with the escrow agent (which will be in uncertificated book-entry form unless a physical certificate is requested);

 

   

dividends or other distributions, if any, to which such holder is entitled under the terms of the Merger Agreement; and

 

   

any cash in lieu of fractional shares of Amazon common stock to which such holder is entitled under the terms of the Merger Agreement.

If any Zappos share certificate has been lost, stolen or destroyed, upon the making of an affidavit of that fact by the person claiming such certificate to be lost, stolen or destroyed and, if required by Amazon or the exchange agent, the posting by such person of a bond in such amount as Amazon or the exchange agent may determine is reasonably necessary as indemnity against any claim that may be made against it with respect to such certificate, the exchange agent will deliver in exchange for such lost, stolen or destroyed certificate shares of Amazon common stock and any dividends or other distributions payable on such shares, and any cash in lieu of fractional shares of Amazon common stock payable in respect thereof.

Dissenters’ Rights

Any shares of Zappos common or preferred stock that are issued and outstanding immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger and that have not approved the Merger via written consent (or with respect to which the holder has not otherwise effectively waived its rights under Chapter 13 of the California General Corporation Law), and with respect to which a demand for payment and appraisal has been properly made in accordance with Chapter 13 of the California General Corporation Law, will not be converted into the right to receive the merger consideration otherwise payable with respect to such shares of Zappos common or preferred stock, except as set forth below. See the section entitled “Rights of Dissenting Shareholders” on page 64. Following the closing, if a holder of dissenting shares withdraws his, her or its demand for such payment and appraisal (with the consent of Zappos), Amazon will deposit the holder’s pro rata share of Amazon common stock into the escrow fund as described below. See the section entitled “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Escrow Fund” on page 50 for additional information.

Lock-Up

During the period beginning on the Closing Date and continuing until the one year anniversary of the Closing Date, each of Mr. Hsieh, Mr. Lin, and Mr. Mossler (each, a “Locked-Up Party”) will be prohibited from (a) offering, pledging, selling or contracting to sell shares of Amazon common stock or options to purchase shares of Amazon common stock received as a merger consideration (the “Locked-Up Shares”); (b) offering, pledging, selling or contracting to sell any option to purchase any shares of Amazon common stock; (c) granting any option, right or warrant for the sale of Amazon common stock; (d) lending or otherwise disposing of or transferring (or entering into any transaction or device designed to, or that could be expected to, result in the disposition by any person at any time in the future of) any Locked-Up Shares or securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for Locked-Up Shares; (e) entering into a swap or other derivatives transaction or agreement that transfers, in whole or in part (directly or indirectly), the economic consequences of ownership of any Locked-Up Shares, whether any such swap or transaction described in clauses (a) through (e) is to be settled by delivery of the Locked-Up Shares or other securities, in cash or otherwise; or (f) announcing his intent to do any of the foregoing. However, during the period commencing on the Closing Date and ending on the date of the one year anniversary of the Closing Date, a Locked-Up Party may enter into a transaction described in clauses (a) through (f) during each calendar quarter with respect to up to the sum of (i) 25% of the Locked-Up Shares received by such Locked-Up Party and (ii) the Locked-Up Shares that were eligible to be the subject of the transactions described in clauses (a) through (f) during any prior calendar quarter.

 

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Representations and Warranties

The Merger Agreement contains customary representations and warranties of the parties. These include representations and warranties of Zappos with respect to, among other things: organization; enforceability and authority; capitalization; equity interests; no approvals or conflicts; financial statements; absence of certain changes or events; taxes; property; contracts; suppliers; warranties and returns; claims and legal proceedings and government orders; labor and employment matters; employee benefit plans; intellectual property; corporate books and records; inventory; licenses/permits/authorizations; compliance with laws; insurance; brokers and finders; absence of questionable payments; bank accounts; insider interests; and full disclosure. The Merger Agreement also contains customary representations and warranties of Amazon and Zeta Acquisition, including among other things: organization; enforceability and due authority; no approvals and no conflict; SEC reports; brokers and finders; Amazon common stock; and no prior operation of Zeta Acquisition.

The representations, warranties and covenants made by Zappos in the Merger Agreement are qualified by information contained in a disclosure memorandum delivered to Amazon and Zeta Acquisition in connection with the execution of the Merger Agreement. Certain representations and warranties were made as of a specific date, and certain representations and warranties may be subject to contractual standards of materiality different from those generally applicable to shareholders, or may have been used for the purpose of allocating risk between the parties rather than establishing matters of fact. Amazon and Zappos shareholders are not third party beneficiaries under the Merger Agreement and should not rely on the representations, warranties and covenants or any descriptions thereof as characterizations of the actual state of facts or condition of Amazon or Zappos or any of their respective affiliates.

Survival; Indemnification

Survival of Representations and Warranties and Covenants

The representations and warranties of Zappos, Amazon and Zeta Acquisition contained in the Merger Agreement survive until February 28, 2011, other than representations and warranties relating to enforceability and authority, capitalization, equity interests, taxes, and broker’s fees and finder’s fees (the “Core Representations and Warranties”), and any representation in the case of fraud or intentional misrepresentation, which survive indefinitely.

Indemnification of Amazon

Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, the shareholders and the consenting optionholders, severally, and not jointly, on a pro rata basis, will save, defend, indemnify and hold harmless Amazon and its affiliates (including Zeta Acquisition and the surviving corporation following the closing), each of their respective affiliates, officers, directors, principals, employees, advisors, auditors, agents, bankers and other representatives, and each of their permitted successors and assigns (the “Amazon Indemnified Parties”) against any losses or other liability (including reasonable outside attorneys’ fees and reasonable costs and other out-of-pocket expenses) as a result of:

 

  1. any breach of any representation or warranty made by Zappos contained in the Merger Agreement or any operative document to which Zappos is a party or any schedule, certificate or other similar document delivered pursuant thereto or any third party claim that if meritorious would have been a breach of any representation or warranty made by Zappos in the Merger Agreement or any operative document to which the Zappos is a party or any schedule, certificate or other similar document delivered pursuant thereto (for purposes of determining such losses, without giving effect to any limitations or qualifications thereto relating to materiality, material adverse effect, or any supplements or updates to Zappos’ disclosure memorandum made after the date of the Merger Agreement, other than certain supplements to the disclosure memorandum or any matter receiving Amazon’s prior written consent) or any breach of Zappos’ covenant to update the disclosure memorandum at least three business days prior to the closing as necessary to make it complete and correct;

 

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  2. (a) any breach of any covenant, except the covenant to update the disclosure memorandum, or agreement by Zappos contained in the Merger Agreement or any operative document to which Zappos is a party or any schedule, certificate or other similar document delivered pursuant thereto (including as a result of the action or failure to act of Zappos or any of its subsidiaries), (b) the taking of any action prohibited by the covenant governing the conduct of business between the date of the Merger Agreement and the closing for which Amazon did not expressly consent, or (c) any breach of the Non-Competition Agreement by a key employee, but only to the extent of shares of Amazon common stock escrowed on behalf of such breaching key employee (with such key employee’s breach the several obligation of such key employee);

 

  3. any transaction expenses charged to Amazon, Zeta Acquisition, the surviving corporation or Zappos that were either in excess of $15,000,000 or that were not reflected on the schedule of expenses delivered by Zappos prior to the closing or any amounts required to be paid to any Zappos’ shareholder in excess of amounts identified by Zappos to Amazon prior to the closing of the Merger;

 

  4. any amounts required to be paid to holders of dissenting shares, including any interest required to be paid thereon, that are in excess of what such shareholder would have received hereunder had such shareholder not been a holder of dissenting shares; or

 

  5. without duplication, any losses resulting from certain tax matters disclosed by Zappos to Amazon, to the extent not reserved against on Zappos’ interim balance sheet.

Losses from (i) breaches of the Core Representations and Warranties, (ii) fraud, intentional misrepresentation or intentional breach, and (iii) clauses 2-5 above, are referred to collectively as “Special Matters.”

Other Limitations

The Amazon Indemnified Parties may not recover any loss as a result of breaches of certain representations and warranties until the aggregate amount of loss equals or exceeds $1,000,000, in which case the indemnifying party shall be liable only for the losses in excess of such amount, except with respect to the Special Matters, which will not count towards or be subject to any indemnification deductible. The maximum aggregate amount of loss which may be recovered by the Amazon Indemnified Parties arising out of or relating to (a) breach of representations or warranties made by Zappos, other than a breach of the Core Representations and Warranties or arising out of fraud or intentional misrepresentation, or (b) the untruth or breach of any Core Representation or Warranty to the extent that the loss is comprised of certain tax matters, will be equal to, and consist solely of, the value of (x) the shares of Amazon common stock in the escrow fund, minus (y) the shares of Amazon common stock deposited in the escrow fund on account of dissenting shareholders who have withdrawn or relinquished their dissent and which shares have not been distributed from the escrow fund, plus (z) the Amazon options subject to forfeiture pursuant to option consents.

Subject to the limits for an untruth or breach of any Core Representation or Warranty comprised of certain tax matters, the maximum aggregate amount of loss which may be recovered by the Amazon Indemnified Parties for Special Matters (other than losses from fraud or intentional misrepresentation as described below) shall be limited to the value of shares of Amazon common stock actually received by indemnifying parties (and based on an Amazon common stock price of $81.09) and all Amazon stock options issued to consenting optionholders.

The maximum aggregate amount of loss which may be recovered by the Amazon Indemnified Parties as a result of fraud or intentional misrepresentation shall not be subject to any limitation.

Core Representations and Warranties, excluding certain tax matters, and representations in the case of fraud and intentional misrepresentation survive indefinitely. Representations and warranties relating to certain tax matters survive until the fourth anniversary of the closing of the Merger and all other representations and warranties survive until February 28, 2011.

 

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Covenants of Amazon and Zappos

Covenants Relating to the Conduct of Zappos’ Business

Zappos has agreed that prior to the Closing Date, its business and the business of its subsidiaries will be conducted in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice; and Zappos will, and will cause each of its subsidiaries to, use commercially reasonable efforts to preserve substantially intact the business organization and assets of it and its subsidiaries, keep available the services of the current officers, employees and consultants of Zappos and its subsidiaries and preserve the current relationships of Zappos and its subsidiaries with customers, suppliers and other persons with which Zappos or any of its subsidiaries has significant business relations. Zappos has also agreed that neither it nor its subsidiaries will take certain other actions during the period between the execution of the Merger Agreement and the Closing Date, subject to certain limited exceptions as set forth in the Merger Agreement, without the prior written consent of Amazon, including the following:

 

   

amend or otherwise change Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation or Zappos’ Bylaws or equivalent organizational documents;

 

   

issue, sell, pledge, dispose of or otherwise encumber (i) any shares of capital stock of Zappos or any of its subsidiaries, or any options, warrants, convertible securities or other rights of any kind to acquire any such shares, or any other ownership interest in Zappos or any of its subsidiaries or (ii) any properties or assets of Zappos or any of its subsidiaries;

 

   

declare, set aside, make or pay any dividend or other distribution;

 

   

reclassify, combine, split, subdivide or redeem, or purchase or otherwise acquire, directly or indirectly, any of its capital stock or make any other change with respect to its capital structure;

 

   

acquire any corporation, partnership, limited liability company, other business organization or division thereof or any material amount of assets, or enter into any joint venture, strategic alliance, exclusive dealing, non-competition or similar contract or arrangement;

 

   

adopt a plan of complete or partial liquidation, dissolution, merger, consolidation, restructuring, recapitalization or other reorganization or otherwise alter the corporate structure;

 

   

incur any indebtedness for borrowed money or issue any debt securities or assume, guarantee or endorse, or otherwise become responsible for, the obligations of any person, or make any loans or advances, except in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice under disclosed loan agreements;

 

   

except in the ordinary course of business, enter into, amend, waive, modify or consent to the termination of any material contract or rights thereunder, or enter into any other contract other than in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice;

 

   

authorize or commit with respect to any single capital expenditure that is in excess of $500,000 or capital expenditures that are, in the aggregate, in excess of $1,000,000 for Zappos and its subsidiaries as a whole;

 

   

enter into any lease of real or personal property or any renewals thereof involving a term of more than one year or rental obligation exceeding $100,000 per year in any single case and $200,000 in any single year in the aggregate for all such leases;

 

   

enter into or amend any employment, consulting or agency contract, or increase, defer or fail to pay the compensation payable or to become payable to its officers, employees, agents or consultants or grant any severance or termination pay to, (other than as required by applicable law) or enter into any employment or severance contract with any director, officer or employee of Zappos (or establish, adopt, enter into, terminate, fail to renew, or amend any employee benefit plan, collective bargaining agreement, contract, trust, fund, policy or arrangement for the benefit of any director, officer or

 

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employee, or pay, loan or advance any amount to, any director, officer or employee of Zappos or any of its subsidiaries, or forgive, cancel or defer any indebtedness or waive any claims or rights of material value);

 

   

enter into any contract with any related party of Zappos or any of its subsidiaries;

 

   

enter into any contract relating to or containing any marketing or joint marketing arrangements;

 

   

make any change in any method of accounting or accounting practice or policy, except as required by GAAP;

 

   

make, revoke or modify any material tax election, settle or compromise any tax liability, file any return other than on a basis consistent with past practice, enter into any agreement with a governmental body with respect to taxes or otherwise enter into a contract with respect to taxes;

 

   

pay, discharge or satisfy any liabilities other than liabilities reflected or reserved against on Zappos’ balance sheet or subsequently incurred in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice or in connection with the Merger;

 

   

cancel, compromise, waive or release any right or claim other than in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice;

 

   

materially change the amount of any insurance coverage;

 

   

permit the lapse of any right relating to intellectual property currently used in the business of Zappos or any of its subsidiaries, or sell, transfer or encumber its intellectual property;

 

   

except in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, accelerate the collection of or discount any accounts receivable, delay the payment of accounts payable or defer expenses, reduce inventories or otherwise increase cash on hand;

 

   

commence or settle any claim other than (a) for the routine collection of bills, (b) in such cases where it in good faith determines that failure to commence suit would result in the material impairment of a valuable aspect of its business, or (c) for a breach of the Merger Agreement;

 

   

amend or otherwise take any action that would permit or cause any Zappos stock option to accelerate in contemplation of or as a consequence of the Merger or the other transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement;

 

   

take any action, or intentionally fail to take any action, that would cause any representation or warranty made by Zappos in the Merger Agreement or any operative document to be untrue or result in a breach of any covenant made by Zappos in the Merger Agreement or any operative document such that the conditions precedent to the consummation of the Merger would not be satisfied, or that has or would reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect; or

 

   

enter into any binding agreement, or otherwise make a commitment, to do any of the foregoing.

Exclusivity

Zappos agreed that unless the Merger Agreement is terminated it would not, and would take all action necessary to ensure that none of its subsidiaries or any of their respective affiliates or representatives do not, directly or indirectly:

 

   

solicit, initiate, facilitate, knowingly encourage or accept any proposal or offer that constitutes an acquisition proposal; or

 

   

participate in any discussions, conversations, negotiations or other communications regarding, or furnish to any other person any information with respect to, or otherwise cooperate in any way, assist or participate in, facilitate or knowingly encourage the submission of, any proposal that constitutes, or would reasonably be expected to lead to, an acquisition proposal.

 

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Zappos further agreed that immediately following the execution and delivery of the Merger Agreement it would cease and cause to be terminated all existing discussions, conversations, negotiations and other communications with any persons conducted theretofore with respect to any of the foregoing. As used in the Merger Agreement, an “acquisition proposal” means any offer or proposal for, or any indication of interest in, any of the following (other than the Merger): (a) any direct or indirect acquisition, purchase, sale, lease, exchange, mortgage, pledge, transfer or other disposition of all or a portion of the capital stock of Zappos or any of its subsidiaries or any assets of Zappos or any of its subsidiaries, (b) any merger, share exchange, consolidation or other business combination relating to Zappos or any of its subsidiaries or (c) any recapitalization, reorganization or any other extraordinary business transaction involving or otherwise relating to Zappos or any of its subsidiaries.

Director and Officer Indemnification

The surviving corporation will, to the fullest extent permitted under applicable law, Zappos’ organizational documents or under any existing indemnification agreements, indemnify and hold harmless the present and former directors and officers of Zappos against costs and expenses and losses in connection with any claim based on the fact that any such individual is or was a director or officer of Zappos or any of its subsidiaries and arising out of or pertaining to any action or omission occurring at or prior to the effective time of the Merger (including the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement), and Amazon agreed it would not prohibit the surviving corporation from honoring such indemnification obligations and agreements, subject to applicable law. Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, prior to the effective time of the Merger Zappos may also elect to purchase a “tail” policy under Zappos’ existing directors’ and officers’ insurance policy, with the cost of such tail policy included in Zappos’ transaction expenses and therefore deducted from the number of Amazon shares issued to Zappos shareholders.

Conditions to the Consummation of the Merger

Conditions to Each Party’s Obligations to Effect the Merger

The obligations of each of the parties to effect the Merger are subject to the satisfaction, at or prior to the closing, of various mutual conditions (which may, to the extent permitted by applicable law, be waived in writing by any party in its sole discretion, with such waiver only effective as to the conditions for the benefit of such party), which include the following:

 

   

no action shall have been taken, or any law shall have been enacted or deemed applicable to the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement, and no temporary or permanent restraining order or preliminary or permanent injunction or other order shall have been issued by any governmental body, that would prohibit the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement;

 

   

any waiting period under the HSR Act applicable to the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement has expired or been terminated;

 

   

approval of Zappos shareholders to the adoption and approval of the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby, including the Merger, has been obtained;

 

   

Zappos and Amazon must have received the written opinions of Fenwick & West and/or Gibson Dunn to the effect that, on the basis of the facts, representations and assumptions set forth or referred to in such opinions, the Merger will constitute a “reorganization” within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Code; and

 

   

no stop-order shall have been issued or pending with respect to the registration statement on Form S-4 of which this consent solicitation/prospectus is a part.

 

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Conditions to Zappos’ Obligation to Effect the Merger

The obligation of Zappos to effect the Merger is subject to the satisfaction of several additional conditions (any of which may be waived in writing by Zappos), including:

 

   

the representations and warranties of Amazon or Zeta Acquisition contained in the Merger Agreement and any operative document, taken as a whole, must be true and correct in all material respects, both when made and as of the Closing Date, or in the case of representations and warranties that are made as of a specified date, such representations and warranties must be true and correct in all material respects taken as a whole, as of such specified date;

 

   

Amazon and Zeta Acquisition must have materially performed all obligations and agreements and materially complied with all covenants and conditions required by the Merger Agreement or any operative document to be performed or complied with by them prior to or at the closing;

 

   

Zappos shall have received from each of Amazon and Zeta Acquisition a certificate to the effect set forth in the preceding two bullet points, signed by a duly authorized officer of each;

 

   

Zappos must have received a properly executed counterpart to each of the operative documents to which it is a party; and

 

   

Zappos must have received a legal opinion from Gibson, Dunn, addressed to Zappos and dated as of the Closing Date in the form agreed upon by Amazon and Zappos.

Conditions to Amazon’s and Zeta Acquisition’s Obligations to Effect the Merger

The respective obligations of Amazon and Zeta Acquisition to effect the Merger are subject to the satisfaction of several additional conditions (any of which may be waived in writing by Amazon), including:

 

   

(a) the representations and warranties of Zappos contained in the Merger Agreement and any operative document, taken as a whole, must have been true and correct in all material respects as of the date of the Merger Agreement, except that any breach or inaccuracy of certain representations and warranties relating to certain tax matters must not individually or with other breaches be reasonably expected to result in a material adverse effect; (b) the representations and warranties made by Zappos relating to organization (but only to the extent breaches or inaccuracies result from certain tax matters), approvals, conflicts, taxes, contracts, suppliers, claims and legal proceedings; government orders, intellectual property, licenses, permits, authorizations, compliance with laws and full disclosure (the “Specified Representations”) must be true and correct as of the Closing Date as if made on the Closing Date, except where the failure to be so true and correct has not had, and would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on Zappos; and (c) the representations and warranties made by Zappos in the Merger Agreement and any operative document, taken as a whole, other than the Specified Representations, must be true and correct in all material respects as of the Closing Date as if made on the Closing Date; other than representations and warranties that were made as of a specified date, which shall have been true and correct in all material respects, taken as a whole, as of such date;

 

   

Zappos must have materially performed all obligations and agreements and materially complied with all covenants and conditions required by the Merger Agreement or any operative document to be performed or complied with by it prior to or at the closing;

 

   

Zappos must have obtained all authorizations, consents, orders and approvals from all governmental bodies and officials and all third party consents as identified and set forth on a schedule to the Merger Agreement;

 

   

no claim shall have been commenced or threatened in writing on behalf of any governmental body that, in the reasonable, good faith determination of Amazon, is reasonably likely to (a) result in the payment of monetary damages as a result of the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Merger

 

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Agreement or any operative document which would not be recoverable from the indemnity escrow fund, (b) require divestiture of any assets of Amazon as a result of the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement or the divestiture of any assets of the Zappos or any of its subsidiaries, (c) prohibit or impose limitations on Amazon’s ownership or operation of all or a material portion of its or Zappos’ business or assets (or those of any of its subsidiaries or affiliates) or (d) impose limitations on the ability of Amazon or its affiliates, or render Amazon or its affiliates unable, effectively to control the business, assets or operations of Zappos or its subsidiaries in any material respect;

 

   

Amazon must have received an executed counterpart to each of the operative documents to which it is a party;

 

   

Amazon must have received a legal opinion from Fenwick & West, addressed to Amazon and dated the Closing Date in the form agreed upon by Amazon and Zappos;

 

   

Amazon must have received a letter of resignation from each director of Zappos and each of its subsidiaries;

 

   

at the effective time of the Merger, not more than 15% of the total shares of Zappos common stock and Zappos preferred stock collectively shall be, or have the ability to become, dissenting shares, pursuant to the California General Corporation Law;

 

   

the Non-Competition Agreements must remain in full force and effect;

 

   

holders of at least 85% of the Zappos stock options outstanding at the effective time of the Merger, in the aggregate, must have delivered an option consent in form and substance agreed to by the parties;

 

   

Zappos must have ceased using certain intellectual property;

 

   

since the date of the Merger Agreement, no “material adverse effect” (as defined below) shall have occurred;

 

   

each of Anthony Hsieh, Alfred Lin and Fred Mossler must remain employed in his current position and shall not have indicated an intent to terminate his employment with Zappos; and

 

   

Amazon must have received a consideration spreadsheet detailing the outstanding capital stock and Stock Purchase Rights of Zappos, as well as identifying the merger consideration to be received by each holder of such stock or rights.

Definition of “Material Adverse Effect”

For the purposes of this summary and pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, “material adverse effect” means any event, change, circumstance, occurrence, or effect that is or would reasonably be expected to be materially adverse to the business, assets, liabilities, condition (financial or otherwise), or results of operations of Zappos and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole (for which Amazon bears the burden of proof), except to the extent that any such event, change, circumstance, occurrence, or effect is caused by: (a) changes in general economic conditions (provided that such changes do not affect Zappos in a substantially disproportionate manner relative to its competitors), (b) changes affecting the industry generally in which Zappos operates (provided that such changes do not affect Zappos in a substantially disproportionate manner relative to its competitors), (c) changes in applicable laws or accounting principles after the date hereof (provided that such changes do not affect Zappos in a substantially disproportionate manner relative to its competitors), (d) the announcement or pendency of the Merger (including any cancellation of or delays in customer orders, any reduction in sales, any disruption in supplier, distributor, partner or similar relationships, but each only to the extent demonstrated to have been caused by such announcement), or (e) compliance with the terms of, or the taking of any action required by, the Merger Agreement, provided that Zappos bears the burden of proof that any such event, change, circumstance, occurrence or effect was caused by any of (a) through (e).

 

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Termination of the Merger Agreement

The Merger Agreement may be terminated at any time before the effective time:

 

   

by mutual written consent of Amazon and Zappos;

 

   

by either Amazon or Zappos if:

 

   

the Merger has not closed by December 31, 2009. However, neither Amazon nor Zappos may terminate the Merger Agreement on this basis if the failure of the party so requesting termination to fulfill any obligation under the Merger Agreement was the cause of the failure of the Merger to be consummated on or prior to such date, provided, that the failure of any Zappos shareholder to promptly make all necessary filings and other required submissions with respect to such shareholder’s acquisition of shares of Amazon common stock in connection with the Merger shall be deemed a failure by Zappos; or

 

   

any governmental body has issued an order, decree or ruling or taken any other action restraining, enjoining or otherwise prohibiting the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement and such order, decree, ruling or other action is final and nonappealable. However, Amazon and Zeta Acquisition (if Amazon is requesting termination on this basis) or Zappos (if Zappos is requesting termination on this basis) must have used their commercially reasonable efforts to have such order, decree, ruling or other action vacated; or an order permanently restraining, enjoining or otherwise prohibiting the Merger has been entered and becomes nonappealable.

 

   

by Zappos if:

 

   

Amazon or Zeta Acquisition breaches or fails to perform in any respect any of its representations, warranties or covenants contained in the Merger Agreement or any operative document and such breach or failure to perform (a) would give rise to the failure of a condition to Zappos’ obligations to effect the Merger, (b) cannot be or has not been cured within thirty days following delivery of written notice of such breach or failure to perform and (c) has not been waived by Zappos; or

 

   

any of Zappos’ conditions to effect the Merger are incapable of fulfillment prior to December 31, 2009. However, Zappos may not terminate the Merger Agreement on this basis if Zappos’ failure to fulfill any obligation under the Merger Agreement was the cause of the failure of such condition to be satisfied on or prior to such date;

 

   

provided, that the failure of any Zappos shareholder to promptly make all necessary filings and other required submissions with respect to such shareholder’s acquisition of shares of Amazon common stock in connection with the Merger shall be deemed a failure by Zappos.

 

   

by Amazon if:

 

   

Zappos breaches or fails to perform in any respect any of its representations, warranties or covenants contained in the Merger Agreement or any operative document and such breach or failure to perform (a) would give rise to the failure of a condition to Amazon’s obligations to effect the Merger, (b) cannot be or has not been cured within thirty days following delivery of written notice of such breach or failure to perform (forty-five days in the case of a breach due to a material adverse effect) and (c) has not been waived by Amazon;

 

   

any of Amazon’s or Zeta Acquisition’s conditions to effect the Merger are incapable of fulfillment prior to December 31, 2009. However, Amazon may not terminate the Merger Agreement on this basis if Amazon’s failure to fulfill any obligation under the Merger Agreement was the cause of the failure of such condition to be satisfied on or prior to such date; or

 

   

between the date of the Merger Agreement and the closing, a material adverse effect occurs and has remained continuing for at least forty-five days following written notice to Zappos by Amazon of the existence of such material adverse effect.

 

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Effect of Termination

If the Merger is terminated as described in the section entitled “Summary of the Merger Agreement—Termination of the Merger Agreement” above, the Merger Agreement will be void, except that for certain designated provisions of the Merger Agreement, including with respect to broker’s fees and finder’s fees, confidentiality, public announcements, fees and expenses, notices, third-party beneficiaries, governing law and submission to jurisdiction, and nothing will relieve either party from liability for any willful breach of the Merger Agreement prior to termination.

Fees and Expenses

All fees and expenses incurred in connection with or related to the Merger Agreement and the operative documents and the related transactions will be paid by the party incurring such fees or expenses, whether or not such transactions are consummated. However, if the Merger is consummated, all of Zappos’ transaction expenses will be paid as provided in the Merger Agreement. In the event of termination of the Merger Agreement, the obligation of each party to pay its own expenses will be subject to any rights of such party arising from a breach of the Merger Agreement by the other.

Amendment

The Merger Agreement may be amended, modified or supplemented by the parties by action taken or authorized by their respective boards of directors at any time prior to the Closing Date (notwithstanding any approval by Zappos shareholders). However, the parties have agreed that after approval of the transactions contemplated by the Merger Agreement by Zappos shareholders, no amendment may be made which pursuant to applicable law requires further approval by such shareholders without such further approval.

 

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MATERIAL UNITED STATES FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS

The following is a general summary of the material United States federal income tax consequences of the Merger to Zappos shareholders that are United States persons. This discussion and the opinions of counsel referred to below are or will be based on the Code, the related Treasury Regulations, administrative interpretations and court decisions, all of which are subject to change, possibly with retroactive effect, as of the date of the registration statement on Form S-4 of which this consent solicitation/prospectus is a part or the date of the tax opinions, as the case may be. Any such change could affect the accuracy of the statements and the conclusions discussed below and the tax consequences of the Merger. This discussion applies only to Zappos shareholders that are United States persons who hold their shares of Zappos stock, and will hold the shares of Amazon common stock received in exchange for their shares of Zappos stock, as capital assets within the meaning of Section 1221 of the Code. This discussion does not address all federal income tax consequences of the Merger that may be relevant to particular holders, including holders that are subject to special tax rules. Some examples of holders that are subject to special tax rules are:

 

   

dealers in securities;

 

   

banks and other financial institutions;

 

   

insurance companies;

 

   

mutual funds, regulated investment companies and real estate investment trusts;

 

   

tax-exempt organizations;

 

   

holders whose shares are part of a position in a “straddle” or as part of a “hedging”, “conversion” or “constructive sale” transaction;

 

   

holders who have a “functional currency” other than the United States dollar;

 

   

holders who are not United States persons;

 

   

holders who own their shares indirectly through partnerships, trusts or other entities that may be subject to special treatment;

 

   

holders whose shares of Zappos stock constitute “qualified small business stock” as defined in Section 1202 of the Code; and

 

   

holders who acquired their shares of Zappos stock through stock options or otherwise as compensation, or through tax qualified retirement plans.

This discussion does not address any consequences arising under the laws of any state, local or foreign jurisdiction, or taxes other than income taxes (for example, estate and gift taxes). This discussion also does not address the tax consequences of transactions undertaken prior to or in connection with the Merger, including the exercise of options or the conversion of convertible stock or securities.

If a partnership or other entity treated as a partnership for United States federal income tax purposes holds shares of Zappos stock, the tax treatment of a partner generally will depend on the status of the partner and on the activities of the partnership. Partnerships (and other entities treated as partnerships) that own Zappos stock and partners of partnerships (and owners of other such entities) that hold Zappos stock should consult their tax advisors about the tax consequences of the Merger to them.

For purposes of this discussion, a “United States person” means:

 

   

a citizen or resident of the United States, as determined for United States federal income tax purposes;

 

   

a corporation or other entity taxable as a corporation created or organized under the laws of the United States or any state thereof or in the District of Columbia;

 

   

a trust, the substantial decisions of which are controlled by one or more United States persons and which is subject to the primary supervision of a United States court, or a trust that validly has elected

 

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under applicable Treasury Regulations to be treated as a United States person for United States federal income tax purposes; or

 

   

an estate that is subject to United States federal income tax on its income regardless of its source.

Holders of Zappos stock who are not United States persons may have different tax consequences than those described below and are urged to consult their own tax advisors regarding the tax treatment of the Merger to them under United States and non-United States tax laws.

ZAPPOS SHAREHOLDERS ARE URGED TO CONSULT THEIR OWN TAX ADVISORS AS TO SPECIFIC TAX CONSEQUENCES TO THEM OF THE MERGER, INCLUDING THE APPLICABILITY AND EFFECT OF ANY STATE, LOCAL OR FOREIGN TAX LAWS AND OF CHANGES IN APPLICABLE TAX LAWS.

Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Merger

The obligations of Amazon and Zappos to complete the Merger are conditioned upon the delivery of an opinion to Amazon and to Zappos by Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP and/or Fenwick & West LLP that, for federal income tax purposes, the Merger will constitute a reorganization within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Code. Accordingly, the following are the anticipated material federal income tax consequences to Zappos shareholders who receive their shares of Amazon common stock pursuant to the Merger:

 

   

A Zappos shareholder who exchanges his or her shares of Zappos stock for Amazon common stock pursuant to the Merger will not recognize gain or loss for United States federal income tax purposes, except with respect to cash, if any, that he or she receives in lieu of a fractional share of Amazon common stock.

 

   

Each holder’s aggregate tax basis in the Amazon common stock received in the Merger will be the same as his or her aggregate tax basis in the Zappos stock surrendered in the Merger, decreased by the amount of any tax basis allocable to any fractional share interest for which cash is received. The holding period of the Amazon common stock received in the Merger by a holder of Zappos stock will include the holding period of Zappos stock that he or she surrendered in the Merger. If a Zappos shareholder has differing tax bases and/or holding periods in respect of the shareholder’s shares of Zappos stock, the shareholder should consult with a tax advisor in order to identify the tax bases and/or holding periods of the particular shares of Amazon common stock that the shareholder receives.

 

   

Shares of Amazon common stock held in the escrow fund and in the expense fund generally will be treated as owned by the former Zappos shareholder in respect of whom those shares were deposited into those funds, until the shares are released to Amazon or sold to pay expenses, as applicable, or until they are sold or otherwise disposed of by the former Zappos shareholder. If shares held in the escrow fund are released to Amazon, the former Zappos shareholder will be required to recompute the basis of any remaining shares owned and may be entitled to claim a loss if shares of Amazon common stock were disposed of prior to that release. If shares held in the expense fund on behalf of a former Zappos shareholder are sold to pay expenses, the former Zappos shareholder will be treated as having sold those shares and as having paid the expenses. Deductions for any loss attributable to shares of Amazon stock sold prior to the release of escrowed shares to Amazon and for expenses relating to the Merger may be subject to limitations.

 

   

A cash payment received by a Zappos shareholder in lieu of a fractional share of Amazon common stock will be treated as received in exchange for that fractional share interest, and gain or loss will be recognized for United States federal income tax purposes on the receipt of the cash payment measured by the difference between the amount of cash received and the portion of the tax basis of the holder’s Zappos stock allocable to the fractional share interest. The gain or loss will be long-term capital gain or loss if the Zappos stock is considered to have been held for more than one year at the time of the exchange.

 

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The opinions of counsel regarding the status of the Merger as a reorganization within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Code will be given in reliance on customary representations of Amazon and Zappos and assumptions as to certain factual matters. If any of the representations or assumptions proves to be incorrect, the federal income tax consequences of the Merger may be adversely affected. The opinions of counsel will not bind the courts, nor will they preclude the Internal Revenue Service from adopting a position contrary to those expressed in the opinions. Neither Amazon nor Zappos intends to obtain a ruling from the Internal Revenue Service with respect to the federal income tax consequences of the Merger.

Recordkeeping, Information Reporting and Backup Withholding

A United States person who receives shares of Amazon common stock as a result of the Merger will be required to retain records pertaining to the Merger. Each United States person who is required to file a United States federal income tax return and who is a “significant holder” that receives shares of Amazon common stock generally will be required to file a statement with such holder’s United States federal income tax return setting forth the names and employer identification numbers of Amazon and Zappos, the date of the Merger, and such holder’s tax basis and fair market value of the Zappos stock surrendered in the Merger. A “significant holder” is a United States person who immediately before the Merger owned either (i) at least 1% (by vote or value) of the outstanding stock of Zappos or (ii) securities of Zappos with a tax basis of $1.0 million or more and received Amazon common stock in the Merger.

Certain United States persons may be subject to information reporting with respect to the cash received in lieu of a fractional share of Amazon common stock. United States persons who are subject to information reporting and who do not provide appropriate information when requested may also be subject to backup withholding, currently at a rate of 28%, as well as penalties. Any amount withheld under the backup withholding rules is not an additional tax and may be refunded or credited against such United States holder’s federal income tax liability, provided that the required information is properly furnished in a timely manner to the Internal Revenue Service.

RIGHTS OF DISSENTING SHAREHOLDERS

Dissenters’ Rights

If the Merger Agreement is approved by the required vote of Zappos shareholders and is not abandoned or terminated, holders of Zappos common stock and preferred stock who did not approve the Merger via written consent may, by complying with Sections 1300 through 1313 of the California General Corporation Law, be entitled to dissenters’ rights as described therein and receive cash for the fair market value of their Zappos common and preferred stock. The record holders of the shares of Zappos common stock and preferred stock that are eligible to, and do, exercise their dissenters’ rights with respect to the Merger are referred to herein as “dissenting shareholders,” and the shares with respect to which they exercise dissenters’ rights are referred to herein as “dissenting shares.”

The following discussion is not a complete statement of the law pertaining to dissenters’ rights under the California General Corporation Law and is qualified in its entirety by reference to Sections 1300 through 1313 of the California General Corporation Law, the full text of which are attached to this consent solicitation/prospectus as Appendix B and incorporated herein by reference. Appendix B should be reviewed carefully by any Zappos shareholder who wishes to exercise dissenters’ rights or who wishes to preserve the right to do so, since failure to comply with the procedures of the relevant statute will result in the loss of dissenters’ rights.

ANY HOLDER OF ZAPPOS COMMON STOCK OR PREFERRED STOCK WISHING TO EXERCISE DISSENTERS’ RIGHTS IS URGED TO CONSULT LEGAL COUNSEL BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO EXERCISE SUCH RIGHTS.

 

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Shares of Zappos stock must satisfy each of the following requirements to qualify as dissenting shares under California law:

 

   

the shares of Zappos common stock or preferred stock must have been outstanding on                     , 2009;

 

   

the shares of Zappos stock must not have approved the Merger via written consent;

 

   

the holder of such shares of Zappos stock must make a written demand that Zappos repurchase such shares of Zappos capital stock at fair market value (as described below); and

 

   

the holder of such shares of Zappos common stock or preferred stock must submit certificates for endorsement (as described below).

Refusal to approve the Merger by written consent does not in and of itself constitute a demand for appraisal under California law.

Pursuant to Sections 1300 through 1313 of the California General Corporation Law, holders of dissenting shares may require Zappos to repurchase their dissenting shares at a price equal to the fair market value of such shares determined as of the day before the first announcement of the terms of the Merger, excluding any appreciation or depreciation as a consequence of the proposed Merger, but adjusted for any stock split, reverse stock split or stock dividend that becomes effective thereafter.

Within ten days following approval of the Merger by Zappos shareholders, Zappos is required to mail a dissenters’ notice to each person who did not vote in favor of the Merger. The dissenters’ notice must contain the following:

 

   

a notice of the approval of the Merger;

 

   

a statement of the price determined by Zappos to represent the fair market value of dissenting shares (which shall constitute an offer by Zappos to purchase such dissenting shares at such stated price unless such shares lose their status as “dissenting shares” under Section 1309 of the California General Corporation Law);

 

   

a brief description of the procedures for such holders to exercise their rights as dissenting shareholders; and

 

   

a copy of Sections 1300 through 1304 of Chapter 13 of the California General Corporation Law

Within 30 days after the date on which the notice of the approval of the Merger by the outstanding shares is mailed to dissenting shareholders, a dissenting shareholder must:

 

   

demand that Zappos repurchase such shareholder’s dissenting shares;

 

   

include in that demand the number and class of dissenting shares held of record by such dissenting shareholder that the dissenting shareholder demands that Zappos purchase;

 

   

include in that demand a statement of what such dissenting shareholder claims to be the fair market value of the dissenting shares as of the day before the announcement of the proposed Merger. The statement of fair market value constitutes an offer by the dissenting shareholder to sell the dissenting shares at such price within such 30-day period; and

 

   

submit to Zappos certificates representing any dissenting shares that the dissenting shareholder demands Zappos purchase, so that such dissenting shares may either be stamped or endorsed with the statement that the shares are dissenting shares or exchanged for certificates of appropriate denomination so stamped or endorsed. The demand, statement and Zappos certificates should be delivered to:

Zappos.com, Inc.

Attn: Secretary of Zappos.com. Inc.

2280 Corporate Circle, Suite 100

Henderson, NV 89074

 

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If upon the dissenting shareholder’s surrender of the certificates representing the dissenting shares, Zappos and a dissenting shareholder agree upon the price to be paid for the dissenting shares and agree that such shares are dissenting shares, then the agreed price is required by law to be paid (with interest thereon at the legal rate on judgments from the date of the agreement) to the dissenting shareholder within the later of 30 days after the date of such agreement or 30 days after any statutory or contractual conditions to the completion of the Merger are satisfied.

If Zappos and a dissenting shareholder disagree as to the price for such dissenting shares or disagree as to whether such shares are entitled to be classified as dissenting shares, such holder has the right to bring an action in California Superior Court of the proper county, within six months after the date on which the notice of the shareholders’ approval of the Merger is mailed, to resolve such dispute. In such action, the court will determine whether the shares of Zappos common stock and preferred stock held by such shareholder are dissenting shares, the fair market value of such shares of Zappos common stock and preferred stock, or both.

In determining the fair market value of the dissenting Zappos shares, the court may appoint one or more impartial appraisers to make the determination. Within a time fixed by the court, the appraiser, or a majority of them, will make and file a report with the court. If the appraisers cannot determine the fair market value within ten days of their appointment, or within a longer time determined by the court, or the court does not confirm their report, then the court will determine the fair market value. The costs of the appraisal action, including reasonable compensation to the appraisers appointed by the court, will be allocated between Zappos and dissenting Zappos shareholder as the court deems equitable. However, if the appraisal of the fair market value of Zappos shares exceeds the price offered by Zappos in the notice of approval, then Zappos shall pay the costs. If the fair market value of the shares awarded by the court exceeds 125% of the price offered by Zappos, then the court may in its discretion impose additional costs on Zappos, including attorneys’ fees, fees of expert witnesses and interest.

Zappos shareholders considering whether to exercise dissenters’ rights should consider that the fair market value of their Zappos common stock and preferred stock determined under Chapter 13 of the California General Corporation Law could be more than, the same as or less than the value of merger consideration to be paid in connection with the Merger, as set forth in the Merger Agreement. Also, Zappos reserves the right to assert in any appraisal proceeding that, for purposes thereof, the fair market value of Zappos common stock and preferred stock is less than the value of the merger consideration to be issued and paid in connection with the Merger, as set forth in the Merger Agreement.

Strict compliance with certain technical prerequisites is required to exercise dissenters’ rights. Zappos shareholders wishing to exercise dissenters’ rights should consult with their own legal counsel in connection with compliance with Chapter 13 of the California General Corporation Law. Any Zappos shareholder who fails to comply with the requirements of Chapter 13 of the California General Corporation Law, attached as Appendix B to this consent solicitation/prospectus, will forfeit the right to exercise dissenters’ rights and will, instead, receive the merger consideration to be issued and paid in connection with the Merger, as set forth in the Merger Agreement.

Zappos shareholders should be aware that California law provides, among other things, that a dissenting shareholder may not withdraw the demand for payment of the fair market value of dissenting shares unless Zappos consents to such request for withdrawal.

 

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THE COMPANIES

Amazon

General. Amazon.com, Inc., a Delaware corporation, seeks to be Earth’s most customer-centric company for its three primary customer sets: consumer customers, seller customers and developer customers. Amazon serves its consumer customers through retail websites and focus on selection, price and convenience. Amazon designs its websites to enable millions of unique products to be sold by Amazon and by third parties across dozens of product categories. Amazon serves its seller customers by offering programs that enable sellers to sell their products on Amazon’s websites and their own branded websites and to fulfill orders through Amazon. Amazon serves developer customers through Amazon Web Services, which provides access to technology infrastructure that developers can use to enable virtually any type of business. Amazon’s common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol “AMZN”. Amazon’s principal executive office is located at 1200 12th Avenue South, Suite 1200, Seattle, Washington 98144-2734 and its telephone number is (206) 266-1000.

Additional Information about Amazon. Financial and other information about Amazon is set forth in Amazon’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008. Information regarding the names, ages, positions and backgrounds of the executive officers and directors of Amazon, as well as additional information, including executive compensation, security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management, and certain relationships and related transactions, is set forth in or incorporated by reference into Amazon’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008 and Amazon’s Proxy Statement for its 2009 Annual Meeting of Shareholders. See “Where You Can Find More Information” on page 85.

Zappos

General. Zappos, a California corporation, is an online retailer that sells apparel, shoes, handbags, eyewear, watches, electronics and other products. Established in 1999, Zappos has quickly become one of the leaders in online apparel and footwear by striving to provide shoppers with the best possible service and selection. The principal executive office of Zappos is located at 2280 Corporate Circle Drive, Suite 100, Henderson, Nevada 89074, and its telephone number is (702) 943-7677.

Market Prices of and Dividends on Zappos Common and Preferred Stock. Zappos common stock is not listed on an exchange or quoted on any automated services, and there is no established trading market for shares of Zappos common stock or preferred stock. Zappos common stock is held by approximately 144 shareholders of record. Zappos preferred stock is held by approximately forty-five shareholders of record. Zappos does not have a policy of paying regular dividends on its common stock or preferred stock, and has never done so.

 

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PRINCIPAL SHAREHOLDERS OF ZAPPOS

The following table sets forth information as of July 23, 2009, regarding beneficial ownership of the common and preferred stock of Zappos by (i) the persons known by Zappos to beneficially own 5% or more of its shares; (ii) Zappos’ executive officers and directors; and (iii) Zappos’ executive officers and directors as a group. As of July 23, 2009 there were 21,469,674 shares of Zappos common stock issued and outstanding and 23,747,180 shares of Zappos preferred stock issued and outstanding. To Zappos’ knowledge, the persons named in the table have sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares of Zappos stock shown as beneficially owned by them, subject to community property laws where applicable and the information contained in the footnotes to this table. In light of the voting requirements to approve the Merger and adopt and approve the Merger Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby, the following table in addition sets forth information on the beneficial ownership of the common and preferred stock of Zappos by such persons, assuming that none of the outstanding preferred stock is converted into common stock. Unless otherwise indicated, the address of each of the individuals named below is: c/o Zappos.com, Inc., 2280 Corporate Circle, Suite 100, Henderson Nevada, 89074.

 

Name and Address of Beneficial
Owner

  Shares of
Common
Stock
Beneficially
Owned (1)
  Percentage of
Common
Stock
Beneficially
Owned (1)
    Shares of
Common
Stock
Beneficially
Owned
Excluding
Convertible
Preferred
Stock (2)
    Percentage of
Common
Stock
Beneficially
Owned
Excluding
Convertible
Preferred
Stock (2)
    Shares of
Preferred
Stock
Beneficially
Owned (3)
    Percentage of
Preferred
Stock
Beneficially
Owned (3)
 

5% Shareholders

           

Sequoia Capital

  6,357,865   22.8   —        —        6,357,865 (4)    26.8

Nick Swinmurn

  2,400,029   11.2   2,400,029      11.2   —        —     

Venture Frogs

  11,451,199   39.9   4,250,000 (5)    19.8   7,201,199 (6)    27.4

Goldman Sachs

  1,600,000   7.5   1,600,000 (7)    7.5   —        —     

Directors and Executive Officers

           

Anthony Hsieh

  26,503,423   69.3   10,350,000 (8)    46.9   16,153,423 (9)    61.4

Alfred Lin

  12,717,199   42.6   5,516,000 (10)    24.4   7,201,199 (11)    27.4

Michael Marks

  791,111   3.6   130,000 (12)    *      661,111 (13)    2.8

Ann Mather

  150,000   *   150,000 (14)    *      —        —     

Frederick Mossler

  733,000   3.3   733,000 (15)    3.3   —        —     

Michael Moritz

  6,357,865   22.8   —        —        6,357,865 (16)    26.8

All Executive Officers and Directors as a group (6 persons)

  35,801,399   76.0   12,629,000 (17)    52.8   23,172,399 (18)    88.1

 

 * Amount represents less than 1% of outstanding shares of Zappos common stock.

 

** Amount represents less than 1% of outstanding shares of Zappos common stock and preferred stock convertible to common stock.

 

(1) Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC and includes shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of stock options exercisable within 60 days of July 23, 2009 and shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of outstanding preferred stock and Series B Warrants. For purposes of calculating percentage beneficially owned, shares of common stock issuable under such options and upon conversion of such preferred stock and Series B warrants are deemed outstanding and beneficially owned by the person holding such stock options, preferred stock and/or warrants (or by all persons for ownership as a group) for purposes of computing such person’s percentage ownership, but are not deemed outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of any other person.

 

(2)

Beneficial ownership includes shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of stock options exercisable within 60 days of July 23, 2009, but excludes shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of

 

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outstanding preferred stock and shares issuable upon conversion of Series B Warrants. For purposes of calculating percentage beneficially owned, shares of common stock issuable under such stock options are deemed outstanding and beneficially owned by the person holding such stock options (or by all such persons for ownership as a group) for purposes of computing such person’s percentage ownership, but are not deemed outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of any other person.

 

(3) Percentage based on aggregate number of shares outstanding of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C, Series D, Series E and Series F preferred stock and exercise of Series B Warrants when applicable. Shares of Zappos Series B preferred stock issuable upon exercise of Series B Warrants are deemed outstanding and beneficially owned by the person holding such warrant for purposes of computing such person’s percentage ownership, but are not deemed outstanding for the purpose of computing the percentage ownership of any other person. Sequoia Capital and Zvest, described in footnotes (4) and (13), respectively, together hold all of the 7,018,976 outstanding shares of Zappos Series E and Series F preferred stock.

 

(4) Represents 2,284,128 shares of preferred stock held by Sequoia Capital Franchise Fund and 311,472 shares of preferred stock held by Sequoia Capital Franchise Partners (the “Franchise Funds”); 953,268 shares of preferred stock held by Sequoia Capital IX and 80,642 shares of preferred stock held by Sequoia Capital Entrepreneurs Annex Fund (the “Capital Funds”); 1,808,184 shares preferred stock held by Sequoia Capital Growth Fund III, 88,550 shares preferred stock held by Sequoia Capital Growth III Principals Fund and 19,933 shares of preferred stock held by Sequoia Capital Growth Partners III (the “Growth Funds”); and 58,685 shares of preferred stock held by Sequoia Capital X Principals Fund, 658,198 shares of preferred stock held by Sequoia Capital X and 94,805 shares of preferred stock held by Sequoia Technology Partners X (the “Sequoia X Funds”). SCFF Management, LLC is the general partner of the Franchise Funds. SC IX.I Management, LLC is the general partner of the Capital Funds. SCGF III Management, LLC is general partner of the three (3) Growth Funds. SC X Management, LLC is the general partner of the three (3) Sequoia X Funds. SCFF Management, LLC, SC IX.I Management, LLC, SC X Management, LLC, and SCGF III Management, LLC (together, the “Sequoia General Partners”) have sole voting and investment power over the shares held by the funds of which they are the general partner, as described above. Mr. Moritz is a managing member of each of the Sequoia General Partners, and as a result may be deemed to beneficially own the shares held by the Franchise Funds, the Capital Funds, the Growth Funds and the Sequoia X Funds. Mr. Moritz disclaims beneficial ownership of the shares held by these funds except to the extent of his direct pecuniary interest therein. The address for Sequoia Capital is 3000 Sand Hill Road, Building 4, Suite 180, Menlo Park, California 94025.

 

(5) Represents 4,250,000 shares of common stock held by Venture Frogs Incubator I, LLC. See footnote (6) for a description of the beneficial ownership interests of Anthony Hsieh, Zappos’ Chief Executive Officer and Alfred Lin, Zappos’ Chairman, Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer in the shares held by Venture Frogs Incubator I, LLC. The address for Venture Frogs is c/o Venture Frogs, LLC, 2280 Corporate Circle #100, Henderson, Nevada 89074.

 

(6) Represents 4,514,499 shares of preferred stock held by Venture Frogs Fund I, LLC (the “Fund”); 66,423 shares of preferred stock held by Venture Frogs Incubator I, LLC (the “Incubator”); 55,221 shares of preferred stock held by Venture Frogs LLC (the “LLC”, and together with the Fund and the Incubator, “Venture Frogs”); and 2,565,056 shares of preferred stock issuable upon exercise of a warrant held by the Fund. Mr. Hsieh and Mr. Lin are managing members of the LLC and share voting and investment control over the shares held by the LLC. The LLC is the managing member of the Fund and the Incubator. By virtue of this relationship, Mr. Hsieh and Mr. Lin may be deemed to share voting and investment power over the shares held by the Fund and the Incubator. Mr. Hsieh and Mr. Lin disclaim beneficial ownership of the shares held by the Fund and the Incubator, except to the extent of their direct pecuniary interests therein.

 

(7) Represents 1,280,000 shares of common stock held by Goldman, Sachs & Co., on behalf of its Principal Strategies Group and 320,000 shares held by Goldman Sachs Investment Partners Master Fund, L.P. Goldman Sachs Investment Partners GP, LLC is the general partner of Goldman Sachs Investment Partners Master Fund, L.P. (the “Master Fund”) and has voting and investment power over the shares held by the Master Fund. The address for these entities is 85 Broad Street, 27th Floor, New York, New York, 10004.

 

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(8) Includes 600,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding options exercisable within 60 days of July 23, 2009 and 4,250,000 shares of common stock held by the Incubator that Mr. Hsieh may be deemed to beneficially own, as described in footnotes (5) and (6).

 

(9) Represents 8,952,224 shares of preferred stock held by Mr. Hsieh and 7,201,199 shares of preferred stock held by Venture Frogs that Mr. Hsieh may be deemed to beneficially own, as described in footnote (6).

 

(10) Includes 1,150,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding options exercisable within 60 days of July 23, 2009 and 4,250,000 shares of common stock held by the Incubator that Mr. Lin may be deemed to beneficially own, as described in footnotes (5) and (6).

 

(11) Represents 7,201,199 shares of preferred stock held by Venture Frogs that Mr. Lin may be deemed to beneficially own, as described in footnote (6).

 

(12) Represents 130,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding options exercisable within 60 days of July 23, 2009. The address for Mr. Marks is c/o Zvest, LLC, 70 Willow Road, Suite 100, Menlo Park, California 94025.

 

(13) Represents 661,111 shares of preferred stock held by Zvest, LLC. Mr. Marks is the Chief Executive Officer of Zvest, LLC and shares voting and investment power over the shares of preferred stock held by Zvest, LLC.

 

(14) Represents 150,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding options exercisable within 60 days of July 23, 2009.

 

(15) Includes 420,000 shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of outstanding options exercisable within 60 days of July 23, 2009.

 

(16) Represents 6,357,865 shares of preferred stock held by Sequoia Capital that may be deemed to be beneficially owned by Mr. Moritz, as described in footnote (4). The address for Mr. Moritz is c/o Sequoia Capital, 3000 Sand Hill Road, Building 4, Suite 180, Menlo Park, California 94025.

 

(17) Includes 2,450,000 shares of common stock held by all executive officers and directors as a group issuable upon exercise of outstanding options exercisable within 60 days of July 23, 2009 and 4,250,000 shares of common stock held by the Incubator that may be deemed to be beneficially owned by Mr. Hsieh and Mr. Lin as described in footnotes (5) and (6).

 

(18) Includes 7,201,199 shares of preferred stock held by Venture Frogs that may be deemed to be beneficially owned by Mr. Hsieh and Mr. Lin as described in footnote (6); 661,111 shares of preferred stock held by Zvest, LLC that may be deemed to be beneficially owned by Mr. Marks, as described in footnote (13); and 6,357,865 shares of preferred stock held by Sequoia Capital that may be deemed to be beneficially owned by Mr. Moritz, as described in footnote (4).

COMPARISON OF RIGHTS OF SHAREHOLDERS

This section of the consent solicitation/prospectus describes the material differences between the rights of holders of Zappos capital stock and holders of Amazon common stock. While Amazon and Zappos believe that the description covers the material differences between the two, this summary may not contain all of the information that is important to you. You should carefully read this entire document and the other documents we refer to for a more complete understanding of the differences between being a shareholder of Zappos and being a shareholder of Amazon.

Upon consummation of the Merger, the holders of issued and outstanding Zappos common stock and preferred stock will be entitled to receive Amazon common stock. The rights of the holders of Amazon common stock are governed by Amazon’s Certificate of Incorporation, Amazon’s Bylaws and Delaware General Corporation Law, while the rights of holders of Zappos common stock and preferred stock are generally governed by Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation, Zappos’ Bylaws and California law.

If you are a holder of shares of Zappos preferred stock, you will be receiving shares of Amazon common stock in exchange for your shares of Zappos preferred stock. As such, there are certain rights you will be foregoing as a holder of Zappos preferred stock (which may further vary depending upon which series of Zappos

preferred stock you hold), including, without limitation, liquidation preferences, antidilution protection, the right

 

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to vote as a separate class and to elect one or more directors, certain protective provisions that may require your consent before various corporate actions are taken, the right to accrued dividends, and preemptive rights.

Although it is impractical to compare all aspects in which Delaware law and California law and Amazon’s and Zappos’ governing documents differ with respect to rights of shareholders, the following is a brief discussion summarizing certain differences between them.

 

   Amazon Shareholder Rights    Zappos Shareholder Rights

Authorized Capital Stock

   The authorized capital stock of Amazon consists of 5,500,000,000 shares, of which 5,000,000,000 are common stock, $.01 par value, and 500,000,000 are preferred stock, $.01 par value.    The authorized capital stock of Zappos consists of 95,997,223 shares, of which 60,000,000 are common stock, $0.001 par value, and 35,997,223 are preferred stock, $0.001 par value.

Number and Classification of Directors

   Amazon’s Bylaws state that the number of directors shall be as fixed by resolution of the Amazon Board. Currently there are eight (8) directors and the Amazon Board is not classified.   

Zappos’ Bylaws state that the number of directors shall be as fixed by the Zappos Board but shall not be less than three (3) nor more than five (5) so long as Zappos has more than two shareholders.

 

Under Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation, the size of the Zappos Board cannot be increased or decreased without the affirmative vote or written consent of more than fifty percent of the outstanding Zappos Series E and Series F preferred shares (adjusted for any subdivision, combinations, consolidations, stock distributions or stock dividends) voting together on an as-converted basis, and so long as there are at least 1,500,000 shares of Zappos Series E and Series F preferred shares outstanding, the number of directors shall be fixed at five (5).

 

Currently there are five (5) directors.

Rights of Holders of Preferred Stock to Elect Directors

   No shares of preferred stock are outstanding.    Under Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation, so long as an aggregate of 1,500,000 shares of Series E preferred stock and Series F preferred stock (adjusted for any subdivision, combinations, consolidations, stock distributions or stock dividends) shall be outstanding: 1) the holders of Series E preferred stock and Series F preferred stock, voting together on an as-converted basis, shall be entitled to elect one (1) director of Zappos at each meeting or pursuant to each shareholder consent for the election

 

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of directors; 2) the holders of common, Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock, voting together on an as-converted basis, shall be entitled to elect two (2) directors of Zappos at each meeting or pursuant to each shareholder consent for the election of directors; and 3) the holders of common stock and preferred stock, voting together on an as-converted basis, shall be entitled to elect any remaining directors of Zappos at each meeting or pursuant to each shareholder consent for the election of directors.

 

Under the Amended and Restated Voting Agreement: 1) at any election where the holders of Zappos Series E and Series F preferred stock are entitled to elect one (1) director pursuant to Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation, the holders of Zappos Series E and Series F preferred stock that are parties to the Voting Agreement shall vote such number of shares of Zappos Series E and Series F preferred stock owned by them as may be necessary to elect one (1) director whom shall be designated by Sequoia Capital; 2) at any election where the holders of common, Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock are entitled to elect two (2) directors pursuant to Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation, the holders of common, Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock that are parties to the Voting Agreement shall vote such number of shares owned by them as may be necessary to elect one (1) director who is the then current CEO of Zappos (or, if there is no CEO, the then current President) and one (1) director who shall be designated by the majority-in-interest of the holders of the common, Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock, voting together on an as-converted basis; 3) at any election

 

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      where the holders of common and preferred stock are entitled to elect the remaining director(s) of Zappos pursuant to Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation, the holders of common and preferred stock that are parties to the Voting Agreement shall vote such number of shares owned by them as may be necessary to elect any designee unanimously designated by the directors elected by Zappos Series E and Series F preferred and by the common, Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock, provided that such designee is not affiliated with the Zappos prior to their designation.

Vacancy of Directors

  

Under Amazon’s Bylaws, a vacancy will be filled by the affirmative vote of a majority of the remaining directors. The director elected to fill a vacancy will serve until the next election of directors or until such director’s successor has been elected and qualified, or until death, resignation or removal from office.

 

A director vacancy filled by reason of increase in the number of directors may serve only until the next election of directors and until such director’s successor has been elected and qualified.

  

Under Zappos’ Bylaws, a vacancy may be filled by a majority of the remaining directors, unless the vacancy is created by the removal of a director by the vote or written consent of the shareholders or by court order, in which case the vacancy may be filled only by: 1) the affirmative vote of a majority of the shares represented and voting at a duly held meeting at which a quorum is present (and where the affirmative votes constitute a majority of said quorum); or 2) by the unanimous written consent of all shares entitled to vote thereon. A vacancy not created by removal that is not filled by the directors may be filled by the vote or written consent of the majority of the outstanding shares entitled to vote thereon.

 

A director elected to fill a vacancy created by removal shall hold office until the next annual meeting of the shareholders and until a successor has been elected and qualified. A director elected to fill a vacancy not created by removal shall hold office until the expiration of the term for which elected and until a successor has been elected and qualified.

 

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Shareholder Nomination of Directors

  

Under Amazon’s Bylaws, nominations for the election of directors may be made by the Amazon Board or a shareholder of record entitled to vote on the matter.

 

Such shareholders may nominate directors for election if notice of intent to nominate a director and information regarding that nominee is received no later than close of business on the 60th day nor earlier than close of business on the 90th day prior to the first anniversary of the preceding year’s annual meeting (or if the date of the annual meeting is more than thirty (30) days before or sixty (60) days after such anniversary date, then not earlier than the close of business of the 90th day nor later than the close of business on the 60th day prior to such annual meeting or on the tenth day following the day on which public disclosure of the date of the annual meeting was made).

 

If a shareholder is seeking to elect the director at a special meeting at which directors are to be elected, notice of intent to nominate a director and information regarding that director must be received by Amazon no later than the close of business on the tenth day following the day on which public disclosure of the date of the special meeting was made.

  

Under Zappos’ Bylaws, directors are elected at each annual meeting of the shareholders to hold office until the next annual meeting.

 

Directors are nominated for election by the Zappos Board.

Removal of Directors

   Under Amazon’s Bylaws, the holders of a majority of the shares entitled to elect the director may remove the director from office at a meeting of shareholders expressly called for the purpose, or without a meeting if the requirements for action without a meeting are met.   

Zappos’ directors may be removed from office in any manner proscribed by the California General Corporation Law. Under the Amended and Restated Voting Agreement, any director designated pursuant to the terms of the Agreement may be removed only upon the vote or written consent of the shareholders entitled to elect such director.

 

Under Zappos’ Bylaws, no reduction of the authorized number of directors shall have the effect of removing any director before that director’s term of office expires.

 

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Shareholder Action without a Meeting

   Under Amazon’s Certificate of Incorporation and Amazon’s Bylaws, only an action properly brought before the shareholders by or at the discretion of the Amazon Board may be taken without a meeting, without prior notice and without a vote, and only if a written consent setting forth the action is signed by the holders of outstanding shares of capital stock entitled to vote with respect to the subject matter thereof having not less than the minimum number of votes that would be necessary to authorize or take such action at a meeting at which all shares entitled to vote thereon were present and voted.    Under Zappos’ Bylaws, any action which may be taken at any annual or special meeting of shareholders may be taken without a meeting and without prior notice if a consent in writing, setting forth the action so taken, is signed by the holders of outstanding shares having not less than the minimum number of votes that would be necessary to authorize or take that action at a meeting at which all shares entitled to vote on that action were present and voted.

Special Meetings of Shareholders

  

Under Amazon’s Certificate of Incorporation and Amazon’s Bylaws, Amazon’s Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer, President or Board may call special meetings of the shareholders for any purpose.

 

A special meeting may also be called if the holders of thirty percent (30%) or more of all the votes entitled to be cast on any issue proposed to be considered at such special meeting have dated, signed and delivered to the Secretary one or more written demands for such meeting, describing the purpose for which it is to be held and agreeing to provide Amazon with certain shareholder information no later than close of business on the tenth day following the day on which public disclosure of the date of such special meeting is made.

  

Under Zappos’ Bylaws, a special meeting of the shareholders may be called at any time by the Zappos Board, the Chairman of the Board, or the President.

 

A special meeting may also be called by one or more shareholders holding shares in the aggregate entitled to cast not less than ten percent (10%) of the votes at that meeting, by delivering to the Chairman of the Board, President or any Vice President or Secretary of Zappos a written request specifying the time and general nature of the business proposed to be transacted at the special meeting.

Amendment of Articles/Certificate of Incorporation

   The holders of a majority of the outstanding shares entitled to vote may amend Amazon’s Certificate of Incorporation.    Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation may be amended in accordance with the provisions of the California General Corporation Law; provided, however, that certain amendments shall require: 1) the affirmative vote of the majority of the Zappos Series E and Series F preferred shares, voting together, where there are at least an aggregate of 1,500,000 shares of Zappos Series E and Series F preferred stock, subject to certain

 

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Amendment of Bylaws

  

 

Shareholders may adopt, amend or repeal bylaws by the affirmative vote of the majority of the outstanding shares present and entitled to vote.

 

The Amazon Board may adopt, amend or repeal bylaws; provided, that it may not repeal or amend any bylaw the shareholders have expressly provided the Amazon Board may not amend or repeal.

  

adjustments, outstanding; and/or 2) the affirmative vote of the majority of all the preferred shares, voting together, where there are at least an aggregate of 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock, subject to certain adjustments, outstanding.

 

Shareholders may adopt, amend or repeal bylaws by the vote or written consent of the holders of more than fifty percent of the outstanding shares entitled to vote; provided, however, that so long as Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation set forth the number of authorized directors, the number of authorized directors may only be changed by an amendment of the Articles.

 

The Zappos Board may adopt, amend or repeal bylaws, subject to the rights of the shareholders to do so; provided, however, that the Zappos Board may not adopt, amend or repeal bylaws or an amendment of a bylaw that changes the authorized number of directors except where such action fixes the authorized number of directors pursuant to a bylaw providing for a variable number of directors.

Voting Rights

   Each holder of Amazon stock is entitled to one vote for each share held of record.    Under Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation, each holder of Zappos common stock is entitled to one vote for each share of common stock held of record and each holder of Zappos preferred stock is entitled to one vote for each share of common stock into which such share of preferred stock held of record is convertible. See “Comparison of Rights of Shareholders—Rights of Holders of Preferred Stock to Elect Directors” above for descriptions of additional voting rights.

 

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Dividends

   Under Delaware law, Amazon may declare and pay dividends either out of its surplus or if there is no surplus, out of its net profits for the fiscal year in which the dividend is declared and/or the preceding year. The rights of holders of common stock to receive dividends or to share in the distribution of assets in the event of liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the affairs of Amazon are subject to the preferences and other rights of the preferred stock as may be fixed in a resolution(s) of Amazon’s Board providing for the issue of such preferred stock.   

Subject to limitations provided by the California General Corporation Law, Zappos’ Bylaws provide for the following:

 

When, as and if declared by the Zappos Board, holders of Series E and Series F preferred stock shall be entitled to receive dividends at the rate of $0.4928 per share of Zappos Series E preferred stock and $0.72 per share of Zappos Series F preferred stock, subject to certain adjustments, per annum. These Series E and Series F dividends shall be payable in preference and priority to any payment of any dividend on the Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock or the common stock. Such dividends shall not be cumulative. No dividends may be made with respect to the Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock or the common stock, other than in the case of the common stock, dividends payable solely in common stock, in any fiscal year until all such Zappos Series E and Series F dividends have been paid or declared and set apart in such fiscal year.

 

After the holders of the Zappos Series E and Series F preferred stock have received their full dividend preference, the holders of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock shall be entitled to receive, when, as and if declared by the Zappos Board, dividends at the rate of $0.015592 per share of Zappos Series A preferred stock, $0.015592 per share of Zappos Series B preferred stock, $0.36218 per share of Zappos Series C preferred stock, and $0.06328 per share of Zappos Series D preferred stock, subject to certain adjustments, per annum. These Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D dividends shall be payable in preference and priority to any

 

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Appraisal and Dissenters’ Rights

  

 

Because Amazon common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market and is currently held by more than 2,000 shareholders, holders of Amazon common stock generally will not have appraisal or dissenters’ rights under Section 262 of the Delaware General Corporation Law.

  

payment of any dividend on the common stock. Such dividends shall not be cumulative. No dividends may be made with respect to the common stock, other than dividends payable solely in common stock, in any fiscal year until all such Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D dividends have been paid or declared and set apart in such fiscal year.

 

After the holders of the Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock have received their full dividend preference, any additional dividends declared by the Zappos Board shall be shared equally among all shares on an as-converted basis.

 

Zappos shareholders are entitled to appraisal and dissenters’ rights under Sections 1300 through 1313 of the California General Corporation Law in connection with the Merger.

Indemnification of Officers and Directors

  

Under Amazon’s Bylaws, Amazon will indemnify officers and directors to the full extent permitted under Delaware General Corporation Law.

 

Delaware General Corporation Law provides that, subject to certain limitations in the case of “derivative” suits brought by a corporation’s shareholders in its name, a corporation may indemnify any person who is made a party to any third-party suit or proceeding on account of being a director, officer, employee or agent of the corporation against expenses, including attorney’s fees, judgments, fines and amounts paid in settlement reasonably incurred by him or her in connection with the action, through, among other things, a majority vote of those directors who were not parties to the suit or proceeding, if the person: (i) acted in good faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed to be in

  

Under Zappos’ Bylaws, Zappos shall indemnify its directors and officers to the full extent permitted under the California General Corporation Law against expenses, judgments, fines, settlements and other amounts actually and reasonably incurred in connection with any proceeding arising by reason of the fact that such person is or was an agent of Zappos. Directors and officers include persons who are or were: 1) directors and officers of Zappos; 2) directors and officers of a predecessor corporation of Zappos; or 3) serving as a director or officer of another entity at the request of Zappos or a predecessor corporation of Zappos.

 

Under Zappos’ Bylaws, Zappos shall also have the power, to the extent permitted by the California General Corporation Law, to indemnify each of its employees and agents. Employees and agents include

 

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or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation; and (ii) in a criminal proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe his or her conduct was unlawful.

 

To the extent a director, officer, employee or agent is successful in the defense of such an action, suit or proceeding, Amazon is required by Delaware law to indemnify such person for expenses actually and reasonably incurred thereby.

 

Delaware law provides that a corporation may advance to a director or officer expenses incurred in defending any action upon receipt of an undertaking by the director or officer to repay the amount advanced

if it is ultimately determined that he or she is not entitled to indemnification. In addition, a corporation may advance to former directors, officers, employees or agents expenses incurred in defending any action upon such terms and conditions as the corporation deems appropriate.

  

persons (other than a director or officer) who are or were: 1) an employee or agent of Zappos; 2) an employee or agent of a predecessor corporation of Zappos; or 3) serving as an employee or agent of another entity at the request of Zappos or a predecessor corporation of Zappos.

 

Under Zappos’ Bylaws, Zappos shall pay any expenses incurred in defending any civil or criminal action or proceeding for which indemnification is either required by Zappos’ Bylaws or permitted and approved by the Zappos Board under Zappos’ Bylaws, in advance of the final disposition of such action upon receipt of an undertaking by or on

behalf of the indemnified party to repay such amount if it is ultimately determined that they are not entitled to be indemnified as authorized in Zappos’ Bylaws.

Notice of Shareholder Meetings

   Under Amazon’s Bylaws, notice shall be delivered to each shareholder entitled to notice of or to vote at the meeting not less than ten (10) nor more than sixty (60) days before the meeting.    Under Zappos’ Bylaws, notice shall be delivered to each shareholder entitled to notice of or to vote at the meeting not less than ten (10) nor more than sixty (60) days before the date of the meeting.

Shareholder Proposals

  

Under Amazon’s Bylaws, shareholders entitled to vote on the matter may bring business before annual meetings, provided that the business is a proper matter for shareholder action under Delaware law, the notice and information requirements of Amazon’s Bylaws are met, and, in the case of a special meeting, the business is specified in the notice of meeting given to shareholders.

 

For annual meetings, notice of such business containing the information required by Amazon’s Bylaws must be given to Amazon no later than

  

Neither the California General Corporation Law, Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation nor Zappos’ Bylaws contain specific provisions providing for procedures with respect to shareholder proposals.

 

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close of business on the 60th day nor earlier than close of business on the 90th day prior to the first anniversary of the preceding year’s annual meeting (or if the date of the annual meeting is more than thirty (30) days before or sixty (60) days after such anniversary date, then not earlier than the close of business on the 90th day nor later than the close of business on the later of the 60th day prior to such annual meeting or the tenth day following the day on which public disclosure of the date of the annual meeting was made).

 

At any special meeting of the shareholders, only such business as is specified in the notice of such special meeting given by or at the direction

of the person or persons calling such meeting shall come before such meeting.

  
Anti-Takeover Provisions    Amazon has elected not to be governed by Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, which protects publicly-traded Delaware corporations, such as Amazon, from hostile takeovers, and from actions following the takeover, by prohibiting some transactions once an acquirer has gained a significant holding in the corporation. Neither Amazon’s Bylaws nor its Certificate of Incorporation contain specific anti-takeover provisions.    Neither the California General Corporation Law, Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation nor Zappos’ Bylaws contain specific provisions providing for procedures with respect to director nominations.

 

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EXPERTS AND INDEPENDENT ACCOUNTANTS

The consolidated financial statements of Amazon included in Amazon’s Annual Report (Form 10-K) for the year ended December 31, 2008, including the schedule appearing therein, and the effectiveness of Amazon’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2008 have been audited by Ernst & Young LLP, independent registered public accounting firm, as set forth in their reports thereon, included therein, and incorporated herein by reference. Such consolidated financial statements are incorporated herein by reference in reliance upon such reports given on the authority of such firm as experts in accounting and auditing.

The financial statements of Zappos as of December 31, 2008 and 2007 and for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2008 included in this consent solicitation/prospectus have been so included in reliance on the report of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, independent accountants, given on the authority of said firm as experts in auditing and accounting.

With respect to the unaudited financial information of Zappos as of March 31, 2009 and for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, included in this consent solicitation/prospectus, PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP reported that they have applied limited procedures in accordance with professional standards for a review of such information. However, their separate report dated May 18, 2009 appearing herein states that they did not audit and they do not express an opinion on that unaudited financial information. Accordingly, the degree of reliance on their report on such information should be restricted in light of the limited nature of the review procedures applied. PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP is not subject to the liability provisions of Section 11 of the Securities Act of 1933 for their report on the unaudited financial information because that report is not a “report” or a “part” of the registration statement prepared or certified by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP within the meaning of Sections 7 and 11 of the Act.

LEGAL MATTERS

The legality under Delaware law of Amazon common stock to be issued pursuant to the Merger, as well as certain other matters in connection with the Merger, will be passed upon by Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP, San Francisco, California. Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP, Los Angeles, California will also provide the tax opinion to Amazon referred to under “Material United States Federal Income Tax Considerations.” Certain legal matters in connection with the Merger will be passed upon for Zappos by Fenwick & West LLP, Mountain View, California. Fenwick & West LLP will also provide the tax opinion to Zappos referred to under “Material United States Federal Income Tax Considerations.”

 

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APPROVAL OF CONVERSION OF ZAPPOS SERIES A, SERIES B, SERIES C AND SERIES D PREFERRED STOCK TO ZAPPOS COMMON STOCK

Shareholders of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock are also being asked to approve conversion of all of the shares of the series of preferred stock that they own into shares of Zappos common stock, contingent upon adoption and approval of the Merger Agreement and effective immediately before consummation of the Merger, by executing and delivering the written consent furnished with this consent solicitation/prospectus. The conversion of any series of preferred stock is not contingent upon the approval by holders of any other series of the conversion of such other series.

Article III, Section 3(b)(ii) of Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation provides for the automatic conversion of all of the shares of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock into Zappos common stock upon the occurrence of certain events, including the written consent of more than fifty percent of the outstanding shares of a series of preferred stock to the conversion of all of the shares of that series of preferred stock.

If the written consent of more than fifty percent of the outstanding shares of any of the Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock is obtained prior to the effective time of the Merger, all outstanding shares of such series of Zappos preferred stock (including any shares of such series of Zappos preferred stock that did not consent to the conversion) will automatically be converted into shares of Zappos common stock (without any further action by the shareholders) immediately before the effective time of the Merger, provided that the Merger Agreement is adopted and approved by the required shareholder votes and the Merger is not abandoned. If for any reason the Merger Agreement is terminated or the Merger does not occur, the Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock will not be converted pursuant to these written consents, even if written consents are received from holders of more than fifty percent of a series of Zappos preferred stock. Pursuant to Article III, Section 3(a) of Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation, each share of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock will convert into one share of Zappos common stock. Following such conversion, the persons entitled to receive shares of common stock will be treated for all purposes as the record holders of the common stock on such date. As a result, shareholders whose shares of Zappos preferred stock are converted into shares of Zappos common stock will receive merger consideration based on their holding of Zappos common stock.

Because the Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock are not participating preferred stock and instead are subject to a fixed preference, the number of shares of Amazon common stock issuable in the Merger for each share of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock is lower than the number of shares of Amazon common stock issuable if the Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock are converted into Zappos common stock before the effective time of the Merger. Therefore, in order to provide an efficient means for shareholders of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock to convert those shares into shares of Zappos common stock and thereby receive the merger consideration payable to holders of Zappos common stock, holders of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock are being asked to approve conversion of those shares into shares of Zappos common stock effective immediately before consummation of the Merger and contingent upon adoption and approval of the Merger Agreement. A written consent for this conversion provides Zappos’ preferred shareholders with a ready means to receive the merger consideration payable to holders of Zappos common stock and yet convert their shares of Zappos preferred stock only if the Merger Agreement is adopted and approved.

 

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The table below shows the number of shares of Amazon common stock that would be received in the Merger for each share of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock if it is not converted into Zappos common stock prior to the effective time of the Merger, and the number of shares of Amazon common stock issuable for each share of Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock on an “as-converted” basis, assuming that (i) all outstanding Zappos Series A, Series B, Series C and Series D preferred stock and the Series B warrants are converted to Zappos common stock before the Merger, (ii) the aggregate exercise price of all Zappos Stock Purchase Rights outstanding at the closing of the Merger or exercised between June 8, 2009 and the closing is $33,000,000 and (iii) Zappos’ transaction expenses are $12,000,000.

 

Series of
Zappos
Preferred
Stock

  

Formula for Shares
of Amazon Common
Stock Received if
Zappos Preferred
Stock is Not
Converted into
Zappos Common
Stock

   Shares of Amazon
Common Stock
Received for Each
Share of Zappos
Preferred Stock
Not Converted
  

Formula for Conversion

of Zappos Common Stock

into Amazon Common Stock

   Number of Shares of
Amazon Common
Stock Issuable for
Each Share of Zappos
Preferred Stock on an
“As-Converted” Basis

Series A

   $0.10 divided by $81.09.    0.0012    (a) (1) the Total Merger Consideration minus the aggregate dollar value of consideration paid to the holders of Zappos preferred shares divided by (2) the number of shares of Zappos common stock outstanding on a fully diluted basis (including the aggregate number of shares issuable upon the exercise in full of all Zappos Stock Purchase Rights, whether or not vested or currently exercisable) divided by (b) $81.09.    0.1694

Series B

   $0.1949 divided by $81.09.    0.0024    (a) (1) the Total Merger Consideration minus the aggregate dollar value of consideration paid to the holders of Zappos preferred shares divided by (2) the number of shares of Zappos common stock outstanding on a fully diluted basis (including the aggregate number of shares issuable upon the exercise in full of all Zappos Stock Purchase Rights, whether or not vested or currently exercisable) divided by (b) $81.09.    0.1694

Series C

   $0.45273 divided by $81.09.    0.0056    (a) (1) the Total Merger Consideration minus the aggregate dollar value of consideration paid to the holders of Zappos preferred shares divided by (2) the number of shares of Zappos common stock outstanding on a fully diluted basis (including the aggregate number of shares issuable upon the exercise in full of all Zappos Stock Purchase Rights, whether or not vested or currently exercisable) divided by (b) $81.09.    0.1694

 

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Series of
Zappos
Preferred
Stock

  

Formula for Shares
of Amazon Common
Stock Received if
Zappos Preferred
Stock is Not
Converted into
Zappos Common
Stock

   Shares of Amazon
Common Stock
Received for Each
Share of Zappos
Preferred Stock
Not Converted
  

Formula for Conversion

of Zappos Common Stock

into Amazon Common Stock

   Number of Shares of
Amazon Common
Stock Issuable for
Each Share of Zappos
Preferred Stock on an
“As-Converted” Basis

Series D

   $0.7910 divided by $81.09.    0.0098    (a) (1) the Total Merger Consideration minus the aggregate dollar value of consideration paid to the holders of Zappos preferred shares divided by (2) the number of shares of Zappos common stock outstanding on a fully diluted basis (including the aggregate number of shares issuable upon the exercise in full of all Zappos Stock Purchase Rights, whether or not vested or currently exercisable) divided by (b) $81.09.    0.1694

 

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WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

Registration Statement

Amazon has filed a registration statement on Form S-4 to register with the SEC the Amazon common stock to be issued in the Merger to Zappos shareholders. This document is part of that registration statement. The registration statement and the exhibits to the registration statement contain additional important information about Amazon and its common stock. As allowed by SEC rules, this document does not contain all the information you can find in the registration statement or the exhibits to the registration statement.

Amazon SEC Filings

Amazon files annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. You can read and copy any reports, statements or other information filed by Amazon with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room located at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. Please call the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information on the operation of the Public Reference Room. Amazon’s SEC filings are also available to the public from commercial document retrieval services and at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Further information is also available on Amazon’s website, www.Amazon.com/ir. Information on Amazon’s website is not incorporated by reference into this consent solicitation/prospectus.

Documents Incorporated by Reference

The SEC allows Amazon to “incorporate by reference” into this document, which means that Amazon can disclose important information to you by referring you to another document filed separately with the SEC. The information incorporated by reference is considered part of this document, except for any information superseded by information that is included directly in this document or contained in later filed documents that are incorporated by reference into this document. This document incorporates by reference the documents set forth below that Amazon has previously filed with the SEC:

 

   

Amazon’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008, filed with the SEC on January 30, 2009;

 

   

Amazon’s Current Reports on Form 8-K, filed with the SEC on February 18, 2009, March 6, 2009, July 22, 2009 and July 23, 2009;

 

   

Amazon’s Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A, filed with the SEC on April 17, 2009;

 

   

Amazon’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2009, filed with the SEC on April 24, 2009;

 

   

Amazon’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2009, filed with the SEC on July 23, 2009; and

 

   

The description of common stock of Amazon contained in its Registration Statement on Form 8-A, filed with the SEC on May 2, 1997.

All documents filed by Amazon pursuant to Section 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act after the date of this consent solicitation/prospectus (excluding any information furnished pursuant to Item 2.02 or Item 7.01 of any Current Report on Form 8-K) and prior to the date on which the Merger is consummated are incorporated by reference into this consent solicitation/prospectus and are part of this document from the date of filing.

Any statement contained in this consent solicitation/prospectus or incorporated in this document by reference will be deemed to be modified or superseded for purposes of this consent solicitation/prospectus to the extent that a statement contained in this document or in any subsequently filed document that is also incorporated by reference in this consent solicitation/prospectus modifies or supersedes such statement.

 

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Other Documents

Documents that are described in this consent solicitation/prospectus but that are not incorporated by reference are available from Amazon or, upon request in writing or by telephone. Copies of Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws are available from Zappos upon request in writing or by telephone.

Documents Available Without Charge

Amazon will provide, without charge, copies of any report incorporated by reference into this document, as well as certain other documents described in this consent solicitation/prospectus, excluding exhibits other than those that are specifically incorporated by reference into this document. Copies of Zappos’ Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws are available from Zappos upon request in writing or by telephone. You may obtain a copy of any document incorporated by reference in this document and certain other documents described in this document, by writing or calling the appropriate company at the following addresses:

 

Amazon

Investor Relations

Amazon.com, Inc.

P.O. Box 81226

Seattle, WA 98108-1226

1-800-426-6825

  

Zappos

2280 Corporate Circle Drive, Suite 100

Henderson, Nevada 89074

Attention: Legal Department

702-943-7777

 

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APPENDIX A

Execution Copy

AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER

among

AMAZON.COM, INC.,

ZETA ACQUISITION, INC.,

ZAPPOS.COM, INC.,

and

ALFRED LIN

Dated as of JULY 22, 2009

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

              Page
ARTICLE I DEFINITIONS    A-6
  Section 1.1    Certain Defined Terms    A-6
  Section 1.2    Table of Definitions    A-13

ARTICLE II THE MERGER; EFFECT ON THE CAPITAL STOCK OF THE CONSTITUENT CORPORATIONS; EXCHANGE OF CERTIFICATES

   A-15
  Section 2.1    The Merger    A-15
  Section 2.2    Closing; Effective Time    A-15
  Section 2.3    Effects of the Merger    A-15
  Section 2.4    Charter and Bylaws    A-15
  Section 2.5    Directors; Officers    A-16
  Section 2.6    Subsequent Actions    A-16
  Section 2.7    Conversion of Capital Stock    A-16
  Section 2.8    Dissenting Shares    A-17
  Section 2.9    Treatment of Options and Other Equity-Based Awards.    A-18
  Section 2.10    Exchange of Shares    A-19
  Section 2.11    Withholding Rights    A-21
  Section 2.12    Shareholder Representative    A-21
  Section 2.13    Lock-Up    A-22
ARTICLE III REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE COMPANY    A-24
  Section 3.1    Organization    A-24
  Section 3.2    Enforceability; Authority    A-24
  Section 3.3    Capitalization    A-24
  Section 3.4    Equity Interests    A-25
  Section 3.5    No Approvals; No Conflicts    A-26
  Section 3.6    Financial Statements    A-26
  Section 3.7    Absence of Certain Changes or Events    A-28
  Section 3.8    Taxes    A-28
  Section 3.9    Property    A-30
  Section 3.10    Contracts    A-30
  Section 3.11    Suppliers    A-31
  Section 3.12    Warranties and Returns    A-32
  Section 3.13    Claims and Legal Proceedings; Government Orders    A-32
  Section 3.14    Labor and Employment Matters    A-33
  Section 3.15    Employee Benefit Plans    A-34
  Section 3.16    Intellectual Property    A-36
  Section 3.17    Corporate Books and Records    A-41
  Section 3.18    Inventory    A-41
  Section 3.19    Licenses, Permits, Authorizations, etc    A-41
  Section 3.20    Compliance With Laws    A-41
  Section 3.21    Compliance With Environmental Laws    A-42
  Section 3.22    Insurance    A-42
  Section 3.23    Brokers or Finders    A-43
  Section 3.24    Absence of Questionable Payments    A-43
  Section 3.25    Bank Accounts    A-43
  Section 3.26    Insider Interests    A-43
  Section 3.27    Full Disclosure    A-44

 

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(Continued)

 

              Page
ARTICLE IV REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF PARENT AND MERGER SUB    A-44
  Section 4.1    Organization    A-44
  Section 4.2    Enforceability; Due Authority    A-44
  Section 4.3    No Approvals; No Conflict    A-45
  Section 4.4    SEC Reports    A-45
  Section 4.5    Brokers    A-45
  Section 4.6    Parent Common Stock    A-45
  Section 4.7    No Prior Operation of Merger Sub    A-46
ARTICLE V COVENANTS    A-46
  Section 5.1    Conduct of Business Prior to the Closing    A-46
  Section 5.2    Access to Information    A-48
  Section 5.3    Exclusivity    A-48
  Section 5.4    Shareholder Meeting; Written Consent    A-49
  Section 5.5    Proxy Statement/Form S-4    A-49
  Section 5.6    Notification of Certain Matters; Supplements to Disclosure Memorandum.    A-50
  Section 5.7    Takeover Statutes    A-50
  Section 5.8    Options; Warrants    A-50
  Section 5.9    Confidentiality    A-51
  Section 5.10    Commercially Reasonable Efforts.    A-51
  Section 5.11    Public Announcements    A-52
  Section 5.12    Indemnification    A-52
  Section 5.13    Preferred Stock Conversion    A-52
  Section 5.14    Parent Equity Grants    A-53
  Section 5.15    Section 280G    A-53
  Section 5.16    Consideration Spreadsheet    A-53
  Section 5.17    New Law    A-53
ARTICLE VI TAX MATTERS    A-53
  Section 6.1    Actions    A-53
  Section 6.2    Representation Letters    A-53
  Section 6.3    Transfer Taxes    A-54
ARTICLE VII CONDITIONS TO CLOSING    A-54
  Section 7.1    General Conditions    A-54
  Section 7.2    Conditions to Obligations of the Company    A-54
  Section 7.3    Conditions to Obligations of Parent and Merger Sub    A-55
ARTICLE VIII INDEMNIFICATION    A-57
  Section 8.1    Survival of Representations and Warranties.    A-57
  Section 8.2    Indemnification by the Indemnifying Shareholders and Consenting Optionholders    A-57
  Section 8.3    Indemnification by Parent and the Surviving Corporation    A-58
  Section 8.4    Procedures    A-59
  Section 8.5    Limits on Indemnification    A-61
  Section 8.6    Remedies Not Affected by Investigation, Disclosure or Knowledge    A-63
  Section 8.7    Indemnity Escrow Fund; Shareholder Representative Expense Fund    A-63

 

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(Continued)

 

              Page
ARTICLE IX TERMINATION    A-66
  Section 9.1    Termination    A-66
  Section 9.2    Effect of Termination    A-67
ARTICLE X GENERAL PROVISIONS    A-67
  Section 10.1    Fees and Expenses    A-67
  Section 10.2    Amendment and Modification    A-67
  Section 10.3    Extension    A-67
  Section 10.4    Waiver    A-67
  Section 10.5    Notices    A-68
  Section 10.6    Interpretation    A-68
  Section 10.7    Entire Agreement    A-68
  Section 10.8    No Third-Party Beneficiaries    A-69
  Section 10.9    Governing Law    A-69
  Section 10.10    Submission to Jurisdiction    A-69
  Section 10.11    Assignment; Successors    A-69
  Section 10.12    Enforcement    A-69
  Section 10.13    Currency    A-70
  Section 10.14    Severability    A-70
  Section 10.15    Waiver of Jury Trial    A-70
  Section 10.16    Counterparts    A-70
  Section 10.17    Facsimile Signature    A-70
  Section 10.18    Time of Essence    A-70
  Section 10.19    No Presumption Against Drafting Party    A-70
  Exhibits and Schedules
  Exhibit A    Form of Voting Agreement   
  Exhibit B-1    Form of Non-Compete Agreement-A   
  Exhibit B-2    Form of Non-Compete Agreement-B   
  Exhibit B-3    Form of Non-Compete Agreement-C   
  Exhibit B-4    Non-Compete Persons   
  Exhibit C    Form of Escrow Agreement   
  Exhibit D    Key Employees   
  Exhibit E    Company Knowledge   
  Exhibit F    Form of Letter of Transmittal   
  Exhibit G    Disclosure Memorandum   
  Exhibit H-1    Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP Required Legal Opinions   
  Exhibit H-2    Fenwick & West LLP Required Legal Opinions   
  Exhibit I    Form of Option Consent   
  Exhibit J    Open Source Licenses   
  Schedule 2.9    Options Not Assumed   
  Schedule 5.1    Operating Conditions   
  Schedule 5.10(b)    Third Party Consents   
  Schedule 7.3(b)    Required Third Party Consents   
  Schedule 8.2(a)    Disclosure Updates   

 

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AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER

THIS AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER, dated as of July 22, 2009 (this “Agreement”), is among Amazon.com, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Parent”), Zeta Acquisition, Inc., a California corporation and a wholly owned subsidiary of Parent (“Merger Sub”), Zappos.com, Inc., a California corporation (the “Company”) and Alfred Lin, solely in his capacity as the initial Shareholder Representative hereunder.

RECITALS

A. The Boards of Directors of each of Parent, the Company and Merger Sub have (i) determined that the merger of Merger Sub with and into the Company (the “Merger”) would be advisable and fair to, and in the best interests of, their respective shareholders and (ii) approved the Merger upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Agreement pursuant to the Law of the State of Delaware (the “DGCL”) and the Law of the State of California (the “California Law”).

B. As a condition to and concurrently with the execution of this Agreement, shareholders that are Affiliates of the Company representing a majority of the outstanding shares of Company Common Stock, on a fully diluted basis, a majority of the outstanding shares of Preferred Stock, and a majority of the outstanding shares of Series E Preferred Stock and Series F Preferred Stock collectively have entered into a voting agreement substantially in the form of Exhibit A (the “Voting Agreement”) pursuant to which such shareholders have agreed to vote their shares in favor of the approval and adoption of this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby.

C. As a condition to and concurrently with the execution of this Agreement, Parent and each Key Employee have entered into a retention agreement.

D. A portion of the shares of Parent Common Stock to be issued by Parent in connection with the Merger shall be placed in escrow by Parent, the release of which shares shall be contingent upon certain events and conditions, all as set forth in Article VIII hereof.

E. As a condition to and concurrently with the execution of this Agreement, certain Key Employees and other Shareholders of the Company set forth on Exhibit B-4 attached hereto are, concurrently with the execution of this Agreement, entering into non-competition agreements with Parent or the Company (each, a “Non-Competition Agreement”) substantially in the form of Exhibit B-1, Exhibit B-2 or Exhibit B-3, in each case to become effective upon the Closing.

F. For United States federal income tax purposes, it is intended that the Merger will qualify as a reorganization within the meaning of Section 368(a) of the Code, and that this Agreement is intended to be, and hereby is, adopted as a plan of reorganization within the meaning of Sections 354 and 361 of the Code.

 

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AGREEMENT

In consideration of the foregoing and the mutual covenants and agreements herein contained, and intending to be legally bound hereby, the parties agree as follows:

ARTICLE I

DEFINITIONS

Section 1.1 Certain Defined Terms. For purposes of this Agreement: “Affiliate” means, with respect to any Person, any other Person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such first Person.

Affiliated Group” means any combined, consolidated, unitary or similar group defined under state, local or foreign income Tax Law.

Aggregate Exercise Amount” means the lesser of (a) $35,000,000 and (b) the aggregate exercise price of all Stock Purchase Rights, whether vested or unvested outstanding as of the Closing and that remain unexercised as of the Closing, plus the aggregate exercise price of all Stock Purchase Rights exercised between June 8, 2009 and the Effective Time.

Aggregate Series E Liquidation Preferences” means an amount equal to the product of (A) the total number of shares of Series E Preferred Stock outstanding at the Effective Time multiplied by (B) $24.64.

Aggregate Series F Liquidation Preferences” means an amount equal to the product of (A) the total number of shares of Series F Preferred Stock outstanding at the Effective Time multiplied by (B) $24.642.

Assumed Debt” means $52,000,000.

Books and Records” means (a) all copies, print outs, disks, hard drives and other tangible manifestations in any form or format, electronic or otherwise, complete or partial, of the Company IP or any of it; and (b) all of the Company’s books and records (including all disks, tapes and other forms of media or data storage) relating to the business of the Company as of the close of business on the date hereof, including all of the Company’s current and in process marketing information and procedures, and advertising and promotional materials.

Breach” or “Breached” A “Breach” of a representation, warranty, certification, covenant, obligation, or other provision of this Agreement or any Operative Document will occur, and a representation, warranty, certification, covenant, obligation, or other provision of this Agreement or any Operative Document will have been “Breached,” if there is or has been (a) any inaccuracy in or breach of, or any failure to perform or comply (in whole or in part) with, such representation, warranty, certification, covenant, obligation or other provision; or (b) any other occurrence or circumstance that is or was inconsistent with such representation, warranty, certification, covenant, obligation or other provision, and the term “Breach” means any such inaccuracy, breach, failure, occurrence or circumstance.

Business Day” means any day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday or other day on which banks are required or authorized by Law to be closed in the cities of Seattle, Washington or Henderson, Nevada.

Bylaws” with respect to the Company, means the Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company, dated as of April 1, 2003, as amended as of April 11, 2007, as the same shall be amended after the date hereof.

Capital Stock” means the Company Common Stock and the Preferred Stock.

Charter” with respect to the Company, means the Seventh Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of the Company, filed with the Secretary of State of the State of California on June 28, 2005, as amended as of August 9, 2005, and November 14, 2005, as the same shall be amended after the date hereof.

Claim” means any claim, demand, cause of action, suit, proceeding, arbitration, audit, hearing, investigation or inquiry (whether formal or informal).

 

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COBRA” means the health care continuation provision of the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985, and all rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, all as in effect from time to time.

Code” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and all rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, as in effect from time to time.

Common Exchange Ratio” is equal to the Common Merger Consideration Per Share divided by the Parent Stock Price.

Common Merger Consideration” means the Total Merger Consideration minus the Preferred Merger Consideration.

Common Merger Consideration Per Share” means the Common Merger Consideration divided by the Fully Diluted Common Shares.

Company Intellectual Property” means all artwork, audiovisual works, images, graphics, photographs, literary works, performances, music, sounds, content, computer programs, software, source code, object code, algorithms, techniques, concepts, know-how, methods, customer lists, supplier lists, databases, data collections, information, specifications, trademarks, service marks, trade dress, brands, logos, marketing materials, domain names, URLs, user interfaces, websites, inventions (whether or not patentable), invention disclosures, discoveries, designs and other intellectual property owned (or purported to be owned), used or licensed (whether as licensor or licensee) by the Company or any Subsidiary thereof. For avoidance of doubt, Company Intellectual Property does not include any intellectual property rights or proprietary rights in intellectual property.

Company Intellectual Property Rights” means all intellectual property rights and proprietary rights worldwide owned (or purported to be owned), used or licensed (whether as licensor or licensee) by the Company or any Subsidiary thereof, including any and all foreign and domestic trade names, trademarks, service marks, trade dress rights, domain names, copyrights, moral rights (including rights of attribution and integrity), publicity rights, privacy rights, trade secret rights, rights in mask works, rights in databases, patents, and patent rights and all associated rights and all registrations, applications, renewals, extensions and continuations (in whole or in part) of any of the foregoing, together with all goodwill associated therewith and all rights and causes of action for infringement, misappropriation, misuse, dilution, unfair trade practice or otherwise associated therewith.

Company-Owned IP” means Company IP that is owned by the Company or any Subsidiary thereof.

Consenting Optionholder” means each Optionholder that executes an Option Consent.

Contracts” means all legally binding contracts, agreements, permissions, consents, leases, licenses, releases, covenants not to sue, commitments, arrangements, undertakings and understandings, oral or written, including purchase orders, security agreements, publication contracts, license agreements, sublicense agreements, website terms of service, software development agreements, service agreements, independent contractor agreements, freelancer agreements, distribution agreements, joint venture agreements, reseller agreements, credit agreements, co-marketing/content agreements, membership agreements and instruments relating to the borrowing of money.

control,” including the terms “controlled by” and “under common control with,” means, for the purposes of the definition of Affiliate, the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a Person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, as trustee or executor, as general partner or managing member, by Contract or otherwise, including the ownership, directly or indirectly, of securities having the power to elect a majority of the board of directors or similar body governing the affairs of such Person.

Debt” means any and all debt and other obligations (including principal and accrued but unpaid interest) for borrowed money owed by the Company and its Subsidiaries.

DOL” means the United States Department of Labor.

 

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Employee Benefit Plan” means any retirement, pension, profit sharing, deferred compensation, equity bonus, savings, bonus, incentive, cafeteria, medical, dental, vision, hospitalization, life insurance, accidental death and dismemberment, medical expense reimbursement, dependent care assistance, tuition reimbursement, disability, sick pay, holiday, vacation, severance, change of control, equity purchase, equity option, restricted equity, phantom equity, equity appreciation rights, fringe benefit or other employee benefit plan, program, policy, practice, contract, agreement, fund or arrangement (including any “employee benefit plan,” as defined in Section 3(3) of ERISA) or any employment, consulting or personal services contract, whether written or oral, funded or unfunded or domestic or foreign, (a) sponsored, maintained, contributed to or required to be contributed to by the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, or any ERISA Affiliate or to which the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, or any ERISA Affiliate is a party, (b) covering or benefiting any current or former officer, employee, agent, director or independent contractor of the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, or any ERISA Affiliate (or any dependent or beneficiary of any such individual), or (c) with respect to which the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, or any ERISA Affiliate has (or could have) any obligation or liability (contingent or otherwise).

Encumbrance” means liens, mortgages, pledges, deeds of trust, security interests, charges, encumbrances and other adverse claims or interests of any kind.

Environmental Laws” means all foreign, federal, state, county and local laws (whether under common law, statute, ordinance, rule, regulation or otherwise), codes, permits, licenses, orders, decrees, judgments, guidelines, standards, policies and other requirements of governmental authorities, whether existing as of the Closing Date or at any time prior to the Closing Date, relating to the protection of human health, safety, natural resources or the environment.

ERISA” means the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, and all rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, all as in effect from time to time.

ERISA Affiliate” means any trade or business, whether or not incorporated, under common control with the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and that, together with the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, is treated as a single employer within the meaning of Section 414(b), (c), (m) or (o) of the Code.

Escrow Agent” means Mellon Investor Services, LLC, or its successor under the Escrow Agreement.

Escrow Agreement” means the Escrow Agreement to be entered into by Parent, the Shareholder Representative and the Escrow Agent, substantially in the form of Exhibit C.

Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

Exploit” or “Exploitation” means to use, reproduce, modify, display, market, import, manufacture, perform, publish, transmit, broadcast, sell, distribute, create improvements or derivative works based upon, otherwise exploit, or authorize any third party to do any of the foregoing.

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act” means the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended.

Fully Diluted Common Shares” means the aggregate number, without duplication, of Shares (other than Shares to be cancelled in accordance with Section 2.7(b)) and Share equivalents (including Company Options, warrants and all other all Stock Purchase Rights, other than all shares of Preferred Stock not converted to Common Stock in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement) outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time, including for purposes of this computation the aggregate number of Shares issuable upon the exercise in full of all Company Options, warrants or other Stock Purchase Rights, immediately prior to the Effective Time, whether or not vested or currently exercisable other than any shares of Preferred Stock.

GAAP” means United States generally accepted accounting principles and practices as in effect on the date hereof.

Governmental Body” means any government or any agency, bureau, board, commission, court, department, official, political subdivision, tribunal or other instrumentality of any government, whether federal, state or local, domestic or foreign.

 

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Hazardous Materials” means all chemicals, materials, substances or wastes that are regulated, designated, defined or included in any definition under any Environmental Laws as dangerous, hazardous, radioactive, infectious or toxic or as a pollutant or contaminant, including asbestos or asbestos-containing materials, petroleum or petroleum products, polychlorinated biphenyls and urea formaldehyde.

HIPAA” means, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, and all rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, all as in effect from time to time.

Immediate Family,” with respect to any specified Person, means such Person’s spouse, parents, children and siblings, including adoptive relationships and relationships through marriage, or any other relative of such Person that shares such Person’s home.

Indemnifying Shareholder” means (i) each Shareholder that is not, nor could become, a holder of Dissenting Shares, (ii) each Shareholder who following the Effective Time loses, or relinquishes, his/her/its right to be a dissenting shareholder in accordance with Chapter 13 of the CGCL, and (iii) each Consenting Optionholder that exercises any Parent Option prior to February 28, 2011, but only with respect to such shares of Parent Common Stock deposited into the Indemnity Escrow Fund.

Indemnity Escrow Amount” means (a) if immediately prior to the Effective Time the total number of issued and outstanding shares of Capital Stock that are, or could become, Dissenting Shares is less than 5% of the total issued and outstanding shares of Capital Stock at the Effective Time, that number of shares of Parent Common Stock equal to ten percent (10%) of the shares of Parent Common Stock issuable pursuant to Section 2.7(a), or (b) if immediately prior to the Effective Time the total number of issued and outstanding shares of Capital Stock that are, or could become, Dissenting Shares is equal to or greater than 5% of the total outstanding shares of Capital Stock at the Effective Time, that number of shares of Parent Common Stock that would be equal to ten percent (10%) of the shares of Parent Common Stock that would have been issuable pursuant to Section 2.7(a) if there were no issued and outstanding shares of Capital Stock that were, or could become, Dissenting Shares as of immediately prior to the Effective Time.

Indemnity Escrow Fund” means the Indemnity Escrow Amount deposited with the Escrow Agent, as such sum may be increased or decreased as provided in the Escrow Agreement.

Indemnity Escrow Ratio” means (a) if immediately prior to the Effective Time the total number of issued and outstanding shares of Capital Stock that are, or could become, Dissenting Shares is less than 5% of the total issued and outstanding shares of Company Capital Stock at the Effective Time, 0.10, or (b) if immediately prior to the Effective Time the total number of issued and outstanding shares of Capital Stock that are, or could become, Dissenting Shares is equal to or greater than 5% of the total issued and outstanding shares of Company Capital Stock at the Effective Time, a ratio equal of (x) 0.10 multiplied by the ratio equal to (y) the total number of issued and outstanding shares of Capital Stock of the Company as of immediately prior to the Effective Time on a fully diluted basis (i.e., inclusive of Stock Purchase Rights) divided by (A) the total number of issued and outstanding shares of Capital Stock of the Company as of immediately prior to the Effective Time on a fully diluted basis (i.e., inclusive of Stock Purchase Rights) minus (B) the total number of issued and outstanding shares of Capital Stock of the Company that were, or could become, Dissenting Shares as of immediately prior to the Effective Time.

Investment Asset” means all debentures, notes and other evidences of indebtedness, stocks, securities (including rights to purchase and securities convertible into or exchangeable for other securities), interests in joint ventures and general and limited partnerships, mortgage loans and other investment or portfolio assets owned of record or beneficially by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

IRS” means the United States Internal Revenue Service.

Key Employee” means each employee of Company listed on Exhibit D hereto.

Knowledge” with respect to any Person, means the knowledge of a Person, after due inquiry. Knowledge of a Person that is not a natural Person shall mean the knowledge of each executive officer of such Person, and with respect to the Company shall also include the individuals set forth on Exhibit E, provided that for purposes of determining “knowledge” of such executive officers of the Company and those

 

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individuals set forth on Exhibit E, knowledge shall be deemed to include written and electronic records that are or were in each such individual’s possession (including emails), though only if such written and electronic records would be reasonably expected to be reviewed by such individual in the customary performance of such individuals duties and responsibilities for the Company.

Law” means any statute, law, ordinance, regulation, rule, code, executive order, injunction, judgment, decree or order of any Governmental Body.

Leased Real Property” means all real property leased, subleased or licensed to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries otherwise has a right or option to use or occupy, together with all structures, facilities, fixtures, systems, improvements and items of property previously or hereafter located thereon, or attached or appurtenant thereto, and all easements, rights and appurtenances relating to the foregoing.

Lock-Up Holder” means each of Anthony Hsieh, Alfred Lin and Fred Mossler.

Material Adverse Effect” means any event, change, circumstance, occurrence, or effect that is or would reasonably be expected to be materially adverse to the business, assets, liabilities, condition (financial or otherwise), or results of operations of the Company and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole (for which Parent shall bear the burden of proof), except to the extent that any such event, change, circumstance, occurrence, or effect is caused by: (a) changes in general economic conditions (provided that such changes do not affect Company in a substantially disproportionate manner relative to its competitors), (b) changes affecting the industry generally in which the Company operates (provided that such changes do not affect Company in a substantially disproportionate manner relative to its competitors), (c) changes in applicable laws or accounting principles after the date hereof (provided that such changes do not affect Company in a substantially disproportionate manner relative to its competitors), (d) the announcement or pendency of the Merger (including any cancellation of or delays in customer orders, any reduction in sales, any disruption in supplier, distributor, partner or similar relationships, but each only to the extent demonstrated to have been caused by such announcement), or (e) compliance with the terms of, or the taking of any action required by, this Agreement, provided that the Company shall bear the burden of proof that any such event, change, circumstance, occurrence, or effect was caused by any of (a) through (e).

Operative Documents” means the Voting Agreement, the Non-Compete Agreements, the Escrow Agreement and all other agreements, documents and instruments required to be delivered by any party pursuant to this Agreement, and any other agreements, documents or instruments entered into at or prior to Closing in connection with this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby.

Option Consent” means an option consent agreement signed by an Optionholder, in the form of Exhibit I, pursuant to which such Optionholder, effective upon the Closing:

(a) agrees to be bound by the indemnification provisions of Article VIII of this Agreement and the Escrow Agreement,

(b) agrees that if such Optionholder exercises any Parent Option prior to February 28, 2011, (i) 10% or (ii) if immediately prior to the Effective Time the total number of issued and outstanding shares of Capital Stock that are, or could become, Dissenting Shares is equal to or greater than 5% of the total issued and outstanding shares of Capital Stock as of the Effective Time, the percentage equivalent of the Indemnity Escrow Ratio (rounded up to the nearest one-hundredth of a percent), of the shares of Parent Common Stock issued in connection with such exercise shall be deposited into the Indemnity Escrow Fund on behalf of such Optionholder and shall be held on behalf of such Optionholder as if he or she were a Shareholder at the Effective Time,

(c) agrees that if Parent shall be entitled to indemnification pursuant to Article VIII (whether before or after any such exercise), such Optionholder’s several portion of such indemnification obligation shall be satisfied by forfeiture and cancellation of Parent Options equal to (x) 10% or (y) if immediately prior to the Effective Time the total number of issued and outstanding shares of Capital Stock that are, or could become, Dissenting Shares is equal to or greater than 5% of the total issued and outstanding shares of Capital Stock

 

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at the Effective Time, the percentage equivalent of the Indemnity Escrow Ratio (rounded up to the nearest one-hundredth of a percent) of such Optionholder’s Parent Options, provided that an additional number of Parent Options having an intrinsic value (calculated as the difference between the closing trading price of Parent Common Stock on the date prior to the date of such forfeiture and the exercise price of such Parent Option) equal to the exercise price of such cancelled Parent Options shall also be forfeited and cancelled in order to satisfy the unpaid exercise price of any such forfeited Parent Options,

(d) appoints the Shareholder Representative pursuant to Section 2.12 as such Optionholders representative and attorney-in-fact, and

(e) if applicable under the terms of any Stock Purchase Right between the Company and an Optionholder, agrees to waive the ability to early exercise any Stock Purchase Rights (including any such early exercise prior to the Closing).

Optionholder” means each Person who holds a Stock Purchase Right immediately prior to the Effective Time that is not otherwise converted into Company Common Stock immediately prior to the Merger.

Owned Real Property” means all real property owned by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, together with all structures, facilities, fixtures, systems, improvements and items of property previously or hereafter located thereon, or attached or appurtenant thereto, and all easements, rights and appurtenances relating to the foregoing.

Parent Stock Price” means $81.09.

Permitted Acquisitions” means the potential acquisitions disclosed to and approved by Parent in writing.

Permitted Encumbrances” means: (a) statutory liens for Taxes that are not yet due and payable or liens for Taxes that are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and are either (i) reflected as liabilities in the Interim Balance Sheet in accordance with GAAP, or (ii) described in detail in Schedule 3.8(b) of the Disclosure Memorandum; (b) statutory liens to secure obligations to landlords, lessors or renters under leases or rental agreements; (c) deposits or pledges made in connection with, or to secure payment of, workers’ compensation, unemployment insurance or similar programs mandated by applicable Law; (d) statutory liens in favor of carriers, warehousemen, mechanics and materialmen, to secure claims for labor, materials or supplies and other like liens; and (e) liens in favor of customs and revenue authorities arising as a matter of Law to secure payments of customs duties in connection with the importation of goods.

Person” means any individual, corporation, partnership, trust, joint venture, limited liability company, association, organization, other entity or Governmental Body or regulatory authority.

Personal Property” means all tangible personal property owned, leased or rented by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries. For avoidance of doubt, Personal Property does not include Company Intellectual Property Rights.

Pre-Closing Tax Periods” means collectively, all taxable periods ending on or prior to the Closing Date and the portion through the end of the Closing Date of all Straddle Periods.

Preferred Merger Consideration” means, without duplication, the aggregate dollar value of (a) all consideration paid to the holders of shares of Preferred Stock pursuant to Section 2.7(a)(ii) through (a)(vii) in respect of their shares of Preferred Stock, plus (b) all consideration which would have been paid pursuant to Section 2.7(a)(ii) through (a)(vii) with respect to any shares of Preferred Stock that were, or could become, Dissenting Shares as of the Effective Time, if no such shares of Preferred Stock were, or could become, Dissenting Shares as of the Effective Time.

Related Party” with respect to any specified Person, means: (a) any Affiliate of such specified Person, or any director, executive officer, general partner or managing member of such Affiliate; (b) any Person who serves or within the past three years has served as a director, executive officer, general partner, member

 

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or in a similar capacity of such specified Person; (c) any Immediate Family member of a Person described in clause (b); or (d) any other Person who holds, individually or together with any Affiliate of such other Person and any member(s) of such Person’s Immediate Family, more than 5% of the outstanding equity or ownership interests of such specified Person.

Release” means releasing, spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping, leaching, migrating, disposing or dumping.

Return” means any return, declaration, report, statement, information statement and other document required to be filed with respect to Taxes.

SEC” means the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.

Securities Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

Series E Aggregate Transaction Expenses” means an amount equal to the product of (a) the Series E Transaction Expense Ratio multiplied by (b) Transaction Expenses set forth on the Schedule of Expenses.

Series E Per Share Transaction Expenses” means an amount equal to (a) the Series E Aggregate Transaction Expenses divided by (b) the total number of shares of Series E Preferred Stock outstanding at the Effective Time, provided that if any share of Series E Preferred Stock outstanding at the Effective Time and not otherwise converted into Common Stock, did not vote in favor of the Merger, the Series E Per Share Transaction Expenses shall be zero.

Series E Transaction Expense Ratio” means an amount equal to (a) the Aggregate Series E Liquidation Preferences divided by (b) the sum of (i) $786,000,000 and (ii) the Aggregate Exercise Amount.

Series F Aggregate Transaction Expenses” means an amount equal to the product of (a) the Series F Transaction Expense Ratio multiplied by (b) Transaction Expenses set forth on the Schedule of Expenses.

Series F Per Share Transaction Expenses” means an amount equal to (a) the Series F Aggregate Transaction Expenses divided by (b) the total number of shares of Series F Preferred Stock outstanding at the Effective Time, provided that if any share of Series F Preferred Stock outstanding at the Effective Time and not otherwise converted into Common Stock, did not vote in favor of the Merger, the Series F Per Share Transaction Expenses shall be zero.

Series F Transaction Expense Ratio” means an amount equal to (a) the Aggregate Series F Liquidation Preferences divided by (b) the sum of (i) $786,000,000 and (ii) the Aggregate Exercise Amount.

Shareholder” means the beneficial owner of any share of Company Common Stock or Preferred Stock.

Shareholder Representative Expense Fund” means a fund to be established with the Escrow Agent, which shall not be part of the Indemnity Escrow Fund, to be used to reimburse the Shareholder Representative for expenses incurred by the Shareholder Representative in performing its duties hereunder (including legal fees and expenses related thereto).

Shareholder Representative Expense Fund Amount” means that number of shares of Parent Common Stock equal to 0.15% of the shares of Parent Common Stock issuable pursuant to Section 2.7(a).

Shareholder Representative Expense Fund Ratio” means 0.15%.

Straddle Period” means each taxable period beginning before and ending after the Closing Date.

Subsidiary” means, with respect to any Person, any other Person controlled by such first Person, directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries.

Tax Returns” means any report, return, statement, election, notification or other written information or document, including any schedules or attachments thereto and any amendment thereof, filed with or submitted to, or required to be filed with or submitted to, a taxing authority in connection with Taxes.

 

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Tax” (and, in the plural, “Taxes”) means any and all (a) domestic or foreign federal, state or local taxes, charges, fees, levies, imposts, duties and governmental fees or other like assessments or charges of any kind whatsoever (including any income, net income, gross income, receipts, windfall profit, severance, property, production, sales, use, business and occupation, license, excise, escheat, registration, franchise, employment, payroll, withholding, alternative or add-on minimum, intangibles, ad valorem, transfer, gains, stamp, estimated, transaction, title, capital, paid-up capital, profits, occupation, premium, value-added, recording, real property, personal property, inventory and merchandise, business privilege, federal highway use, commercial rent or environmental tax, and any liability under unclaimed property or similar laws), (b) interest, penalties, fines, additions to tax or additional amounts imposed by any taxing authority in connection with (i) any item described in clause (a) or (ii) the failure to comply with any requirement imposed with respect to any Tax Returns, and (c) liability in respect of any items described in clause (a) and/or (b) payable by reason of Contract, assumption, transferee liability, operation of law (including Treasury Regulation § 1.1502-6) or otherwise.

Third Party IP” means Company IP that is not owned by the Company or any Subsidiary thereof.

Total Merger Consideration” means the aggregate of (a) $838,000,000, minus (b) the Assumed Debt, plus (c) the Aggregate Exercise Amount, minus (d) the lesser of $15,000,000, and the Transaction Expenses set forth on the Schedule of Expenses.

Transaction Expenses” means the aggregate of (a) all fees and expenses payable by the Company and its Subsidiaries in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the Operative Documents, including fees and expenses payable to all attorneys, accountants, financial advisors and other professionals and bankers’, brokers’ or finders’ fees for persons not engaged by Parent or Merger Sub, and (b) the cost of the Tail Policy. Under no circumstances shall Transaction Expenses include any fees and expenses other than fees and expenses of the Company and its Subsidiaries that are solely and directly related to the Merger as provided in IRS Revenue Ruling 73-54.

Section 1.2 Table of Definitions. The following terms have the meanings set forth in the Sections referenced below:

 

Definition

   Location

Acquisition Proposal

   5.3

Agreement

   Preamble

Agreement of Merger

   2.2(b)

California Law

   Recitals

Certificates

   2.10(b)

CGCL

   2.3

Closing

   2.2(a)

Closing Date

   2.2(a)

Common Stock Transaction

   2.13(a)

Company

   Preamble

Company Balance Sheet

   3.6(a)

Company Common Stock

   3.3(a)

Company IP

   3.16(a)

Company IP Registrations

   3.16(g)

Company Option

   2.9(a)

Company Shareholder Approval

   3.2

Company Stock Plan

   2.9(a)

Confidentiality Agreement

   5.9

Consideration Spreadsheet

   5.16

Core Representations

   8.1(a)

Deductible

   8.5

DGCL

   Recitals

 

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Definition

   Location

Disclosed Tax

   8.2(e)

Disclosure Memorandum

   Article III

Dissenting Shares

   2.8

Effective Time

   2.2(b)

Excess Parent Common Stock

   8.7(g)

Exchange Agent

   2.10(a)

Exchange Fund

   2.10(a)

Financial Statements

   3.6(a)

Foreign Plan

   3.15(m)

Form S-4

   5.5

HSR Act

   3.5

Inbound Licenses

   3.16(b)(i)

Indemnified Party

   8.4(a)

Indemnifying Party

   8.4(a)

Insured Party

   5.12(a)

Intellectual Property Agreements

   3.16(b)

Interim Balance Sheet

   3.6(a)

Interim Financial Statements

   3.6(a)

Letter of Transmittal

   2.10(b)

Locked-Up Shares

   2.13(a)

Lock-Up Period

   2.13(a)

Losses

   8.2

Majority Holders

   2.12(b)

Material Contract

   3.10(a)

Merger

   Recitals

Merger Sub

   Preamble

New Law

   8.2

Non-Competition Agreement

   Recitals

Officer’s Certificate

   8.4(c)

Open Source Licenses

   3.16(m)

Open Source Software

   3.16(m)

Outbound Licenses

   3.16(b)(ii)

Parent

   Preamble

Parent Common Stock

   2.7(a)(i)

Parent Option

   2.9(a)

Preferred Stock

   3.3(a)

Preferred Stock Conversion

   5.13

Privacy Statement

   3.16(l)

Quarterly Financials

   3.6(a)

Real Property

   3.9(a)

Relinquishing Shareholder

   8.7(b)

Representatives

   5.2

Schedule of Expenses

   2.10(k)

SEC Reports

   4.4

Series A Preferred Stock

   3.3(b)

Series B Preferred Stock

   3.3(b)

Series C Preferred Stock

   3.3(b)

Series D Preferred Stock

   3.3(b)

Series E Preferred Stock

   3.3(b)

Series F Preferred Stock

   3.3(b)

Share

   2.7(a)(i)

 

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Definition

   Location

Shareholder Meeting

   5.4

Shareholder Representative

   2.12(a)

Special Matters

   8.5(a)(vi)

Specified Representations

   7.3(a)

Stock Purchase Rights

   3.3(c)

Surviving Corporation

   2.1

Tail Policy

   5.12(a)

Third Party Claim

   8.4(a)

Voting Agreement

   Recitals

ARTICLE II

THE MERGER; EFFECT ON THE CAPITAL STOCK OF THE

CONSTITUENT CORPORATIONS; EXCHANGE OF CERTIFICATES

Section 2.1 The Merger. Upon the terms and subject to the conditions of this Agreement, at the Effective Time and in accordance with California Law, Merger Sub shall be merged with and into the Company pursuant to which (a) the separate corporate existence of Merger Sub shall cease, (b) the Company shall be the surviving corporation in the Merger (the “Surviving Corporation”) and shall continue its corporate existence under the laws of the State of California, as a wholly owned Subsidiary of Parent and (c) all of the properties, rights, privileges, powers and franchises of the Company will vest in the Surviving Corporation, and all of the debts, liabilities, obligations and duties of the Company will become the debts, liabilities, obligations and duties of the Surviving Corporation.

Section 2.2 Closing; Effective Time.

(a) The closing of the Merger (the “Closing”) shall take place at the offices of Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP, 555 Mission Street, San Francisco, California, at 10:00 a.m., pacific time, on the second Business Day following the satisfaction or, to the extent permitted by applicable Law, waiver of all conditions to the obligations of the parties set forth in Article VII (other than such conditions as may, by their terms, only be satisfied at the Closing or on the Closing Date), or at such other place or at such other time or on such other date as the parties mutually may agree. The day on which the Closing takes place is referred to as the “Closing Date.”

(b) At the Closing, the parties shall cause an agreement of merger and other appropriate documents to be executed and filed with the Secretary of State of the State of California (in any such case, the “Agreement of Merger”), executed in accordance with the relevant provisions of California Law. The Merger shall become effective upon the filing of the Agreement of Merger with the Secretary of State of the State of California. The date and time when the Merger shall become effective is herein referred to as the “Effective Time.”

Section 2.3 Effects of the Merger. The Merger shall have the effects provided for herein and in Section 1107 of the California General Corporation Law (the “CGCL” ) and any other applicable provisions of California Law.

Section 2.4 Charter and Bylaws. At the Effective Time, (a) the charter of the Company will be amended and restated to read the same as the charter of Merger Sub, as in effect immediately prior to the Effective Time, except that the name of the Surviving Corporation reflected therein shall be Zappos.com, Inc., and as so amended shall be the charter of the Surviving Corporation until amended in accordance with the provisions thereof and applicable Law and (b) the bylaws of the Company will be amended and restated to read the same as the bylaws of Merger Sub, as in effect immediately prior to the Effective Time, except that the name of the Surviving Corporation reflected therein shall be Zappos.com, Inc., and as so amended shall be the bylaws of the Surviving Corporation until amended in accordance with the provisions thereof and applicable Law.

 

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Section 2.5 Directors; Officers. From and after the Effective Time, (a) the directors of Merger Sub serving immediately prior to the Effective Time shall be the directors of the Surviving Corporation until the earlier of their resignation or removal or until their respective successors are duly elected and qualified, as the case may be and (b) the officers of the Company serving immediately prior to the Effective Time shall be the officers of the Surviving Corporation until the earlier of their resignation or removal or until their respective successors are duly elected and qualified, as the case may be.

Section 2.6 Subsequent Actions. If, at any time after the Effective Time, the Surviving Corporation shall consider or be advised that any deeds, bills of sale, assignments, assurances or any other actions or things are necessary or desirable to vest, perfect or confirm of record or otherwise in the Surviving Corporation its right, title or interest in, to or under any of the rights, properties or assets of either the Company or Merger Sub acquired or to be acquired by the Surviving Corporation as a result of or in connection with the Merger or otherwise to carry out this Agreement, the officers and directors of the Surviving Corporation shall be authorized to execute and deliver, in the name of and on behalf of either the Company or Merger Sub, all such deeds, bills of sale, assignments and assurances and to take and do, in the name and on behalf of each of such corporations or otherwise, all such other actions and things as may be necessary or desirable to vest, perfect or confirm any and all right, title and interest in, to and under such rights, properties or assets in the Surviving Corporation or otherwise to carry out this Agreement.

Section 2.7 Conversion of Capital Stock. At the Effective Time, by virtue of the Merger and without any action on the part of the Company, Parent, Merger Sub or the holders of any shares of capital stock of the Company, Parent or Merger Sub:

(a) Subject to Section 2.8:

(i) each share of Company Common Stock (each, a “Share”) issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time (other than shares of Company Common Stock to be canceled in accordance with Section 2.7(b) or shares that could become Dissenting Shares) shall thereupon be converted into and become exchangeable for the number of shares of common stock, par value $ 0.01 per share of Parent (“Parent Common Stock”) equal to the Common Exchange Ratio;

(ii) each share of Series A Preferred Stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time if not otherwise converted into Company Common Stock (other than shares of Series A Preferred Stock to be canceled in accordance with Section 2.7(b) or shares that could become Dissenting Shares) shall thereupon be converted into and become exchangeable for the number of shares of Parent Common Stock equal to (A) $0.10, divided by (B) the Parent Stock Price;

(iii) each share of Series B Preferred Stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time if not otherwise converted into Company Common Stock (other than shares of Series B Preferred Stock to be canceled in accordance with Section 2.7(b) or shares that could become Dissenting Shares) shall thereupon be converted into and become exchangeable for the number of shares of Parent Common Stock equal to (A) $0.1949, divided by (B) the Parent Stock Price;

(iv) each share of Series C Preferred Stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time if not otherwise converted into Company Common Stock (other than shares of Series C Preferred Stock to be canceled in accordance with Section 2.7(b) or shares that could become Dissenting Shares) shall thereupon be converted into and become exchangeable for the number of shares of Parent Common Stock equal to (A) $0.45273, divided by (B) the Parent Stock Price;

(v) each share of Series D Preferred Stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time if not otherwise converted into Company Common Stock (other than shares of Series D Preferred Stock to be canceled in accordance with Section 2.7(b) or shares that could become Dissenting Shares) shall thereupon be converted into and become exchangeable for the number of shares of Parent Common Stock equal to (A) $0.7910, divided by (B) the Parent Stock Price;

 

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(vi) each share of Series E Preferred Stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time if not otherwise converted into Company Common Stock (other than shares of Series E Preferred Stock to be canceled in accordance with Section 2.7(b) or shares that could become Dissenting Shares) shall thereupon be converted into and become exchangeable for the number of shares of Parent Common Stock equal to (A) $24.64 minus the Series E Per Share Transaction Expenses, divided by (B) the Parent Stock Price; and

(vii) each share of Series F Preferred Stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time if not otherwise converted into Company Common Stock (other than shares of Series F Preferred Stock to be canceled in accordance with Section 2.7(b) or shares that could become Dissenting Shares) shall thereupon be converted into and become exchangeable for the number of shares of Parent Common Stock equal to (A) $24.642 minus the Series F Per Share Transaction Expenses, divided by (B) the Parent Stock Price.

(b) Each share of Capital Stock held in the treasury of the Company or owned, directly or indirectly, by the Company, or any of the Company’s wholly-owned Subsidiaries, Parent or Merger Sub immediately prior to the Effective Time shall automatically be canceled and retired and shall cease to exist, and no consideration shall be delivered in exchange therefor.

(c) Each share of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of Merger Sub issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time shall be converted into and become one (1) validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable share of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, of the Surviving Corporation.

(d) The Common Exchange Ratio, the Parent Stock Price, the Common Merger Consideration Per Share, and the shares of Parent Common Stock issuable to the holders of Preferred Stock pursuant to Section 2.7(a) shall be adjusted to reflect fully the appropriate effect of any stock split, split-up, reverse stock split, dividend (whether stock or cash) or distribution of securities convertible into Company Common Stock, Preferred Stock, or Parent Common Stock, reorganization, recapitalization, reclassification or other like change with respect to the Company Common Stock, Preferred Stock or Parent Common Stock having a record date occurring on or after the date of this Agreement and prior to the Effective Time.

(e) In no event will the number of shares of Parent Common Stock to be issued in exchange for and upon conversion of all outstanding shares of Capital Stock, all Company Options and all other Stock Purchase Rights be greater than the quotient of Total Merger Consideration divided by the Parent Stock Price (except, if applicable, as a result of adjustments made pursuant to Section 2.7(d)).

(f) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in Sections 2.7(a)(i) through 2.7(a)(vii), at the Effective Time, each Shareholder will be deemed to have received, and hereby authorizes Parent’s deposit with the Escrow Agent (i) that number of shares of Parent Common Stock equal to the number of shares of Parent Common Stock to which such Shareholder is entitled pursuant to Sections 2.7(a)(i) through(a)(vii) multiplied by the Indemnity Escrow Ratio (plus any additional shares as may be issued after the Effective Time with respect to the shares constituting the Indemnity Escrow Amount upon any stock split, stock dividend or recapitalization effected by Parent after the Effective Time) to be deposited into the Indemnity Escrow Fund, and (ii) that number of shares of Parent Common Stock equal to the number of shares of Parent Common Stock to which such Shareholder is entitled pursuant to Sections 2.7(a)(i) through (a)(vii) multiplied by the Shareholders Representative Expense Fund Ratio (plus any additional shares as may be issued after the Effective Time with respect to the shares held in the Shareholder Representative Expense Fund upon any stock split, stock dividend or recapitalization effected by Parent after the Effective Time) to be deposited into the Shareholder Representative Expense Fund. The shares of Parent Common Stock under (i) and (ii) to be deposited with the Escrow Agent shall be deducted from the shares of Parent Common Stock that such Shareholder would otherwise have been entitled to receive pursuant to Section 2.10(b) without any act of any such Shareholder.

Section 2.8 Dissenting Shares. Notwithstanding anything in this Agreement to the contrary, shares of Capital Stock (other than any shares to be cancelled pursuant to Sections 2.7(b)) issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time and held by a holder who has not voted in favor of the Merger or

 

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consented thereto in writing and who has properly demanded that the Company purchase such shares in accordance with Chapter 13 of the CGCL (“Dissenting Shares”), shall not be converted into or be exchangeable for the right to receive a portion of the Common Merger Consideration or Preferred Merger Consideration unless and until such holder fails to perfect or withdraws or otherwise loses his right to appraisal and payment under the CGCL. If, after the Effective Time, any such holder fails to perfect or withdraws or loses his right to appraisal, such Dissenting Shares shall thereupon be treated as if they had been converted as of the Effective Time into the right to receive the portion of the Common Merger Consideration or Preferred Merger Consideration, as applicable, if any, to which such holder is entitled. The Company shall give Parent (a) prompt notice of any demands received by the Company for appraisal of any shares of Capital Stock, attempted written withdrawals of such demands, and any other instruments served pursuant to applicable Law and received by the Company relating to stockholders’ rights to appraisal with respect to the Merger and (b) the opportunity to participate in all negotiations and proceedings with respect to any exercise of such appraisal rights under applicable Law. The Company shall not, except with the prior written consent of Parent, voluntarily make any payment with respect to any demands for payment of fair value for Capital Stock, offer to settle or settle any such demands or approve any withdrawal of any such demands. Any payments with respect to Dissenting Shares shall first be made from cash on hand at the Company immediately before Closing.

Section 2.9 Treatment of Options and Other Equity-Based Awards.

(a) At the Effective Time, each option (each, a “Company Option”) to purchase shares of Company Common Stock granted under the Zappos.com, Inc. 2009 Stock Plan (formerly known as the Zappos.com, Inc. 1999 Stock Plan) (the “Company Stock Plan”) other than such Company Options set forth on Schedule 2.9(a), whether vested or unvested, that is outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time shall, at the Effective Time, cease to represent a right to acquire shares of Company Common Stock and shall be assumed and converted, at the Effective Time, into an option to purchase shares of Parent Common Stock (each such converted option, a “Parent Option”), on the same terms and conditions (including any vesting or forfeiture provisions or repurchase rights) as were applicable under such Company Option as of immediately prior to the Effective Time, except to the extent that such terms were modified as a result of the Option Consent. The number of shares of Parent Common Stock subject to each such Parent Option shall be equal to (i) the number of shares of Company Common Stock subject to each Company Option immediately prior to the Effective Time multiplied by (ii) the Common Exchange Ratio, rounded down, if necessary, to the nearest whole share of Parent Common Stock, and such Parent Option shall have an exercise price per share (rounded up to the nearest whole cent) equal to (A) the exercise price per share of Company Common Stock otherwise purchasable pursuant to such Company Option divided by (B) the Common Exchange Ratio; provided, that in the case of any Company Option to which Section 421 of the Code applies as of the Effective Time by reason of its qualification under Section 422 of the Code, the exercise price, the number of shares of Parent Common Stock subject to such option and the terms and conditions of exercise of such option shall be determined in a manner consistent with the requirements of Section 424(a) of the Code; provided further, that in the case of any Company Option to which an exemption to Section 409A of the Code applies as of the Effective Time, the exercise price, the number of shares of Parent Common Stock subject to such option and the terms and conditions of exercise of such option shall be determined in a manner consistent with the requirements of Section 409A of the Code. The Company shall take all action necessary so that prior to the Effective Time each outstanding Common Stock Option set forth on Schedule 2.9(a) shall be fully vested and exercisable. At the Effective Time each outstanding Common Stock Option set forth on Schedule 2.9(a) (whether vested or unvested) shall be cancelled and not assumed by Parent.

(b) Prior to the Effective Time, the Company shall take all commercially reasonable action necessary to enable the substitution of Parent Options for the Company Options under this Section 2.9. The Company shall ensure that following the Effective Time, no holder of a Company Option (or former holder of a Company Option) or any participant in any Company Stock Plan shall have any right thereunder to acquire any capital stock of the Company or the Surviving Corporation or any other equity interest therein (including “phantom” stock or stock appreciation rights).

 

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(c) Parent shall reserve for issuance a number of shares of Parent Common Stock at least equal to the number of shares of Parent Common Stock that will be subject to Parent Options as a result of the actions contemplated by this Section 2.9. As soon as practicable following the Effective Time, and in any event within ten Business Days thereof, Parent shall file a registration statement on Form S-8 (or any successor form, or if Form S-8 is not available, other appropriate forms) with respect to the shares of Parent Common Stock subject to such Parent Options and shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to maintain the effectiveness of such registration statement or registration statements (and maintain the current status of the prospectus or prospectuses contained therein) for so long as such Parent Options remain outstanding and the exercise thereof or sales of such related shares of Parent Common Stock requires such registration.

Section 2.10 Exchange of Shares.

(a) Promptly after the Effective Time (and in any event within five Business Days thereafter), Parent shall deposit (or cause to be deposited) with a bank or trust company designated by Parent (the “Exchange Agent”), for exchange in accordance with this Article II, certificates representing shares of Parent Common Stock issuable pursuant to Section 2.7(a) or otherwise make available book entry shares of Parent Common Stock, provided that, on behalf of the Shareholders, Parent shall withhold from such shares of Parent Common Stock a number of such shares equal to the sum of (i) the Indemnity Escrow Amount, and (ii) the Shareholder Representative Expense Fund Amount. The shares referred to in (i) shall be deposited by Parent in the Indemnity Escrow Fund and the shares referred to in (ii) shall be deposited by Parent with the Escrow Agent in the segregated Shareholder Representative Expense Fund. In addition, Parent shall make available by depositing with the Exchange Agent, as necessary from time to time after the Effective Time, any dividends or distributions payable pursuant to Section 2.10(c) and any cash in lieu of fractional shares of Parent Common Stock payable pursuant to Section 2.10(e). All certificates representing shares of Parent Common Stock and cash deposited with the Exchange Agent are hereinafter referred to as the “Exchange Fund.”

(b) Parent and the Surviving Corporation shall use commercially reasonable efforts to cause the Exchange Agent to mail, within five Business Days after the Closing Date or such shorter period as is reasonably practicable, to each holder of record of an outstanding certificate or outstanding certificates (“Certificates”) that immediately prior to the Effective Time represented outstanding shares of Capital Stock which were converted into the right to receive the Parent Common Stock with respect thereto, any dividends or distributions payable pursuant to Section 2.10(c) and any cash in lieu of fractional shares of Parent Common Stock payable pursuant to Section 2.10(e): (i) a form of letter of transmittal in substantially the form attached hereto as Exhibit F (the “Letter of Transmittal”) (which shall specify that delivery shall be effected, and risk of loss and title to the Certificates held by such Person shall pass, only upon proper delivery of the Certificates to the Exchange Agent) and (ii) instructions for use in effecting the surrender of Certificates in exchange for the shares of Parent Common Stock payable with respect thereto, any dividends or distributions payable pursuant to Section 2.10(c) and any cash in lieu of fractional shares of Parent Common Stock payable pursuant to Section 2.10(e). Upon surrender of a Certificate to the Exchange Agent, together with such Letter of Transmittal, duly completed and validly executed, and such other documents as the Exchange Agent may reasonably require that are referenced in the Letter of Transmittal or which are otherwise reasonably necessary due to the particular circumstances of the submitting Shareholder, the holder of such Certificate shall be entitled to receive in exchange therefor (A) a certificate representing that number of whole shares of Parent Common Stock (after taking into account all shares of Company Capital Stock then held by such holder under all Certificates so surrendered) to which such holder of Company Capital Stock shall have become entitled pursuant to the provisions of Section 2.7(a) net of any amounts deposited with the Escrow Agent pursuant to Section 2.7(f) (which shall be in uncertificated book-entry form unless a physical certificate is requested), (B) any dividends or distributions payable pursuant to Section 2.10(c) and (C) any cash in lieu of fractional shares of Parent Common Stock payable pursuant to Section 2.10(e), and the Certificate so surrendered shall forthwith be cancelled. In the event of a transfer of ownership of a Certificate representing shares of Capital Stock that is not registered in the transfer records of the Company, a certificate representing the proper number of shares of Parent Common Stock may be issued to a Person

 

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other than the Person in whose name the Certificate so surrendered is registered, if such Certificate shall be properly endorsed or otherwise in proper form for transfer and the Person requesting such issuance shall pay any transfer or other Taxes required by reason of the issuance of shares of Parent Common Stock to a Person other than the registered holder of such Certificate or establish to the satisfaction of Parent and the Exchange Agent that such Taxes have been paid or are not applicable. Until surrendered as contemplated by this Section 2.10, each Certificate shall be deemed at any time after the Effective Time to represent only the right to receive upon such surrender or transfer the shares of Parent Common Stock payable in respect of shares of Capital Stock theretofore represented by such Certificate, any dividends or distributions payable pursuant to Section 2.10(c) and any cash in lieu of fractional shares of Parent Common Stock payable pursuant to Section 2.10(e). No interest will be paid or accrued on any unpaid dividends and distributions or cash in lieu of fractional shares, if any, payable to holders of Certificates.

(c) No dividends or other distributions with respect to Parent Common Stock with a record date after the Effective Time shall be paid to the holder of any unsurrendered Certificate with respect to the shares of Parent Common Stock that the holder thereof has the right to receive upon the surrender thereof, and no cash payment in lieu of fractional shares of Parent Common Stock shall be paid to any such holder pursuant to Section 2.10(e), in each case until the holder thereof shall surrender such Certificate in accordance with this Article II. Promptly following the surrender of a Certificate in accordance with this Article II, there shall be paid to the record holder thereof, without interest, the amount of any dividends or other distributions with a record date after the Effective Time theretofore paid with respect to such whole shares of Parent Common Stock and the amount of any cash payable in lieu of a fractional share of Parent Common Stock to which such holder is entitled pursuant to Section 2.10(e).

(d) The shares of Parent Common Stock, any dividends or other distributions payable pursuant to Section 2.10(c) and any cash in lieu of fractional shares of Parent Common Stock payable pursuant to Section 2.10(e) issued and paid upon the surrender for exchange of Certificates in accordance with the terms of this Article II shall be deemed to have been issued and paid in full satisfaction of all rights pertaining to the shares of Capital Stock formerly represented by such Certificates. At the Effective Time, the stock transfer books of the Company shall be closed and there shall be no further registration of transfers on the stock transfer books of the Surviving Corporation of the shares of Capital Stock that were outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time. If, after the Effective Time, Certificates are presented to the Surviving Corporation or the Exchange Agent for transfer, such shall be canceled and exchanged as provided in this Article II.

(e) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, no certificates or scrip representing fractional shares of Parent Common Stock shall be issued upon the surrender for exchange of Certificates, no dividends or other distributions with respect to the Parent Common Stock shall be payable on or with respect to any fractional share, and such fractional share interests shall not entitle the owner thereof to vote or to any other rights of a stockholder of Parent. In lieu of the issuance of any such fractional share, Parent shall pay to each former Shareholder who otherwise would be entitled to receive a fractional share of Parent Common Stock an amount in cash (without interest) determined by multiplying (i) the fraction of a share of Parent Common Stock which such holder would otherwise be entitled to receive (aggregating all shares of Capital Stock held at the Effective Time by such holder and rounded to the nearest thousandth when expressed in decimal form) pursuant to Section 2.7(a) and Section 2.7(f) by (ii) the Parent Stock Price.

(f) Any portion of the Exchange Fund that remains undistributed to the holders of Certificates six (6) months after the Effective Time shall be delivered to Parent, upon demand, and any holders of Certificates who have not theretofore complied with this Article II shall thereafter look only to Parent (subject to abandoned property, escheat or other similar laws), as general creditors thereof, for payment of the shares of Parent Common Stock, any unpaid dividends or other distributions payable pursuant to Section 2.10(c) and any cash in lieu of fractional shares of Parent Common Stock payable pursuant to Section 2.10(e).

 

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(g) None of Parent, the Surviving Corporation, the Exchange Agent or any other Person shall be liable to any Person in respect of shares of Parent Common Stock, dividends or other distributions with respect thereto or cash in lieu of fractional shares of Parent Common Stock properly delivered to a public official pursuant to any applicable abandoned property, escheat or similar Law.

(h) The Exchange Agent shall invest any cash included in the Exchange Fund as directed by Parent on a daily basis. Any interest and other income resulting from such investments shall be paid to Parent.

(i) If any Certificate shall have been lost, stolen or destroyed, upon the making of an affidavit, in form and substance reasonably acceptable to Parent, of that fact by the Person claiming such Certificate to be lost, stolen or destroyed and, if required by Parent or the Exchange Agent, the posting by such Person of a bond in such amount as Parent or the Exchange Agent may determine is reasonably necessary as indemnity against any claim that may be made against it or the Surviving Corporation with respect to such Certificate, the Exchange Agent will deliver in exchange for such lost, stolen or destroyed Certificate shares of Parent Common Stock payable in respect thereof, any dividends or other distributions payable pursuant to Section 2.10(c) and any cash in lieu of fractional shares of Parent Common Stock payable pursuant to Section 2.10(e).

(j) Promptly after the Effective Time, Parent shall deposit or cause to be deposited the Indemnity Escrow Amount and the Shareholder Representative Expense Fund Amount with the Escrow Agent. The Indemnity Escrow Fund and the Shareholder Representative Expense Fund shall be held and distributed as provided in the Escrow Agreement and this Agreement.

(k) Three Business Days prior to the intended Closing Date, the Company will provide to Parent an itemized schedule (the “Schedule of Expenses”) containing (i) a true and complete list of all Transaction Expenses that have been paid (or for which bills have been received) or shall have, in the good faith estimate of the Company, been paid as of the Closing Date, (ii) a good faith estimate of all such additional Transaction Expenses that have been incurred or shall have been incurred as of the Closing Date but are not reflected in clause (i) hereof, and (iii) a good faith estimate of all additional Transaction Expenses that are expected to be incurred after the Closing Date, together with a certificate of an authorized officer of the Company certifying the accuracy and completeness of the Schedule of Expenses (subject to such good faith estimates). The Schedule of Expenses shall include a good faith estimate of all fees and expenses of Fenwick & West LLP, PricewaterhouseCoopers and Morgan Stanley & Co. for services rendered. Any Transaction Expenses in excess of the amount estimated therefor in the Schedule of Expenses shall be recoverable by Parent from the Indemnity Escrow Fund and from Consenting Optionholders by forfeiture of Company Options pursuant to the Option Consents. Fees and expenses fees incurred by or on behalf of any Shareholder, other than Transaction Expenses, shall not be paid by Parent, the Surviving Corporation or any Affiliate thereof.

Section 2.11 Withholding Rights. Each of Parent, the Surviving Corporation and the Exchange Agent shall be entitled to deduct and withhold from any consideration otherwise payable to any Person pursuant to this Agreement such amounts as it is required to deduct and withhold with respect to the making of such payment under the Code, or any provision of applicable Tax Law. To the extent that such amounts are so withheld or paid over to or deposited with the relevant Governmental Body by Parent, the Surviving Corporation or the Exchange Agent, such withheld amounts shall be treated for all purposes of this Agreement as having been paid to the applicable Person in respect to which such deduction and withholding was made.

Section 2.12 Shareholder Representative.

(a) Immediately upon the approval of this Agreement by the requisite vote or written consent of the Shareholders, each Shareholder, and upon the execution of an Option Consent, the Consenting Optionholder executing such Option Consent, shall be deemed to have consented to the appointment of Alfred Lin as such Shareholder’s and Consenting Optionholder’s, as applicable, representative and attorney-in-fact (the “Shareholder Representative”), with full power of substitution to act on behalf of the Shareholders and

 

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Consenting Optionholders to the extent and in the manner set forth in this Agreement and the Escrow Agreement. All decisions, actions, consents and instructions by the Shareholder Representative shall be binding upon all of the Shareholders and Consenting Optionholders, and no Shareholder or Consenting Optionholder shall have the right to object to, dissent from, protest or otherwise contest the same. Parent and Merger Sub shall be entitled to rely on any decision, action, consent or instruction of the Shareholder Representative as being the decision, action, consent or instruction of the Shareholders and Consenting Optionholders, and Parent and Merger Sub are hereby relieved from any liability to any Person for acts done by them in accordance with any such decision, act, consent or instruction.

(b) The Shareholder Representative may resign at any time, and may be removed for any reason or no reason by the vote or written consent of Shareholders holding a majority of the aggregate shares of Capital Stock at the Effective Time (the “Majority Holders”). In the event of the death, incapacity, resignation or removal of the Shareholder Representative, a new Shareholder Representative, that was either a former holder of Capital Stock or is a natural person who manages a Person that was a former holder of Capital Stock, shall be appointed by the vote or written consent of the Majority Holders. Notice of such vote or a copy of the written consent appointing such new Shareholder Representative shall be sent to Parent and, after the Effective Time, to the Surviving Corporation, such appointment to be effective upon the later of the date indicated in such consent or the date such consent is received by Parent and, after the Effective Time, the Surviving Corporation; provided, that until such notice is received, Parent, Merger Sub and the Surviving Corporation, as applicable, shall be entitled to rely on the decisions, actions, consents and instructions of the prior Shareholder Representative as described in Section 2.12(a). Any expenses incurred by the Shareholder Representative in performing its duties hereunder (including legal fees and expenses related thereto) and any indemnification in favor of the Shareholder Representative shall be payable out of the Shareholder Representative Expense Fund and, to the extent such expenses exceed the amount available from such fund, shall be borne by the Shareholders and Consenting Optionholders.

(c) The Shareholder Representative shall not be liable to the Shareholders or Consenting Optionholders for actions taken pursuant to this Agreement or the Escrow Agreement, except to the extent such actions shall have been determined by a court of competent jurisdiction to have constituted willful misconduct or fraud. Except in cases where a court of competent jurisdiction has made such a finding, the Shareholders and Consenting Optionholders shall jointly and severally indemnify and hold harmless the Shareholder Representative from and against any and all losses, liabilities, claims, actions, damages and expenses, including reasonable attorneys’ fees and disbursements, arising out of and in connection with his activities as Shareholder Representative under this Agreement, the Escrow Agreement or otherwise, to the extent that such losses, liabilities, claims, actions, damages and expenses, including reasonable attorneys’ fees and disbursements are not fully satisfied by the Shareholder Representative Expense Fund.

(d) The approval of this Agreement by the requisite vote or written consent of Shareholders required by the Charter and applicable Law and execution of the Option Consents shall also be deemed to constitute approval of all arrangements relating to the transactions contemplated under this Agreement and to the provisions hereof binding upon the Shareholders and Consenting Optionholders, including, without limitation, Article VIII.

Section 2.13 Lock-Up.

(a) Except as otherwise provided for herein, each Lock-Up Holder will be prohibited during the period commencing on the Closing Date and ending on date of the one year anniversary of Closing Date (the “Lock-Up Period”) from directly or indirectly: (i) offering, pledging, selling or contracting to sell any shares of Parent Common Stock acquired pursuant to Section 2.7(a) or received upon the assumption or conversion of any Company Options (the “Locked-Up Shares”); (ii) offering, pledging, selling or contracting to sell any option to purchase any shares of Parent Common Stock; (iii) granting any option, right or warrant for the sale of any shares of Parent Common Stock; (iv) lending or otherwise disposing of or transferring (or entering into any transaction or device designed to, or that could be expected to, result in the disposition by any Person at any time in the future of) any Locked-Up Shares, or securities convertible into or exercisable

 

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or exchangeable for Locked-Up Shares; (v) entering into a swap or other derivatives transaction or agreement that transfers, in whole or in part (directly or indirectly), the economic consequences of ownership of any Locked-Up Shares, whether any such swap or transaction described in clauses (i) through (v) is to be settled by delivery of shares of Locked-Up Shares or other securities, in cash or otherwise, or (vi) announcing his, her or its intention to do any of the foregoing (any of the transactions described in clauses (i) through (vi), a “Common Stock Transaction”); provided, that, subject to any other applicable restrictions including Parent’s insider trading policy, during the period commencing on the Closing Date and ending on the date of the one year anniversary of Closing Date, a Lock-Up Holder may enter into a Common Stock Transaction, or any other transaction, during each calendar quarter with respect to the sum of (A) up to 25% of the Locked-Up Shares received by such Lock-Up Holder (including with respect to any Parent Options received in exchange for Company Options), and (B) any Locked Up Shares (including with respect to any Parent Options received in exchange for Company Options) which were eligible to be the subject of Common Stock Transactions during any prior calendar quarter.

(b) For the avoidance of doubt, nothing contained in Section 2.13(a) shall prevent a Lock-Up Holder from, or restrict the ability of a Lock-Up Holder to, (i) purchase Parent Common Stock or other securities of Parent (ii) exercise any options or other convertible securities granted under Parent’s incentive plans or (iii) dispose of Locked-Up Shares which it beneficially owns (as such concept is defined pursuant to Rule 13d-3 of the Exchange Act) in connection with a transaction in which all other holders of Parent Common Stock are entitled to receive the same consideration for their shares of Parent Common Stock as would be received by the Lock-Up Holder.

(c) Notwithstanding the foregoing, each Lock-Up Holder shall be permitted to transfer Locked-Up Shares during the Lock-Up Period (i) as a bona fide gift or gifts, (ii) to any trust for the direct or indirect benefit of such Lock-Up Holder or the Immediate Family of such Lock-Up Holder, (iii) by will or intestate succession, provided that, in each case, (A) each transferee (or trustee, as applicable) execute a lock-up agreement with the terms of this Section 2.13 pursuant to which these persons agree not to sell or transfer the Locked-Up Shares for the remainder of the Lock-Up Period and (B) any such transfer shall not involve a disposition for value.

(d) Each certificate representing Locked-Up Shares and any other securities issued upon any stock split, stock dividend, recapitalization, merger, consolidation or similar event, shall be stamped or otherwise imprinted with legends in the following form (in addition to any other legends required under applicable securities Laws):

“THE SHARES REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE MAY BE TRANSFERRED ONLY IN ACCORDANCE WITH CERTAIN TERMS AND RESTRICTIONS OF AN AGREEMENT AND PLAN OF MERGER GOVERNING THE SHARES ACQUIRED BY THE STOCKHOLDER FROM THE COMPANY, A COPY OF WHICH IS ON FILE WITH THE SECRETARY OF THE COMPANY.”

(e) In furtherance of the foregoing, Parent, and any duly appointed transfer agent for the registration or transfer of the Lock-Up Shares, are hereby authorized to decline to make any transfer of the Lock-Up Shares if such transfer would constitute a violation or breach of this Section 2.13.

 

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ARTICLE III

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES

OF THE COMPANY

Except as is otherwise set forth in the corresponding sections or subsections in the Disclosure Memorandum attached hereto as Exhibit G (the “Disclosure Memorandum”) (each of which shall qualify the identified sections or subsections hereof to which such section or subsection of the Disclosure Memorandum relates and shall not qualify any other provision of this Agreement and shall not be deemed to be incorporated in any other schedule of the Disclosure Memorandum except to the extent that the relevance to such other section or subsection is otherwise reasonably apparent on the face of the Disclosure Memorandum), in order to induce Parent to enter into and perform this Agreement and the other Operative Documents to which Parent is a party, the Company represents and warrants to Parent and Merger Sub as of the date of this Agreement and as of the Closing (except in the case of representations and warranties which by their terms speak only as of a specific date or dates, which representations and warranties shall be true and correct as of such date or dates) as follows in this Article III.

Section 3.1 Organization. Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries (a) is a corporation duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation as set forth on Schedule 3.1 to the Disclosure Memorandum; (b) has all requisite corporate power and authority to own, operate and lease its properties and assets, and to carry on its business as now conducted; and (c) is duly qualified or licensed as a foreign corporation to do business and is in good standing in each of the jurisdictions specified in Schedule 3.1 to the Disclosure Memorandum, which are the only jurisdictions in which the character of the properties occupied, owned or held under lease by it or the nature of its business makes such qualification or licensing necessary.

Section 3.2 Enforceability; Authority. All corporate action on the part of the Company and its directors, officers and shareholders necessary for the authorization, execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the other Operative Documents to which the Company is a party, the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the other Operative Documents to which the Company is a party, and the performance of all the Company’s obligations under this Agreement and the other Operative Documents to which the Company is a party has been taken other than (i) approval of the Merger Agreement by a holders of a majority of all shares of Common Stock, (ii) approval of the Merger Agreement by holders of a majority of all shares of Preferred Stock, and (iii) approval of the Merger Agreement by holders of a majority of the Series E Preferred Stock and Series F Preferred Stock voting together (clauses (i)-(iii), collectively, the “Company Shareholder Approval”). This Agreement has been, and each of the other Operative Documents to which the Company is a party at the Closing will have been, duly executed and delivered by the Company and, assuming the due authorization, execution and delivery by each of the parties hereto and thereto other than the Company, this Agreement is, and each of the other Operative Documents to which the Company is a party will be at the Closing, a legal, valid and binding obligation of the Company, enforceable against the Company in accordance with its terms, subject only to the effect, if any, of (x) applicable bankruptcy and other similar laws affecting the rights of creditors generally and (y) rules of law governing specific performance, injunctive relief and other equitable remedies. The Company has all requisite corporate power and authority to enter into and perform its obligations under this Agreement and the other Operative Documents to which the Company is a party, and to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby.

Section 3.3 Capitalization.

(a) The authorized capital stock of the Company consists solely of 60,000,000 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value (the “Company Common Stock”) and 35,997,223 shares of preferred stock, $0.001 par value (the “Preferred Stock”) of which (i) 1,550,000 shares have been designated Series A Preferred Stock, with a liquidation preference of $0.10 upon consummation of the Merger, (ii) 7,725,000 shares have been designated Series B Preferred Stock, with a liquidation preference of $0.1949 upon consummation of the Merger, (iii) 17,300,000 shares have been designated Series C Preferred Stock, with a liquidation preference

 

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of $0.45273 upon consummation of the Merger, (iv) 650,000 shares have been designated Series D Preferred Stock, with a liquidation preference of $0.7910 upon consummation of the Merger, (v) 5,000,000 shares have been designated Series E Preferred Stock, with a liquidation preference of $24.64 upon consummation of the Merger, (vi) 3,772,223 shares have been designated Series F Preferred Stock, with a liquidation preference of $24.642 upon consummation of the Merger.

(b) As of the date hereof, the issued and outstanding capital stock of the Company consists solely of (i) 21,469,674 shares of Company Common Stock, (ii) 1,490,500 shares of Company Series A Preferred Stock (the “Series A Preferred Stock”), (iii) 4,514,499 shares of Company Series B Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred Stock”), (iv) 10,295,572 shares of Company Series C Preferred Stock (the “Series C Preferred Stock”), (v) 427,633 shares of Company Series D Preferred Stock (the “Series D Preferred Stock”), (vi) 3,246,753 shares of Company Series E Preferred Stock (the “Series E Preferred Stock”), and (vii) 3,772,223 shares of Company Series F Preferred Stock (the “Series F Preferred Stock”), which are held of record and beneficially by the shareholders as set forth on Schedule 3.3(b) to the Disclosure Memorandum. Each outstanding share of capital stock or other equity or ownership interest of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries is duly authorized and validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable, and in the case of its Subsidiaries except as set forth in Schedule 3.3(b) to the Disclosure Memorandum, each such share or other equity or ownership interest is owned by the Company or another Subsidiary of the Company, free and clear of any Encumbrance. All of the aforesaid shares or other equity or ownership interests have been issued by the Company or its Subsidiary in compliance with all applicable federal, state and foreign laws. Except as set forth in Schedule 3.3(b) to the Disclosure Memorandum, the Company has not repurchased or redeemed any shares of its Capital Stock since inception of the Company. The Company does not have any right or option to repurchase or redeem any shares of its Capital Stock. The Company has not declared any dividends since its inception.

(c) Other than as set forth on Schedule 3.3 to the Disclosure Memorandum, there are no outstanding rights of first refusal or offer, preemptive rights, options, warrants, conversion rights, other rights or other agreements, either directly or indirectly, for the purchase or acquisition from the Company, any of the Company’s Subsidiaries, or to the Knowledge of the Company, any shareholder of the Company or Subsidiary of the Company, of any shares of the Company’s or any of its Subsidiaries’ capital stock or any securities or instruments convertible into or exchangeable for shares of the Company’s capital stock or any of the Company’s Subsidiaries’ capital stock (collectively, “Stock Purchase Rights”). Other than with respect to the Company Options set forth on Schedule 2.9(a), the Merger and the transactions related thereto will not accelerate or otherwise change the vesting provisions of any Stock Purchase Rights. Other than as set forth on Schedule 3.3 to the Disclosure Memorandum, all Company Stock Options are owned by current employees of the Company. There are no outstanding rights of refusal, rights of first offer, co-sale or tag-along rights, drag-along rights, registration rights or similar rights granted by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries with respect to the Company’s capital stock, any of the Company’s Subsidiaries capital stock, or Stock Purchase Rights.

(d) Other than the Voting Agreement, the Company is not a party or subject to any agreement or understanding, and to the Knowledge of the Company, there is no other agreement or understanding between or among any Persons to which the Company is not a party, that affects or relates to the voting or giving of written consents with respect to any securities of the Company or the voting by any director or shareholder of the Company. The Company has no contractual or other obligation to register any of its presently outstanding securities or any of its securities that may hereafter be issued.

(e) The information contained in the Consideration Spreadsheet will be true and correct as of the Closing Date and the allocation of the merger consideration set forth in the Consideration Spreadsheet will be consistent with the organizational documents of the Company and any applicable Contract.

Section 3.4 Equity Interests. Except for the Subsidiaries listed in Schedule 3.3 to the Disclosure Memorandum, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries directly or indirectly owns any equity, partnership, membership or similar interest in, or any interest convertible into, exercisable for the purchase of or

 

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exchangeable for any such equity, partnership, membership or similar interest, or is under any current or prospective obligation to form or participate in, provide funds to, make any loan, capital contribution or other investment in, or assume any liability or obligation of, any Person.

Section 3.5 No Approvals; No Conflicts. Except as described on Schedule 3.5 to the Disclosure Memorandum, the execution, delivery and performance by the Company of this Agreement and the other Operative Documents to which the Company is a party and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby will not (a) constitute a violation (with or without the giving of notice or lapse of time, or both) of any provision of law or any judgment, decree, order, regulation or rule of any court or other Governmental Body applicable to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries; (b) require the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to file, seek, or obtain any notice, to file, seek or obtain any notice, authorization, approval, order, permit or consent of or with any Governmental Body in connection with the execution, delivery and performance by the Company of this Agreement and the Operative Documents to which the Company is a party or the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby or in order to prevent the termination of any right, privilege, license or qualification of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, except for (i) any filings required to be made under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended (the “HSR Act“), (ii) the filing of the Agreement of Merger as required by applicable Law and (iii) such filings as may be required by any applicable federal or state securities or “blue sky” laws; (c) require any consent, approval or authorization of, declaration, filing or registration with, or notice to, any Person including any consent, approval or authorization of, declaration, filing or registration with, or notice to, any Person required to be obtained or made in order to keep any Contract between such Person and the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in effect following the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or to provide that the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is not in breach or violation of any such Contract following the transactions contemplated by this Agreement by reason of the execution and delivery of, or the performance of its obligations under, this Agreement or the Operative Documents to which the Company is a party; (d) result in a default (with or without the giving of notice or lapse of time, or both) under, or acceleration or termination of, or the creation in any Person of the right to accelerate, terminate, modify or cancel, any agreement, lease, note or other restriction, Encumbrance, obligation or liability to which the Company or any of its Subsidiary is a party or by which it is bound or to which any assets of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries are subject, including the Contracts; (e) result in the creation of any Encumbrance on any assets of the Company; (f) conflict with or result in a breach of or constitute a default under any provision of the Charter or the Bylaws of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries; or (g) invalidate or adversely affect any permit, license or authorization used in the conduct of the businesses of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.

Section 3.6 Financial Statements.

(a) The Company has delivered to Parent true and complete copies of the following financial statements and related materials, which are attached as Schedule 3.6(a) to the Disclosure Memorandum: (i) audited consolidated balance sheets of the Company and its Subsidiaries as of December 31, 2008, December 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006 and the related audited consolidated statements of income, shareholders’ equity and cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2008, December 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006, together with all related notes and schedules thereto, accompanied by the reports thereon of the Company by PricewaterhouseCoopers or Ernst & Young, LLP (collectively, the “Financial Statements”); (ii) unaudited quarterly financials of the Company and its Subsidiaries for the quarters ended March 31, 2009 and June 30, 2009, including the consolidated balance sheet, statement of income and expense, statement of cash flow and statement of shareholders’ equity of the Company and its Subsidiaries as of March 31, 2009 and June 30, 2009 (the “Quarterly Financials”); and (iii) monthly unaudited financials of the Company and its Subsidiaries for each month of 2009 through June 30, 2009 (the “Interim Financial Statements”), including the unaudited consolidated balance sheet (the “Interim Balance Sheet”), statement of income and expense, statement of cash flow and statement of shareholders’ equity of the Company and its Subsidiaries, as of June 30, 2009. The Company has delivered or made available to Parent true and complete copies of all management letters and other correspondence received from the Company’s independent auditors since January 1, 2006 relating to the foregoing financial statements, accounting

 

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controls of the Company and all related matters. The unaudited consolidated balance sheet of the Company and its Subsidiaries as of March 31, 2009, together with all related notes and schedules thereto, is herein referred to as the “Company Balance Sheet.” Each of the Financial Statements, the Quarterly Financials, the Interim Financial Statements, and the Interim Balance Sheet (x) are accurate, complete and consistent with the books and records of the Company and its Subsidiaries for the time therein presented; (y) have been prepared in conformity with GAAP on a basis consistent with prior accounting periods, subject in the case of the Quarterly Financials and the Interim Financial Statements to normal year end adjustments which are not material in amount or significance for such periods and except that any unaudited financial statements do not contain required footnotes; and (z) fairly present the consolidated financial position, results of operations and changes in financial position of the Company and its Subsidiaries as of the dates and for the periods indicated therein.

(b) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has any liabilities or obligations of any nature (accrued, absolute, contingent or otherwise), whether known or unknown, except for any liabilities or obligations (i) that are fully reflected or reserved against in the Interim Balance Sheet, or are not otherwise required to be reflected or reserved against in the Interim Balance Sheet under GAAP, (ii) that will be Transaction Expenses, or (iii) that are or were incurred since the date of the Interim Balance Sheet in the ordinary course of business and consistent with past practice, that were for capital expenditures and are set forth in Schedule 3.6(b) to the Disclosure Memorandum or which otherwise do not exceed $500,000 individually or $1,000,000 in the aggregate. Except as disclosed in the Financial Statements, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is a guarantor, indemnitor, surety or other obligor of any indebtedness of any other Person. Schedule 3.6(b) to the Disclosure Memorandum sets forth (i) all indebtedness and other similar obligations to the Company or its Subsidiaries of the shareholders, directors, officers or employees of each of the Company and its Subsidiaries, or any of their respective Affiliates, together with all amounts owed by such Persons in respect thereof; and (ii) all outstanding liabilities of each of the Company and its Subsidiaries with respect to any of their current or former shareholders, directors, officers, employees or consultants, or any of their respective Affiliates (other than ordinary course liabilities relating to salary and compensation for the current pay period, reimbursement of travel expenses, and director and officer indemnity agreements otherwise made available to Parent).

(c) Schedule 3.6(c) to the Disclosure Memorandum sets forth all outstanding Debt as of the date of this Agreement, in the aggregate and with respect to each Person entitled to payment of a portion of such Debt (with reference to the Contract pursuant to which such Debt is owed).

(d) The Company and its Subsidiaries maintain a system of internal accounting controls sufficient to provide reasonable assurances that (i) transactions are executed in accordance with management’s general or specific authorization; (ii) transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP and to maintain accountability for assets; (iii) access to assets is permitted only in accordance with management’s general or specific authorization; (iv) the recorded accountability for assets is compared with the existing assets at reasonable intervals and appropriate action is taken with respect to any differences; and (v) the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ obligations are satisfied in a timely manner and as required under the terms of any Contract. The Company has no unremedied significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in the design or operation of “internal control over financial reporting” (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of the Exchange Act). Except as otherwise disclosed in the Financial Statements or as required by GAAP, the Company has not made any material change in any method of accounting, accounting practice or policy or any internal control over financial reporting since January 1, 2008.

(e) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has identified any incident of fraud since July 1, 2006 that involves any current or former directors, officers or employees of the Company who have a role in the preparation of financial statements or the internal accounting controls utilized by the Company and its Subsidiaries or who otherwise are within the fifty most highly compensated employees of the Company (or were prior to such employee’s separation from the Company in the case of former employees).

 

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(f) Schedule 3.6(f) to the Disclosure Memorandum lists all services currently being performed, or which have been performed within the last three years, by Ernst & Young, LLP for the Company and any persons currently employed by the Company in any accounting or finance function or position that were employed by Ernst & Young, LLP during the previous three years.

(g) Schedule 3.6(g) to the Disclosure Memorandum lists, and the Company has delivered to Parent copies of the documentation creating or governing, all securitization transactions and “off-balance sheet arrangements” (as defined in Item 303(a) of Regulation S-K of the SEC) effected by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries since their respective inceptions.

Section 3.7 Absence of Certain Changes or Events. Except for transactions specifically contemplated in this Agreement, since the date of the Company Balance Sheet, (a) the businesses of the Company and its Subsidiaries have been conducted in the ordinary course of business and in a manner substantially consistent with past practice (other than, in the case of the conduct of the business of the Company and its subsidiaries after the date hereof, as may be effected by the taking of any action required by this Agreement), (b) neither the Company, nor any of its Subsidiaries, nor any of their respective officers or directors, in their representative capacities on behalf of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, have taken any action that if taken between the date of this Agreement and the Closing would require the prior written consent of Parent pursuant to Section 5.1, and (c) there has not been a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 3.8 Taxes.

(a) Schedule 3.8(a) to the Disclosure Memorandum sets forth (i) all income Tax Returns filed by or on behalf of the Company and its Subsidiaries with any jurisdiction for which the applicable statute of limitations on assessment and collection has not expired, and (ii) all jurisdictions in which the Company or its Subsidiaries is required to file any income Tax Return, sales and use Tax Return, value added Tax Return, non-United States Tax Return and any other Tax Return that is material (and the type of Tax Return) following the date hereof for the current taxable period or the immediately preceding taxable period, consistent with past practices.

(b) The Company and each of its Subsidiaries (i) has timely filed on or before the applicable due date (taking into account valid extensions of time to file) with each appropriate Governmental Body all Tax Returns required to be filed by or with respect to it, and all such Tax Returns have been properly completed in compliance with applicable legal requirements and are true, correct and complete, and (ii) has fully and timely paid all Taxes required to be paid (whether or not such Taxes have been reflected on any Tax Return). All Taxes for which the Company or its Subsidiaries could be liable attributable to periods ending on or prior to June 30, 2009 were paid prior to that date or are reflected as liabilities for current taxes payable in the Interim Balance Sheet. The Company and its Subsidiaries have no present or contingent liability for Taxes, other than Taxes incurred in the ordinary course of business thereof and reflected as liabilities for current taxes payable on the Interim Balance Sheet or incurred in the ordinary course of business since June 30, 2009 in amounts consistent with prior years (adjusted solely for changes in ordinary course business operations). All Taxes that the Company and its Subsidiaries have been required by law to withhold or to collect for payment have been duly withheld and collected, and have been paid over to the appropriate Governmental Body in compliance with all applicable legal requirements. The Company and its Subsidiaries have complied with all information reporting and record keeping requirements under all applicable Law, including retention and maintenance of required records with respect thereto and all records kept by the Company and its Subsidiaries in compliance with such Law are available for inspection at the premises of the Company on reasonable notice.

(c)(i) Except as set forth on Schedule 3.8(c) to the Disclosure Memorandum, there are no current, pending or threatened Claims by any Governmental Body with respect to Taxes relating to the Company or its Subsidiaries; (ii) no extension or waiver of the limitation period applicable to any Tax Return or the assessment or collection of any Taxes for which the Company or its Subsidiaries could be liable is in effect or has been requested; (iii) all deficiencies claimed, proposed or asserted or assessments made as a result of any examinations by any Governmental Body of the Tax Returns of, or with respect to, the Company or its

 

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Subsidiaries have been fully paid or fully settled, or (1) are specifically described in Schedule 3.8(c)(i) to the Disclosure Memorandum, (2) are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and (3) reserves have been made for such Taxes on the Financial Statements in accordance with GAAP; and (iv) there are no liens for Taxes on any of the assets of the Company or its Subsidiaries, except liens for current Taxes not yet due and payable. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries (A) is or will be required to include any adjustment in taxable income for any Tax period ending after the Closing Date or in any Tax Return not yet filed pursuant to Section 481 or 263A of the Code or any comparable provision under state or foreign Tax Laws as a result of transactions or events occurring, or accounting methods employed, prior to the date of this Agreement; (B) has entered into a transaction that is being accounted for under the installment method of Section 453 of the Code or similar provision of U.S. state, U.S. local or foreign Tax Law, or (C) will be required to recognize taxable income or take into account any other measure of tax that will be reportable in taxable periods beginning on or after the Closing Date that is attributable to a transaction or event that occurred prior to the Closing. No power of attorney that currently is in effect has been granted by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries with respect to any Tax matter.

(d) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries (i) has been a member of any Affiliated Group that filed or was required to file a consolidated, combined or unitary Tax Return, and (ii) is or will be liable for Taxes (to the extent such Taxes are described in clause (a) or (b) of the definition of Taxes) of any Person (other than its own Taxes) by reason of Contract, agreement, assumption, transferee liability, operation of Law, Treasury Regulations Section 1.1502 6 (or any predecessor or successor thereof or any similar provision of Law) or otherwise.

(e) The Company has delivered or made available to Parent correct and complete copies of all Tax Returns of or with respect to the Company or its Subsidiaries for which the statute of limitations has not expired, all audit reports, all statements of deficiencies assessed against or agreed to by it, and any material elections with respect to Taxes not included in such Tax Returns.

(f) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is or has been a party to or bound by any Tax indemnity agreement, Tax sharing agreement, Tax allocation agreement or similar Contract; and neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is a party to or bound by any offer in compromise, closing agreement, gain recognition agreement or other agreement with any Governmental Body with respect to Taxes. No ruling with respect to Taxes has been issued to or with respect to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries by any Governmental Body.

(g) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has nexus for any Tax purpose in any jurisdiction other than jurisdictions for which all required Tax Returns have been duly filed, and no Claim has been made by a Governmental Body in a jurisdiction where the Company or any of its Subsidiaries does not file Tax Returns that the Company or any of such Subsidiaries is or may be subject to taxation by that jurisdiction.

(h) Except as disclosed in Section 3.8(h) to the Disclosure Memorandum, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is a partner of a partnership for any applicable income Tax purposes.

(i) All Options or other rights issued by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries that purport or otherwise were intended to be governed by Sections 421 or 422 of the Code (or similar provisions of state or local Law) satisfied at all relevant times the requirements for qualification under such sections (and, if applicable, such similar provisions). Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary has issued options or other rights intended or purported to be governed by Section 423 of the Code.

(j) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has made any payment or payments, or is obligated to make any payment or payments, and is not a party to (or a participating employer in) or bound by any agreement (or Employee Benefit Plan) that has resulted or could result in the imposition on the Company, its Subsidiaries, any Shareholder or Parent of any additional Tax or interest under Section 409A of the Code (or under any similar provision of U.S. state, U.S. local or foreign Tax Law) or has resulted in the imposition on any employee of the Company or its Subsidiaries of any additional Tax or interest under Section 409A of the Code (or under any similar provision of state or local Tax Law).

 

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(k) The Company and each of its Subsidiaries is not and has not been a United States real property holding corporation within the meaning of Section 897(c)(2) of the Code.

(l) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has distributed stock of another Person, nor had its stock distributed by another Person within the last two years, in a transaction that was purported or intended to be governed in whole or in part by Section 355 or Section 361 of the Code.

(m) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has (i) taken a reporting position on a Tax Return that, if not sustained, would be reasonably likely to give rise to a penalty for substantial understatement of federal income Tax under Section 6662 of the Code (or any similar provision of U.S. state, U.S. local or foreign Tax Law), without regard to any disclosure thereof, or (ii) participated in a reportable transaction (other than a reportable transaction specifically disclosed in a Tax Return previously provided to Parent) or listed transaction within the meaning of Section 1.6011-4(b) of the Treasury Regulations.

(n) No Shareholder holds equity interests in the Company or any of its Subsidiaries that are non-transferable and subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture within the meaning of Section 83 of the Code with respect to which a valid election under Section 83(b) of the Code has not been made.

Section 3.9 Property.

(a) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries owns, or has any interest in, any real property other than the leasehold interests described on Schedule 3.9(a) to the Disclosure Memorandum, which contains a complete and accurate list of all real property leased or currently being used by the Company and its Subsidiaries (the “Real Property”). The Company has delivered to Parent true and complete copies of all written leases, subleases, rental agreements, contracts of sale, tenancies or licenses relating to the Real Property and written summaries of the terms of any oral leases, subleases, rental agreements, contracts of sale, tenancies or licenses to which the Real Property is subject.

(b) The Company has delivered to Parent true and complete copies of all leases, subleases, rental agreements, contracts of sale, tenancies or licenses to which any Personal Property with a value in excess of $50,000 is subject.

(c) There are no properties or assets (whether real, personal or mixed, tangible or intangible) reflected in the Interim Balance Sheet (except for such properties or assets sold, used up or disposed of since the date of the Interim Balance Sheet in the ordinary course of business and consistent with past practice) that are not Real Property or Personal Property. Other than the Company Intellectual Property, the Real Property and the Personal Property include all material property used in the businesses of the Company and its Subsidiaries and are sufficient for the conduct of the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ businesses. The Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ offices and other structures and the Personal Property have been maintained in accordance with generally accepted industry standards and are of a quality consistent with industry standards, are in good operating condition and repair, normal wear and tear excepted, are adequate for the uses to which they are being put, and comply with, and are used by the Company and its Subsidiaries in compliance with, applicable safety and other laws and regulations.

(d) The Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ leasehold interest in each parcel of the Real Property is free and clear of all Encumbrances, except for Permitted Encumbrances. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has granted a lease, sublease, tenancy or license of, or entered into any rental agreement or contract of sale with respect to, any portion of the Real Property.

(e) The Personal Property is free and clear of all Encumbrances except for (i) Permitted Encumbrances and (ii) Encumbrances securing Debt that is disclosed in the Financial Statements or Interim Financial Statements, and the Company or its Subsidiaries owns such Personal Property.

Section 3.10 Contracts.

(a) Schedule 3.10(a) to the Disclosure Memorandum contains a complete and accurate list of (each, a “Material Contract”) (i) all Contracts, other than vendor agreements and purchase orders with vendors entered into in the ordinary course of business, to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is currently

 

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a party or by which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is currently bound providing for potential payments by or to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in excess of $250,000 per annum (with Schedule 3.10(a) to the Disclosure Memorandum identifying with respect to each Material Contract each of clauses (i) through (vii) of Section 3.10(c) applicable to such Material Contract, if any), (ii) each Contract relating to the Debt, and (iii) all other Contracts that are material to the Company.

(b) All Contracts to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party are valid, binding and enforceable in accordance with their terms against the Company or its Subsidiaries, as the case may be, and each other party thereto and are in full force and effect (subject only to the effect, if any, of applicable bankruptcy and other similar laws affecting the rights of creditors generally and rules of law governing specific performance, injunctive relief and other equitable remedies), the Company or its Subsidiaries, as the case may be, has performed all obligations required to have been performed by it thereunder, and neither the Company, its Subsidiaries, nor to the Knowledge of the Company, any other party thereto is in breach or violation of, or default under (including any such breach, violation or default caused by a violation of a noncompetition, nonsolicitation or exclusivity provision contained therein), nor is there any event that with notice or lapse of time, or both, would constitute a breach, violation or default by the Company, its Subsidiaries, or any other party thereunder, nor has the Company or any of its Subsidiaries received any claim of any such breach, violation or default. There is not now and has not been within the past 24 months any disagreement or dispute with any other party to any Material Contract, nor is there any pending request or process for renegotiation of any Material Contract. Further, there is not now and has not been within the past 24 months any disagreement or dispute of any nature whatsoever with any other party to any Contract having or reasonably likely to have a Material Adverse Effect. True and complete copies of each such written Material Contract (or written summaries of the terms of any such oral Material Contract) have been delivered or been made available to Parent. The Company has no reason to believe that any obligation that remains under any Material Contract cannot be fulfilled by the Company or its Subsidiaries, as the case may be, and has no notice or Knowledge that any party to a Material Contract listed on Schedule 3.10(a) to the Disclosure Memorandum intends to cancel, terminate, refuse to perform or refuse to renew such Material Contract (if such Material Contract is renewable).

(c) Except for the Material Contracts listed in Schedule 3.10(a) to the Disclosure Memorandum, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has any other Contract:

(i) with a remaining term of greater than one year from the date of this Agreement (which, for purposes of clarity, shall be determined based on the term of the primary subject matter of such Contract, and not incidental obligations such as non-disclosure, post-termination indemnity, etc.) that cannot be canceled by the Company or its Subsidiaries, as the case may be, with no more than 60 days’ notice without liability, penalty or premium (other than non-disclosure agreements);

(ii) with a noncompetition, nonsolicitation, “most-favored-nations” pricing or exclusivity agreement or other arrangement that would prevent, restrict or limit in any way the Company from carrying on its business in any manner or in any geographic location, other than restrictions in Intellectual Property Agreements on the Exploitation of Third Party IP;

(iii) for a joint venture or any other similar arrangement that involves a sharing of profits or revenue with other Persons or that provides for the payment of referral fees or bounties;

(iv) relating to any interest rate, currency or commodity derivatives or hedging transaction;

(v) with any Governmental Body;

(vi) in which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries agrees to provide indemnification that may result in liability in excess of $250,000; and

(vii) granting a power of attorney, agency or similar authority to another Person.

Section 3.11 Suppliers. Schedule 3.11 to the Disclosure Memorandum sets forth a complete and accurate list of the suppliers of the Company and its Subsidiaries from whom (a) the Company has purchased 2.0% or more of

 

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the goods or services, including product packaging, purchased by the Company, and (b) any of the Company’s Subsidiaries has purchased 2.0% or more of the goods or services, including product packaging, purchased by such Subsidiary, in each case in the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008, showing the percentage of goods and services purchased by the Company or such Subsidiary from such supplier in that fiscal year. No supplier or other Person named on Schedule 3.11 to the Disclosure Memorandum has during the last 12 months prior to the date of this Agreement decreased or limited materially, or, to the Knowledge of the Company, during the last 12 months prior to the date of this Agreement threatened to decrease or limit materially, its supply of materials or services to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, as the case may be unless such decrease or limit was requested or specified by the Company. As of the date of this Agreement, the Company has no Knowledge of, and neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received any notice from the Company’s or its Subsidiaries’ suppliers or partners that would cause the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to expect any material modification to their respective relationship with any suppliers or other Persons named on Schedule 3.11 to the Disclosure Memorandum unless such modification was requested or specified by the Company, nor is there or has there been, as of and prior to the date of this Agreement, any dispute with or Claim by any of the Company’s or any of its Subsidiaries’ suppliers concerning the supply of materials or services to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, as the case may be.

Section 3.12 Warranties and Returns. Schedule 3.12 to the Disclosure Memorandum sets forth all currently published return policies and warranties with respect to the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ businesses, products or services, and current policies with respect to returns of products or refunds for products or services in the course of the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ conduct of business. Schedule 3.12 to the Disclosure Memorandum also discloses the amounts charged to “returns” from the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ operations on the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ books and records for the fiscal years ended 2006, 2007 and 2008 and for each month in the Interim Financial Statements. Except as set forth on Schedule 3.12 to the Disclosure Memorandum, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has made any express warranties in connection with the sale or license of products or services or the performance of services.

Section 3.13 Claims and Legal Proceedings; Government Orders.

(a) There are no Claims pending against the Company or involving the Company or, to the Knowledge of the Company, threatened against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries before or by any Person or that challenge, or seek to prevent, make illegal or enjoin, alter, delay or otherwise interfere with any of the transactions contemplated hereby or by the Operative Documents to which the Company is a party, and there are no pending disagreements or disputes that are reasonably likely to lead to the assertion of such a Claim against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries. There are no outstanding or unsatisfied judgments, orders, decrees or stipulations to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party. Schedule 3.13 to the Disclosure Memorandum sets forth, in addition to the above-referenced items, a description of any material disputes or Claims that have been settled or resolved by litigation or arbitration during the preceding twenty-four months or which contain continuing or future obligations. To the Knowledge of the Company, there is no proposed order of any Governmental Body that, if issued or otherwise put into effect, (i) would have a Material Adverse Effect or a material adverse effect on the Company’s ability to perform any covenant or obligation under this Agreement or the other Operative Documents to which the Company is a party or (ii) would have the effect of preventing, delaying, making illegal or otherwise interfering with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or any of the other Operative Documents to which the Company is a party.

(b) To the Knowledge of the Company, (i) no current officer of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has been the subject of, or convicted in, a criminal proceeding (excluding minor traffic violations), (ii) no petition under the federal bankruptcy laws or any state insolvency law has been filed by or against, or a receiver, fiscal agent or similar officer appointed for, any current officer of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, (iii) no current officer of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has ever been found by any Governmental Body, in a judgment or finding not subsequently reversed or vacated, to have violated any federal or state laws or regulations and (iv) no current officer of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is

 

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the subject of any order, judgment or decree of, or has entered into an agreement with, any Governmental Body permanently or temporarily enjoining him or her, or otherwise limiting him or her, from engaging in any business, profession or business practice. The Company performs the background checks with respect to each new hire as described on Schedule 3.13(b) to the Disclosure Memorandum.

Section 3.14 Labor and Employment Matters.

(a) There are no material labor and/or employment disputes, employee grievances or disciplinary actions pending or, to the Knowledge of the Company, threatened against or involving the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any of their present or former employees. The Company and each of its Subsidiaries have complied with all provisions of law relating to employment and employment practices, terms and conditions of employment, wages and hours. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is engaged in any unfair labor practice and has no liability for any unpaid wages or Taxes or penalties for failure to comply with any such provisions of law. There is no labor strike, dispute, slowdown or stoppage pending or, to the Knowledge of the Company, threatened against or affecting the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, and neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries have experienced any work stoppage or other labor difficulty during the preceding three years. To the Knowledge of the Company, no employee or independent contractor intends to terminate his or her employment or relationship with the Company. No collective bargaining agreement is binding on the Company or any of its Subsidiaries. There are no organizational efforts presently being made or, to the Knowledge of the Company, threatened by or on behalf of any labor union with respect to employees of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries. Each current and former employee, officer and independent contractor of the Company has executed a nondisclosure and noncompetition agreement in the form provided to Parent. To the Knowledge of the Company no current or former employee or independent contractor (or Person performing similar functions) of the Company is in violation of any such agreement or any employment agreement, patent disclosure agreement, invention assignment agreement, proprietary information agreement or other Contract relating to the relationship of such employee or independent contractor with the Company or actions by such employee or independent contractor on behalf of the Company, or in the case of employees (other than non-management employees who perform call center, customer service or fulfillment center job functions), in violation of any noncompetition agreement.

(b) Schedule 3.14(b) to the Disclosure Memorandum lists (i) the names, titles and current annual compensation amounts of all directors, officers and the fifty most highly compensated employees of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries as of the date of this Agreement; (ii) the wage rates for nonsalaried and nonofficer salaried employees of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries by classification, and all union contracts (if any); (iii) all group insurance programs in effect for employees of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries; (iv) the names and current compensation packages of all independent contractors and consultants of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries; and (v) each employment or consulting Contract to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party or other Contract to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party pursuant to which any Person is entitled to compensation or other payments from the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in respect of past or future employment or consulting services provided, or to be provided, to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries by any such Person (other than offer letters on the Company’s standard form which has been made available to Parent). Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is in default with respect to any of its obligations referred to in the preceding sentence and has no, and will not incur any, obligation or liability for severance or back pay owed through or by virtue of the transactions contemplated hereby. All employees of the Company and its Subsidiaries are employed on an “at will” basis, are eligible to work and are lawfully employed in the United States. Schedule 3.14(b) to the Disclosure Memorandum also lists each state in which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries employs any Person. All Persons who have performed services for the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and have been classified as independent contractors, and all Persons who have performed services for the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in the United States and have been classified as exempt employees not entitled to overtime pay, have been at all times properly classified as such in accordance with all applicable Laws.

 

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Section 3.15 Employee Benefit Plans.

(a) Plan Listing. Schedule 3.15(a) to the Disclosure Memorandum contains a complete and accurate list of all Employee Benefit Plans. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has any agreement, arrangement, commitment or obligation, whether formal or informal, whether written or unwritten and whether legally binding or not, to create, enter into or contribute to any additional Employee Benefit Plan, or to modify or amend any existing Employee Benefit Plan. There has been no amendment, interpretation or other announcement (written or oral) by the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, any ERISA Affiliate or any other Person relating to, or change in participation or coverage under, any Employee Benefit Plan that, either alone or together with other such items or events, could increase the expense of maintaining such Employee Benefit Plan (or the Employee Benefit Plans taken as a whole) above the level of expense incurred with respect thereto for the most recent fiscal year included in the Financial Statements. The terms of each Employee Benefit Plan permit the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, or any ERISA Affiliate, as applicable, to amend and terminate such Employee Benefit Plan at any time and for any reason without penalty and without liability or expense.

(b) Provisions of Documents. The Company has delivered to Parent true, correct and complete copies (or, in the case of unwritten Employee Benefit Plans, descriptions) of all the Employee Benefit Plans (and all amendments thereto), along with, to the extent applicable to a particular Employee Benefit Plan, copies of the following: (i) the three most recent annual reports (Form 5500 series) filed with respect to such Employee Benefit Plan; (ii) the most recent summary plan description, and all summaries of modifications related thereto, distributed with respect to such Employee Benefit Plan; (iii) all contracts and agreements (and any amendments thereto) relating to such Employee Benefit Plan, including all trust agreements, investment management agreements, annuity contracts, insurance contracts, bonds, indemnification agreements and service provider agreements; (iv) the most recent determination letter issued by the IRS with respect to such Employee Benefit Plan or, if reliance is permitted under applicable IRS guidance, the favorable opinion letter or advisory letter of the master and prototype or volume submitter plan sponsor of such Employee Benefit Plan; (v) the most recent annual actuarial valuation prepared for such Employee Benefit Plan, if applicable; (vi) all written communications during the last three years relating to the creation, amendment or termination of such Employee Benefit Plan, or an increase or decrease in benefits, acceleration of payments or vesting or other events that could result in liability to the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, or any ERISA Affiliate; (vii) all correspondence to or from any Governmental Body relating to such Employee Benefit Plan; (viii) samples of all administrative forms currently in use with respect to such Employee Benefit Plan, including all COBRA and HIPAA forms and notices; and (ix) all coverage, nondiscrimination, top-heavy and Code Section 415 tests performed with respect to such Employee Benefit Plan for the last three years.

(c) Compliance. With respect to each Employee Benefit Plan: (i) such Employee Benefit Plan was legally established; (ii) such Employee Benefit Plan is, and at all times has been, maintained, administered, operated and funded in all respects in accordance with its terms and in compliance with all applicable requirements of all applicable Law; (iii) the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, each ERISA Affiliate have, at all times, properly performed all their duties and obligations (whether arising by operation of law, by contract or otherwise) under or with respect to such Employee Benefit Plan, including all reporting, disclosure and notification obligations; (iv) all returns, reports (including all Form 5500 series annual reports, together with all schedules and audit reports required with respect thereto), notices, statements, summary plan descriptions and other disclosures relating to such Employee Benefit Plan required to be filed with any Governmental Body or distributed to any participant therein have been properly prepared and duly filed or distributed in a timely manner; (v) none of the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, any ERISA Affiliate or any fiduciary of such Employee Benefit Plan has engaged in any transaction or acted or failed to act in a manner that violates the fiduciary requirements of ERISA or any other applicable law, statute, order, rule or regulation; (vi) no transaction or event has occurred or, to the Knowledge of the Company, is threatened or about to occur (including any of the transactions contemplated in or by this Agreement) that constitutes or could constitute a prohibited transaction under Section 406 or 407 of ERISA or under

 

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Section 4975 of the Code for which an exemption is not available; and (vii) neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries or any ERISA Affiliate has incurred, and there exists no condition or set of circumstances in connection with which the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, any ERISA Affiliate or Parent could incur, directly or indirectly, any liability or expense (except for routine contributions and benefit payments) under ERISA, the Code or any other applicable Law with respect to such Employee Benefit Plan.

(d) Qualification. Each Employee Benefit Plan that is intended to be qualified under Section 401(a) of the Code is so qualified, and its related trust or group annuity contract is exempt from taxation under Section 501(i) of the Code. Each such Employee Benefit Plan (ii) is the subject of an unrevoked favorable determination opinion or advisory letter from the IRS with respect to such Employee Benefit Plan’s qualified status under the Code, as amended by that legislation commonly referred to as “GUST” and “EGTRRA” and all subsequent legislation, or (iii) has remaining a period of time under the Code or applicable Treasury Regulations or IRS pronouncements in which to request, and make any amendments necessary to obtain, such a letter from the IRS. Nothing has occurred or is reasonably expected by the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, or any ERISA Affiliate to occur that could adversely affect the qualification or exemption of any such Employee Benefit Plan or its related trust or group annuity contract. No such Employee Benefit Plan is a “top-heavy plan,” as defined in Section 416 of the Code.

(e) Contribution, Premiums and Other Payments. All contributions, premiums and other payments due or required to be paid to (or with respect to) each Employee Benefit Plan have been timely paid, or, if not yet due, have been accrued as a liability on the Company Balance Sheet or in the Company’s or its Subsidiaries’ books and records for periods after the date of the Company Balance Sheet in the ordinary course of business. All Taxes that are required by Law to be withheld from benefits derived under the Employee Benefit Plans have been properly withheld and remitted to the proper depository in a timely manner.

(f) Actions and Investigations. There are no Claims (other than routine Claims for benefits) pending or, to the Knowledge of the Company, threatened with respect to (or against the assets of) any Employee Benefit Plan, nor to the Knowledge of the Company is there a basis for any such Claim. No Employee Benefit Plan is currently under investigation, audit or review, directly or indirectly, by the IRS, DOL or any other Governmental Body, and no such action is contemplated or under consideration by the IRS, DOL or any other Governmental Body.

(g) Pension Plans and Multiple Employer Welfare Agreements. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries or any ERISA Affiliate sponsors, maintains or contributes to, or has ever sponsored, maintained or contributed to (or been obligated to sponsor, maintain or contribute to), (i) a “multiemployer plan,” as defined in Section 3(37) or Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA, (ii) a multiple employer plan within the meaning of Section 4063 or Section 4064 of ERISA or Section 413 of the Code, (iii) an employee benefit plan that is subject to Section 302 of ERISA, Title IV of ERISA or Section 412 of the Code, or (iv) a “multiple employer welfare arrangement,” as defined in Section 3(40) of ERISA.

(h) Post-Termination Benefits. None of the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, any ERISA Affiliate or any Employee Benefit Plan provides or has any obligation to provide (or contribute toward the cost of) post-employment or post-termination benefits of any kind, including death and medical benefits, with respect to any current or former officer, employee, agent, director or independent contractor of the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, or any ERISA Affiliate, other than (i) continuation coverage mandated by Sections 601 through 608 of ERISA and Section 4980B(f) of the Code, (ii) retirement benefits under any Employee Benefit Plan that is qualified under Section 401(a) of the Code, and (iii) deferred compensation that is accrued as a current liability on the Company Balance Sheet or in the Company’s or its Subsidiaries’ books and records for periods after the date of the Company Balance Sheet. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries or any ERISA Affiliate has any liability with respect to any Employee Benefit Plan that is funded wholly or partly through an insurance policy or Contract (including a stop-loss policy), in the nature of a retroactive rate adjustment, a loss sharing arrangement or any other actual or contingent liability arising from any event occurring on or before the Closing Date.

 

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(i) Effect of Transactions. Excluding any terms and conditions under the Key Employee retention agreements with Parent or the Surviving Corporation in connection with the Merger, neither the execution and delivery of this Agreement nor the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the other Operative Documents (either alone or upon the occurrence of any additional or subsequent event(s)) will (i) entitle any individual to severance pay or any other payment from the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, any ERISA Affiliate, Parent, any of their respective Affiliates or any Employee Benefit Plan, (ii) otherwise increase the amount of compensation due to any individual or forgive indebtedness owed by any individual, (iii) result in any benefit or right becoming established or increased, or accelerate the time of payment or vesting of any benefit, under any Employee Benefit Plan, (iv) require the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, any ERISA Affiliate, Parent or any of their respective Affiliates to transfer or set aside any assets to fund or otherwise provide for any benefits for any individual, or (v) result in payments or benefits under any of the Employee Benefit Plans or otherwise that would not be deductible under Section 280G of the Code.

(j) Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plans. There are no “nonqualified deferred compensation plans” (within the meaning of Section 409A of the Code), currently sponsored or maintained by the Company or any ERISA Affiliate (or to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any ERISA Affiliate is a party or in which any of their current or former officers, employees, agents, directors or independent contractors participated).

(k) Leased Employees. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries or any ERISA Affiliate has received services from any individual who constituted a leased employee of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any ERISA Affiliate under Section 414(n) of the Code.

(l) Foreign Plans. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has maintained, administered, operated or funded an Employee Benefit Plan mandated by a foreign (i.e., non-United States) Governmental Body or subject to the laws of jurisdiction outside of the United States (“Foreign Plan”).

Section 3.16 Intellectual Property.

(a) Company Intellectual Property. The Company or its Subsidiaries (i) exclusively and solely own free and clear of all Encumbrances or (ii) have sufficient rights to: all Company Intellectual Property and Company Intellectual Property Rights (collectively, the “Company IP”) sufficient for the conduct of the business of the Company and its Subsidiaries as currently conducted.

(b) Intellectual Property Agreements. Schedule 3.16(b)(i) to the Disclosure Memorandum lists all license agreements and other Contracts pursuant to which the Company or any Subsidiary thereof has the right to Exploit any Third Party IP (the “Inbound Licenses”) (except Schedule 3.16(b)(i) to the Disclosure Memorandum does not list non-exclusive licenses to Third Party IP granted to the Company or any Subsidiary in the ordinary course of business in written agreements, where the license is merely incidental to the transaction contemplated in such agreement, the commercial purpose of which is something other than such license, such as a sales agreement that includes an incidental license to use the third party’s copyrights or trademarks in advertising and selling the third party’s products (“Incidental Inbound Licenses”) or standard end user license agreements for off-the-shelf software not in excess of $1,000 per seat; although excluded from Schedule 3.16(b)(i) to the Disclosure Memorandum, the Incidental Inbound Licenses and such end use license agreements are included in the definition of Inbound Licenses). Schedule 3.16(b)(ii) to the Disclosure Memorandum also lists all license agreements and other Contracts to which the Company or any Subsidiary thereof is bound and pursuant to which any Person (other than the Company or any Subsidiary thereof) is authorized to Exploit any Company-Owned IP or pursuant to which the Company or any Subsidiary thereof granted any rights under any other Company IP to any third Person (the “Outbound Licenses”) (except Schedule 3.16(b)(ii) to the Disclosure Memorandum does not list non-exclusive licenses to Company-Owned IP granted in the ordinary course of business in written agreements, where the license is merely incidental to the transaction contemplated in such agreement, the commercial purpose of which is something other than such license, such as an agreement to distribute

 

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advertisements for the Company that includes an incidental license to use the Company’s trademarks in duplicating and distributing such advertisements (“Incidental Outbound Licenses”); although excluded from Schedule 3.16(b)(ii) to the Disclosure Memorandum, the Incidental Outbound Licenses are included in the definition of Outbound Licenses (Outbound Licenses collectively with the Inbound Licenses, the “Intellectual Property Agreements”). Except as set forth in Schedule 3.16(b)(iii) to the Disclosure Memorandum, the Company or its Subsidiaries own all right, title and interest in and to all Company Owned IP free and clear of all Encumbrances and free and clear of all licenses other than the Outbound Licenses. Except as set forth in Schedule 3.16(b)(iv) to the Disclosure Memorandum, and other than the Intellectual Property Agreements, there are no Contracts governing any Company-Owned IP or Company’s rights relating to any other Company IP. Except as set forth in Schedule 3.16(b)(v) to the Disclosure Memorandum, with respect to the Intellectual Property Agreements: (A) all are binding and enforceable obligations of the Company or its Subsidiary and, to the Knowledge of the Company, the other party(ies) thereto, (B) the Company and its Subsidiaries and, to the Knowledge of the Company, each other party thereto have performed their obligations thereunder, (C) neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries nor, to the Knowledge of the Company, any other party thereto is in default or breach thereunder, (D) there are no restrictions on the transfer or assignment by Company or any Subsidiary thereof of any Intellectual Property Agreement to which Company or such Subsidiary is a party directly, by operation of law or otherwise, which restriction would cause the transactions contemplated herein to in any way impair any rights of Company or any Subsidiary under such Intellectual Property Agreement, and (E) there is no event or circumstance that with notice or lapse of time, or both, would constitute a default or event of default on the part of the Company or any Subsidiary thereof or, to the Knowledge of the Company, any other party thereto, or give to any other party thereto the right to terminate or modify any Intellectual Property Agreement. Except as set forth in Schedule 3.16(b)(vi) to the Disclosure Memorandum, neither the Company nor any Subsidiary thereof has received notice or has any Knowledge that any party to any Intellectual Property Agreement intends to cancel, terminate or refuse to renew (if renewable) an Intellectual Property Agreement, or to exercise or decline to exercise any option or right thereunder. Except as set forth in Schedule 3.16(b)(vii) to the Disclosure Memorandum, neither the Company nor any Subsidiary thereof will, as a result of the execution and delivery of this Agreement or the performance of the Company’s obligations hereunder, lose any rights to Exploit Company IP pursuant to any Intellectual Property Agreement.

(c) No Violation; No Impairment. Neither the execution, delivery nor performance of this Agreement or the other Operative Documents nor the consummation of the transactions contemplated herein and therein will (i) cause the termination of, or give rise to a right of termination of, any Company-Owned IP or Intellectual Property Agreement (other than, as the case may be, standard end user license agreements for off-the-shelf software not in excess of $1,000 per seat) or (ii) impair the right of the Company and its Subsidiaries to Exploit any Company-Owned IP.

(d) Payments. Schedule 3.16(d) to the Disclosure Memorandum accurately lists all Contracts, other than Intellectual Property Agreements, for future royalties, commissions, fees and other payments payable in connection with the Exploitation of the Company IP by the Company or its Subsidiaries.

(e) No Infringement. The Exploitation of the Company IP as used in the business and the conduct of the business, in each case as previously conducted and as currently conducted, (i) do not infringe, violate or misappropriate any intellectual property right of any third Person and (ii) do not and will not constitute unfair competition or unfair trade practices under the laws of any jurisdiction to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is subject.

(f) Except as set forth in Schedule 3.16(f) to the Disclosure Memorandum, there is no pending or, to the Knowledge of the Company, threatened Claim contesting the right of the Company or any Subsidiary thereof to Exploit any Company IP, or to conduct the business as previously conducted, or as currently conducted, or contesting the ownership by the Company or any Subsidiary thereof of any Company-Owned IP or the validity or enforceability of any Company-Owned IP. Except as set forth in Schedule 3.16(f) to the Disclosure Memorandum, neither the Company nor any Subsidiary thereof has received any notice or Claim

 

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regarding any offer to license Third Party IP allegedly used without authorization, infringed, violated or misappropriated by the Company or any Subsidiary thereof, or otherwise regarding any infringement, misappropriation, or violation of any intellectual property right of a third party by the Company, or any Subsidiary thereof. Neither the Company nor its Subsidiaries has received any oral or written opinions of counsel relating to infringement, invalidity or unenforceability of any Company IP.

(g) Intellectual Property Registrations. Schedule 3.16(g) to the Disclosure Memorandum sets forth all patents and all registrations, applications and applications for registration made by or on behalf of the Company or any Subsidiary thereof of or with respect to any patents, copyrights, trademarks, service marks, domain names and any other Company-Owned IP and all foreign equivalents (collectively, “Company IP Registrations”). Except as set forth on Schedule 3.16(g) to the Disclosure Memorandum, all Company IP Registrations are properly filed and maintained and in full force and effect (other than with respect to abandoned applications that relate solely to Intellectual Property Rights not used by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries in its business as currently conducted), and the Company Intellectual Property Rights that are the subject of any Company IP Registrations are all valid and (with respect to Company Intellectual Property Rights that are the subject of issued Company IP Registrations) enforceable in the applicable jurisdictions. Except as set forth in Schedule 3.16(g) to the Disclosure Memorandum, there are no actions that must be taken by the Company or any Subsidiary thereof within 180 days after the date of this Agreement for the purpose of maintaining, perfecting, preserving or renewing any Company IP Registration. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary thereof has conducted its business or used or enforced (or failed to use or enforce) the Company IP in a manner that would result in the abandonment, cancellation or unenforceability of any item of the Company IP or the Company IP Registrations. Schedule 3.16(g) to the Disclosure Memorandum also lists all material trademarks, trade names, brand names, service marks, logos or other identifiers and domain names currently used by the Company or any Subsidiary thereof but for which no registration has been sought and all material software and other material works of authorship with respect to which the Company or any Subsidiary thereof owns (solely or jointly with others), or holds any exclusive rights under, any copyright thereto (whether or not registration of such copyright has been granted or sought). The Company and its Subsidiaries have the sole right to prosecute and maintain the Company IP Registrations and to file applications and applications for registration with respect to any Company-Owned IP.

(h) Confidentiality. The Company and its Subsidiaries have all taken appropriate steps, which are, as a whole, not less protective and comprehensive than the steps that would be taken by reasonably prudent business persons operating in the Company’s industry, to protect, preserve and maintain the secrecy and confidentiality of their confidential and proprietary information and data. Without limiting the foregoing, neither the Company nor any Subsidiary thereof has (i) disclosed material confidential or proprietary information to any Person other than an officer, director, employee or consultant of the Company or any Subsidiary thereof, unless such disclosure was under an appropriate written nondisclosure agreement or to a person subject to a fiduciary duty to maintain the confidentiality thereof, or (ii) except as set forth in Schedule 3.16(h) to the Disclosure Memorandum, deposited, disclosed or delivered to any Person outside of the Company or its Subsidiaries, or permitted the deposit, disclosure or delivery to any such Person outside of the Company or its Subsidiaries of, any source code (e.g., human-readable computer programming code) included in the Company IP, other than source code that is (i) licensed to the Company or any Subsidiary in writing under an Open Source License or other nonexclusive license that expressly authorizes such disclosure of such source code, (ii) not material to the Company or its Subsidiaries, and (iii) not included, in whole or part, in the Company-Owned IP (other than with respect to immaterial modifications to such source code made by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries).

(i) Agreements With Employees and Contractors. Each director, officer, employee and independent contractor of the Company or of any Subsidiary thereof who has contributed to the creation or development of any Company IP has executed and delivered to the Company (or a Subsidiary thereof if employed by such Subsidiary) a valid and enforceable assignment of all right, title and interest that such Person may have or may hereafter acquire in or to such Company IP and a waiver of any and all moral rights that such Person

 

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may have therein, except for Company IP (i) that was developed by an independent contractor under a written Inbound License that expressly provided that such Company IP would be owned by the independent contractor and licensed such Company IP to the Company or applicable Subsidiary thereof or (ii) developed by an employee that is not covered by the assignment of intellectual property provision of the Company’s standard form of employee assignment of inventions of agreement (a copy of which has been provided to Parent) signed by such employee, such as music licensed by the employee to the Company for public performance on a blog operated or maintained by the Company that the employee composed entirely on the employee’s own time without using the equipment, supplies, facilities, or trade secret information of the Company or any Subsidiary and that neither relates to the business or actual or demonstrably anticipated research or development of the Company or any Subsidiary thereof nor results from any work performed by the employee for the Company or any Subsidiary thereof. Complete and correct copies of the form of each Contract effecting such assignment of Company IP and waiver of moral rights have been delivered to Parent. No current or former director, officer, employee, consultant or contractor has any right, license, Claim, moral right (other than inalienable moral rights that arise under applicable law) or interest whatsoever in or with respect to any Company IP that the Company or any of its Subsidiaries owns or purports to own.

(j) No Violation of Other Agreements. To the Knowledge of the Company, no current or former director, officer, employee or independent contractor of the Company or of any Subsidiary thereof (i) is in violation of any provision or covenant of any employment agreement, invention assignment agreement, nondisclosure agreement, noncompetition agreement or any other Contract with any third Person by virtue of such director’s, officer’s, employee’s or independent contractor’s being employed by, performing services for or serving on the board of directors of the Company or any Subsidiary thereof, (ii) is using or has used any trade secrets or other confidential or proprietary information of any third Person in connection with performing any services for the Company or for any Subsidiary thereof or the development or creation of any Company-Owned IP without the permission of the Company and such third Person, or (iii) has developed or created any Company-Owned IP that is subject to any agreement under which such director, officer, employee, or independent contractor has assigned or otherwise granted any third party any rights in or to such Company-Owned IP. The employment of any current or former employee of the Company or any Subsidiary thereof and the use by the Company or any Subsidiary thereof of any services of any current or former director, officer, or independent contractor have not subjected and do not subject the Company or any Subsidiary thereof to any liability to any third Person for improperly engaging or soliciting such employee, director, officer or independent contractor.

(k) Third Party Infringement. To the Knowledge of the Company, except as set forth in Schedule 3.16(k)(1) to the Disclosure Memorandum, there is no and has been no unauthorized use, unauthorized disclosure, infringement, violation or misappropriation by any third Person of any Company IP owned by or exclusively licensed to the Company or any Subsidiary thereof other than immaterial uses, disclosures, infringements, violations or misappropriations that were reviewed and deemed immaterial by in-house legal counsel for the Company and with respect to which no action was taken (other than such review). Except as set forth in Schedule 3.16(k)(2) to the Disclosure Memorandum, neither the Company nor any Subsidiary thereof has received any notice that any third Person is infringing, violating or misappropriating any part of the Company IP owned by or exclusively licensed to the Company or otherwise making any unauthorized use or disclosure of such Company IP, other than notices of immaterial actual or alleged infringement that were reviewed and deemed immaterial or without merit by in-house legal counsel for the Company and with respect to which no action was taken (other than such review).

(l) Privacy and Data Security. A privacy statement (the “Privacy Statement”) regarding the collection, retention, use and distribution of the personally identifiable information of individuals visiting the websites of the Company or any Subsidiary thereof, is posted and accessible to individuals on each website of the Company or any Subsidiary thereof. The Privacy Statements currently in use are, and all Privacy Statements previously used by the Company or any Subsidiary thereof were at all times while such Privacy Statements were used or in effect, accurate and consistent with the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ actual practices

 

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with respect to the collection, retention, use and disclosure of individuals’ personally identifiable information. The Company and its Subsidiaries (i) comply with the Privacy Statements as applicable to any given set of personally identifiable information collected by the Company or any Subsidiary thereof; (ii) comply with all applicable privacy laws and regulations regarding the collection, retention, use and disclosure of personally identifiable information; (iii) comply with all applicable payment card industry standards regarding data security; and (iv) take appropriate measures to protect and maintain the confidential nature of the personally identifiable information provided to the Company or any Subsidiary thereof by individuals, which measures are, as a whole, not less protective and comprehensive than those that would be taken by reasonably prudent business persons operating in the Company’s industry. The Company and its Subsidiaries have technological and procedural measures in place to protect personal information collected from individuals against loss, theft and unauthorized access or disclosure, which measures are, as a whole, not less protective and comprehensive than those that would be taken by reasonably prudent business persons operating in the Company’s industry. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary thereof knowingly collects information from or targets children under the age of thirteen. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary thereof sells, rents or otherwise makes available to third parties any personally identifiable information submitted by individuals, except as clearly and prominently stated in the applicable Privacy Statement. Other than as constrained by the Privacy Statements, by applicable laws and regulations or by any Material Contract disclosed to Parent in Schedule 3.10(a) to the Disclosure Memorandum, neither the Company nor any Subsidiary thereof is restricted in its use and/or distribution of personal information collected by the Company or any Subsidiary thereof. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary thereof has received any Claims, notices or complaints regarding the Company’s or any of its Subsidiaries’ information practices or the disclosure, retention, or misuse if any personally identifiable information. The Company has described in the Privacy Statement the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ use of cookies, web beacons and other online tracking technologies, which descriptions are accurate and not misleading.

(m) Open Source Software. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary thereof has used or otherwise Exploited any Open Source Software in such a way that creates or purports to create obligations of the Company or any Subsidiary thereof on or before the Closing with respect to any Company IP (other than such Open Source Software solely to the extent not included in the Company-Owned IP) or grants or purports to grant to any third Person on or before the Closing any rights or immunities under any Company IP (other than such Open Source Software solely to the extent not included in the Company-Owned IP). Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has used any Open Source Software that is subject to any Open Source License set forth on Exhibit J or under which an obligation to disclose source code for any software or make such source code available may be triggered by allowing users to interact with such software (in source code or object code form) remotely through a computer network. “Open Source Software” means any software distributed under any license that requires that the software covered by the license or any software incorporated into, based on, derived from or distributed with such software (i) be disclosed, distributed or made available in source code form or (ii) be licensed under the terms of any open source software license (e.g., the BSD License, GNU General Public License and GNU Lesser General Public License) (collectively, “Open Source Licenses”).

(n) Warranty Against Defects. The Company products and services are free from material defects and substantially conform to the applicable warranties for such products and services. The software included in the Company-Owned IP and, to the Knowledge of the Company, all other software included in the Company Intellectual Property does not contain (i) any clock, timer, counter or other limiting or disabling code, design, routine or any viruses, Trojan horses or other disabling or disruptive codes or commands that would cause the Company Intellectual Property contained therein to be erased, made inoperable or rendered incapable of performing in accordance with its performance specifications and descriptions, or otherwise limit or restrict the ability of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to use the Company Intellectual Property; and (ii) any back doors or other undocumented access mechanism allowing unauthorized access to, and viewing, manipulation, modification or other changes to, the Company Intellectual Property.

 

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(o) Indemnification. Except as expressly stated in Schedule 3.16(o) to the Disclosure Memorandum or as set forth in the Contracts listed on 3.10(a) of the Disclosure Memorandum, neither the Company nor any Subsidiary thereof is obligated to indemnify any Person against any actual or alleged Claim of infringement, misappropriation or violation of any intellectual property right of any third Person. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary thereof has granted any Person the right (contingent or otherwise) to bring or control any infringement action with respect to, or otherwise to enforce, any of the Company-Owned IP.

(p) Security and Disaster Recovery. The Company and its Subsidiaries have implemented and maintained, consistent with customary industry practices and their obligations to third Persons, security and other measures reasonably adequate to protect computers, networks, software and systems used by the Company or any Subsidiary thereof to store, process or transmit Company Intellectual Property from unauthorized access, use or modification. Schedule 3.16(p) to the Disclosure Memorandum describes in reasonable detail the backup procedures and disaster recovery plans followed and maintained by the Company and its Subsidiaries.

Section 3.17 Corporate Books and Records. The Company has furnished to Parent or its representatives for their examination true and complete copies of (a) the Charter and the Bylaws of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries as currently in full force and effect, including all amendments thereto, (b) the minute books of each of the Company and its Subsidiaries, and (c) the stock transfer books of each of the Company and its Subsidiaries. Such minutes reflect all meetings of the Company’s and each of its Subsidiaries’ shareholders, board of directors and any committees of such board since their respective inception, and such minutes accurately reflect the material events of and material actions taken at such meetings (except to the extent relating to the transaction contemplated hereby, which may be redacted). Such stock transfer books accurately reflect all issuances, transfers and cancellations of shares of capital stock of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries since their respective inceptions.

Section 3.18 Inventory. All items in the inventory (including finished products, supplies, parts and packaging and labeling materials) reflected in the Company Balance Sheet and acquired since the date of the Company Balance Sheet (i) have been valued at the lesser of cost or fair market value determined in accordance with GAAP consistently applied, including the establishment of reserves for obsolete, damaged, slow-moving, defective or excessive inventories and (ii) meet the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ current specifications, and are of a quality and quantity usable and salable at customary gross margins in the ordinary course of the business of the Company and its Subsidiaries.

Section 3.19 Licenses, Permits, Authorizations, etc. The Company and each of its Subsidiaries has received all governmental approvals, authorizations, consents, licenses, orders, registrations and permits of all agencies, whether federal, state, local or foreign, necessary for the conduct of the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ businesses as currently conducted. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries have received any notifications of or have any Knowledge of any asserted present failure by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries to have obtained any such governmental approval, authorization, consent, license, order, registration or permit, or any past and unremedied failure to obtain such items.

Section 3.20 Compliance With Laws. The Company and each of its Subsidiaries is and has been in compliance with all federal, state, local and foreign laws, rules, regulations, ordinances, decrees and orders applicable to it, to its business, operations and employees, or to the Real Property and the Personal Property (including laws prohibiting false, fraudulent, deceptive or misleading advertising or trade practices). Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has received any notification, nor does the Company have any Knowledge of, any asserted present or past unremedied failure by the Company or its Subsidiaries to comply with any of such laws, rules, regulations, ordinances, decrees or orders.

 

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Section 3.21 Compliance With Environmental Laws.

(a) The Company and each of its Subsidiaries has, to the extent required by applicable Environmental Laws, obtained and is in material compliance with all permits, licenses, approvals or other authorizations necessary for the conduct of its business and use of the Real Property or the Personal Property and has caused all registrations, reports and notifications to be made to all Governmental Bodies with respect to the conduct of its business and use of the Real Property or the Personal Property.

(b) The Company and each of its Subsidiaries is, and at all times prior to the date of this Agreement has been, in compliance with and has not violated, in connection with the ownership, use, maintenance or operation of the Real Property or the Personal Property or the conduct of its business, any Environmental Laws. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries own, use or store at its facilities any Hazardous Materials (except for cleaning supplies and otherwise in material compliance with all Environmental Laws).

(c) The Company has disclosed in Schedule 3.21(c) to the Disclosure Memorandum all material information in the possession of the Company and its Subsidiaries regarding environmental matters or conditions affecting the Real Property, the Personal Property, the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ businesses, or compliance or noncompliance of the Real Property or the Personal Property or the conduct of the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ businesses with any Environmental Laws.

(d) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries have received any notice, nor does the Company have Knowledge of any notice, and no claim, demand, action or proceeding has been commenced, asserted or, to the Knowledge of the Company, threatened alleging, and no investigation has been commenced, asserted or, to the Knowledge of the Company, threatened alleging, (i) any violation of any Environmental Laws, including any violation with respect to the Real Property, the Personal Property or conduct of the Company’s and its Subsidiaries businesses or (ii) the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ potential responsibility for the Release of Hazardous Materials at any site.

(e) During the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ occupation or control thereof, no Release of Hazardous Materials has occurred from, upon, below, into or on the Real Property or any other property. No Release of Hazardous Materials has occurred on any adjacent property that has migrated to, through or under the Real Property during the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ occupation or control thereof. No Hazardous Materials are present at the Real Property, or during the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ occupation or control thereof, have been present at any other property, except in compliance with Environmental Laws. Without limiting the foregoing, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is responsible or liable for the Release of Hazardous Materials at any site.

(f) Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries have generated, transported, treated, stored, handled, disposed of, or arranged for the transportation, treatment, storage, handling or disposal of, any Hazardous Materials that has resulted in or contributed to a violation of any Environmental Laws or a Release of Hazardous Materials at any site prior to the Closing Date.

(g) No tanks used at any time for the storage of any Hazardous Materials above or below ground are present on or at the Real Property. Any tanks previously used for the storage of any Hazardous Materials above or below ground on or at the Real Property that have been removed or closed by any Person were removed and closed in compliance with all laws, including Environmental Laws, in effect at the time of such actions.

Section 3.22 Insurance. Schedule 3.22 to the Disclosure Memorandum sets forth a true and correct list of all insurance policies maintained by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and includes the policy number, amount of coverage and contact information for each such policy. The Company or its Subsidiaries maintains commercially reasonable levels of (a) insurance on its and its Subsidiaries’ property (including leased premises) that insures against loss or damage by fire or other casualty and (b) insurance against liabilities, claims and risks of a nature and in such amounts as are normal and customary in the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ industries for companies of similar size and financial condition. All insurance policies of the Company and its Subsidiaries

 

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are in full force and effect, all premiums with respect thereto covering all periods up to and including the date this representation is made have been paid to the extent required to be paid, and no notice of cancellation or termination has been received with respect to any such policy or binder. Such policies or binders are sufficient for compliance with all requirements of law currently applicable to the Company and its Subsidiaries and of all agreements to which the Company and its Subsidiaries are a party, will remain in full force and effect through the respective expiration dates of such policies or binders without the payment of additional premiums, and will not in any way be affected by, or terminate or lapse by reason of, the transactions contemplated by this Agreement. The Company has complied with all Contracts under which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is required to maintain insurance coverage or to name a Person as an additional insured under any insurance policy of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries. Within the preceding 24 months, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries have been refused any insurance with respect to its assets or operations, nor has its coverage been limited, by any insurance carrier to which it has applied for any such insurance or with which it has carried insurance.

Section 3.23 Brokers or Finders. The Company and its Subsidiaries have not incurred, and will not incur, directly or indirectly, as a result of any action taken by or on behalf of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, any liability for brokerage or finders’ fees or agents’ commissions or any similar charges in connection with this Agreement or any transaction contemplated hereby, except for Morgan Stanley & Co. or its Affiliates, the fees and expenses of which shall be Transaction Expenses.

Section 3.24 Absence of Questionable Payments. Neither the Company, nor any of its Subsidiaries, nor any of their respective directors, officers, agents, employees, shareholders or other Person acting on behalf of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, has used any corporate funds for improper or unlawful contributions, payments, gifts or entertainment, or made any improper or unlawful expenditures relating to political activity to domestic or foreign government officials or others. The Company has reasonable financial controls to prevent such improper or unlawful contributions, payments, gifts, entertainment or expenditures. Neither the Company, nor any of its Subsidiaries, nor any of their respective current directors, officers, agents, employees, shareholders or other Person acting on behalf of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, has accepted or received any improper or unlawful contributions, payments, gifts or expenditures. The Company and its Subsidiaries have at all times complied, and is in compliance, in all respects with the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and all foreign laws and regulations relating to prevention of corrupt practices and similar matters.

Section 3.25 Bank Accounts. Schedule 3.25 to the Disclosure Memorandum sets forth (a) a true and complete list of the names and locations of all banks, trust companies, securities brokers and other financial institutions at which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries have an account or safe deposit box or maintains a banking, custodial, trading or other similar relationship; (b) a true and complete list of each such account, box or relationship, indicating in each case the account number and the names of the respective officers, employees, agents or other similar representatives of the Company or its Subsidiaries, as applicable, having signatory power with respect thereto; and (c) a list of each Investment Asset held through or in each such account, box and relationship, including the name of the record and beneficial owner thereof, the location of the certificates, if any, the maturity date, if any, and any stock or bond powers or other authority for transfer granted with respect thereto.

Section 3.26 Insider Interests. Except as set forth in Schedule 3.26 to the Disclosure Memorandum, no director, officer, or to the Company’s Knowledge, Shareholder, employee or consultant of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries have any interest (other than as a security holder of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries) (a) in any Real Property or Personal Property used in or directly pertaining to the business of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, including inventions, patents, trademarks or trade names, or (b) in any Contract relating to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, their present or prospective businesses or their operations. There are no agreements, understandings or proposed transactions between the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and any of their respective directors, officers, or to the Company’s Knowledge, Shareholders, employees, consultants, or Affiliates (or any Affiliates of the foregoing). None of the Company, any of its Subsidiaries, and their respective

 

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directors, officers, or to the Company’s Knowledge, employees, consultants, or security holders has any interest, either directly or indirectly, in any entity, including any corporation, partnership, joint venture, proprietorship, firm, licensee, business or association (whether as an employee, officer, director, manager, partner, shareholder, member, agent, independent contractor, security holder, creditor, consultant or otherwise), other than ownership of capital stock comprising less than 1% of any publicly held company, that presently (i) provides any services, produces and/or sells any products or product lines, or engages in any activity that is the same, similar to or competitive with any activity or business in which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is now engaged or proposes to engage; (ii) is a supplier, customer or creditor of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries; or (iii) has any direct or indirect interest in any asset or property, real or personal, tangible or intangible, of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any property, real or personal, tangible or intangible, that is necessary for the present or currently anticipated future conduct of the Company’s and its Subsidiaries’ businesses.

Section 3.27 Full Disclosure.

(a) None of the representations or warranties made by the Company herein (including the Financial Statements, Quarterly Financials, Interim Financial Statements, Interim Balance Sheet, and all information in the Disclosure Memorandum and the other Exhibits hereto or the other Operative Documents), when all such documents are read together in their entirety, contains any untrue statement of a material fact or omits to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements so made not misleading.

(b) The information supplied by the Company for inclusion in the proxy statement relating to the Shareholder Meeting, or for inclusion in other documents to be filed with the SEC in connection herewith, will not, on the date that the proxy statement is first mailed to Shareholders, or on the date that such other documents are filed with the SEC, contain any untrue statement of material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein not false or misleading at the time and in the light of the circumstances under which such statements are made.

ARTICLE IV

REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES

OF PARENT AND MERGER SUB

Parent and Merger Sub hereby represent and warrant to the Company as follows:

Section 4.1 Organization. Each of Parent and Merger Sub is a corporation duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the state of its incorporation and has all requisite corporate power and authority to own, operate and lease its properties and assets, to carry on its business as now conducted.

Section 4.2 Enforceability; Due Authority. All corporate action on the part of Parent and Merger Sub and their directors, officers and shareholders necessary for the authorization, execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the other Operative Documents to which Parent or Merger Sub are a party, the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the other Operative Documents, and the performance of all Parent’s and Merger Sub’s obligations under this Agreement and the other Operative Documents to which Parent or Merger Sub are a party has been taken. This Agreement has been, and each of the other Operative Documents to which Parent or Merger Sub are a party at the Closing will have been, duly executed and delivered by Parent or Merger Sub, as applicable, and assuming the due authorization, execution and delivery by each of the parties hereto and thereto other than Parent and Merger Sub, this Agreement is, and each of the other Operative Documents to which Parent or Merger Sub is a party will be at the Closing, a legal, valid and binding obligation of Parent or Merger Sub, as applicable, enforceable against Parent or Merger Sub, as applicable, in accordance with its terms, subject only to the effect, if any, of (x) applicable bankruptcy and other similar laws affecting the rights of creditors generally and (y) rules of law governing specific performance, injunctive relief and other equitable remedies. Each of Parent and Merger Sub has all requisite corporate power and authority to enter into and perform its obligations under this Agreement and the other Operative Documents to which it is a party, and to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby.

 

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Section 4.3 No Approvals; No Conflict. The execution, delivery and performance by Parent and Merger Sub of this Agreement and the other Operative Documents to which Parent or Merger Sub are a party and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby will not (a) constitute a violation (with or without the giving of notice or lapse of time, or both) of any provision of law or any judgment, decree, order, regulation or rule of any court or other Governmental Body applicable to Parent or Merger Sub; (b) require any consent, approval or authorization of, declaration, filing or registration with, or notice to, any Person including any consent, approval or authorization of, declaration, filing or registration with, or notice to, any Person required to be obtained or made in order to keep any Contract between such Person and Parent or Merger Sub in effect following the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or to provide that neither Parent nor Merger Sub is in breach or violation of any such Contract following the transactions contemplated by this Agreement by reason of the execution and delivery of, or the performance of its obligations under, this Agreement or the Operative Documents; (c) result in a default (with or without the giving of notice or lapse of time, or both) under, or acceleration or termination of, or the creation in any Person of the right to accelerate, terminate, modify or cancel, any agreement, lease, note or other restriction, Encumbrance, obligation or liability to which Parent or Merger Sub is a party or by which it is bound or to which any assets of Parent or Merger Sub are subject, including the Contracts; (d) result in the creation of any Encumbrance on any assets of Parent or Merger Sub; (e) conflict with or result in a breach of or constitute a default under any provision of the charter or the bylaws of Parent or Merger Sub; or (f) invalidate or adversely affect any permit, license or authorization used in the conduct of the business of Parent. To the Knowledge of Parent, there is no proposed order of any Governmental Body that, if issued or otherwise put into effect, (i) would have a material adverse effect on the Parent’s ability to perform any covenant or obligation under this Agreement or the other Operative Documents or (ii) would have the effect of preventing, delaying, making illegal or otherwise interfering with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or any of the other Operative Documents.

Section 4.4 SEC Reports. Parent has filed all forms, reports and documents required to be filed by it with the SEC since January 1, 2009 (collectively, “SEC Reports”). As of its filing date or, in the case of SEC Reports that are registration statements filed pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act, its effective date, each SEC Report complied as to form in all material respects with the applicable requirements of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act, and the applicable rules and regulations promulgated thereunder, as the case may be, each as in effect on the date such SEC Report was filed. As of its filing date (or, if amended or superseded by a filing prior to the date of this Agreement, on the date of such amended or superseded filing), each SEC Report filed pursuant to the Exchange Act did not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact necessary in order to make the statements made therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading. Each SEC Report that is a registration statement, as amended or supplemented, if applicable, filed pursuant to the Securities Act, as of the date such registration statement or amendment became effective, did not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements made therein not misleading. The information, if any, supplied by Parent, Merger Sub or their Affiliates to the Company for inclusion in the proxy statement or other documents to be filed with the SEC in connection herewith will not on the dates that the proxy statement is first mailed to Shareholders contain any untrue statement of material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein not false or misleading at the time and in the light of the circumstances under which such statements are made.

Section 4.5 Brokers. Except for Lazard Freres & Co. LLC, the fees of which will be paid by Parent, no broker, finder or investment banker is entitled to any brokerage, finder’s or other fee or commission in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby based upon arrangements made by or on behalf of Parent or Merger Sub.

Section 4.6 Parent Common Stock. All shares of Parent Common Stock which may be issued pursuant to the Merger, including upon the exercise of Parent Options issued by Parent hereunder will be, when issued in accordance with the terms hereof and, in the case of Parent Options, thereof, duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable, free and clear of any Encumbrances created by Parent (including restrictions on rights of

 

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disposition other than restrictions created under applicable securities laws other than as contained in this Agreement or Parent’s insider trading policies) and not subject to any preemptive rights created by statute, the certificate of incorporation or bylaws of Parent or any Contract to which Parent is a party or by which it is bound.

Section 4.7 No Prior Operation of Merger Sub. Merger Sub was formed solely for the purpose of effecting the Merger and has not engaged in any business activities or conducted any operations other than in connection with the transactions contemplated hereby.

ARTICLE V

COVENANTS

Section 5.1 Conduct of Business Prior to the Closing. Between the date of this Agreement and continuing until the earlier of termination of this Agreement and the Closing Date, unless Parent shall otherwise agree in writing (and except to the extent expressly provided otherwise in this Agreement), the business of the Company and its Subsidiaries shall be conducted only in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice; and the Company shall use commercially reasonable efforts to, and shall use commercially reasonable efforts to cause each of its Subsidiaries to, preserve substantially intact the business organization and assets of the Company and its Subsidiaries, keep available the services of the current officers, employees and consultants of the Company and its Subsidiaries and preserve the current relationships of the Company and its Subsidiaries with customers, suppliers and other persons with which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries has significant business relations. By way of amplification and not limitation, between the date of this Agreement and the earlier of the Closing and the termination of this Agreement, except as set forth in Schedule 5.1 of the Disclosure Memorandum, neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries shall do, or propose to do, directly or indirectly, any of the following without the prior written consent of Parent:

(a) amend or otherwise change its Charter or Bylaws or equivalent organizational documents;

(b) issue, sell, pledge, dispose of or otherwise subject to any Encumbrance (i) any shares of capital stock of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or any options, warrants, convertible securities or other rights of any kind to acquire any such shares, or any other ownership interest in the Company or any of its Subsidiaries other than (A) issuance of shares of Company Common Stock upon the exercise of Stock Purchase Rights outstanding on the date of this Agreement, (B) grants of Company Stock Options to newly hired employees of the Company with an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the Company’s Common Stock at the time of such grants if the aggregate amount of exercise prices for all such Company Stock Options granted after June 8, 2009 and all other Stock Purchase Rights outstanding on June 8, 2009 do not exceed $35,000,000 and which are otherwise on terms consistent with the Company’s prior grants of Company Stock Options, including that no such grants may provide for acceleration of vesting as a result of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, (C) issuance of shares of Company Common Stock in connection with Permitted Acquisitions, and (D) issuance of new stock certificates in connection with transfers by Shareholders, provided that such transfers do not violate the Voting Agreement, or (ii) any properties or assets of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, other than sales or transfers of inventory or accounts receivable in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, sales of obsolete or worn out equipment or sales of an immaterial amount of assets that are no longer used in the conduct of the Company’s business, or subjecting such properties or assets to Permitted Encumbrances;

(c) declare, set aside, make or pay any dividend or other distribution, payable in cash, stock, property or otherwise, or make any other payment on or with respect to any of its capital stock, except for dividends by any direct or indirect wholly owned Subsidiary of the Company to the Company;

(d) reclassify, combine, split, subdivide or redeem, or purchase or otherwise acquire, directly or indirectly, any of its capital stock or make any other change with respect to its capital structure;

(e) acquire any corporation, partnership, limited liability company, other business organization or division thereof or any material amount of assets, other than in connection with a Permitted Acquisition, or enter into any joint venture, strategic alliance, exclusive dealing, noncompetition or similar contract or arrangement;

 

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(f) except for the Merger or in connection with a Permitted Acquisition, adopt a plan of complete or partial liquidation, dissolution, merger, consolidation, restructuring, recapitalization or other reorganization of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or otherwise alter the Company’s or a Subsidiary’s corporate structure;

(g) incur any indebtedness for borrowed money or issue any debt securities or assume, guarantee or endorse, or otherwise become responsible for, the obligations of any Person, or make any loans or advances, except in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice under loan agreements set forth in the Company Disclosure Memorandum; provided, that in no event shall the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (i) incur, assume or guarantee any long-term indebtedness for borrowed money or (ii) make any optional repayment of any indebtedness for borrowed money;

(h) except in the ordinary course of business, enter into, amend, waive, modify or consent to the termination of any Material Contract, or amend, waive, modify or consent to the termination of the Company’s or any of its Subsidiaries’ rights thereunder, or enter into any other Contract other than in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice;

(i) authorize, or make any commitment with respect to, any single capital expenditure that is in excess of $500,000 or capital expenditures that are, in the aggregate, in excess of $1,000,000 for the Company and its Subsidiaries taken as a whole;

(j) enter into any lease of real or personal property or any renewals thereof involving a term of more than one year or rental obligation exceeding $100,000 per year in any single case and $200,000 in any single year in the aggregate for all such leases;

(k) enter into or amend any employment, consulting or agency Contract, or increase, defer or fail to pay the compensation payable or to become payable to its officers, employees, agents or consultants or grant any severance or termination pay to (other than as required by applicable Law), or enter into any employment or severance Contract (other than for less than $25,000, in the ordinary course of business in connection with employees who are being terminated or who have been terminated) with, any director, officer or employee of the Company, or establish, adopt, enter into, terminate, fail to renew, or amend any Employee Benefit Plan, collective bargaining agreement, Contract, trust, fund, policy or arrangement for the benefit of any director, officer or employee, except for normal merit and cost-of-living increases consistent with past practice in salaries or wages of employees of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries who are not directors or officers of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries and who receive less than $150,000 in total annual cash compensation from the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or pay, loan or advance any amount to, any director, officer or employee of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, or forgive, cancel or defer any indebtedness or waive any claims or rights of material value (including any indebtedness owing by any shareholder, officer, director, employee or Affiliate of the Company);

(l) enter into any Contract with any Related Party of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries;

(m) enter into any Contract relating to or containing any marketing or joint marketing arrangements;

(n) make any change in any method of accounting or accounting practice or policy, except as required by GAAP;

(o) make, revoke or modify any material Tax election, settle or compromise any Tax liability, file any Return other than on a basis consistent with past practice, enter into any agreement with a Governmental Body with respect to Taxes or otherwise enter into a Contract with respect to Taxes;

(p) pay, discharge or satisfy any Claim, liability or obligation (absolute, accrued, asserted or unasserted, contingent or otherwise), other than the payment, discharge or satisfaction, in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, of liabilities reflected or reserved against on the Company Balance Sheet or subsequently incurred in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice or in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement;

 

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(q) cancel, compromise, waive or release any right or Claim other than in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice;

(r) materially change the amount of any insurance coverage;

(s) permit the lapse of any right relating to Intellectual Property currently used in the business of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or sell, assign, transfer or otherwise Encumber any rights to Exploit Company IP;

(t) except in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, accelerate the collection of or discount any accounts receivable, delay the payment of accounts payable or defer expenses, reduce inventories or otherwise increase cash on hand;

(u) commence or settle any Claim other than (A) for the routine collection of bills, (B) in such cases where it in good faith determines that failure to commence suit would result in the material impairment of a valuable aspect of its business (provided that it consults with Parent), or (C) for a breach of this Agreement;

(v) amend or otherwise take any action that would permit or cause any Company Option to accelerate in contemplation of or as a consequence of the Merger or the other transactions contemplated by this Agreement;

(w) take any action, or intentionally fail to take any action, that would cause any representation or warranty made by the Company in this Agreement or any Operative Document to be untrue or result in a breach of any covenant made by the Company in this Agreement or any Operative Document such that the conditions set forth in Section 7.3(a) would not be satisfied, or that has or would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; or

(x) enter into any binding agreement, or otherwise make a commitment, to do any of the foregoing.

Section 5.2 Access to Information. Between the date of this Agreement and the earlier of the Closing and the termination of this Agreement, the Company and its Subsidiaries shall afford Parent and its officers, directors, principals, employees, advisors, auditors, agents, bankers and other representatives (collectively, “Representatives”) reasonable access (including for inspection) at all reasonable times to the Representatives, properties, offices, plants and other facilities, books and records of the Company and each of its Subsidiaries, and shall furnish Parent (including copies thereof) with financial, operating, Tax and other similar information as Parent may reasonably request. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company may restrict the foregoing access to the extent that (a) in the reasonable judgment of the Company, any Law, treaty, rule or regulation of any Governmental Body applicable to the Company requires the Company or its Subsidiaries prohibit access to any such properties or information, (b) in the reasonable judgment of the Company, the information is subject to confidentiality obligations to a third party and disclosure by the Company is not permitted, (c) in the reasonable judgment of the Company, such disclosure would result in disclosure of any trade secrets of third parties and such disclosure by the Company is not permitted, or (d) in the reasonable judgment of the Company, disclosure of any such information or document would result in the loss of the Company’s attorney-client privilege; provided, however, that in the case of each of (a), (b), (c) or (d), Parent and the Company each agree to use commercially reasonable efforts to establish a process that, through use of steps such as targeted redactions, provision of information to counsel to review and summarize for Parent or use of a ‘clean room’ environment for analysis and review of information by joint integration teams in coordination with counsel and the Company, will provide Parent with timely access to the fullest extent possible to the substance of the information described in this Section 5.2 in a manner that allows the Company to comply with applicable law and its confidentiality obligations to third parties or preserve the Company’s attorney-client privilege, as the case may be. All information furnished pursuant to this Section 5.2 shall be subject to the Confidentiality Agreement.

Section 5.3 Exclusivity. The Company agrees that between the date of this Agreement and the earlier of the Closing and the termination of this Agreement, the Company shall not, and shall take all action necessary to ensure that none of its Subsidiaries or any of their respective Affiliates and Representatives shall, directly or

 

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indirectly (a) solicit, initiate, facilitate, knowingly encourage or accept any proposal or offer that constitutes an Acquisition Proposal or (b) participate in any discussions, conversations, negotiations or other communications regarding, or furnish to any other Person any information with respect to, or otherwise cooperate in any way, assist or participate in, facilitate or knowingly encourage the submission of, any proposal that constitutes, or would reasonably be expected to lead to, an Acquisition Proposal. The Company immediately shall cease and cause to be terminated all existing discussions, conversations, negotiations and other communications with any Persons conducted heretofore with respect to any of the foregoing. The Company shall notify Parent promptly, but in any event within 24 hours, orally and in writing if any such Acquisition Proposal, or any inquiry or other contact with any Person with respect thereto, is made. Any such notice to Parent shall indicate in reasonable detail the identity of the Person making such Acquisition Proposal, inquiry or other contact and the terms and conditions of such Acquisition Proposal, inquiry or other contact, and Company shall provide Parent with a copy of any written proposal. The Company shall not, and shall cause its Subsidiaries not to, release any Person from, or waive any provision of, any confidentiality or standstill agreement to which the Company or any of its Subsidiaries is a party, without the prior written consent of Parent. For purposes of this Agreement, “Acquisition Proposal” means any offer or proposal for, or any indication of interest in, any of the following (other than the Merger): (i) any direct or indirect acquisition, purchase, sale, lease, exchange, mortgage, pledge, transfer or other disposition of all or a portion of the capital stock of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or any assets of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (other than inventory to be sold in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, sales of obsolete or worn out equipment or sales of an immaterial amount of assets that are no longer used in the conduct of the Company’s business), (ii) any merger, share exchange, consolidation or other business combination relating to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries or (iii) any recapitalization, reorganization or any other extraordinary business transaction involving or otherwise relating to the Company or any of its Subsidiaries. Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing in this Section 5.3 shall prohibit the Company from registering or processing transfers or sales of the Company’s Capital Stock unless such transfers or sales are otherwise prohibited by any Operative Document.

Section 5.4 Shareholder Meeting; Written Consent. As promptly as practicable after the Form S-4 is declared effective under the Securities Act, the Company shall take all action necessary in accordance with California Law and the Company’s Charter and Bylaws to (a) duly call, give notice of, convene and hold a meeting of its Shareholders (the “Shareholder Meeting”) for such Shareholders to consider and vote upon the approval of the Merger and the adoption and approval of this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby, including a vote by the holders of each of the Series A Preferred Stock, the Series B Preferred Stock, the Series C Preferred Stock and the Series D Preferred Stock for the Preferred Stock Conversion, or (b) the Company shall seek a vote to approve the Merger and for the adoption and approval of this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby, including a vote by the holders of each of the Series A Preferred Stock, the Series B Preferred Stock, the Series C Preferred Stock and the Series D Preferred Stock for the Preferred Stock Conversion via written consent. The Company will, through its Board of Directors, recommend to the Shareholders the adoption and approval of this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby, shall not withdraw, modify or change such recommendation, and shall use its best efforts to obtain Company Shareholder Approval.

Section 5.5 Proxy Statement/Form S-4. As promptly as practicable following the date of this Agreement, (a) the Company and Parent shall prepare and file with the SEC a proxy statement in preliminary form and (b) Parent shall prepare and file with the SEC a Registration Statement on Form S-4 (the “Form S-4”), in which the proxy statement will be included as a prospectus. Each of the Company and Parent shall use its reasonable efforts to have the Form S-4 declared effective under the Securities Act as promptly as practicable after such filing. The Company shall use reasonable best efforts to cause the proxy statement to be mailed to the Shareholders as promptly as practicable after the Form S-4 is declared effective under the Securities Act. Parent shall also take any action (other than qualifying to do business in any jurisdiction in which it is not now so qualified or filing a general consent to s